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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: Simon Wiesenthal Center
SOURCE: Simon Wiesenthal Center (8-7-08)
Samuels raised the following issues of concern in the Jewish-Lithuanian context:
-the poisonous political climate conflating the fate of Jewish Holocaust victims mass murdered in Ponar with that of Lithuanians exiled to the Soviet Gulag
-the subsequent antisemitic media attacks and judicial harassment of elderly Jewish partisans, Fania Brantsovskaya and Rachel Margolis - as also Yad VaShem Chairman emeritus, Dr.Yitzhak Arad
-the restitution of Jewish community property and the dispute over the Jewish cemetery
-the lack of Holocaust education
Now a member of European and Western international organizations, Samuels urged Lithuania to comply with their provisions on tolerance and antiracism,with a special historic responsibility to join the campaign against resurgent antisemitism at the UN Durban Review Conference in Geneva next April.
The Centre, likewise, called on Lithuania to "celebrate the anti-Nazi resistance by both Jewish and non-Jewish partisans."
Samuels acknowledged the President's statement denouncing Skinhead violence,the banning of Nazi insignia and his wreath laying at the AMIA Jewish Centre bombsite on his State visit to Argentina.
"Mr.President, all these measures are eclipsed by the offence to the Jewish partisans," continued Samuels, "as a respected international statesman and Ambassador of Goodwill of UNESCO, our Centre calls on you to invoke your moral authority for prompt closure on this issue...the United States Congress has just registered its own discontentment."
"Next month's 65th anniversary of the liquidation of the Vilna Ghetto is perhaps a fitting occasion for a Presidential major statement honouring the anti-Nazi resistence by inviting Fania, Rachel and Dr. Arad as guests of the State," concluded Samuels.
President Adamkus responded by condemning the Holocaust as, "the most horrible crime of the twentieth century," adding, "Lithuania, a small country, lost its leading Jewish intellectuals and doctors to the Nazi genocide and its leading citizens to the Soviets."
He added, "I recognize the crimes committed by my fellow Lithuanians. This group destroyed our image...our Righteous Gentiles, though few, showed what should have been our true principles. These were moments of which I am ashamed."
"Regarding the cemetery, it was first desecrated by the Soviet Sports Palace in the 1950's. The open space in front of it - even if privately owned - is to be sequestered and dedicated to Jewish memory for generations. Our Prime Minister agrees that it must be untouched."
"On the partisans, I have spoken with the Attorney General, the Arad case is closed. Neither are the two women suspects. If they would give their expertise in a historical investigation, that would be welcome."
Samuels advised that this formula would be construed as continued implication in a judicial process and requested a public statement confirming the definitive closure of this painful crisis.
The Centre thanked the President looking forward to the implementation of these oral commitments.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (8-17-08)
A staff member of the Iolani Palace said she was assaulted and slightly injured during the takeover Friday night, then snubbed by city police who claimed they didn't have jurisdiction. Gov. Linda Lingle said Saturday that there would be an investigation into the police response to the takeover.
A group of men, wearing red shirts with "security" stenciled in yellow on the back, took over the grounds by chaining the gates of the palace next to the State Capitol and posted signs saying: "Property of the Kingdom of Hawaiian Trust."
Kippen de Alba Chu, executive director of the Friends of Iolani Palace, said he and other staff members were locked down in the palace and a nearby administration building during the takeover.
"They've got a king, and the king wants to sit on the throne," de Alba Chu said.
State law officers climbed over the fence a couple of hours after the takeover began and made 22 arrests. Fourteen were charged with criminal trespassing and were released after posting $50 bail. Eight were being held on charges of burglary for allegedly forcing their way into the palace.
The palace, normally open to tours, will remain closed during the weekend to assess any damage and to ensure its security, police said.
Ah Yuen, an Iolani Palace employee, said she was assaulted by protesters and called for help from a Honolulu police officer, who told her the palace grounds were not under city police jurisdiction.
Witnesses said the confrontation started when Yuen went to the palace gate and talked with the protesters, who locked the gate with a chain and then forced their way into the palace itself before officers from the state Department of Land and Natural Resources came to arrest them.
The governor promised an investigation and said the people who invaded the palace "have to be shown it's not going to be acceptable."
"This is one of the most cherished sites in our state," Lingle said. "We always have to try to strike a balance between public access and security for the building and for the people there."
Laura H. Thielen, director of the Department of Land and Natural Resources, which oversees the palace, condemned the takeover.
"We intend to charge them to the fullest extent of the law," Thielen said.
The pro-sovereignty group identified its leader as King Akahi Nui, who was among those arrested. An "occupation public information bulletin" distributed by a member of the group began: "Majesty Akahi Nui, the King of Hawaii, has now reoccupied the throne of Hawaii. The Kingdom of Hawaii is now re-enacted."
Akahi Nui claims to have been coronated in 1998...
SOURCE: AP (8-14-08)
Workers using a backhoe uncovered part of the tunnel's western wall on Wednesday under the direction of City Historian Don Rittner.
The 1,500-foot-long tunnel was built in 1832. Horses pulled trains through the tunnel because they were considered too much of a fire hazard to travel through city streets.
The tunnel was filled in six years after opening.
The tunnel wall was found 7 feet below ground. Rittner believes the original tracks are still in the tunnel, but he says more digging will be put off until required permits and equipment are in place.
Rittner says he hopes to eventually uncover a section of the tunnel and leave it on display.
Name of source: Detroit Free Press
SOURCE: Detroit Free Press (8-17-08)
And today, it became a part of history, driving in a parade of 100 General Motors Corp. vehicles to celebrate the automaker’s 100-year history at the Woodward Dream Cruise.
“These cars are automotive art,” said Smith, whose wife is a financial manager at GM, which was founded almost 100 years ago – on Sept. 16, 1906.
GM put out a call to employees and retirees for their own stories about their GM vehicles – vintage and modern – to select the cars and pickups that would take to Woodward Avenue for the GM Century Cruise.
At 7:30 this morning those 100 vehicles revved and rumbled from a parking lot just outside GM’s headquarters at the Renaissance Center in downtown Detroit up Woodward Avenue to the Athens Coney Island in Royal Oak.
People who showed up along Woodward to watch the parade of GM vehicles – as well as those just waiting for a bus – waved or snapped pictures...
