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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (5-28-10)
His compilation is vast and includes countless photographs of B-24 bombers, soldiers in the field and the aftermath of war.
He holds up a photograph of himself taken by fellow photographer Dick Durrance during the Vietnam War. In it, Ruplenas trudges through a rice paddy after returning from a sweep in Cu Chi, Vietnam. He struggles to carry all his gear, but his grip is firm on his 35-millimeter camera.
Ruplenas retired from the Army in 1970 and says he now enjoys spending time with his granddaughter and seven adopted alley cats.
SOURCE: CNN (5-27-10)
Though declining to discuss the specifics of his political future, Gingrich said his wife - who attended college in Iowa - may be preparing to make an extended return to the Hawkeye State.
Gingrich has repeatedly left to the door open to a presidential run, saying last January that he considers his name to be on "a list of seven or eight possible candidates at this stage."
The former House Speaker has also remained significantly involved in the Republican Party, having been a constant fixture on the campaign trail for a string of GOP candidates this cycle. He's also appeared at several high profile party conferences and become a forceful critic of President Obama.
Name of source: The Hook (VA)
SOURCE: The Hook (VA) (5-25-10)
The new kitchen features an elaborate stew stove along the front wall, an idea Jefferson brought back from France, which features eight individual “burners,” much like a modern cooking range, with only embers below as the heat source. There’s also lots of copper cookware, a prep bench, and many task-specific items, like a long, rectangular pot used exclusively for fish.
“This was Jefferson’s idea of a modern kitchen,” says Leni Sorensen, Monticello’s African American Research Historian, who also happens to be a culinary historian and pretty good hearth chef. “The trick to this kind of cooking was to move pots around, or shift the embers, to get the right amount of heat,” she says....
Name of source: IBN Live (India)
SOURCE: IBN Live (India) (5-27-10)
In a major embarrassment for the Army, a military tribunal has ruled that a senior commander had falsified records of the war that cost a brigadier a promotion.
The Armed Forces Tribunal has directed the Army to set the records straight and consider Brigadier (retd.) Devinder Singh, who commanded the Batalik-based 70 Infantry Brigade during the Kargil war, for a notional promotion to Major General rank.
Lt. Gen. Kishan Pal, who headed the Srinagar-based 15 Corps, had written Singh's annual confidential report allegedly belittling his achievements by noting that he had only partial command of the 70Infantry Brigade. The 15 Corps was responsible for guarding the Line of Control in Kashmir.
Justice A K Mathur, in his order, ruled that "the annual confidential reports were not written in an objective and unbiased manner"....
Name of source: Newsweek
SOURCE: Newsweek (5-27-10)
He is an unlikely civil rights advocate, and gay rights advocates are both surprised—and excited—by his support. Now the oldest member of Congress, Byrd began his career in the early 1940s by recruiting friends to form a Ku Klux Klan chapter, a stain on his political reputation he’s never been able to erase. "It has emerged throughout my life to haunt and embarrass me and has taught me in a very graphic way what one major mistake can do to one's life, career, and reputation," he wrote in his memoir "Robert C. Byrd: Child of the Appalachian Coalfields."
"My only explanation for the entire episode is that I was sorely afflicted with tunnel vision -- a jejune and immature outlook -- seeing only what I wanted to see because I thought the Klan could provide an outlet for my talents and ambitions," wrote Byrd.
Gay rights advocates were moved by his support. “For someone like Robert Byrd to vote for the repeal of something like Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell--that’s pretty amazing, and that shows the support this issue has,” says Fred Sainz of The Human Rights Campaign....
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (5-28-10)
We love Jane Austen through her heroines. Knowing so little about her, we worship her surrogates. And generally speaking, unless we are cranky scholars or celibate critics, we love and rank the novels according to our regard for the female principals. I can’t help finding my own response to the novels coloured by the degree to which I find the heroines attractive, although over the course of some 30 years of reading and rereading, I find my admiration shifting among the young ladies; unlike Frederick Wentworth, longtime lover of Persuasion’s leading lady Anne Elliot, I could be accused of inconstancy, but I like to think my tastes show an underlying consistency.
Like most Austen readers, I first loved Elizabeth Bennet, the protagonist of Pride and Prejudice, and I loved her more for reminding me of the great love of my freshman year in college, or perhaps it would be just as accurate to say that I loved Christine better for reminding me of Elizabeth. Later, I came under the spell of Emma Woodhouse, the eponymous heroine of Austen’s penultimate novel, believing this to be a more mature love. By the time I read Emma I was a graduate student and I may have been susceptible to the general academic opinion that Emma was the more serious achievement. There is no question, though, that I imagined her to share many desirable qualities, as well as a few not quite so desirable qualities, with my fiancée.
My affections have oscillated between these two most spirited of the Austen protagonists over the course of the years, although just lately, much to my surprise, I have developed a bit of a sneaker for Fanny Price, the diffident heroine of Austen's 1814 novel Mansfield Park.
If my actual romantic life has sometimes been influenced by superficial considerations, as an Austen reader the basis of my affections has been almost entirely cerebral. I have fallen under the spell of beautiful minds – though it couldn’t be otherwise, since we seldom get a very precise physical description of our heroines, and they are never the prettiest girls in the neighbourhood.
Catherine Morland, the heroine of Northanger Abbey, is the crude prototype of the Austen heroine, a teenage provincial whose worldview, such as it is, has been shaped by her extensive reading of gothic novels. Just 17 years old when she embarks on her first trip beyond the family manor to the great resort of Bath, Catherine is good-natured but gullible. She befriends the duplicitous and supercilious Isabella Thorpe and gradually falls for the wellborn, well-read cleric Henry Tilney. Though she is not always quick nor erudite enough to understand Tilney, her attraction to him suggests, despite much evidence to the contrary, that she is capable of good judgment. The narrator, who keeps popping up to wink at us, seems determined to exploit Catherine’s lack of experience and infatuation with Romantic fiction for comic effect. When she is invited to the Tilney family seat by Henry’s sister Eleanor, she insists on infusing the environs of Northanger Abbey with gothic menace, and while she seems to be cured of this tendency after a few weeks at the Abbey, the best we can say of young Catherine is that she may someday grow up to be the kind of heroine who populates the later novels.
If Pride and Prejudice is Jane Austen’s most popular novel, much of the credit belongs to Elizabeth. Smart, funny, by turns passionate and sensible, irreverent and feisty, the second of Mr Bennet’s five daughters embodies virtues that appeal to both sexes. How many female readers have imagined themselves to be just like Mr Darcy’s beloved, and how many male readers have become infatuated with her spirit and her wit?
Unlike Elizabeth’s father, who fell for the future Mrs Bennet solely on the basis of her beauty, male readers have little opportunity to become enamoured with Elizabeth that way. Unlike some of her Victorian counterparts, with their belief in phrenology and their elaborately detailed descriptions of their characters, Austen is not much of a portraitist.
We know that Jane Bennet, the eldest, is the great beauty of the family; Mr Bingley, whose arrival in the neighbourhood sets the events of the book in motion, on first meeting declares her “the most beautiful creature I ever beheld”, whereas the first assessment of Elizabeth’s appearance, from Bingley’s great friend Mr Darcy, is unpromising: “She is tolerable, but not handsome enough to tempt me.”
