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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: Secrecy News, written by Steven Aftergood, is published by the Federation of American Scientists
But a 1970 memorandum disclosed this week at the Nixon Library sets aside any such reticence and provides a detailed look at the preparation, evaluation and reception of the PDB.
Meredith Fuchs of the National Security Archive, who litigated a Freedom of Information Act case earlier this year seeking access to historical PDBs, expressed surprise at the new release.
"What is most amazing is that one day they say the method of producing [the PDB] is so secret that nothing about the document can be disclosed, and then not long after they release this detailed, hour by hour explanation of how it is produced," she said.
The 1970 memorandum, written by Andrew Marshall for Henry Kissinger, describes strengths and weaknesses in the PDB process, and proposals for improvement.
But the biggest"secret" about the Daily Brief may be what Marshall described as"the widely shared suspicion that the President does not ever read the CIA PDBs."
As for the selection process that determines what to include in the PDB, Mr. Marshall wrote in his Top Secret Codeword report,"It is derived... to a large extent, I believe, from a sense of what's timely as judged from the New York Times, press, and wire service coverage."
"Resource constraints limit our ability to implement the detailed -- and expensive -- review intrinsic to a redaction strategy [in which individual words or passages are deleted from a particular page] and drive us in the direction of a document-level pass-fail system [in which an entire document is either fully released or fully withheld], which significantly reduces the number of documents that can be released."
Nor is CIA willing to permit other government agencies to review its records for possible release, which would be one way to optimize the declassification process.
"CIA has no plans to delegate broad declassification authority to other government agencies. In fact, CIA has rescinded past arrangements under which it delegated limited declassification authority to NARA," the CIA declassification plan noted.
In a previously unreported step that further limits disclosure, the CIA has devised a new loophole in the automatic declassification requirements of the executive order on classification policy.
In CIA's reading, a 25 year old document is not considered"historically valuable," and therefore subject to automatic declassification, unless and until it is no longer in use. But if the document is still in active use, the CIA says, it does not qualify as historically valuable for purposes of declassification no matter how historically significant it may be.
"Surveys of records in the D/CIA and the Directorate of Intelligence areas indicate that certain of these records, while containing pre-1982 materials, are still in use and therefore remain unretired." Such records, CIA says, will only be subject to automatic declassification requirements"when and if [they] are retired permanently."
"Many of CIA's methods, techniques, and operations over 25 years old are still active," the plan notes."In some cases, currently inactive sources and methods may be reactivated."
The CIA Declassification Plan was submitted to the Information Security Oversight Office in April 2006. It was approved for release in October 2007 with limited redactions in response to a request from researcher Michael Ravnitzky.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (11-30-07)
It could be a fairy tale from the Brothers Grimm. But “The Mascot: Unraveling the Mystery of My Jewish Father’s Nazi Boyhood,” by the Australian writer Mark Kurzem, is a true story. Part mystery, part memory puzzle, it is written in the polished style of a good thriller, and it is spellbinding....
It is an anguished tale set in the morally gray zone between culpability and survival. The soldier discovered that the boy was Jewish — he was circumcised — and warned him to hide it. The others thought he was Russian and named him Uldis Kurzemnieks. They made him their mascot, a miniature soldier with a uniform decorated with Nazi insignia. As he traveled with them, he said, he witnessed atrocities, including hundreds of Jews being herded into a synagogue and burned alive. He became a propaganda tool, the Reich’s youngest Nazi, the subject of newspaper articles and a documentary.
SOURCE: NYT (11-29-07)
One in eight people living in the United States is an immigrant, the survey found, for a total of 37.9 million people — the highest level since the 1920s.
The survey was conducted by Steven A. Camarota, director of research at the center, which advocates reduced immigration.
SOURCE: NYT (11-28-07)
“The Israelis, who are one of the few peoples whose survival is genuinely threatened, are probably more likely than almost any other country to actually use their nuclear weapons,” Henry A. Kissinger, the national security adviser, warned President Nixon in a memorandum dated July 19, 1969.
Israel’s nuclear arms program was believed to have begun at least several years before, but it was causing special fallout for the young Nixon administration. For one thing, President Nixon was getting ready for a visit by Prime Minister Golda Meir of Israel, who was also in her first year in office and whose toughness was already legendary.
Should Washington insist that Israel rein in its development of nuclear weapons? What would the United States do if Israel refused? Perhaps the solution lay in deliberate ambiguity, or simply pretending that America did not know what Israel was up to. These were some of the options that Mr. Kissinger laid out for President Nixon on that day before men first walked on the moon.
SOURCE: NYT (11-27-07)
SOURCE: NYT (11-27-07)
It involved two of the world’s greatest heart surgeons, Dr. Michael E. DeBakey and Dr. Denton A. Cooley. As partners, they pioneered operations at Baylor Medical College and Methodist Hospital in Houston in the 1950s that have stood the test of time.
But for 40 years, until a surprise reconciliation a month ago, these men with Texas-size egos exchanged few words, even on those rare occasions when they were in the same room.
SOURCE: NYT (11-28-07)
The new coins will be minted and issued in 10-week intervals throughout 2008 with designs honoring Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, Alaska and Hawaii. These coins wrap up the series that began in 1999 with a quarter honoring Delaware. Surveys by the Mint have found that nearly half of all Americans collect the state quarters, either in casual accumulations or as a serious numismatic pursuit.