Name of source: Halifax Herald
SOURCE: Halifax Herald (8-17-08)
Amateur historian Niven Sinclair said the Mi’kmaq helped colonizers adapt quickly to the New World, and for that their efforts should be publicly praised.
"The reality is that the early voyagers who came to these shores could not survive for a single day without the help of the indigenous people," he told about 65 delegates to the Atlantic Conference.
The international symposium, which wraps up today at Saint Mary’s University, has attracted historians, archeologists, native leaders and others to metro to examine historical contacts between First Nations people and Europeans in North America.
Experts in their fields reported on their work and heard Mr. Sinclair, a retired entrepreneur from the United Kingdom, talk about his ancestor, Prince Henry Sinclair, a Scottish nobleman.
According to folklore and monuments, the Scotsman sailed to what is now North America in 1398. He was said to have spent the winter in Nova Scotia before moving along the coast to Massachusetts. But many historians dispute the claim that Prince Henry beat Columbus to North America by nearly a century...
Name of source: International Herald Tribune
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (8-17-08)
In late June 1950, as North Korean invaders closed in on this panicked city, Kim Soo-im was executed by the South Korean military, shot as a "very malicious international spy." Her deeds, thereafter, only grew in infamy.
In 1950s America, gripped by anticommunist fever, one TV drama told viewers Kim's "womanly wiles" had been the communists' "deadliest weapon." Another teleplay, introduced by host Ronald Reagan, depicted her as Asia's Mata Hari. Coronet magazine, under the "seductress" headline, reviled her as the Oriental queen of a vast Soviet "Operation Sex."
Kim Soo-im and her love triangle are gone, buried in separate corners of a turbulent past. But in yellowing U.S. military files stamped "SECRET," hibernating through a long winter of Cold War, the truth survived. Now it has emerged, a half-century too late to save her.
The record of a confidential 1950 U.S. inquiry and other declassified files, obtained by The Associated Press at the U.S. National Archives, tell a different Kim Soo-im story:
Col. John E. Baird had no access to the supposed sensitive information. Kim had no secrets to pass on. And her Korean lover, Lee Gang-kook, later executed by North Korea, may actually have been an American agent.
The espionage case, from what can be pieced together today, looks like little more than a frame-up.
Her colonel could have defended her, but instead Baird was rushed out of Korea to "avoid further embarrassment," the record shows. She was left to her fate — almost certainly, the Americans concluded, to be tortured by South Korean police into confessing to things she hadn't done.
Historians now believe the Seoul regime secretively executed at least 100,000 leftists and supposed sympathizers in 1950. This one death, for one American, remains a living, deeply personal story.
Wonil Kim — son of Kim Soo-im and Col. Baird — is on a quest to bury the myths about his mother, a woman, he says, "with a passion for life, a strong woman caught up in the torrent of historical turmoil, and drowned."
The son, a theology professor at California's LaSierra University, was the first to discover the declassified U.S. documents. Now he has also found an ally, Seoul movie director Cho Myung-hwa, who plans a feature film on Kim Soo-im.
"He betrayed her," Cho said of Baird. "He could have testified. But he just flew back stateside to his American family."
The soft-spoken theologian, 59, and the veteran moviemaker, 63, both say that to grasp the Kim Soo-im story one must understand that young, educated Koreans of the 1930s and 1940s largely favored recasting their feudal country in a leftist mold once rid of their Japanese colonial rulers. But the U.S. Army's Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, taking charge in southern Korea at World War II's end, vowed to "stamp out" the communists.
Kim Soo-im, born in 1911, was among the educated elite. An orphan, she was schooled by American missionaries, eventually graduating from Seoul's prestigious Ewha women's college.
In 1936, as a female office administrator, she was featured in a Seoul magazine article on the new generation of liberated young women. Smart and fashionable, with a circle of sophisticated, politicized friends, she later met an older married man, Lee Gang-kook, a German-educated intellectual active in Seoul's leftist movement.
She became his lover, and Lee rose to political prominence after Japan's defeat. But within a year of the U.S. takeover, he faced arrest as an alleged security risk and fled to communist-run northern Korea.
Kim Soo-im's fluent English, meanwhile, had made her valuable to the U.S. occupation. She was hired as an assistant by Baird, the Americans' 56-year-old, Irish-born military police chief. Baird secured a house for her and took to spending nights there, according to Korean and American witnesses in the declassified record.
"She had a baby by Col. Baird," Kim's friend Nancy Kim would later tell U.S. interrogators. "We all knew. He slept in the house many times. The baby looks like the father."
When the U.S. occupation army withdrew in 1949, succeeded by an advisory corps, Baird shifted to assisting the national police, and his American wife joined him in Korea.
Finally, on March 1, 1950, Kim, no longer U.S.-employed, was arrested by South Korean police, joining thousands of others ensnared in President Syngman Rhee's roundups of leftists.
"It was witch-hunting," said historian Jung Byung-joon, who has studied the case. "The South Korean police and prosecutors hated her because she was the lover of Lee Gang-kook, and then of Col. Baird, and nobody could touch her. They waited for their chance."..
Name of source: Telegraph
SOURCE: Telegraph (8-17-08)
It is thought that the 500-year-old drawing was commissioned by the woman to send to a prospective husband.
Alessandro Vezzosi, the director of the Da Vinci museum, in the artist's hometown of Vinci near Florence, said: "The intensity, quality and purity of the work make the recognition of it as a Leonardo the obvious conclusion.
"The most telling clue is the left-handed style, which is typical Leonardo, and every element points to Leonardo. It is an extraordinary work.
Hitchcock was known for making quirky cameo appearances in his movies, but was never previously thought to have played a woman.
The key scene comes around 44 minutes into North by Northwest, which was released in 1959. The woman, who is wearing a turquoise dress and blue and white hat, is one of several passengers who have their tickets checked by an inspector.
It is set to the sound of a song recorded before World War II, called "Rebecca's wedding," which describes the guests at a Jewish wedding as dirty, rude and dishonest.
"We consider this video, though it names no-one, to be a photographic list of an anti-Semitic nature and therefore liable to criminal prosecution," the head of the National Bureau of Vigilance Against Anti-Semitism (BNVCA), Sammy Ghozlan, said in a statement.
