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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: International Herald Tribune
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (10-24-08)
The destination was the holy place known as Joseph's Tomb, a tiny half-derelict stone compound in the heart of a residential district that many Jews believe is the final burial place of the son of Jacob, the biblical patriarch.
The first group arrived around midnight. Rushing through the darkness into the tomb, they crowded around the rough mound of the grave and started reciting Psalms by the glow of their cellphones, not waiting for the portable generator to power up a crude fluorescent light.
They were praying to be infused with some of the righteousness of Joseph, as well as to be able to return. A gaping hole in the domed, charred roof of the tomb left it partly open to the sky, a reminder of the turmoil of the recent past.
The Palestinians seek Isaeli withdrawal from the We and full control over cities like this one. But these religious Jews, spurred on by mystical fervor and the local Jewish settler leadership, are strengthening their bond.
To them this is not Nablus, one of the largest Palestinian cities, with a population of more than 120,000, but the site of the ancient biblical city of Shechem. The tomb, they believe, sits on the parcel of ground that Jacob bought for a hundred pieces of silver, according to Joshua 24:32, an inheritance of the children of Joseph, meaning that its ownership is not in doubt.
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (10-22-08)
"Murder," answered one of the men gathered in the library of the Marble Valley Regional Correctional Facility. Others guessed treason or domestic assault.
"You're all going to have really good answers, but you're not going to get it," Shea said during a voter registration session at the jail earlier this month. "Election fraud."
No one in Vermont can remember the last time anyone was convicted of election fraud, making it and Maine the only two states that allow all inmates to vote. Officials in both states say interest in voting in the presidential election is up among prisoners as Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain campaign for the White House.
Name of source: USA Today
SOURCE: USA Today (10-23-08)
The U.S. announced this week a $14 million program to help refurbish the Iraqi National Museum. The museum wasn't guarded after the fall of Saddam Hussein, which allowed looters to steal precious antiquities.
And in August, two Bengal tigers were shipped to the Iraqi zoo in Baghdad to replace an endangered tiger that was shot and killed by an off-duty soldier in 2003.
The cost for two tigers and a museum may seem small when compared with the human toll of the past five years in Iraq, but these two cases reflect the struggle to both acknowledge and remedy mistakes during the war.
SOURCE: USA Today (10-22-08)
These days, the Tower serves a more benign purpose. Tucked inside the walls of the picturesque Old City, the compound is now a museum that welcomes tens of thousands of visitors each year.
Though overshadowed by its world-famous neighbors — the Western Wall, Dome of the Rock and Church of the Holy Sepulcher — the sprawling complex is worth a visit for the perfect snapshot it provides of the city's past....
The "Night Spectacular" has no narration and is not meant to be a comprehensive history lesson. Instead, viewers are treated to a colorful series of moving images that turn the massive walls, arches, towers, turrets and archaeological ruins into lifelike depictions of events that took place over the millennia, often just steps away.
The show opens with a massive silhouette of the Biblical King David strumming on a harp. There are scenes of King Solomon's Temple and its destruction, early Christian monks, the Prophet Muhammad's night journey to heaven, a mystic event recounted in the Quran. At one point, Roman soldiers march through the ruins of the city, their footsteps echoing like thunder, followed by Crusader conquerors and later, by a 30-yard image of the Ottoman ruler Suleiman the Magnificent.
Name of source: Yahoo
SOURCE: Yahoo (10-23-08)
"The pottery has human faces that show emotions," Eusebio Dizon, head of the archaeological unit at the National Museum, told Reuters.
Dizon said that pictures of people on the shards might mean the tribe that used the vessels had different origins from the known indigenous tribes in the Philippines.
Name of source: The Observer (UK)
SOURCE: The Observer (UK) (10-26-08)
Coming the other way was the Yamashiro Maru, a Japanese ship, sailing empty. The ships met at 1:52am. The Magdeburg was making the tight turn around Broadness Point when the Yamashiro Maru ploughed into her starboard side at more than 10 knots, holing her below the waterline and pushing her across the river.
'It was an accident, an act of God,' insisted Keith Toms, a tug crewman on the Thames that night. And that was the conclusion. No one was killed, there was no inquiry, no one was accountable and only Leyland Motors, forced to replace the buses, suffered.
Now a historian has found documents that add weight to the suspicions of academics that the ship was rammed at the behest of the CIA - as part of an effort to sabotage anyone breaking the US embargo on Fidel Castro's Cuba.