Later, on the basis of brief acquaintance, Darcy revises his opinion. “No sooner had he made it clear to himself and his friends that she had hardly a good feature in her face than he began to find it was rendered uncommonly intelligent by the beautiful expression of her dark eyes. To this discovery succeeded some others equally mortifying. Though he had detected with a critical eye more than one failure of perfect symmetry in her form, he was forced to acknowledge her figure to be light and pleasing...”
This is hardly the stuff of sonnets, nor is it very pictorial, but it allows those of us who are already falling under Elizabeth’s spell the freedom to imagine her as pretty. But she is no prettier than she was a few pages earlier at the dance. Darcy’s improved opinion of her beauty is a function of his growing appreciation for her character.
Fanny Price, in Mansfield Park, is the only character in the novel who judges everything and everyone correctly. Virtuous, yes. Is she lovable, or even likeable? That’s the central question that has complicated the response to this beautifully constructed, somewhat stately novel. Is she even plausible to readers 200 years later?
Fanny is a child of 10 when she arrives at the home of her rich uncle, Sir Thomas Bertram of Mansfield Park, and for many pages it’s not entirely clear that she is the protagonist. Neither Sir Thomas, nor his supremely lazy and self-absorbed wife, Lady Bertram, pays much attention to her, while Lady Bertram’s sister Mrs Norris seems determined to keep her in her place and constantly remind her of how unworthy she is of the honour of residing at Mansfield Park.
A sturdier plant than Fanny might thrive in this soil, but she is barely able to make her voice heard in this household, which includes four older children, two daughters and two sons. Only Edmund, the second son, takes an active interest in her welfare. He treats her with kindness and takes a hand in her education. “He knew her to be clever,” we are told, “to have a quick apprehension as well as good sense, and a fondness for reading which, properly directed, must be an education in itself.”
Fanny’s quickness and good sense are gradually demonstrated, but she is a passive figure through most of the novel who silently observes the folly of her adoptive family: her vain and frivolous cousins, Julia and Maria, their clueless elder brother Tom, and the officious Mrs Norris. Hers is a kind of negative virtue: she shines in contrast to the others, and by virtue of her superior perception and judgment. But in its first volume, at least, Mansfield Park is effectively a novel without a heroine, a fact that makes it much less inviting than its predecessor.
One can’t help suspecting a kind of penitential impulse in the novel and in the righteousness of its heroine, as if Austen were trying to atone for the lightness and the “lack of shade” with which she taxed herself in her previous novel. Reaction, or overreaction, to the previous work is a fairly common impulse in authors and this seems evident in Austen’s oeuvre. It’s hard to imagine that the home performance of a play would have been a scandal in Pride and Prejudice, as it is in Mansfield Park, or that Elizabeth Bennet would have been horrified by the idea. Fanny is a sweet soul, but you wouldn’t want to take her to a party.
Emma Woodhouse could hardly be more different than her predecessor: “handsome, clever, and rich, with a comfortable home and a happy disposition”. You can’t help feeling that Austen was a little sick of Fanny’s virtue and modesty, that she is once again reacting against her previous creation. When we meet Emma in her 20th year she has just married off Miss Taylor, her governess and companion of many years (her mother having died when she was very young). “The real evils indeed of Emma’s situation were the power of having rather too much her own way, and a disposition to think a little too well of herself.” Austen announces Emma’s flaws right at the start and then provides ample evidence of them.
If Elizabeth is mistaken mainly in her judgment of Wickham, Emma is constantly misreading character and intention. She self-importantly adopts a foolish young protégé named Harriet Smith, sabotages the girl’s budding romance with a local farmer (beware when your mentor says: “Do not imagine that I want to influence you”), and attempts to set her up with the local vicar, whose interest in her she misreads as interest in her friend.
She imagines herself to be the romantic object of Frank Churchill, the handsome and eligible young stepson of her governess Miss Taylor, failing to realise that he’s secretly engaged to her neighbour Jane Fairfax. And she undervalues Jane, out of jealousy of her beauty and accomplishments. All in all, she’s on the verge of qualifying as a rich bitch.
Emma is the only one of Austen’s protagonists who is at certain points viewed from such an objective distance as to nearly become a comic character, as when the narrative describes Emma as “highly esteeming Miss Taylor’s judgment, but directed chiefly by her own”. Austen fluidly moves between an omniscient point of view and the limited third-person perspective of Emma’s consciousness, employing the former partly to compensate for the defects in Emma’s judgment and partly to give us a clearer view of Emma herself.
Emma’s flaws are almost flaunted. In the end the list includes heedless cruelty, after she insults the blithering, good-hearted spinster Miss Bates during the expedition to Box Hill. But she deeply regrets and repents this particular sin, and gradually learns to acknowledge and regret all of her mistakes in judgment and comportment. It’s a very cold-hearted reader who isn’t standing by ready to forgive her, or to share Mr Knightley’s feelings when he declares his love.
In the end, for all her flaws she seems far more human than Fanny, and the novel to which she gives her name seems far richer in emotion and more full of life, despite its more limited compass. Emma is the most constricted of all the novels in terms of event and geographic range, if not in amplitude of feeling.
Near the end of Mansfield Park we hear that the caddish and inconstant Henry Crawford “lost the woman whom he had rationally, as well as passionately, loved”. Rationally as well as passionately could stand as her prescription for true love.
“Critics have remarked that there is no real delineation of true love in Jane Austen and that is true enough,” David Dachies claims in an influential and otherwise sensible essay entitled “Jane Austen, Karl Marx and the Aristocratic Dance”. “Austen knew only too well that in that kind of society genteel young ladies cannot afford true love. The only object must be marriage, and marriage with someone eligible. In Jane Austen, only the poor can afford passion.” It’s hard to believe a reader of sense could be so preposterously obtuse and misguided, although Charlotte Brontë made a similar argument a hundred years earlier (“The passions are perfectly unknown to her”). For all of their differences, a belief in true love, with passion as its signal component, is precisely what distinguishes Austen heroines from most of their contemporaries.
Elizabeth Bennet, when she rejects Mr Darcy’s first proposal, rejects the great estate of Pemberley and £10,000 a year — a far greater prize than her friend Charlotte Lucas sacrificed herself to in accepting the proposal of the odious Mr Collins — for the simple reason that all of her passion is against him. She can’t bring herself to marry Darcy for purely prudent and mercenary reasons. Fanny turns down Henry Crawford, and Anne Elliot in Persuasion turns down Charles Musgrove in large part because passion is missing. But Austen clearly believes that passion without reason is dangerous.
There have been some recent attempts to enlist Jane Austen into the Romantic movement, despite the famous disapprobation of Charlotte Brontë. But Austen would have been appalled by William Blake’s avowal that “those who control their passions do so because their passions are weak enough to be controlled”.
Lydia Bennet and Maria Bertram are the pathetic examples of those who let their passion overrule their reason. Given the choice between rationality and emotion, Austen chooses both. And yet, the most important quality that all the Austen protagonists share is a capacity for passion and a commitment to the concept of romantic love. Personally, I’m inclined to be most passionate about those, like Elizabeth and Emma, who are not always perfectly rational and measured, whose passion sometimes gets the better of their reason.
The former troops, accompanied by their families, will attend a ceremony at the French port to commemorate the historic rescue mission.
They will set sail from Dover following a departure ceremony attended by the Lord Lieutenant of Kent's office, senior military, government officials, police and others.