He said he filed suit against Dailymotion and the author of the video on Tuesday, and intended to take similar action against YouTube after discovering it too was hosting the clip.
A YouTube spokesman said the website was unaware of any lawsuit, but insisted that any inappropriate content would be taken down from the site.
"We are not aware of a complaint from the (BNVCA) against YouTube," the spokesman said.
The anti-Semitism bureau took legal action earlier this week after it found a Paris store selling T-shirts printed with the phrase "Jews forbidden from entering the park," in German and Polish...
SOURCE: Telegraph (8-16-08)
It is thought that the 500-year-old drawing was commissioned by the woman to send to a prospective husband.
Alessandro Vezzosi, the director of the Da Vinci museum, in the artist's hometown of Vinci near Florence, said: "The intensity, quality and purity of the work make the recognition of it as a Leonardo the obvious conclusion.
"The most telling clue is the left-handed style, which is typical Leonardo, and every element points to Leonardo. It is an extraordinary work.
"The picture is of a typical woman from Florence but was probably painted around the mid 1480s when he was working out of Milan.
"What is also very exciting is that it is the first known example of Leonardo working on parchment."
Mr Vezzosi did not identify the drawing's owner and said he was not aware of any plans to sell or display it.
He said there could be more works by Leonardo waiting to be discovered.
"There are collectors who keep these works of art in bank vaults, but it is likely that we'll find others," he said.
SOURCE: Telegraph (8-16-08)
The discovery of the middle-aged man's remains and burial casket, or cisk, was made by an amateur archaeologist, Trevor Renals, as walked on Constantine Island, North Cornwall.
It was regarded as unusual because cremation rather than burial was popular in the bronze-age period and skeletons are not normally found in such a well preserved state.
A spokesman for the National Trust, which owns the land, said: "As soon as we found out we had to make arrangements for it to be excavated because of the danger of it going into the sea.
"We knew that storms were coming and we had to get it removed."
It is believed the man was from the middle bronze age, between 1380 and 1100BC, and he may have been an important member of his community.
The spokesman added: "We don't know how tall he would have been because the long bones were fragmented.
"Little is known about him but he may have been of importance to the small community that he would have come from as it appears that special care was taken over his burial...
SOURCE: Telegraph (8-14-08)
His description of Scotland's defacto national poet was included in the introduction to the new edition of The Chambers Dictionary.
Defenders of the bard have reacted with anger to his comments, calling them "absolute nonsense" and "a disservice" to Scotland.
The Newsnight presenter, who revels in a little controversy, gave his personal opinion of the 18th century poet while explaining why he liked using a number of unusual words.
Ten years on the killers have not been caught with the police on both sides of the Irish border having faced heavy criticism for their handling of the investigation.
The plans for the anniversary have also been dogged by controversy and today's memorial service is being boycotted by the families of at least 10 of the victims.
Name of source: NPR
SOURCE: NPR (8-17-08)
A mob of white supremacists armed with rifles and pistols marched on City Hall in Wilmington, N.C., on Nov. 10 and overthrew the elected local government, forcing both black and white officials to resign and running many out of town. The coup was the culmination of a race riot in which whites torched the offices of a black newspaper and killed a number of black residents. No one is sure how many African-Americans died that day, but some estimates say as many as 90 were killed.
"Some of the elderly African-Americans told my stepfather that the Cape Fear River was running red with blood," Bertha Todd, a teacher, recalls in producer Alan Lipke's documentary series, "Between Civil War and Civil Rights."
Especially chilling was the fact that the insurgency had been carefully planned — a conspiracy by powerful white Democrats.
Southern Democrats lost their grip on power in North Carolina in 1894 and plotted to wrest control from the biracial Republican Party in 1898 elections. They campaigned on a platform of white supremacy and protecting their women from black men...
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (8-17-08)
To ensure that the big and small events in these fledgling worlds are not forgotten, erased or overlooked, the University of Texas, Austin has kicked off a project to study the best way to preserve their history.
"It's a huge challenge for archivists to deal with digital information," said project co-ordinator Professor Megan Winget from the School of Information at the university.
Prof Winget's interest in preserving massively multi-player games grew from her involvement in digital artworks that do not hang on a wall but invite interaction, and change as a result.
"One of the most interesting problems for digital preservation is interactivity and how difficult that is to preserve," she said.
"Video games offer all of the same problems as digital art," she said. "They are interactive, very complex and a lot of people get involved in making them happen."
The game preservation project aims to interview game makers to tease out the process of creating a game and the materials, such as sketches, doodles and early code, involved in bringing one to life. The experiences of people who play the beta, or trial, versions would be useful as their feedback often shapes the final game.
The insights from the interviews will help the project define how to go about preserving such malleable media, said Prof Winget...
SOURCE: BBC (8-17-08)
American scientists found that people who lived through the outbreak can still produce antibodies that kill the deadly strain of the H1N1 flu.
The study, published in the journal Nature, could help develop emergency treatments for future outbreaks.
The Spanish flu outbreak of 1918 killed an estimated 50 million people.
Some experts say it was the most devastating epidemic in history, affecting even healthy adults.
Scientists do not fully understand why it was so lethal - but they fear a new pandemic, once again triggered by bird flu, could be just as deadly.
But now researchers have come up with a new way of tackling such an outbreak.
They studied 32 people who lived through the 1918 flu, and found all still had antibodies in their blood to destroy the virus...
The band, a cacophonous near harmony of tattered trumpets and elderly clarinets, has been has been playing for hours now.
The hilltop is crowded. The entire community has come to this spot, some distance from the village of Vatolaivy.
People talk and smile, many are drunk, most are dancing and a little distance away from the tomb two entrepreneurial women have set up a stall selling cigarettes and frozen yoghurt.
But it is the tomb itself that is the centre of attention.
Some may dismiss it as nothing more than an old tin can. The BBC Top Gear programme's Jeremy Clarkson wrote it off as a "weedy, useless little engine".
But enthusiasts like Xavier Audran who owns a dozen of them, worships the 2CV "not just as a car, but as a way of life".
But as Daniel Schweimler recently discovered, a much more serious dispute has emerged that strikes at the very heart and soul of both nations' national identity.
One of the great Argentine icons, alongside footballer Diego Maradona and the former first lady, Eva Peron, is the tango singer, Carlos Gardel.