With the Americans threatening to blacklist any shipowner breaking the 'transportation blockade', Leyland Motors decided to use an East German ship. It was in the maritime archives of the former German Democratic Republic that John McGarry found evidence given by Gordon Greenfield, the British pilot of the Magdeburg, stating that the Japanese ship broke international law by navigating the wrong way and giving misleading signals. The captain and pilot of the Yamashiro Maru refused to speak.
McGarry believes a crime was committed. 'I felt that the question of CIA involvement might be resolved by an examination of the pilots' logs which were supposed to be stored at Trinity House and in the Port of London Archives. They cannot be found. The East German papers show Greenfield was deceived by someone on the Yamashiro Maru who sounded a single siren blast before the collision, an intention to pass port to port,' he said.
Name of source: Times (UK)
SOURCE: Times (UK) (10-24-08)
Yesterday, a small band of veterans of the International Brigades returned to mark the anniversary in Sitges, near Barcelona.
Frail, some in wheelchairs, they joined in a chorus of La Bandera Roja, or The Red Flag, an Italian song popular with anti-Fascist forces during the war.
Now the eight British and Irish survivors of the 2,300 men and women who joined the brigades are fighting a new battle against time to win an honour that has stayed out of their grasp: Spanish nationality.
SOURCE: Times (UK) (10-23-08)
Inside the crates are Enigma code-making machines that Franco had bought from Nazi Germany and used to co-ordinate his troops who fought on fronts hundreds of miles apart.
The 26 machines were discovered this week by the Spanish daily newspaper El País, hidden in army headquarters since the Civil War ended in 1939, most still in perfect condition.
The Enigma machines gave Franco's Nationalists a crucial advantage because their code was never cracked by their Republican foes. Hitler used the machine to devastating effect to command his forces during the Second World War, until the code was finally deciphered by cryptologists at Bletchley Park, Oxfordshire.
SOURCE: Times (UK) (10-21-08)
They want blue blood and a crown.
Now I know what you're thinking: it took them long enough to come to their senses. It's been - what? - just over 232 years since the Americans kicked us out of the colony. Clearly, the past eight have been enough to push them over the edge. So make way, George W. Bush, for the 44th President of the US: Queen Elizabeth II!
But hang on a minute. The royal palace that I visited was in Honolulu, which is on the island of Oahu - one of the 137 islands and atolls that make up the state of Hawaii, located 2,500 miles southwest of Los Angeles. The last Briton to assert his authority in that part of the world - a certain Captain James Cook - supposedly ended up being eaten by the natives.
So these American monarchists are not lobbying for the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, but to be governed by one of the native Hawaiian descendants of Queen Lili'uokalani, deposed with the help of US troops in 1893 - a dastardly act for which President Clinton apologised. There is only one problem: there are at least two competing heirs to the throne, including Her Majesty Mahealani Kahau, and His Highness Akahi Nui.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (10-23-08)
Though life had dealt Joe Sr. a tough hand early in life in drunken, faithless bosses and a thieving partner, he never bemoaned his fate.
Joe Sr. had it all in his 20s, sailing yachts off the New England coast, riding to the hounds, driving fast cars, flying airplanes. A decade later, he found himself with a wife and four children living in a two-bedroom apartment in a dreary, treeless suburb of Wilmington, selling used cars.
His children saw hints of his former life in his wardrobe — he was always impeccably dressed with a perfect pocket square — and in the back of his closet, where he kept his riding pinks, his polished boots and his polo mallet.
His son the senator said the old man preached one lesson that had been the guiding principle in his own life, which has seen its share of defeats, some dealt by cruel fate, some self-inflicted. It is what has kept him going when he has faced tragedy and humiliation, the leitmotifs of the Biden story.
SOURCE: NYT (10-22-08)
Now, with about six weeks to go before publication, Mr. Murdoch has raised objections with Mr. Wolff and his publisher about portions of the book, titled “The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch,” that suggest that Mr. Murdoch is at times embarrassed by Fox News, which he owns, and its chief executive, Roger Ailes, and that he often shares “the general liberal apoplexy,” as Mr. Wolff writes in the book, toward Fox News and its perceived conservative slant.
In early October Mr. Murdoch obtained an early draft of the book, despite a tight embargo on the manuscript, and has raised objections with Doubleday, a division of Random House, about what he said were inaccuracies in the way Mr. Wolff describes relations between Mr. Murdoch and two of his top executives — Mr. Ailes and Peter Chernin, the president of News Corporation.