The Parachute Regimental Band will perform on the dockside, together with a 200-voice choir from the Royal Choral Society, who will also accompany the veterans on the journey to Dunkirk.
On arrival in France, the Band will ceremoniously lead the disembarkation of old military vehicles, followed by the veterans....
Retired Navy Lt John Finn enlisted in the Navy just before his 17th birthday and went on to become the first man to receive America's highest military award for heroism during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec 7, 1941, according to a Navy statement.
Despite head wounds and other injuries, Finn, the chief of ordnance for an air squadron, continuously fired a .50-calibre machine gun from an exposed position as bullets and bombs pounded the Naval Air Station at Kaneohe Bay in Oahu. He then supervised the rearming of returning American planes.
Venus and Mars has long been regarded as a tribute to the "conquering and civilising power of love" but new evidence suggests it could contain a subversive message about drug use.
A plant being held by a mischievous-looking satyr in the bottom right corner of the painting has been recognised as a specimen of Datura stramonium, a plant which causes madness and the urge to take one's clothes off.
The fruit, the effects of which are documented in Ancient Greek texts, had not been thought important until it was noticed by David Bellingham, a programme director at Sotheby's Institute of Art....
The archives, until now jealously guarded from prying eyes, provide one of the key settings in Brown's thriller, in which Harvard "symbologist" Robert Langdon, played in the 2009 film by Tom Hanks, races against time to stop a secret religious order, the Illuminati, from destroying Vatican City.
They have been open to carefully vetted academic researchers for more than 100 years, but in the last few months the Vatican has granted tours to select groups of journalists and members of the public, allowing a glimpse into one of its inner most sanctums.
The Daily Telegraph was invited on the most recent tour this week, along with about 25 enthusiasts from around the world who earned their places by buying a recently published, lavishly illustrated book on the archives.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (5-26-10)
Architect Barbara Nazzaro said that tourists will be able to see the spaces where lions, tigers and bulls were kept in cages before they were hoisted on elevators to ground level for entertainment in the ancient arena.
Name of source: BBC News
SOURCE: BBC News (5-28-10)
On 27 May, 1960, the Turkish armed forces overthrew the elected government, the first of a series of military interventions in politics which have continued to divide Turkish society.
I travelled to the island where the deposed political leaders were put on trial, with a group of relatives and activists who are campaigning for a new look at those events 50 years ago.
Sitting just an hour's boat ride from the centre of Istanbul, in the sparkling blue Sea of Marmara, the little rocky islet of Yassi Ada is virtually ignored, aside from the odd boat-load of scuba divers.
There are a few derelict buildings: the ruins of 11th-Century prison cells, where Byzantine political prisoners were left to rot, a strange castle-like house built by a British ambassador in the 19th Century, and a more recently constructed sports hall.
It was in the sports hall that one of the great dramas of modern Turkish history was played out 50 years ago, when 600 government ministers and officials were put on trial, following the country's first military coup.
Today, the building is crumbling and overgrown. But photographs from 50 years ago show its tiered seats packed with lawyers, military officers and defendants as the 11 month-long trials were under way.
The deposed leaders' relatives reject positive views held about the coup
At the end of the trial, 15 defendants were sentenced to death for crimes against the constitution, despite pleas for clemency from leaders like President Kennedy, Queen Elizabeth II, and President De Gaulle.
On 15 September 1962, former foreign minister Fatin Rustu Zorlu and finance minister Hasan Polatka were hanged on Imrali island, to the south.
Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, who had won three elections and governed for ten years, tried to commit suicide with sleeping pills, but was revived, and hanged two days later.
President Celal Bayar escaped execution because he was 78 years old.
The coup was instigated by mostly middle-ranking officers, after growing tension between the ruling Democrat-led government and the opposition CHP, the party founded by the father of the modern Turkish state, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
At the time the CHP was led by Ataturk's close colleague and revered war hero Ismet Inonu.
Continue reading the main story
One moment you are trying to do your best for the country, the next you are brought to this island and kept in cages like animals
Menderes imposed increasing restrictions on the opposition, and ordered the army to help suppress anti-government protests by students. The economy had been deteriorating for several years, and the country was increasingly polarised.
So in the eyes of many Turks, this was the "good coup".
Its leader was the fatherly General Cemal Gursel. Within 18 months he had held an election and presided over a new constitution - the best the country has had, according to many liberal Turks.
Civilian rule was fully restored within five years.
"There was very little criticism at the time," says Ertugrul Kurkcu, a former left-wing activist and now editor of the news website Bianet.
"Generally, the coup was believed to be bringing Turkey towards a more liberal and democratic constitutional framework - it was the first constitution to recognise the rights of labour, the right to criticise openly."
That is a view that some activists, and relatives of the men tried in 1961, want to challenge.
An energetic group calling itself the Young Civilians organised a boat trip to Yassi Ada on the 50th anniversary of the coup to try to revive public memories of what happened.
"This coup was the original sin," says Ceren Kenar.
It started the coup tradition in Turkish politics, the military tutelage over civilian rule.
Walking up to the old sports hall with me was Fatin Rustu Yener, the grandson of the executed foreign minister.
The sports hall hosted the trials of 600 ministers and officials
"I feel terrible coming back here," he said.
"They were very dedicated men, a wonderful generation.
"One moment you are trying to do your best for the country, the next you are brought to this island and kept in cages like animals."
He said the military even painted over his grandfather's window to prevent him enjoying the view of the sea.
So why did the military rulers at the time impose such harsh penalties on the men they deposed?
Emine Gursoy Naskali, grand-daughter of the president who escaped the noose because of his age, believes the new military rulers were advised they had to find the deposed ministers guilty of serious crimes, to justify their coup.
It is also true that the military junta was split between moderate generals, and a more radical faction of younger colonels.
The radicals were eventually sidelined, but the death sentences may have been concessions to keep them quiet.
Nothing in Turkey, though, is without a political angle.
The Young Civilians are accused by some, like Ertugrul Kurkcu, of being little more than a front for the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP), which for years has been fighting a barely-concealed battle to keep the military out of politics.
Adnan Menderes, with his populist policies and conservative Muslim support base, is an acknowledged inspiration for the current Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan.
"The thing about Turkish politics is that people have favourite coups," says Ceren Kenar.
She insists the Young Civilians oppose all coups.
So does Professor Soli Ozel at Bilgi University. But he warns against simplistic anti-coup campaigns by younger Turks.
"We need a revisionist history, and we now have enough material to assess the 1960 coup clearly," he says.
"My concern is that it is done only from one perspective. I do not approve of the coup itself. But going from that to say that Turkey in 1960 had a perfectly democratic order is wrong."
On Yassi Ada the activists made speeches in the hall, signed a poster and were gone after an hour, leaving the island and its old buildings with the sound of the wind and sea.
Name of source: SF Chronicle
SOURCE: SF Chronicle (5-28-10)
Last October, Tim D. White, the noted UC Berkeley paleoanthropologist, and his colleagues announced in the journal Science their analysis of a partial female skeleton they had discovered after 17 years excavating her fossils in Ethiopia's harsh Afar desert.
They named her Ardipithecus ramidus and estimated that she lived 4.4 million years ago.
The journal where the analysis appeared hailed it as the "Breakthrough of the Year."