Pictures of him with his slicked-backed hair and perfectly tailored suits adorn many Argentine bars and restaurants and you will often hear his songs played by Buenos Aires taxi drivers on the all-tango radio stations.
He was an early playboy, an international superstar who came to a tragic and premature end in a plane crash in Colombia in 1935. Gardel is to Argentina what Frank Sinatra is to the United States or Edith Piaf is to France.
So while driving through northern Uruguay recently, I had to take a second look when I saw a sign pointing to Carlos Gardel's birthplace and museum.
How cheeky can you get?
Ali Mecili was assassinated at his home in Paris in 1987.
He had been working as a senior aide to Hocine Ait Ahmed, leader of the Algeria's Socialist Forces Front.
The man being investigated is Mohammed Ziane Hassani, now in charge of protocol at Algeria's foreign ministry. He was arrested on Friday.
Mr Hassani was detained at Marseille airport shortly after arriving from Algiers...
Prosecutors say Mr Menem was responsible for the blast that killed seven people at an arsenal.
They allege Mr Menem was trying to cover up proof of illegal arms trafficking to Ecuador and Croatia in the 1990s.
Mr Menem, president from 1989 to 1999, denies the charges.
The blast took place in the city of Rio Tercero and also injured 300 people.
About 19,000 residents had to be evacuated...
It is not clear whether he has been freed permanently or only so he can attend his father-in-law's funeral.
Mr Kozulin was jailed for five-and-a-half years in 2006 for staging protests against President Alexander Lukashenko.
Mr Lukashenko had defeated Mr Kozulin in an election that international observers said was severely flawed...
SOURCE: BBC (8-15-08)
The British ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror were trapped in the Arctic ice as Sir John Franklin sought a northern route from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
He and his 128 crew died - although their exact fate remains a mystery - and the ships were never found.
Canadian environment minister John Baird says the search has "the allure of an Indiana Jones movie".
Retreating Arctic ice has made the Northwest Passage much more accessible and Canada is also using the search as a way of asserting its sovereignty over the region.
The exploration team is due to fly out on Saturday to join a Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker that will use sonar equipment to search an area south of King William Island.
They will also use oral history from the native Inuit to provide clues about where to look.
Frozen corpses, believed to be those of some of the crew of the Franklin Expedition, have been found in the past along the route...
SOURCE: BBC (8-15-08)
Mr Habre was sentenced in absentia along with several rebel leaders, who launched an assault on the Chadian capital, N'Djamena, earlier this year.
Mr Habre, sometimes dubbed "Africa's Pinochet", was deposed in 1990 and lives in exile in Senegal...
SOURCE: BBC (8-14-08)
However, Syria said the work on borders would not cover one of the most contentious areas, the Israeli-occupied Shebaa Farms, until Israel withdrew.
Lebanon's President Michel Suleiman is currently in Damascus for talks with his counterpart Bashar al-Assad.
They also confirmed the setting up of diplomatic ties for the first time.
The leaders also agreed to make further efforts to discover what happened to hundreds of Lebanese people who disappeared during the civil war.
Some Lebanese groups accuse Syria of holding them as detainees.
Bi-lateral treaties, which some Lebanese believe are too favourable to Syria, will also be reviewed...
Name of source: National Parks Traveler
SOURCE: National Parks Traveler (8-17-08)
How about “none of the above”? I’m of the opinion, shared by many, that August 10, 1933 was the single most important day in the long history of America’s national parks. Here’s why.
Even before the National Park Service came into existence in 1916, ardent champions of the national parks chafed at the fact that dozens and dozens of natural areas and historic sites that should be national parks were instead being administered by the War Department, the Department of Agriculture (home agency of the U.S. Forest Service), and other agencies or offices.
Horace Albright, the man who followed on the heels of Stephen Mather as the Park Service’s second director, was among the many who thought – and missed no opportunity to proclaim – that it just wasn’t right for the National Park System to be slighted in this way. Albright lobbied for 17 years in behalf of righting this “mistake.”
A very interesting sequence of events eventually brought the matter to a head and changed the National Park System forever.
On March 3, 1933, exactly one day before he left office, President Herbert Hoover approved legislation that authorized presidents to reorganize the Executive Branch of the government. The immediate beneficiary of the new legislation would be Hoover’s replacement, Franklin D. Roosevelt.
On April 9, Roosevelt was driven to Virginia to inspect Rapidan Camp, a fishing retreat on the Rapidan River that Hoover had purchased with his own money and arranged to donate to Shenandoah National Park. Roosevelt wanted to see if the property would be suitable for his own use as a presidential retreat. (It wasn't, so Roosevelt instead established his retreat at Camp Shangri-La, later renamed Camp David, in Maryland's Catoctin Mountains.)
National Park Service Director Horace Albright was along for the ride, and he seized the opportunity to argue in behalf of one of his pet causes. Turning the conversation to history and historical sites, Albright told President Roosevelt that he would love to see the War Department’s historical areas transferred to the National Park System.
Imagine how elated Albright must have been when the President readily agreed and instructed him to draw up an executive order for the transfer.
On June 10, 1933, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 6166. This, and Executive Order 6228, dated July 28, took effect on August 10, 1993. On that date, a whole bunch of federally administered sites would be consolidated and transferred to the National Park System. Under the terms of the executive orders, the National Park System would henceforth administer all federally owned national parks and national monuments, all national military parks, 11 national cemeteries, all national memorials, and the National Capital Parks (which had been managed by a separate office in Washington, DC)...
Name of source: Daily Post
SOURCE: Daily Post (8-7-08)
After three years of fundraising, the statue, by city sculptor Tom Murphy, will be situated in Abercromby Square where the Chavasse family once lived.
The memorial, which depicts Captain Chavasse and a Liverpool Scottish stretcher bearer attending a wounded soldier, will be unveiled in the course of a drumhead service on Sunday, August 17.
SOURCE: Daily Post (8-13-08)
The historic document, arguably the most important music contract of all time, is the late manager’s personal copy. The first copy was originally signed by John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr on January 24, 1962.
But Epstein refused to ink his name until he fulfilled his pledge to secure them their first recording contract which he finally did nearly nine months later when the deal with EMI’s Parlophone label to release their first single Love Me Do was confirmed on October 1.
