• Changing Hearts and Minds Won’t Stop Police Violence

    by Matthew Delmont

    White Americans have embraced approaches to fighting racism that involve individual attitudes and interpersonal courtesy while ignoring calls to substantively redistribute power and resources and accept true equality of citizenship.

  • Beverly Hills, Buckhead, SoHo: The New Sites of Urban Unrest

    by Emily Badger

    In a reflection of how American cities have changed since the 1960s, demonstrations have included many wealthy areas. Historians and scholars including Thomas Sugrue, Alison Isenberg and Lester Spence comment on this change. 

  • How Today’s Protests Compare to 1968, Explained by a Historian

    The Pulitzer Prize winning historian and President of the Urban History Association: "If there’s nothing else I’d love for your readership to think of, it’s this: If you have 75+ cities burning, what does it say that from the leadership at every level, the only response has been more police?"

  • This is the Presidency George Wallace Never Had

    by Max Boot

    The president is pouring gasoline on the flames of racial division, and the Republican Party is holding the jerrycan for him. This is where the Southern Strategy has led after half a century.

  • Words Matter When Talking About Race, Unrest, Experts Say

    UCLA historian Robin Kelley insists rebellions occur when the usual channels for affecting change in a democracy – nonviolent protest, voting – have been ineffective, and the term "riot" obscures that fact.

  • We Are Living in a Red Spring

    by Robert Greene II

    In the Red Summer of 1919, racist violence hit America as the Spanish flu ravaged the country. With mass protests against police murders sweeping the pandemic-plagued United States, it appears we might be now living in a Red Spring.

  • The Minneapolis Uprising in Context

    by Elizabeth Hinton

    It's necessary to understand anti-police rebellion as a form of political protest among people without the resources to express discontent in more socially accepted ways. 

  • The Double Standard of the American Riot

    by Kellie Carter Jackson

    Many people are asking if violence is a valid means of producing social change. The hard and historical answer is yes. Riots have a way of magnifying not merely the flaws in the system, but also the strength of those in power. 

  • The American Nightmare

    by Ibram X. Kendi

    Racism is not the province of the uneducated or ignorant; the denial of black life and humanity has historically been supported from the loftiest precincts of scholarship and government.