SOURCE: NYT (10-20-08)
Early in the 18th century, as they were being baptized, African-Americans clung to “spirit practices” in rituals of healing and the invocation of ancestral and supernatural powers. Sometimes called black magic, these occult rites would persist in America in modified form, later, as voodoo and hoodoo.
University of Maryland archaeologists have discovered in Annapolis what they say is one of the earliest examples of traditional African religious artifacts in North America. It is a clay “bundle,” roughly the size and shape of a football, filled with about 300 pieces of metal and a stone axe, whose blade sticks out of the clay, pointing skyward.
The bundle, found in April and dated to 1700, appears to be a direct transplant of African religion into what is now the United States, said Mark P. Leone, a professor of anthropology at Maryland who directed the excavations. The materials and construction, he said, differed from the hoodoo caches his teams had previously found in Annapolis.
SOURCE: NYT (10-21-08)
Though Mr. Obama is leading in the polls, “there are still so many uncertainties, and 36 hours is a lot of time in two weeks,” said Julian Zelizer, professor of history and public affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University. “Even having television campaigning isn’t the same as being there in person. There is a cost.”
Still, he said, the lost personal connection with undecided voters could be offset by the focus of media attention on Mr. Obama’s personal life and his compassion.
“One of the issues that Obama has faced is people literally knowing who he is,” Mr. Zelizer continued, noting that opponents had tried to raise questions in voters minds like “is he a socialist, aligned with terrorists?”
Stephen Hess of the Brookings Institution also saw potential that the trip could help flesh out voters’ image of Mr. Obama. “They say he’s too mechanical, he’s cool, and here he does something terribly human,” Mr. Hess said in a telephone interview. “This isn’t planned by his strategist. He made the case in his book that she is very important to him. You can turn it around and ask, ‘What if he didn’t go?’ ”...
[The article goes on to discuss William Howard Taft's decision to leave on a trip for Europe at a time when his mother was dying.]
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (10-24-08)
Jewish leaders condemned the vandalism
and said the scale of the destruction suggested the activity was organized — rather than random acts by wayward youths. Other graves have been vandalized in Jewish cemeteries in recent years, but those attacks occurred in the provinces, and were more limited in scope.
"We cannot be silent," said Ozi Lazar, who heads Bucharest's Jewish community. "We want a full investigation and for the perpetrators to be punished."
SOURCE: AP (10-23-08)
The speech Thursday at the Camp Lejeune Memorial Gardens will be followed by a wreath laying and a private candlelight service.
Almost 250 American serviceman — including 220 Marines — were killed when two truck bombs struck the Marine barracks in 1983. Another 60 Americans were injured.
SOURCE: AP (10-21-08)
The Biblioteca Ambrosiana commissioned a microbiological analysis of the document after some scholars warned last year that the Codex had sprouted mold. The library said Tuesday that the study found black stains that seemed to be mold were in fact caused by mercury salts that had been added to protect the Codex from just such a "biological and microbiological onslaught."
The stains were detected not on the Codex itself, but on outer paper added as support in 1970-73.
SOURCE: AP (10-22-08)
The Respekt weekly was given two weeks to apologize in a letter delivered to the publisher Oct. 16, said Jiri Srstka, the director of the Dilia agency, which represents Kundera in the Czech Republic.
"We haven't heard from them yet," Srstka said.
He said if Respekt does not comply, Kundera will sue. He declined to give details.
SOURCE: AP (10-21-08)
Ken Garrison, an officer with the New Mexico Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, said if the abandoned cemetery can't be preserved, soldiers' remains should be exhumed and reburied "in a respectable location."
The land is owned by Mary Silva, who said it's among the few valuable possessions she hopes to leave to her nine children.
However, state law makes it nearly impossible for Silva or her eventual heirs to do anything with the land, officially designated as an "unmarked burial ground," or for Garrison to relocate the Confederate graves.
Name of source: http://www.sfltimes.com
SOURCE: http://www.sfltimes.com (10-20-08)
Some of McCain’s black family members say they are not sure exactly where they fall on the family tree, but they do know this: They are either descendants of the McCain family slaves, or of children the McCains fathered with their slaves.
White and black members of the McCain family have met on the plantation several times over the last 15 years, but one invited guest has been conspicuously absent: Sen. John Sidney McCain.
“Why he hasn’t come is anybody’s guess,” said Charles McCain Jr., 60, a distant cousin of John McCain who is black. “I think the best I can come up with, is that he doesn’t have time, or he has just distanced himself, or it doesn’t mean that much to him.”