This second five-year contract also contains the signatures of Harold Hargreaves Harrison and James McCartney, George and Paul’s respective fathers who had to give additional consent on behalf of their sons as they were under 21. The lot also includes a supplementary agreement signed by all parties on January 22 1963.
It is being sold by the Fame Bureau, the world’s biggest dealers in rock and film memorabilia.
“You'd probably say I would say that, but this really is the Holy Grail when it comes to Beatles memorabilia,” said the Bureau’s managing director 60-year-old Ted Owen, who previously set up the record breaking sales of Lennon’s “Imagine” piano for £1.5m and the auction of the lyrics for All You Need is Love.
Name of source: Observer (UK)
Next month, in the latest sign that localism is a coming force in British everyday life, Lewes will launch its own currency. In doing so, it joins a growing list of communities around the world attempting to protect regional economies and preserve the distinctive 'feel' of towns and villages.
The Lewes pound will initially be accepted in around 30 locally owned shops and a first run of 10,000-plus notes is expected. It is the largest-scale launch of a local currency in the UK since Lewes had its own pound in the 19th century and, in a coup for the organisers, the town's branch of Barclays bank has agreed to accept it.
Its archivists have paid £14,000 for the records of Sir Bernard Spilsbury, the charismatic and highly controversial founder of the crime scene investigation (CSI) in Britain, which will provide an insight into the working methods of one of the most compelling characters in early 20th-century legal history.
A century ago, the pathologist became the country's leading expert witness, dominating trials during the heyday of the Great English Murder, when lurid details of sensational court cases filled the newspapers. But Spilsbury - who committed suicide in 1947 after two of his sons died and his marriage collapsed - also courted controversy because of an unswerving conviction in the correctness of his opinions. Experts claimed recently that he contributed to several miscarriages of justice. His newly acquired records may shed fresh light on these cases.
Global warming has opened up the region and Canada is sending a team to survey an area south of King William Island. Frozen corpses, believed to be those of members of the expedition, have been found in the area. 'Canada will embark on its own search, which has the allure of an Indiana Jones mystery,' said environment minister John Baird. This year's search will last six weeks and will be followed by further explorations in 2009 and 2010 if need be.
Just 23 per cent of those aged 18 to 24 knew which English monarch signed the Magna Carta, compared with 83 per cent of those over 65 who correctly named King John. One in four of the younger group identified James Watt with the steam engine, whereas three in four pensioners got it right.
In the ICM survey of 1,041 people for the History Channel's 'Great British History Quiz', people aged 18-24 scored an average of 49 per cent, the 25-34 group scored 51 per cent, while the over-65s scored 78 per cent. Men averaged 70 per cent, women 57 per cent. People from Scotland outperformed all other areas of Britain with an average of 69 per cent, while the lowest-scoring regions were Wales and the north-east, with 58 and 59 per cent respectively.
Name of source: Sunday Mail
SOURCE: Sunday Mail (8-17-08)
An archeologist discovered gold earrings, a ring and other funeral gifts dating back to the 5th century B.C. while excavating a Thracian tomb near the village of Kushare, about 280km from Sofia, Bulgaria.
Some of the oldest examples of gold jewellery and artifacts have been discovered in Bulgaria and it's Black Sea coast is considered the birthplace of the world's metal production.
Name of source: New Zealand Herald
SOURCE: New Zealand Herald (8-15-08)
The slender arms of the youngsters were still extended to the woman in perpetual embrace when researchers discovered their skeletons in a remarkable cemetery that is providing clues to two civilisations who lived there, a thousand years apart, when the region was moist and green.
Paul Sereno of the University of Chicago and colleagues were searching for the remains of dinosaurs in the African country of Niger when they came across the startling find, detailed at a news conference yesterday at the National Geographic Society.
Name of source: LAT
The Koreans and their descendants would come to be known as the Henequen, in part because they were so hardy and hard-working. They had fled a Korea that was under Japanese rule, and despite their struggle, they sent money back home, hoping to help their countrymen gain independence. But few ever saw their homeland again.
In the ensuing decades, they spread to other parts of Mexico -- and increasingly intermarried with Mexicans. Little by little, they abandoned the Korean language. Alberto King, a 23-year-old college student in Tijuana, said that although his mother looked Korean she spoke only Spanish. Her own parents had stopped speaking Korean.
"The Mexicans at first would not accept them. So their own parents decided to cut off the language and just talk Spanish," King said. "It went really badly for them because of the language."
Fermin Kim said fights were a part of life in grade school, when they would be called chinos (Chinese). In the beginning, intermarriage was strongly discouraged. He said he had a Mexican girlfriend and his grandparents reacted by asking, " 'Where did you find her?' They got mad." He ended up marrying another Korean Mexican. David Kim, his fellow chaperon, said that despite being one of the older Henequen, he married a Mexican woman.
For decades, as Korea struggled under foreign rule and wars, the Korean Mexicans were largely forgotten. Various estimates place their numbers at up to 30,000. But as South Korea began to prosper economically and the centennial of the Koreans' arrival in Yucatan drew near, attention focused on them.
They were visited by South Korean politicians and were invited to their ancestors' homeland. Korean Mexicans were flown to South Korea to get special job training. South Koreans built hospitals and schools in Mexico and were feted by Mexican officials.
"When the centennial happened in 2005, we almost got celebrity treatment," Fermin Kim said. "That's something we never had in 99 years."
That year, a group of Korean Mexicans was brought by the Korean-American Foundation to Plaza Mexico in Lynwood. The visitors were surprised by how many people of Korean descent live in the Los Angeles area.
There were 26 pending lawsuits filed by American citizens against Libya over the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, and other attacks, said a senior Libyan government official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because the details of the deal had not been publicly announced.
The official said there were also three outstanding lawsuits filed by Libyan citizens over U.S. airstrikes on Tripoli and Benghazi in 1986 that Libyans say killed 41 people, including leader Moammar Kadafi's adopted daughter.
State Department spokesman Robert Wood confirmed the deal.
"The agreement is designed to provide rapid recovery of fair compensation for American nationals with terrorism- related claims against Libya," he said in a statement.
"It will also address Libyan claims arising from previous U.S. military actions. The agreement is being pursued on a purely humanitarian basis and does not constitute an admission of fault by either party."