Today that same journal is publishing two "technical comments" which raise strong doubts about Ardi's environment and her membership in the human line - as well as two responses from White and his colleagues.
Name of source: CNN.com
SOURCE: CNN.com (5-27-10)
He described how it felt in a poem:
I shot a man yesterday
And much to my surprise,
The strangest thing happened to me
I began to cry.
So begins "Murder: Most Foul" a work that echoes poetry about war in the tradition of William Shakespeare and borrows its title from the bard's "Hamlet."
As powerful as the poem is, the story behind it is also fascinating. Sgt. James Lenihan returned home after the war, got married, had children and made a career as a salesman for the meatpacking industry....
Name of source: Tejal Rao at the Atlantic
SOURCE: Tejal Rao at the Atlantic (5-27-10)
This was kind of a big deal: one day in 1912 a consulting editor at Ladies' Home Journal put down her sewing to listen to her husband and his friend talk about a new concept called efficiency. It gave her ideas! Soon after she wrote an essay about applying the ideas of industrial efficiency to the home to give middle-class women more time for the stuff they actually wanted to do. Lots of people read Christine Frederick's essay, including Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky (Shoot Li-hot-skee), who took it to heart when she created the most famous archetype of the modern, built-in kitchen: the Frankfurt Kitchen.
Schütte-Lihotzky was born into a Viennese family. She was the first female student at what's now known as the University of Applied Arts in Vienna. After reading Frederick's essay, translated to German in 1922, Schütte-Lihotzky wrote her own article on the subject and sent it to the editor of Das Schlesische Heim, a Breslau architectural journal. He happened to be Ernst May, an influential architect and city planner who would remember her essay and ask her to join his team in Frankfurt five years later. He assigned her various projects including this one in 1926: design an impossibly cheap and tiny kitchen for the city's public housing and make it awesome.
Schütte-Lihotzky created the Frankfurt Kitchen, and the little prefabricated masterpiece was quickly installed in more than 10,000 apartments. It was full of urban design marvels. An adjustable stool for sitting and working or for reaching top shelves. Aluminum drawers that double as canisters for flour, rice, sugar, and lentils. A cutting board with a drawer for scraps. A sliding lamp for precise lighting. Though her original designs might have included a table for eating, May's space restraints made it impossible. This was not a kitchen for lounging with a book and a cup of coffee. It was a complete professional work space, separate from the rest of the home....
Name of source: ABC News
SOURCE: ABC News (5-24-10)
The cemetery site is located southwest of Cairo in the oasis and lush city of Fayoum at Lahoun, where the team has spent the past four years digging. They've uncovered 45 ancient Egyptian tombs from varying periods.
Egyptian Culture Minister Farouk Hosni said in a statement, "Each tomb contains a painted wooden sarcophagus with the mummy of the deceased still inside it."
Egypt's top archaeologist, Zahi Hawass, said that the discoveries included an 18th dynasty tomb containing 12 wooden sarcophagi stacked on top of each other, with each sarcophagus containing a preserved mummy.
The mummies, he explained, were covered in cartonnage -- plastered layers of fiber or papyrus used to produce masks or to cover a mummified body -- which was decorated with religious texts from the Book of the Dead and scenes highlighting various ancient Egyptian deities.
But the most significant findings were 14 tombs, all from the second dynasty. El-Aydi explained to ABC News that one of the tombs was found intact inside. "We found a coffin of the deceased, a wooden coffin of the type known as a house coffin, because it has the shape of the palace or house facade of this period."
Inside this coffin the deceased was placed in a twisted position and covered in huge amounts of linen, not rags, because in that dynasty ancient Egyptians had no knowledge of the mummification process, El-Aydi said.
Other coffins were found placed in the southwest corner of this one tomb, and on the floor toward the east side was funeral furniture, consisting of huge cylindrical alabaster jars, a wooden headrest and a polished wooden offering table.
El-Aydi explained it was a surprise, because the prevailing idea was that this site dated to the 12th dynasty of King Senwosret the II's reign, but after studying the tombs and their contents, the archaeologists realized it dated 1,000 years earlier.
Most of the tombs were well-preserved, displaying their bright colors and beautiful scenery. Some of the handmade pottery, such as jars or clay vessels, were very characteristic of this period, according to the archaeologists.
The team will continue working and excavating at the site, studying it, taking photos and making drawings until its fiscal year ends in June.
After that, some of the artifacts will be exhibited in different museums, and some will be kept at Fayoum in a warehouse.
With this new finding and its historical importance, Egyptian national pride prevails: "I am happy it's an Egyptian team, trained by me, qualified archaeologists trained at the Egyptian school of archaeology. It's a national team of archaeologists," El-Aydi told ABC News.
Name of source: McClatchy Newspapers
SOURCE: McClatchy Newspapers (5-27-10)
The historic House vote followed the Senate Armed Services Committee voted [sic] 16-12 to end former President Bill Clinton's 1993 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy that allows gays and lesbians to serve in the military but subjects them to expulsion if their sexual orientation becomes known.
"Discrimination against gays and lesbians takes a very real toll on our national security," House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, D-Md., said before the vote. "Many of the arguments spoken in favor of the exclusion and expulsion of gays and lesbians from our military have been heard before — when they were used to justify segregation."
Supporters of repealing the "Don't Ask" say that 13,500 service personnel have been dismissed from the armed forces under the policy. In the early stages of the Iraq war, 320 people who spoke languages like Arabic and Farsi were expelled because of their sexual orientation, Hoyer said.
The House and Senate debates occurred despite the concerns of the chiefs of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines, who don't want Congress to vote on repealing "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" until the Pentagon completes a study on the impact of the proposed changes by December.
However, Adm. Mike Mullen, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told a group at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado on Wednesday that he was comfortable with the legislation.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (5-25-10)
One of the stranger sights on the river, Bannerman's island castle is a high-walled ruin topped with turrets that looks like it was built to repel catapult attacks. In reality, the century-old structure off the river's eastern shore was a warehouse for bayonets, pith helmets, rifles and other military relics.
The island has had a second life in recent years as a summer tourist attraction. Visitors — many who know the castle from their daily train commute to New York City — can take a tour boat or a kayak for guided tours of the island. But hard hats must be worn. Big chunks of the castle tumbled down this winter and more could fall at any time.
But the tank's 70-year connection to the Army post in the hills of central Kentucky ended Thursday as the Armor Center, the training school for generations of tank soldiers, began its move to Fort Benning in Georgia.
The ceremony symbolized the shift of authority over Fort Knox from the Armor Center to Accessions Command, making the base the Army's home for recruiting, training and human resources. The changes are part of a military reorganization announced by the Pentagon five years ago.
A faction of the party, however, has split off to participate in the balloting.
About 70 party members gathered at the residence of party Vice Chairman Tin Oo to celebrate the party's 1990 victory.
The conservative Republican icon from Raleigh later called on the FBI occasionally for information and investigations.
Dozens of investigated death threats, forgotten episodes of foreign and domestic intrigues, and personal notes exchanged with one of Hoover's successors comprise the bulk of more than 1,500 pages in Helms' FBI file. The documents were released to The Associated Press under a Freedom of Information Act request.
Tourism officials in Argentina, Cuba and Bolivia are collaborating on a historic route that will allow Guevara buffs to retrace the footsteps of the Argentine medical student turned revolutionary in Cuba who was killed in a failed mission to foment an uprising in Bolivia.