Other relatives are not as generous.
Lillie McCain, 56, another distant cousin of John McCain who is black, said the Republican presidential nominee is trying to hide his past, and refuses to accept the family’s history.
Name of source: Times (of London)
SOURCE: Times (of London) (10-25-08)
It was within this unlikely triangle of landmarks – exactly 41 years ago this Sunday – that John McCain crash-landed and, say his captors, began his run for the United States presidency.
For even if the cold, barely conscious US Navy officer did not know it at the time, says Le Van Lua and the other Vietnamese whose lives entwined with Mr McCain’s that day, this little spot of Hanoi is undoubtedly where pilot turned politician. If fury had prevailed, it is a transformation that might never have happened, says Mr Lua, 61, a factory worker who was the first on the scene after the crash and swam out to retrieve the battered, politically valuable prize...
Mr Lua’s account of that day – along with Vietnamese accounts of the five and a half years that Mr McCain spent as a prisoner of war – differ significantly from the presidential candidate’s own record...
Where the accounts differ most starkly is in the period of Mr McCain’s long incarceration as a PoW – first at the prison known as the Hanoi Hilton, then at The Plantation.
Tran Trong Duyet, the former prison director who now surrounds himself with caged birds in a house in Hai Phong, first met Mr McCain a year after he had been shot down. He recalls a defiant rule-breaker, the patriotic son of an admiral and a fervent believer in the war. What he does not recall, however, is a victim of torture or violence.
“I never tortured or mistreated the PoWs and nor did my staff,” says Mr Duyet in contradiction of Mr McCain’s account and those of other prisoners. “The Americans were dropping bombs on military and civilian targets – so it’s not as if they had important information we needed to extract.” Mr Duyet says that he sympathises with Mr McCain and other PoWs for claiming that they were tortured. “It’s up to the Americans to decide whether or not he counts as a hero. He was very brave, very manly, he dared to argue with me and he was very intelligent. But all the talk of being tortured is for the sake of votes.”
The McCain campaign refused to comment on the claims yesterday. Mr McCain did eventually sign a confession to his supposed crimes against the Vietnamese people and holds that it was only extracted after weeks of pain inflicted by his tormentors. In a more recent interview Mr McCain explained the signing of the confession as his failure.
Name of source: Discovery Channel News
SOURCE: Discovery Channel News (10-23-08)
Pathologist Andreas Nerlich and colleagues at the Academic Teaching Hospital München-Bogenhausen in Munich, Germany, studied 91 bone tissue samples from ancient Egyptian mummies and skeletons dating from 3500 to 500 B.C.
Using special techniques from molecular biology, such as DNA amplification and gene sequencing, the researchers identified ancient DNA for the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in tissues from two mummies.
Name of source: BBC
The songs, which were in a collection recorded on wax cylinders by American academic James Madison Carpenter, were restored for a BBC documentary.
Mark Page, born in 1836, ran away to sea as a boy and contributed to the scholar's work when he retired.
The recordings then lay untouched in an attic for decades.
The Cassation Court said Berlin must pay one million euros (£787,000) to the relatives of nine victims of the massacre in the town of Civitella.
In all, 203 civilians were shot in revenge for an Italian partisan attack.
Germany argued it had immunity from being held financially responsible for Nazi crimes during World War II.
The government won its appeal against a previous court decision that had ruled in favour of 2,000 former residents of the British Indian Ocean territory.
They were evicted in the 1960s when the colony was leased to the US to build an airbase on the atoll of Diego Garcia.
Their solicitor Richard Gifford said they are in a "state of shock" at the "disappointing outcome".
He added: "It has been the misfortune of the Chagos islanders that their passionate desire to return to their homeland has been caught up in the power politics of foreign policy for the past 40 years."
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (10-23-08)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (10-23-08)
The Nobel Peace Prize nominee rescued around 670 Jewish Czech children in the run up to the Second World War.
In 1938, Winton, then a young stockbroker, cancelled a skiing holiday to Switzerland and went instead to Czechoslovakia on a friend's recommendation.
There he found camps full of Jewish refugees who had fled Nazi-occupied Sudetenland, and set about trying to help them.
He transported 669 youngsters to Britain before World War II broke out and, without his intervention they would almost certainly have died.
Today the Queen will also meet some of the people he saved by transporting them to the UK from Czechoslovakia.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (10-22-08)
The artifacts were part of a dagger buried with a warrior chief, near Stonehenge, nearly 4,000 years ago.
Archeologists said they were known as 'the work of the gods'.