The agreement will be followed by a U.S. upgrading of relations with Libya, including the confirmation of a U.S. ambassador. It also will allow direct U.S. aid. The agreement also gives immunity to the Libyan government from any further terrorism-related lawsuits, the Libyan government official said.
The U.S. had no diplomatic relations with Libya from 1980 until late 2003, when Kadafi pledged to abandon programs to develop weapons of mass destruction, stop exporting terrorism and compensate the families of people killed in the Pan Am bombing and other attacks...
The three-judge panel of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals sent the case back to U.S. District Court in Seattle to recalculate a sentence for his conviction on nine felony counts. It was the second time the appellate court has scrapped Ressam's sentence.
The San Francisco-based panel noted that the U.S. Supreme Court reversal of its first decision to vacate the term failed to take into consideration recent federal sentencing guidelines on what constitutes a reasonable sentence outside the preset range for criminal offenses.
Ressam was arrested Dec. 14, 1999, at a ferry terminal in Port Angeles, Wash., after crossing from British Columbia, Canada, in a rented sedan with explosives in the trunk. He had been under surveillance by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for at least two years for known association with suspected Al Qaeda operatives.
After leaving his native Algeria in 1994 for France and eventually Canada, Ressam was recruited by Al Qaeda and trained in Afghanistan in the building of bombs and the use of weapons.
He was one of four militants identified as part of the plot to set off explosions at public venues during the New Year's Eve celebrations ushering in 2000.
Ressam, now 41, cooperated with interrogators after his 2001 conviction, providing federal authorities with key information on other Al Qaeda operatives, including alleged co-conspirators held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Testimony provided by Ressam reportedly provided the U.S. government with evidence to prosecute alleged Al Qaeda kingpin Abu Zubaydah. The information was not extracted from him by "enhanced interrogation techniques" such as waterboarding, which is criticized by human rights advocates and others as torture.
His 22-year sentence, including a 10-year minimum applied for carrying explosives during the commission of a felony, was imposed by District Judge John C. Coughenour in 2005. It was the middle ground between the 35 years requested by the U.S. Attorney's Office and the 12 1/2 years proposed by Ressam's federal public defenders.
Both prosecutors and defense lawyers appealed, leading to the 9th Circuit's initial ruling in January 2007 that the sentence should be vacated and recalculated because the sentencing guidelines requiring the aggravating multiplier were too open-ended...
An audience of 250-plus Marines, sailors and healthcare professionals Wednesday night watched a dramatic reading by four New York actors from two plays that center on the physical and psychological wounds inflicted on the warrior.
When it was over, Sgt. Maj. Tom Hall, who has served in Iraq and Afghanistan and will redeploy soon, said he could identify with Ajax.
"Ajax was infantry, just like me," Hall said. "The kinds of moral and ethical decisions he was facing are just the same as what Marines are going through now."
Retired Lt. Col. Jay Kopelman, who fought in Fallouja, Iraq, was taken by the scene in which Philoctetes and a younger soldier, Neoptolemus, talked of comrades killed in combat. Kopelman said he's seen Marines have similar discussions.
"That is something all warriors can relate to," Kopelman said. "It bonds us and makes us even tighter."
The readings from "Ajax" and "Philoctetes" were presented by the New York-based Philoctetes Project, whose artistic director and translator is Bryan Doerries, who has a master's degree from UC Irvine. The group has done numerous readings for literary gatherings and recently at the Cornell University medical school.
When the chance arose to bring his troupe to the Marine Corps Combat Operational Stress Control Conference, Doerries did not hesitate. "I think there is no better audience in the 21st century to be hearing these plays," he said.
Sophocles (circa 496 BC to 406 BC) was an elected general of the Greek forces during decades of constant war. Military service was compulsory. As a result, almost all the men in his audiences were combat veterans.
The character of Ajax, Doerries said, "is an ancient textbook description" of post-traumatic stress disorder. Ajax feels cheated of honors due him, betrayed by the generals and alienated from his wife and the society he fought to protect. "Incurable Ajax," the chorus says, "his mind infected by divine madness."...
For thousands of years, it had lain unheeded in the most desolate section of the Sahara, surrounded by the bones of hippos, giraffes and other creatures typically found in the jungle.
A chance discovery by a team of American scientists has led to the unearthing of a Stone Age cemetery that is providing the first glimpses of what life was like during the still-mysterious period when monsoons brought rain to the desert and created the "green Sahara."
The more than 200 graves that have been explored so far indicate that, beginning 10,000 years ago, two populations lived on the shores of a massive lake, separated by a 1,000-year period during which the lake dried up.
Among the scientists' most surprising discoveries has been a poignant burial tableau of a woman and two children with fingers intertwined, a find that is putting a surprisingly human face on the little-known people who enjoyed a brief visit to Eden in what is normally one of the most forbidding places on Earth.
The first to settle the area was a group of tall, powerfully built hunters, gatherers and fishermen called the Kiffian, University of Chicago paleontologist Paul Sereno said at a news conference Thursday.
The group that followed the Kiffian was a physically smaller band of pastoralists called the Tenerian, who relied on fishing and hunting but also herded cattle, he said.
"They've managed to find these people," said archaeologist Anne Haour of the University of East Anglia in Britain, who was not involved in the research. "We've always suspected something was going on, but this is the first time it has been properly documented."
In addition to the graves, researchers found a massive collection of the remains of meals, tools, pots and other artifacts -- the detritus of everyday life.
"This is a real find . . . for a time period that is not very well documented in that part of the world," said archaeologist Kathy Schick of Indiana University's Stone Age Institute. "It's just a gold mine of information."
The new findings were published Thursday in the online journal PLoS One and in the September issue of National Geographic magazine.
The Sahara has been a desert for untold millenniums. But about 12,000 years ago, a faint wobble in Earth's orbit and some other factors caused Africa's seasonal monsoons to shift slightly north, bringing rains to the Sahara and greening it from Egypt in the east to Mauritania in the west.
About 8,000 years ago, the rains retreated, leaving the region arid once more and causing it to be abandoned. A thousand years later, the rains returned for two more millenniums, before again retreating...
The decision by a three-judge panel of the U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans was expected to take the pressure off the Bush administration to respond to Venezuela's demands that Posada, who lives in Miami, be extradited to face trial for the bombing. The plane, en route from Venezuela to Havana, exploded in flight shortly after making a stop in Barbados. All 73 people aboard were killed.