Bolivia's vice minister of tourism, Marco Antonio Peredo, said Wednesday that the international "Caminos del Che" trail will include sites where Guevara was born, fought and died.
Officials say they are being sensitive to Guevara's legacy, long ago co-opted by T-shirt vendors the world over....
SOURCE: AP (5-25-10)
The Post and Courier of Charleston reports that archeologists digging at the Berkeley County site found 58,000 pieces of colonoware, a handmade pottery crafted by slaves. Officials say it is one of the largest concentrations ever found in the country.
Other artifacts include bone buttons, silver coins, pipe stems and porcelain doll heads.
In all, 125,000 artifacts were found at the site that used to be part of Dean Hall Plantation. The plant site is located where there once were 19 slave cabins.
Other items found during the dig included stoneware bowls, glass bottles, pipe stems and gold coins.
Archaeologist Ralph Bailey said the finds show that families lived on the site for 150 years.
The artifacts were found as part of a dig on land owned by DuPont where the company plans to build a Kevlar fibers plant. The work was part of a routine archaeological survey of the site before construction.
"We went into it not expecting this," said Ellis McGaughy, the plant site manager. "We rearranged some work to allow archaeologists to do their work. When you hear archaeologists get excited, everybody else gets excited too."
Some of the artifacts go on display next month at the Heritage Room at Cypress Gardens, a park near the site.
DuPont spent about $250,000 on the dig. Berkeley County, which owns Cypress Gardens, spent an additional $100,000 renovating what was a reptile house at the park to create the Heritage Room.
Only a small fraction of the items found during the dig will be able to be displayed, said Dwight Williams, the director of Cypress Gardens. He said the display will help tell the story of the gardens which were also part of the plantation.
The Kevlar plant begins operation in 2012.
Name of source: The Guardian
SOURCE: The Guardian (5-28-10)
But the Picasso who consorted with Soviet officials, who was photographed examining pictures of Stalin, who received telegrams from Fidel Castro, is only part of the story.
According to John Richardson, the biographer of the artist who knew him from the 1940s to the 1960s, the Spaniard secretly undertook negotiations with Franco's representatives in 1956.
Richardson and his collaborator, art historian Gijs van Hensbergen, have discovered that the Spanish art critic José María Moreno Galván was dispatched to the Côte d'Azur, where Picasso was living, in order to open talks about holding a retrospective for the artist in Madrid.
Name of source: Time
SOURCE: Time (5-27-10)
If you detect ambivalence in those words, you are on the road to understanding the difficulty Ratzinger — now Pope Benedict XVI — faces in leading the Catholic Church to properly atone for another stain on its history: the decades of cases of child abuse by priests and cover-ups by their bishops. And while a well-placed Cardinal has publicly speculated that Benedict will deliver a mea culpa in early June, the words of that apology — if that is what it proves to be — will be severely limited by theology, history and the very person and office of the Pope. It is unlikely to satisfy the many members of Benedict's flock who want a very modern kind of accountability, not just mealymouthed declarations buttressed by arcane religious philosophy. "Someone once told me that if the church survived the Inquisition, it can survive this," says Olan Horne, 50, an American victim of priestly abuse. "But these are different times. And right now, the modern world is
The crisis facing the church is deeply complicated by the fact that in 1980, as Archbishop of Munich, the future Benedict XVI appears to have mismanaged the assignment of an accused pedophile priest under his charge. That revelation — and questions about Ratzinger's subsequent oversight of cases as a top Vatican official — has been the trigger in turning a rolling series of national scandals into an epic and existential test for the universal church, its leader and its faithful alike. It has blunted Benedict's ambitious enterprise of re-evangelizing Europe, the old Christendom. Over the past two months, the Pope has led the Holy See's shift from silence and denial to calls to face the enemies from within the church. What is still missing, however, is any mention of the Holy Father's alleged role in the scandal. Can the Pope, the living embodiment of the ancient Gospel and absolute spiritual leader of the world's 1.2 billion Catholics, publicly atone for his sins and yet preserve the theological impregnability of the papacy?
Name of source: BBC
There will be performing arts and music on Friday 28 May and the following day the town centre will be given over to old-fashioned fair rides, side shows and a Victorian market.
The museum will also be launching its 400th anniversary exhibition, including a time-line of those four centuries in the almshouses, Llanrwst and the UK.
Centre stage will be a re-enactment of the carriage journey John Wynne, the founder of the almshouses, would have taken from his home at Gwydir Castle to the middle of town.
SOURCE: BBC (5-28-10)
Back then, it took six years to find and convict Peter Sutcliffe, the Yorkshire Ripper, for killing 13 women across the county - mainly prostitutes - and trying to murder seven more.
He had been in jail for three years by the time Fiona started walking the streets around Bradford's Lumb Lane, one of Sutcliffe's killing grounds.
It seemed "better than fiction" as the news reporters put it. Britain's leading ballerina, Dame Margot Fonteyn, had been accused of plotting to overthrow the government of Panama. She'd been arrested and held in jail overnight. Mobbed by press in New York, on her way back to London, she delicately avoided all questions on the subject. Poised, graceful, courteous, she gave the impression of a somewhat regal figure, accidentally caught up in some local political trouble.
In fact, as newly released government files show, Dame Margot Fonteyn was closely involved in the coup attempt. Her husband, Roberto Arias,was a leading opposition figure in Panama and according to the British Embassy there "it has long been known that he has been conspiring against the Panamanian government". When Dame Margot Fonteyn spoke to the British Ambassador, after she'd been questioned, he learned that:
"She knew that her husband was gun-running, she knew that he was accompanied by rebels and at one point she used her yacht to decoy government boats and aircraft away from the direction which her husband was taking."
Around 64 ships had headed to France from Ramsgate in Kent to mark Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of about 338,000 soldiers from Dunkirk's beaches.
The troops had been driven back to the coast by the German army.
SOURCE: BBC (5-26-10)
Palaeontologists have announced the discovery of fossils belonging to a horned creature in the Bakony Mountains of western Hungary.
The find may give them a better understanding of the environment during the late period of dinosaur evolution.
They described their findings in the journal Nature.
The fossils of Ajkaceratops kozmai were found at a mine by a Hungarian team in summer 2009.
Name of source: Medieval News
SOURCE: Medieval News (5-27-10)
The climate of a region that includes Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia has now been analyzed back to the year 1179 and shows that frequent and severe droughts occurred during the 13th and 16th centuries.
"Water issues in this part of the world are vital," said lead researcher Ramzi Touchan of the University of Arizona. "This is the first regional climate reconstruction that can be used by water resource managers."
In most of North Africa, instruments have been recording weather information for 50 years or less, too short a time to provide the long-term understanding of regional climate needed for resource planning, he said.
"One of the most important ways to understand the climate variability is to use the proxy record, and one of the most reliable proxy records is tree rings," said Touchan, an associate research professor at UA's Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research.
The team has developed the first systematically sampled network of tree-ring chronologies across Northwest Africa, said co-author David Meko, also of UA's Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research.
The network allowed the researchers to analyze the patterns of past droughts over the whole region, said Meko, a UA associate research professor. The width of the annual growth rings on trees in semi-arid environments is highly correlated with the amount of precipitation.
The team found the region's 20th-century drying trend matches what climate models predict will occur as the climate warms. The research is the first to compare projections from climate models with tree-ring-based reconstructions of the region's past climate.