The pinhead-sized studs form an intricate pattern on the handle of a dagger, but archeologists failed to realise their significance when they excavated the burial mound in Wiltshire - known as Bush Barrow- in 1808.
Now they are to be re-united with other priceless artefacts unearthed at the site and put on show at the Wiltshire Heritage Museum in Devizes after Niall Sharples, a senior lecturer at Cardiff University turned out his predecessors' desk and discovered them in a film canister labelled Bush Barrow.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (10-22-08)
Plans for the system were first found when Soviet soldiers entered Berlin but have recently been reexamined by researchers for a new Russian documentary.
The Orwellian screens would have been set up in public places and would show "people's television", depicting how the Aryan race should live, with the Nazis focusing on news, sport and education.
Ideas included building rooms beside laundries so women could gather round the TV to watch the broadcasts.
Prototype programmes included Family Chronicles: An Evening with Hans and Gelli, which was an early reality TV show depicting a wholesome Aryan life of a young German couple.
Mao Xinyu, the 38-year-old sole grandson of the Great Helmsman, is set to become the dean of China's first undergraduate university department dedicated to the study of Mao Zedong thought.
Songtian University, a private college in Guangdong, has applied for permission to the Ministry of Education to found the new department, and enrolment is expected to begin next year.
Mr Mao has promised that, if the course is a success, he will roll it out nationwide. He said his grandfather's philosophy is applicable to a wide range of fields from politics to management.
It had never been in doubt that the Nazi propaganda machine fuelled the Night of Broken Glass but now a German scholar has uncovered strong evidence that on the night of Nov 9 the Fuhrer led Nazis to destroy an important synagogue, deliberately throwing a match into a tinderbox.
On November 7, 1938, Jewish teenager Herschel Grynszpan walked into Germany's embassy in Paris and shot dead diplomat Ernst vom Rath, sparking the Night of Broken Glass, the most ferocious single pogrom of the Nazi era.
By morning of the tenth, at least 92 Jews had been murdered, more than 200 synagogues destroyed and thousands of Jewish businesses ransacked across Germany.
Angela Hermann, an historian at Munich's Institute for Contemporary History, has decoded a mysterious passage in the diary of Hitler's propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels that had stumped scholars ever since this section of Goebbels' diaries was retrieved from Moscow in 1992.
''We have real evidence now that Hitler pulled the strings, that he personally directed the Kristallnacht,'' Dr Herman said, using the German name for the notorious night.
The riddle revolved around Goebbels' enigmatic reference to ''Hitler's Stosstrupp'', or Hitler's ''special troops''. In his diary entry for November 9, the Nazi propaganda minister recounts a rally at the Munich Town Hall in which Hitler told him, among other things, that the police should let people express their anger over the vom Rath assassination.
Goebbels then wrote: ''Hitler's Stosstrupp goes out immediately to clean up Munich ... and a synagogue is smashed.''
This had historians puzzled, as there was no force known as ''Hitler's Stosstrupp'' in 1938. By digging through Munich archives, Dr Hermann found letters and documents to show that the term referred to the veterans of Hitler's failed attempt to seize power in 1923, known as the Beer Hall Putsch.
The party's leaders are bracing themselves for heavy losses in Congress, with Democrats aiming to seize a commanding majority.
Standing on the steps of the local courthouse in Jamestown, in staunchly Republican rural southern Kentucky, Senator Mitch McConnell, Senate Majority Leader, admitted: "This race is going to be close. It's not going to be a coronation."
He is fighting for his political life against a virtually unknown opponent whose campaign is based principally on the fact that he does not have the word "Republican" in brackets after his name. Barely 50 people had turned out to see Mr McConnell speak in Jamestown.
Name of source: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,443789,00.html
SOURCE: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,443789,00.html (10-23-08)
Only this time, they ended up in jail, charged with violating a new law banning public displays of communist and Nazi symbols.
Verdicts are expected Friday in a legal test for the disputed legislation pushed through Lithuania's Parliament in June amid growing concern over a resurgent Russia and lingering divisions with Moscow over the Soviet legacy in the Baltics.
Name of source: Newsweek
SOURCE: Newsweek (10-23-08)
In newly unearthed correspondence, Goldwater, the famed GOP senator from Arizona and a conservative icon, wrote a stinging letter to Lyndon Johnson just after he heard the news that the then Senate majority leader had agreed to be John F. Kennedy's running mate in the 1960 election.
Goldwater's complaint: that Johnson would be running on a "socialist" Democratic Party platform.