At the time, Posada lived in Caracas, Venezuela's capital, and held joint Cuban and Venezuelan citizenship. Venezuela was a U.S. ally.
Posada, 80, worked for the CIA during the Cold War and has been tied to covert "black operations" in Latin America. His Miami lawyer has intimated that the man considered a freedom fighter by many fellow Cuban exiles could reveal information embarrassing to the government, including former President George H.W. Bush, who was director of central intelligence during part of Posada's CIA service.
Posada's communications with the spy agency -- disclosed in declassified documents obtained by the National Security Archive at George Washington University -- show that he told his handlers in Washington of plans to "hit" a Cuban airliner days before the Oct. 6, 1976, explosion. The incident is considered to be the first case of air terrorism in the Americas.
Venezuela had tried Posada for the bombing in the 1980s, but he was acquitted on a technicality. The government kept him in a Caracas jail pending retrial, but he escaped in 1985.
Panama convicted Posada of conspiracy in a 2000 attempt to assassinate Fidel Castro. But in 2004, the outgoing Panamanian president pardoned him and three other Cuban exiles from Miami in what was perceived as a favor to President Bush in an election year...
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (8-16-08)
Those officials and the families’ supporters said the decision would clear the way for Congress to move forward on bills that would grant the immigrants permanent legal status.
“When I told my clients about it, there were tears of joy,” said Debra Brown Steinberg, a lawyer representing several of the immigrants. “They can show their faces and say their names.”
“Now they can make 9/11 their story, too,” she added. “It’s a great day.”
The immigrants have lived in limbo since the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. They were the wives, husbands and children of several victims in the World Trade Center, some of whom were legal immigrants, the rest of whom were illegal themselves.
While the families received payments from the Victim Compensation Fund, ranging from $875,000 to $4.1 million, they have not been able to easily invest the payments because they lacked Social Security numbers and other identity documents, their lawyers said. Some of the immigrants were so fearful of being extorted or robbed, with no recourse in the justice system, that they did not tell some relatives and friends of their losses.
A bill introduced last year by two members of Congress from New York, Peter T. King, a Republican, and Carolyn B. Maloney, a Democrat, would grant permanent resident visas to the survivors.
Several Republicans in the House who opposed the measure demanded more information about the immigrants to ensure that they were not terrorists or criminals. But the immigrants’ lawyers said they were reluctant to provide any information that might expose their clients to deportation...
Name of source: Brookings Register
SOURCE: Brookings Register (8-15-08)
Assistant professor Charles Vollan is finding that wealthy, respectable people had little to fear from gunslingers and other "roughs," for example it worked the other way around.
"When we tend to think about violence in any sort of historic western boomtown, whether it be Cheyenne or, for that matter, Deadwood, we tend to think about rough-andtumble types who were the ones to commit violence ," Vollan said. "We don't tend to think about lawyers, and doctors, and the general store operators but we should."
Vollan, whose reseach is an ongoing study of the Old West, said in boomtowns such as the ones that became the modern-day Deadwood or Cheyenne, Wyo., there was plenty of violence in the lower socio-economic class. But it tended to stay there. Violence didn't cross class borders
"Violence among the lower classes tended to be really contained in the lower class itself," Vollan said. "Only in the case of the vigilantes do we see sort of a wholesale crossing of class borders.
"The crazy thing about it, the thing that stands out, is that they thought they were acting in the name of order. Vigilantism is inherently disorderly ."
Vollan said community and conflict go together, especially during chaotic periods such as America's westward expansion. Vollan studies that theme by looking at the cities that developed along the Union Pacific Railroad when it was being constructed, focusing on the post-Civil War years 1865-69 .
"In particular, the city I've studied in most detail is Cheyenne, Wyoming, which at one point at this time was Cheyenne, Dakota Territory. Cheyenne was what was known as a 'hell on wheels' town, and in the 19th century, they didn't use terms like 'hell on wheels' lightly," Vollan said. "Cheyenne's reputation, in the parlance of the day, was that they "had a man a day for breakfast" that was the idea, that somebody got killed every day.
The reality was far different. Far, far fewer people were killed in Cheyenne it was more like a man a month. Still, by our standards, an elevated level of violence, but not absolutely extraordinary and certainly understandable in the circumstances ."...
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (8-16-08)
SOURCE: Guardian (8-16-08)
An attempt to scan, index and digitise 250m records of births, marriages and deaths in England and Wales from 1837 to the present day was supposed to result in a new public website that would let people trace their ancestors at the touch of a button next February. Now, three years after the government awarded the £16m contract to German computer giant Siemens, the deal has been terminated with only half the work done.
It was hoped that the online record would slash costs and speed up the process of tracing ancestry. The collapse means family tree enthusiasts must continue asking for copies of documents by post, which can take seven days and costs £7 or £10 a time.
Name of source: Times
SOURCE: Times (8-15-08)
The self-portrait is the only known likeness of George Hodge, ordinary seaman, and one of the very few pictures of a humble sailor in Nelson’s navy. While officers and admirals were immortalised in oils, most sailors lived, and died, out of sight.
Hodge’s journal records the ships he served on, the oceans he sailed, the ports he visited and the actions in which he fought, between 1790 and his retirement from the sea in 1833. It includes everything from the lyrics of sea shanties to a picture of the first ship on which he served. His spelling may have been erratic - apparently he was self-educated – but his paintings were filled with naive charm.
Hodge’s naval career spanned an era when Britannia really did rule the oceans. He saw action in the Napoleonic Wars and the American War of 1812, from the West Coast of Africa to the Great Lakes. His watercolours include one of HMS Tremendous, forlorn in storm-tossed seas after an encounter with the French, and his own ship the Lancaster, all flags flying during a review off the Cape.
The 7-and-One-half inch journal was still in Hodge's family in the 1880s but its subsequent history is unknown until it was bought by an American collector, J. Welles Henderson, a lawyer, from a London bookdealer 20 years ago.
Mr Henderson, who founded a maritime museum in Philadelphia, died last year, and more than 600 items from his collection are being sold tomorrow by Northeast Auctions in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Hodge’s volume is expected to fetch up to $50,000 (£26,750).