The region's trees and dead wood needed to do such research are disappearing rapidly from a combination of a massive die-off of trees, logging and population pressures, Touchan said.
"We have a chance to do what we call salvage dendrochronology," Touchan said. These are areas where we need to get this information now or it's going to disappear."
Pointing to a cross-section of an old tree from Morocco, he said, "This is from 883–and this is from a stump. If we don't take them, they're gone. So this is a real treasure."
The team's paper, "Spatiotemporal drought variability in northwestern Africa over the last nine centuries," is now available online and will be published in a future issue of the journal Climate Dynamics. The National Science Foundation funded the research.
The team sampled several different species of conifer and oak trees, because research indicates that testing several different species from the same region provides a better indicator of regional climate.
The current tree-ring chronology builds on previous work in Northwest Africa by this team and by other researchers. The chronology incorporates samples from at least 20 trees from each of 39 different sites.
Persistent drought was more widespread across Northwest Africa before the year 1500 than for the four centuries following, the researchers found. However, the pattern of widespread regional drought then seems to re-emerge in the late 20th century.
The spatial extent of the new regional tree-ring chronology revealed that drought in Morocco is not driven by the same kinds of oceanic and atmospheric conditions as drought in Algeria and Tunisia.
Drought in Morocco is strongly related to the north/south seesaw of air-pressure anomalies in the North Atlantic Ocean called the North Atlantic Oscillation. However, drought in Morocco is only weakly related to El Nino. By contrast, drought in Algeria and Tunisia appears more linked to a warm tropical Atlantic Ocean.
Touchan hopes to expand the new network's geographic reach to across North Africa, including Libya and additional parts of Algeria. In addition, he wants to extend the chronology back in time to bridge the gap to archaeological material.
Tree-ring chronologies exist for centuries deep in the past, but they are "floating," meaning that there is no continuous record linking those chronologies to ones that reach back from the present, he said. "If we can bridge this gap, it will be a discovery for the world," Touchan added.
Touchan and Meko's co-authors are Kevin J. Anchukaitis of Columbia University's Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, N.Y.; Mohamed Sabir of the National School of Forest Engineering in Sale, Morocco; Said Attalah of the University of Ourgla in Algeria; and Ali Aloui of the Institute of Sylvo-Pastoral of Tabarka in Tunisia.
SOURCE: Medieval News (5-27-10)
The three-year project will involve volunteers and local communities in hands-on investigation of the local landscape, recording discoveries, and presenting interpretations of the results. The University of Oxford’s Department for Continuing Education will run the project, working with other departments, schools and museums in Oxford.
East Oxford is a large and diverse area of Oxford City situated across the River Cherwell from the city centre. Investigation of East Oxford has often been overshadowed by the world-famous heritage of the Oxford colleges. However its landscape includes many open spaces and green areas offering excellent opportunities for exploring the archaeology of the area. Exciting traces are already known of Iron Age, Roman and Viking settlements, a medieval leper hospital still with its original chapel, Civil War siege works dating to the time when Oxford was the Royalist capital, and the area has a rich industrial and modern heritage.
Stuart McLeod, Head of the Heritage Lottery Fund for South East England, said: “This project seeks to connect local residents with a history of their neighbourhoods that few can have imagined. In so doing, it turns them into landscape detectives, provides skills training and gives them a stake in preserving their heritage.”
Director of the University’s Department for Continuing Education, Professor Jonathan Michie, said: “We are delighted to be able to host this important project, helping to connect Oxford University’s expertise in research and education with the community in East Oxford. We will be working very hard to provide new opportunities for many people who have never had the chance to learn about their local heritage. We are most grateful to the Heritage Lottery Fund and the John Fell Fund for giving us the means to do this”.
Local history societies, community organisations and many individual volunteers are keen to discover more about the heritage of their neighbourhoods. The Blackbird Leys estate, for example, is built in an area where a major pottery industry flourished in Roman times. Archaeologists and historians will run training workshops to enable volunteers of all ages and backgrounds to get involved in researching their own areas, dig test pits and take part in archaeological excavations. Finds will be documented and reports written up, and the discoveries will also used to inspire a range of books, articles, pod-casts, programmes and displays as well as art and drama.
The information uncovered by the project will cast new light on the development of the city and provide valuable data for future planning and development. The project website – http://www.archeox.net/ - will be expanded to help detail the progress of the project and provide a lasting record of the discoveries.
Name of source: China Daily
SOURCE: China Daily (5-26-10)
The "icebox," unearthed in Qianyang county, contained several clay rings 1.1 meters in diameter and 0.33 meters tall, said Tian Yaqi, a researcher with the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archeology.
"The loops were put together to form a shaft about 1.6 meters tall," Tian said.
The shaft was unearthed about 3 meters underground within the ruins of an ancient building which experts believed was a temporary imperial residence during the Qin Dynasty (221 - 207 BC).
"The shaft led to a river valley, but it could not have been a well," said Tian....
Name of source: WTOC (GA)
SOURCE: WTOC (GA) (5-26-10)
That was nearly 150 years ago and Tuesday people gathered near that spot to unveil a new historical marker. The marker is located along Georgia Highway 275 North.
"This is a great day, a historic day in many, many ways," said Georgia labor commissioner Michael Thurmond.
Thurmond, along with the Georgia Historical Society and local politicians unveiled the historic marker in memory of those slaves.
The marker tells a story of General William Sherman's "March to the Sea". In December 1864, more than a hundred slaves were following the Federal Army, trying escape Confederate soldiers. When they reached Ebenezer Creek, the Federal Army tore up the bridge and the slaves had to fend for themselves. Most of them could not swim and drowned.
Those slaves dreamed of freedom. Thurmond's dream was to make sure they were not forgotten....
Name of source: National Parks Traveler
SOURCE: National Parks Traveler (5-23-10)
At Fort Raleigh, a team of divers led by Professor Gordon Watts (Institute of Nautical Archeology) will explore the bottom not far from shore in the “Barrel Beach” area close to The Lost Colony complex. Hoping to find additional evidence of the original English settlement site (1584-1590), the exact location of which remains a mystery, the archeologists will further examine tantalizing geophysical anomalies previously found in the area.
Nearby, a First Colony Foundation project will continue excavating and exploring the Thomas Harriot Trail Site vicinity. Several new finds made there during the past two years have shed light on the past inhabitants of the locale where the first (and tragically unsuccessful) English attempt at colonization of the New World began.
At nearby Cape Hatteras National Seashore, a partnership has been formed to tackle a project of even larger scale and complexity, the Shipwrecks of the Graveyard of the Atlantic project. Drawing on the combined resources of the Field School of Maritime History and Underwater Research, East Carolina University , the National Park Service Submerged Cultural Resource Unit, the University of North Carolina-Coastal Studies Institute, the North Carolina State Underwater Archeology Unit, and the NOAA Monitor National Marine Sanctuary, the project will send a team of underwater archeologists to dive and document the wrecks of German submarines located off the North Carolina coast....
Name of source: The Moscow Times
SOURCE: The Moscow Times (5-25-10)
About 50 people, including members from the youth branches of Yabloko and A Just Russia, prevented builders from working on Kadashevsky Tupik, a small street in downtown Moscow near the protected Church of the Resurrection in Kadashi.