"Dear Lyndon," Goldwater wrote to LBJ on July 15, 1960. "It is the morning after, so to speak and as I sit here in my study, I still have a numb feeling of despair over your actions of yesterday in accepting the candidacy for Vice President. It is difficult to imagine a person like you running in a second spot to a weaker man, but it is even more incredible to try to understand how you are going to try to embrace the socialist platform of your party. I think many people, Lyndon, share my feeling of disappointment."
Name of source: San Francisco Chronicle
SOURCE: San Francisco Chronicle (10-19-08)
One of those evergreens is the battle over who holds the reins of power in these United States - the wealthy and the educated, or the common working citizen. On one side are the elitists; on the other, populists.
Both words have been used in caustic ways in politics - elitism smacking of arrogance and autocracy; populism of mob rule and pandering - though their primary dictionary definitions carry no such taint.
The competing philosophies have divided Americans since the earliest years of the nation, sparking battles over matters as simple as whether George Washington should be addressed as "Mr. President" or "Your Majesty," and as complicated as the composition of the new nation's government.
SOURCE: San Francisco Chronicle (10-23-08)
The papers of the late Chief Justice William Rehnquist, including correspondence with fellow justices during 33 years on the Supreme Court, have been donated by his family to the Hoover Institution Archives at Stanford University, the institution announced Wednesday...
The papers include drafts and notes on his many books and speeches as well as documents and correspondence on court cases. Hoover spokeswoman Michele Horaney said the first material to be released to researchers and the public, probably this year, will cover 1972 through 1974, including papers related to the 1973 Roe vs. Wade ruling, which legalized abortion. Rehnquist was one of two justices who dissented from that ruling.
SOURCE: San Francisco Chronicle (10-21-08)
Robert Metcalfe, 62, who invented Ethernet, a network to connect personal computers that has since morphed into the Internet. Metcalfe goes way back in Silicon Valley - he worked at Xerox PARC, founded 3Com and persuaded Intel, Xerox and DEC (since acquired by Compaq, which was acquired by Hewlett-Packard) to promote Ethernet as an open standard. He is now a general partner at Polaris Venture Partners in Waltham, Mass.
Linus Torvalds, 38, the Finnish programmer who created the kernel of the Linux operating system and is still the authority on what code gets incorporated into it. Linux is one of the most successful pieces of open source, or free, software ever and has been stiff competition for Microsoft Windows.
Name of source: AFP
SOURCE: AFP (10-23-08)
"This is a rare case where the antiquities remained undisturbed by farming or other activities for around 6,000 years," the ministry said in a statement.
The dwelling had been destroyed in a fire but its residents had time to flee taking most of their valuable stone tools with them, the ministry said.
SOURCE: AFP (10-23-08)
"This is a rare case where the antiquities remained undisturbed by farming or other activities for around 6,000 years," the ministry said in a statement.
The dwelling had been destroyed in a fire but its residents had time to flee taking most of their valuable stone tools with them, the ministry said.
Instead, archaeologists found a large number of clay vessels, millstones, some stone tools and two home furnaces.
The rectangular 58-square-metre structure was built in the fourth millennium BC...
The homestead had indoor areas dedicated to the preparation of cereals and the storage of farm produce.
It was discovered near the town of Aridaia in central Macedonia prefecture...
Name of source: Robert McFarlane in the NYT
SOURCE: Robert McFarlane in the NYT (10-23-08)
To me the most telling was the one reached by Middle Eastern terrorists, that the United States had neither the will nor the means to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, a conclusion seemingly borne out by our fecklessness toward terrorist attacks in the 1990s: in 1993 on the World Trade Center; on Air Force troops at Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia in 1996; on our embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998; on the destroyer Cole in 2000.
There was no effective response from the United States to any of these. It was not until the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, that our country decided to go to war against radical Islam.
Name of source: Time Mag.
SOURCE: Time Mag. (10-27-08)
Gage: What people are trying to get at when they use the word temperament is something along the lines of instinct--how someone approaches a situation and particularly, I think, how someone approaches a crisis.
Riley: It's a little bit easier if you're talking about an 8-week-old child to figure out what temperament is. There are two basic questions: Does she fuss a lot? And how does she sleep at night? ... You could do worse than starting with that if you're talking about a President or a presidential candidate. Does this person fuss a lot? ... Do the demands of the office wear on this person in a way that makes it difficult for him to think straight? Obviously, you don't want a Calvin Coolidge, who reportedly slept 11 hours a night and took naps in addition to that. But you want somebody who can take the burdens of the office, especially in an environment like we're in today, and manage those in a way that is smart, is well informed but doesn't break the person.