Name of source: Washington Post
SOURCE: Washington Post (8-15-08)
The History Will Linger At Remade Ford's Theatre
Ford's Theatre Tour: Investigate A Historic Murder Case
What's inside now dates from a 1960s renovation, theater officials say, and much of that is being transformed. The "cursed" old theater on 10th Street NW, twice wrecked by disaster and once marked by assassination, is partway through its first major renovation in 40 years.
This week, Paul R. Tetreault, the theater's producing director, provided a glimpse at the project, about two-thirds completed. The goal is to remake Ford's into the centerpiece of a state-of-the-art Lincoln campus in honor of the bicentennial of the president's birth Feb. 12.
The theater, which has been closed since last August, is now a dusty tangle of construction equipment and shiny ductwork. The box where Lincoln was shot, a 1960s reconstruction of the original, is barely visible through a forest of floor-to-ceiling scaffolding. The theater's seats are gone, and the stage is bare.
But by early next year, Ford's will have a new entrance next door, new seats, new stage equipment, new restrooms, a new air-conditioning system, elevators (for the first time), a new museum and a new lobby featuring a haunting display under glass of the blood-spotted overcoat Lincoln was wearing the night he was killed.
The new entrance, with a weather canopy and a vertical marquee reading "Ford's Theatre," will be in the Atlantic Building just north of the old theater. The old theater entrance will become the exit.
The entrance will lead to a lobby, a gift shop, box offices, concessions and the cylindrical case containing the coat, which was embroidered on the inside with the words, "One Country One Destiny." ...
Name of source: MSNBC
SOURCE: MSNBC (8-15-08)
Clad in scuba gear and edging through narrow tunnels, researchers discovered the stone ruins of eleven sacred temples and what could be the remains of human sacrifices at the site in the Yucatan Peninsula.
Archeologists say Mayans believed the underground complex of water-filled caves leading into dry chambers — including an underground road stretching some 330 feet — was the path to a mythical underworld, known as Xibalba.
According to an ancient Mayan scripture, the Popol Vuh, the route was filled with obstacles, including rivers filled with scorpions, blood and pus and houses shrouded in darkness or swarming with shrieking bats, Guillermo de Anda, one of the lead investigators at the site, said on Thursday.
The souls of the dead followed a mythical dog who could see at night, de Anda said.
Excavations over the past five months in the Yucatan caves revealed stone carvings and pottery left for the dead...
Name of source: The Age
SOURCE: The Age (8-15-08)
Long before the English launched cricket some 300 years ago, similar games were being played as early as the 8th century in the Punjab region, Derek Birley writes in his Social History of English Cricket.
But an Armenian scholar says there is good reason to believe that similar games were played in the Middle East long before that time.
Dr Abraham Terian, recently a visiting professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem as Fulbright Distinguished Chair in the Humanities, points to a rare manuscript as his source.
He notes that in the Armenian Gospel of the Infancy, translated into Armenian in the 6th century from a much older lost Syriac original, a passage tells of Jesus playing what may well be the precursor of cricket, with a club and ball.
Terian discovered the manuscript more than a decade ago at the Saint James Armenian Monastery in the Old City of Jerusalem.
His English translation of the book has been published by Oxford University Press.
He says he has now identified the same passage in a couple of other manuscripts of the same gospel of which some 40 copies exist in various archival collections in Europe and the Middle East, including the oldest copy now in Yerevan, the capital of the Armenian Republic.
The latter manuscript is dated 1239, whereas the undated Jerusalem manuscript is considerably later.
Quoting from his Armenian source, Terian says the gospel relates how Jesus, at the age of nine, had been apprenticed to a master dyer named Israel in Tiberias, on the shores of the Sea of Galilee.
"Jesus is instructed to watch Israel's house and not leave the place while the master goes away on a tour to collect clothes to be dyed. But no sooner has Israel left the house, than Jesus runs out with the boys,'' Terian says...
Name of source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/2557793/Architects-betray-Antoni-Gaudi-plans-for-Barcelona-church.html
But as construction of the bizarre structure nears the final stages - latest estimates put completion within two decades - an influential group from the artistic world claim the end result will bear little resemblance to Gaudí's vision.
More than 100 figures from Spain's art and heritage world have signed a manifesto protesting at what they see as the "betrayal" of Barcelona's most famous son by those determined to leave their own stamp on the monument.
"What stands out is the mediocrity of a group of technicians and developers who are well-meaning but full of an anachronistic paternalism in the best of cases and are once more using Gaudí to leave their personal mark on the building to the detriment of the original work," read a statement on the website of the FAD, the arts and design institute...
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (8-14-08)
Hoyt died Monday at his home in Oxford, Iowa, a town of about 700 people where he had lived his entire life. He was 83.
His funeral was Thursday at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Oxford, with about 100 people in attendance. The Rev. Edmond Dunn officiated and recalled time he spent with Hoyt and his wife.
"I used to go over to have lunch with Doris and Jim, and I would sit across from Jim at the kitchen table and think, 'Before me is a true American hero,' " he said.
Hoyt had rarely spoken about that day in 1945, but he recently opened up to a journalist.
"There were thousands of bodies piled high. I saw hearts that had been taken from live people in medical experiments," Hoyt told author Stephen Bloom in a soon-to-be-published book called "The Oxford Project."
"They said a wife of one of the SS officers -- they called her the Bitch of Buchenwald -- saw a tattoo she liked on the arm of a prisoner, and had the skin made into a lampshade. I saw that." See the horrors of Buchenwald »
Pete Geren, the secretary of the U.S. Army, said the sacrifice Hoyt made for his country so many years ago should never be forgotten.
"It's important that we don't allow ourselves to lose him," Geren told CNN by phone. "It's the memory of heroes like James Hoyt and the memories of what they've done that we must ensure that we keep alive and share with the current generation and future generations.
"Mr. Hoyt, as a young man, saw unspeakable horrors when he was one of the soldiers to discover the Buchenwald concentration camp, and those are experiences as a country and a world we can never forget.
"You think back on a young man 19 years old and to have the experience that he had," Geren said, his voice dissolving before finishing his thought.
The discovery of Buchenwald, on April 11, 1945, began the liberation of more than 21,000 prisoners from one of the largest Nazi concentration camps of World War II...