Preservationists say construction of the Five Capitals apartment complex poses a danger to the foundation of the church and will contribute to the city's crumbling cultural image.
"People gathered to demand documents allowing the developer to proceed with the demolition. But the developer showed no documents, only useless pieces of paper," said Yulia Grebennikova, who took part in the protest.
Last week, builders began dismantling the Chamber of Olenevy, which is part of the architectural ensemble that included the church, and a nearby confectionery plant from the late 19th century.
The work resumed Monday morning, said Grebennikova, who works in the Kadashevskaya Sloboda museum located on the territory of the church.
Demolition at the site was suspended late last year following a public uproar after builders dismantled the Deacon’s House, which was given to the church at the end of the 1800s....
Name of source: Hampton Roads Pilot
SOURCE: Hampton Roads Pilot (5-26-10)
Those are some of the plans presented Tuesday at this historic Army post, which becomes state property in September 2011.
The fate of the 570-acre site at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay has been discussed and argued over since the government announced the base's closure in 2005. Now, after years of preliminary planning, focus groups and town hall meetings, the state-appointed authority overseeing the transition has a blueprint for how it will handle an expected 250,000 visitors annually.
Developed by a Pennsylvania-based firm called Interpretive Solutions, the "draft interpretive master plan" revolves around six core themes: the natural environment, Virginia Indians, the African American experience, the Civil War, defense of the nation and Old Point Comfort resorts....
Name of source: Kansas City Star
SOURCE: Kansas City Star (5-26-10)
A stiff, bone-dry wind swept across the sagebrush plateau overlooking the three islands in the Snake River where pioneers crossed with their stock and wagons.
It was one of the most demanding obstacles along the 2,170-mile trail from Missouri to Oregon in the 1800s.
"I've learned a lot about the emigration," said Smith, who is a volunteer at Three Island State Park at Glenns Ferry, a hub of Oregon Trail history in southern Idaho.
"I like to pass it along to school groups and others," she said, "I try to encourage people to come up here and see the trail."
There are many places to hike, camp, or just drive and visit, along the Oregon Trail in southwest Idaho.
Follow in the steps of the pioneers....
Name of source: CBS News
SOURCE: CBS News (5-26-10)
Catherine Ariemma teaches honors history at Lumpkin County High School in Dahlonega, Ga., about 65 miles north of Atlanta, and by all accounts is a good teacher with a spotless record over the past five years with the school district.
Ariemma encouraged one of her classes to wear Klan hoods through the school cafeteria. Let that sink in. A history teacher encouraged high school kids to wear symbols of one of the most recognizable racist groups of the past century, on school grounds in the heart of the Old South. What could go wrong?...
Name of source: MyNorth.com
SOURCE: MyNorth.com (5-18-10)
So the waft of humanity that greeted the stocky, 56-year-old Carver when he arrived at Fort Michilimackinac’s water gate on a late-August day in 1766, had to have been jolting. Gamey smoke swirled from the Indian campfires around the fort. Fur traders loading their canoes with pelts bound for Montreal reeked stale rum breath. Stench rolled in waves from summer-hot pit latrines. The 50 British soldiers of the 60th Regiment of Foot who guarded the fort stunk and so did their heavy redcoats and gathered-at-the neck white blouses.
Perhaps Carver also sniffed the scent of desperate ambition as he looked up into the face of the 6-foot-tall (towering for that era) Governor Commandant of the fort, Robert Rogers. Rogers was a man with a problem. The former French and Indian War hero, famed for forming the elite assault corps Rogers Rangers, was out of money, and his once brilliant reputation was tarnished by debt. Rogers’s solution? To accomplish the feat that had defied explorers for centuries: find the Northwest Passage. Carver was to be cartographer on the expedition.
If a waterway connecting the Atlantic to the Pacific, known as the Northwest Passage, did exist it would open up a trade route to China, provide access to a seemingly inexhaustible supply of fur and, legend had it, lead to mountains and cities rich with gold. In the words that Rogers wrote to the man he’d charged with commanding the expedition, James Tute, those lucky enough to find the passage would come to: “an Inhabited Country, and great Riches … From this Town the Inhabitants carry their Gold near two Thousand Miles to Traffick with the Japancies, and it’s said they have some kind of Beasts of Burden.”
Rogers’s post at the windblown Fort Michilimackinac, perched on the shores of the Straits of Mackinac, seemed well suited to seeking the Northwest Passage. At least that’s what England’s King George hoped when he appointed Rogers Governor Commandant of Michilimackinac, a title that extended from the fort to include Lakes Michigan, Huron and Superior. From Michilimackinac exploratory parties could head north to Lake Superior and on to the Hudson Bay, where it was believed there might be accessible “communication” with the Pacific Ocean. And from Michilimackinac it was only a paddle across Lake Michigan to rivers that led to the Mississippi—where current thought said one would also find the headwaters of a river that stretched to the Pacific....
Name of source: Democrat & Chronicle (NY)
SOURCE: Democrat & Chronicle (NY) (5-23-10)
He survived combat in Charleston, where 256 other soldiers found their end. After the war, the unmarried former laborer found roots in Rochester, served as one of Frederick Douglass' pallbearers and was instrumental in erecting a monument in Rochester to the civil rights pioneer.
Little else is known about Platner, who is buried in Riverside Cemetery, because extensive history was not often kept about African-American soldiers who lived and died in the Civil War era.
But local residents don't want the soldiers' accomplishments to fade away.
The Monroe County Freedom Trail Commission on Saturday held its sixth annual "On behalf of Those Who Lie in Yonder Hallowed Ground" event to celebrate the African-American soldiers who fought to help secure the Union Army's victory.
The ceremonies honored the 200,000 African-Americans overall who fought, including at least 14 local men buried at Riverside Cemetery, 2650 Lake Ave. and Mt. Hope Cemetery, 1133 Mt. Hope Ave.
Students from the Dr. Douglas Smith Learning Center and adults attended the graveside commemoration, reading the soldiers' accomplishments, placing yellow blossoms and American flags near their headstones and honoring their memories....
Name of source: Nature
SOURCE: Nature (4-15-10)
The 120 lead ingots, each weighing about 33 kilograms, come from a larger load recovered 20 years ago from a Roman shipwreck, the remains of a vessel that sank between 80 B.C. and 50 B.C. off the coast of Sardinia. As a testimony to the extent of ancient Rome's manufacturing and trading capacities, the ingots are of great value to archaeologists, who have been preserving and studying them at the National Archaeological Museum in Cagliari, southern Sardinia. What makes the ingots equally valuable to physicists is the fact that over the past 2,000 years their lead has almost completely lost its natural radioactivity. It is therefore the perfect material with which to shield the CUORE (Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events) detector, which Italy's National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN) is building at the Gran Sasso laboratory.
CUORE, which will begin operations next year, will investigate neutrinos: fundamental particles with no electronic charge and long thought to have no mass. Researchers have confirmed that neutrinos do have a mass, but have been unable to pin down a figure for it1. The aim is to use the detector to try to observe a theoretical atomic event called neutrinoless double-beta decay — a radioactive process whereby an atomic nucleus releases two electrons and no neutrinos. 'Standard' double-beta decay is accompanied by the release of two neutrinos. By observing this predicted but so far unseen event, physicists hope to estimate the neutrino's mass and to establish whether neutrinos and their antimatter counterparts, antineutrinos, are different particles. Some believe the two to be one and the same....