Smith: Post-Reagan, there's a whole school of thought that says the Coolidge model of the presidency at least can be taken seriously ... I have problems with this word because I find it terribly elusive. As a biographer, I'm tempted to say [temperament] is a distillation of life's experiences that leaves a residue, if you will ... There are Presidents for whom it is very easy to say what their temperament is. Harry Truman is a classic example. Probably Lyndon Johnson would be another example. Ronald Reagan [is another], but there are others for whom I'm not sure it works quite as well.
Coleman: I'd also probably add an interactive element, in the sense that it's a guiding way of how a President--or for that matter, anyone--interacts with people, information and events ... The President's temperament really defines the kinds of information that's going to come to him, the kinds of advice he's going to get, how people are reacting in the room....
SOURCE: Time Mag. (10-21-08)
So it makes sense that now he would do things differently. Just two weeks before Election Day, Obama has decided to leave his campaign to be by his grandmother's side in Honolulu for two days later this week. Madelyn Dunham, 86, is gravely ill, although the campaign has not released details about her condition. Dunham is Obama's last living parental figure, and by his own accounts, she played as big a role in his upbringing as his mother did.
Name of source: Guardian (UK)
SOURCE: Guardian (UK) (10-23-08)
In an interview with the Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz, Isaac Herzog, Israel's social affairs minister, who is responsible for relations with Christian communities, said efforts to turn Pius into a saint were "an exploitation of forgetfulness and lack of awareness".
He accused Pius of having kept silent during the war. "Throughout the period of the Holocaust, the Vatican knew very well what was happening in Europe," Herzog told the paper. "Yet there is no evidence of any step being taken by the pope, as the stature of the Holy See should have mandated ... Instead of acting according to the biblical verse 'thou shalt not stand against the blood of thy neighbour' the pope kept silent - and perhaps even worse."
His comments come at a time when some in the Vatican have been pressing for the current pope, Benedict XVI, to take the next step towards making Pius a saint by approving a decree recognising his "heroic virtues". Earlier this month the pope paid tribute to his wartime predecessor, but a Vatican spokesman said Benedict was now in a period of reflection about Pius. "It isn't right to submit him to pressures on one side or another," the spokesman, Father Federico Lombardi, said in Rome.
Benedict has defended Pius, saying he worked "secretly and silently" during the war and saved thousands by ordering churches and convents in Italy to hide Jews and by giving them false passports to escape.
Others have been more critical.
Name of source: MSNBC
SOURCE: MSNBC (10-22-08)
McCain was under investigation for his connection to a pushy savings-and-loan operator named Charles H. Keating Jr., and Smith worried that the senator had created an appearance of impropriety because of his uncharacteristically guarded response to the accusations and his stubborn refusal to talk to reporters about them. The solution, he told McCain and his aides, was to hold a news conference. Take every question, Smith said. Say nothing is off limits. Let McCain be McCain.
Others in the room remember press secretary Victoria Clarke arguing against Smith's recommendation. "I don't think he can pull it off," she said of McCain, and then, with the senator just a few feet away, she raised a disastrous possibility: "I think he will lose his temper."
Name of source: Chronicle of Higher Ed
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Ed (10-22-08)
The three-dimensional models, intended for use by researchers as well as the general public, will incorporate “the wealth of historical documentation amassed by Williamsburg scholars,” the foundation said in a news release. The project is being paid for by a $943,000 grant from the federal government’s Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Name of source: http://www.publicopiniononline.com
SOURCE: http://www.publicopiniononline.com (10-20-08)
Last spring, Mercersburg historian and archeologist Tim Rockwell began researching the writing on the attic stairwell of Flannery's Restaurant, located on the square in Mercersburg.
"I find it fascinating, especially in a presidential election year. A hundred, seventy years ago, they were talking about issues just like today," Rockwell said.
The slogans, which span a decade from 1838 to 1848, are painted in large black script on a plaster wall and include "For President Henry Clay of Kentucky," "President Z. Taylor" and "Taylor Fillmore and the Whig Party." The dates 1838,1840, and 1848 stand out in other areas. On an opposite wall, "Tariff of 1842" is faded, but readable.
Who wrote the slogans and why remains a mystery.
"It's in such an odd place, and it survived 170 years," Rockwell said. "Why was it put in the attic? They must have felt secretive about what their feelings were."