Name of source: National Security Archive at GWU
SOURCE: National Security Archive at GWU (5-25-10)
In addition to his contributions to perestroika and new thinking, Anatoly Sergeevich Chernyaev was and remains a strong proponent of openness and transparency, providing his diaries and notes to historians trying to understand the end of the Cold War. This section of the diary, covering 1990--a tragic year, according to Chernyaev--is published today in English for the first time....
Name of source: Ria Novosti
SOURCE: Ria Novosti (5-25-10)
"A concrete plan to assassinate Hitler in his bunker was developed, but Stalin suddenly cancelled it in 1943 over fears that after Hitler's death his associates would conclude a separate peace treaty with Britain and the United States," Gen. (Ret.) Anatoly Kulikov, the chairman of the Club of Military Commanders, told a conference on military history in Moscow.
"We have documental evidence confirming that these talks took place," he added....
Name of source: FrontPageMag
SOURCE: FrontPageMag (5-26-10)
As the United States announced on Monday it would conduct joint naval exercises with the South Korean navy in response to the sinking of a South Korean warship two months ago, North Korea, the nation deemed responsible for the disaster that cost 46 lives, raised tensions by putting its military forces on a war footing.
Asia Times reported yesterday that North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, in a military broadcast, placed his million plus armed forces on “combat readiness,” causing concern worldwide about North Korean intentions as well as a drop in major stock markets....
North Korea...has a long history of committing terrorist acts against South Korea. In 1983, North Korean agents bombed a South Korean delegation in Burma, killing several members. In 1987, North Korea was also blamed for blowing up a South Korean airliner in flight. In another naval incident in 2002, four South Korean sailors were killed in an exchange of gunfire with North Korean patrol boats....
...[C]ommon sense may play no part in a Stalinist dictatorship’s decision to go to war, especially one struggling to survive. Reports have been coming out of North Korea that the people are again facing starvation like in the 1990s when an estimated two million died. A poor harvest this year, the failure of a currency reform scheme last year and the repressing of private farmer’s markets have again left the long-suffering North Koreans destitute.
North Korea also cannot look to China, its main ally, for help. China, like other countries, has refused food aid as long as North Korea refuses to give up its nuclear weapons program. Not wishing to support an economic cripple, China also vainly wanted North Korea to adopt free market reforms and become self-sufficient like it did. Like South Korea, China fears a North Korean collapse and the millions of hungry Korean refugees that would flood over its border seeking food.
Name of source: The Root
SOURCE: The Root (5-21-10)
That was the first paragraph of a New York Times article that ran on Saturday, July 16, 1966.
If Illinois state representatives John Fritchey (D-District 11) and LaShawn Ford (D-District 8) have their way, the scene could soon be ripped from today's headlines, of course with different language and different circumstances....
The 1966 incident involving the National Guard in Chicago came after the community erupted in anger when the police turned off fire-hydrant sprinklers that Mayor Daley (the current mayor's late-father) had turned on to help cool neighborhood children on hot summer days, the article says. The sprinkler agreement followed a 90-minute meeting with the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr....
SOURCE: The Root (5-26-10)
Abdur-Rahman Muhammad, a historian who writes for the Woodson Review and other publications of the respected Association for the Study of African American Life and History, identified the trigger man on his blog last month as William Bradley, about 72 years old, and known today as Mustafa Shabazz.
"He is the man who fired the first and deadliest shot which ripped through the chest of the powerful Black leader on that cold 21st day of February, 1965," Muhammad wrote. "How ironic is it that 'Willie' Bradley appears in a recent public safety campaign commercial for Mayor Cory Booker" of Newark?
Speaking about Muhammad, A. Peter Bailey, a onetime president of the New York Association of Black Journalists, an aide to Malcolm X and a pallbearer at his funeral, told Journal-isms, "It seems to me he has documented it rather well."...
Name of source: LA Times
SOURCE: LA Times (5-26-10)
The smooth landing was indicative of the entire 12-day mission -- NASA's third-to-last shuttle flight.
"That was pretty sweet," Mission Control radioed after Atlantis glided through a clear morning sky and rolled down the runway. "That was a suiting end to an incredible mission."...
Atlantis -- the fourth in NASA's shuttle series -- is ending its run after having spent an accumulated 294 days in orbit and circled Earth 4,648 times. It has carried 189 astronauts and visited the International Space Station 11 times. It also flew seven times to Russia's old Mir station and once to the Hubble Space Telescope.
The shuttle added another 4.8 million miles this time around, for a grand total of 120,650,907 miles over its lifetime.
Name of source: AKI
SOURCE: AKI (5-25-10)
Archeologists say it is rare to find an Etruscan home intact and believe the home was built between the 3rd and 1st century BC.
Using six Roman and Etruscan coins uncovered at the home, archeologists believe the house collapsed in 79 AD during wars unleashed by Roman general and dictator, Lucio Cornelio Silla.
Archeologists have discovered a large quantity of items which have revealed a great deal about life in the home and the construction techniques of the era.
"These are the best ruins that have ever been found in Italy," said Simona Rafanelli, director of the Isidoro Falchi archeological museum in Vetulonia, told journalists.
"They represent something incredibly important from an archeological and historical point of view, because they finally give us an understanding of new techniques linked to Etruscan construction that we did not know until today.
"Here today we are rewriting history. It is a unique case in Italy because with what we have found we will be able to completely reconstruct the entire house."
From the ruins they discovered a basement or cellar in which the family is believed to have stored foodstuffs.
A beautiful earthenware pot was found in the corner of the room and an olive press.
Pieces of vases and plates were also uncovered at the house, while the walls were made of sun-dried clay bricks.
Name of source: New Zealand Herald
SOURCE: New Zealand Herald (5-25-10)
The former teacher was credited with shooting down eight German aircraft while based in Britain as a pilot with the Royal New Zealand Air Force's 488 squadron of Mosquito fighter planes.
After returning from a mission over Europe on one engine in an aircraft damaged by flying debris, Flight Lieutenant Hall (left) and his British navigator were awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. A bar was later added in his case.
Born in Opotiki, Mr Hall caught the flying bug as a boy, when his clergyman father shelled out 10 shillings ($1) for him to go on a flight in 1928 with pioneering Australian aviator Charles Kingsford Smith.
"When Kingsford Smith came over to Gisborne, they landed on the beach and I think he paid 10 shillings for a joy flight so he was hooked on flying, and that's how he got into the Air Force," his nephew, Richard Hall, said from Brisbane last night.
Flight Lieutenant Hall remained in Britain after the war with his English wife Mary and became an aircraft salesman for the de Havilland company, which sent him back to NZ on regular business trips.
He joined the inaugural flight to New Zealand of the ill-fated Comet in the early 1950s and arranged the sale of Hawker Siddeley aircraft to Mount Cook Airlines founder Sir Harry Wigley, whom he got to know well.
In 1972, Mr Hall left de Havilland to set up an award-winning woodcraft and furniture restoration business in England's Lakes District and, according to his nephew, was once commissioned to make a bowl for Diana, Princess of Wales.
Richard Hall said his uncle did not talk much about the war on his trips back to New Zealand, evidently having qualms about the loss of life caused by his service.
His wife died last year. The couple are survived by three children and many grandchildren.