Name of source: National Parks traveler Online
SOURCE: National Parks traveler Online (10-20-08)
Institutionalized racial segregation kept black pilots and crewmen out of military aircraft for many decades. In fact, it wasn't until 1941 that African-Americans finally won the right to fly for the U.S. armed forces. When the go-ahead to form a black fighter squadron for the Army Air Corps finally came, it was only logical that the men should be mustered and trained at the Tuskegee Institute's Moton Field in Alabama. The leading black college was well-suited to train military pilots and support personnel because the facilities and instructors were already in place. Tuskegee's Civilian Pilot Training Program had graduated its first pilots in May 1940. An additional consideration was prevailingly warm and sunny weather conducive to year round flying.
Everyone who participated in the so-called "Tuskegee Experiment" – the instructors, staff, pilots, navigators, bombardiers, maintenance workers, and others – came to be known as "the Tuskegee Airmen." Altogether, "the experiment to see if blacks could fly and fight" involved 994 pilots (plus "washouts") and more than 15,000 support personnel.
The Tuskegee Airmen did remarkably well. They not only proved that black pilots, crew members, and support personnel could fly and maintain sophisticated combat aircraft, but also proved themselves in combat. Some 450 of the pilots served overseas.
Name of source: Informationsdienst Wissenschaft
SOURCE: Informationsdienst Wissenschaft (10-21-08)
Name of source: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
SOURCE: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (10-19-08)
With the mark of an "X," Sally promised to serve Pittsburgh attorney John McKee in exchange for food, clothing and lessons in the "art and mystery of a house Servant and Cook." At age 28, she'd be granted her freedom, as well as "two suits of women's apparel ... one of which shall be new."
Sally's story -- and the stories of dozens of other slaves, indentured servants and free blacks in the earliest days of Western Pennsylvania -- was unknown until last year, when an employee in the Allegheny County Recorder of Deeds office stumbled upon the word "Negro" in an 1816 property record.
Upon further investigation, the office found 56 records involving the status of blacks in Pittsburgh prior to 1865, all detailed in scrolling handwriting along with mundane matters of land ownership and property transfer.
The records -- fleshed out in the context of other newly discovered and little known historical information -- are the focus of an exhibit, "Free At Last? Slavery in Pittsburgh in the 18th and 19th Centuries" that opens Saturday at the Sen. John Heinz History Center. The exhibit, created by the University of Pittsburgh, runs through April 5.
Name of source: http://www.buffalonews.com
SOURCE: http://www.buffalonews.com (10-21-08)
A parish in the Archdiocese of Atlanta wants to buy St. Gerard Church at Bailey and East Delavan avenues, dismantle the basilica-style structure and ship it to Norcross, Ga., where it would be reassembled.
Officials of the Catholic Diocese of Buffalo expressed optimism about the unusual plan, which they call “preservation by relocation.” They say moving the grand church, which was built in 1911, will allow it to be used as intended and prevent it from falling into disrepair.
“It’s a building where the prospects of sale are nonexistent, and you have the ability to reuse it as a Catholic church. This is an opportunity,” said Kevin A. Keenan, diocesan spokesman who has been meeting with city officials.
Dismantling and shipping the 2,000-pound Indiana limestone blocks from the exterior, altars, doors, interior columns, pews, windows and steel beams would cost $3 million, estimated the Rev. David M. Dye, administrator of Mary Our Queen parish in Norcross, about 20 miles northeast of downtown Atlanta.
Name of source: McClatchy
SOURCE: McClatchy (10-19-08)
Four years earlier, the Arizona senator told a Kansas State University audience that Saddam was amassing illicit weapons, and that the U.S. should arm opposition groups to overthrow him, along with North Korea's leaders and other "odious regimes."
Saddam, however, no longer had any chemical, biological or nuclear arms programs. Covert U.S. efforts to oust him had all failed because the Iraqi opposition was riddled with feuds and Iraqi spies, and because the exiles whom McCain favored — led by Ahmad Chalabi, a purveyor of bogus intelligence on Iraq who also had ties to Iran — had virtually no followers in Iraq.
For years, McCain repeated the same assertions about Iraq's weapons programs and ties to terrorism that the Bush administration later used to make its case for invading Iraq. Today, he insists that the war was right and that last year's surge of additional troops to Iraq has put the U.S. "on the road to victory" there.
Although he's cultivated a maverick image, McCain's fixation with Iraq, and with regime change more generally, is squarely in step with his party's neoconservatives, many of whom now work for his campaign.