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (11-30-07)
Alec Ross, from Burnley, lost the bag containing personal letters and photos, while serving with the 8th Army.
Egyptian tour guide Kahled Makram found the bag in the Sahara desert and traced Mr Ross's family through a BBC website on World War II.
SOURCE: BBC (11-23-07)
The origins of the Orange Order may date from the 17th century battle for supremacy between Protestantism and Catholicism, but they have high hopes for this 21st century makeover.
King William has been an Orange icon for more than 300 years, but it seems the curly wig and pointed hat combo were not doing it for the kids any more.
While the unnamed character still sports a sash, the traditional bowler hat has been replaced by a trendy purple cape.
SOURCE: BBC (11-28-07)
Mines at Wren's Nest National Nature Reserve in Dudley are part of the bid for the Black Country Urban Park - a project competing against three others for the Big Lottery's Living Landmark Award.
The mines, formerly quarried for their limestone, stopped working in 1925 and the site was abandoned.
SOURCE: BBC (11-26-07)
Operation Last Chance - a scheme devised by the Simon Wiesenthal Center - attempts to locate Nazis in hiding.
It takes the form of a media campaign and offers financial rewards for any information that results in conviction.
The four countries involved are Chile, Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil - where large numbers of Nazis are thought to have fled following World War II.
SOURCE: BBC (11-26-07)
The collection of photographs, letters and diary notes relate to successive generations of the Coles family.
John Coles, pictured as a baby in 1922 in one of the photographs, mentioned the collection on a visit to the ship which is in dry dock in Bristol.
The discovery is described by the trust curator as "unique and thrilling".
SOURCE: BBC (11-27-07)
In a Commons debate, Wrexham's Labour MP Ian Lucas said Wales' Red Dragon should be added to the union jack's red, white and blue pattern.
He said the union jack currently only represented the other three UK nations.
But Stewart Jackson, Conservative MP for Peterborough, said the plan was "eccentric" and would be unpopular.
Name of source: LiveScience
SOURCE: LiveScience (11-9-07)
Originally discovered in Israel in 1964, the intricate seal was suspected all along to belong to Queen Jezebel, but confusion over the letters engraved on the stone left some uncertainty.
Recently, closer scrutiny of the seal's engraving revealed markings characteristic of royal objects.
"The lion-sphinx with female head and female Isis-Hathor crown, which is unique, this clearly points to a queen," said Marjo Korpel, an Old Testament scholar at the University of Utrecht who conducted the research.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (11-9-07)
The parchment, about "the size of a credit card," is believed to be part of the most authoritative manuscript of the Hebrew Bible, the Aleppo Codex, said Michael Glatzer, academic secretary of the Yad Ben Zvi institute.
It contains verses from the Book of Exodus describing the plagues in Egypt, including the words of Moses to Pharaoh, "Let my people go, that they may serve me."
SOURCE: AP (11-15-07)
Three of the children died instantly and the others died on the way to hospitals following Thursday's incident in Tan Loi village in Binh Phuoc province, some 190 kilometers (120 miles) north of Ho Chi Minh City, said village military chief Le Viet Truyen.
SOURCE: AP (11-28-07)
The National Archives released more than 10,000 pages of documents from the Nixon presidency on Wednesday and among them are the urgings of past and present FBI agents and other interested citizens to appoint Felt, then the No. 2 FBI official, as director. Associates described his "outstanding loyalty."
Nixon did not take the advice.
Ultimately, Felt's devastating leaks as The Washington Post's secret Watergate source helped undermine Nixon's presidency.
SOURCE: AP (11-29-07)
The treasure of documents could open new avenues of study into the inner workings of Nazi persecution from the exploitation of slave labor to the conduct of medical experiments. The archive's managers planned a conference of scholars next year to map out its unexplored contents.
The files entrusted to the International Tracing Service, an arm of the International Committee of the Red Cross, have been used to find the fate of missing persons or document atrocities to support compensation claims. The U.S. government also has referred to the ITS for background checks on immigrants it suspected of lying about their past.
Inquiries were handled by the archive's 400 staff members in the German spa town of Bad Arolsen. Few outsiders were allowed to see the actual documents, which number more than 50 million pages and cover 16 linear miles of gray metal filing cabinets and cardboard binders spread over six buildings.
On Wednesday, the Red Cross and the German government announced that the last of the 11 countries that govern the archive had ratified a 2006 agreement to open the files to the public for the first time.
SOURCE: AP (11-27-07)
In addition to the richly illustrated 1704 bible, the thief, or thieves, also made off with an undisclosed amount of money, police said Tuesday.
Priest Dieter Spanknebel wrote an appeal on Web site of the Neukoelln neighborhood's Martin Luther church, saying the bible would be difficult for a thief to sell.
SOURCE: AP (11-27-07)
Archaeologists say the buried hull of a ship from de Luna's fleet of 11 ships holds crucial clues to the 1559 expedition, which sailed from Mexico to Florida's Panhandle.
The ship's discovery was announced in October after lead sheeting and pottery from the wreck site were matched to the de Luna expedition. Another ship in the fleet was found nearby in 1992.
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (11-30-07)
There were angry exchanges between Danish politicians following The Daily Telegraph's report on Søren Kam's peaceful life in the sleepy Bavarian town of Kempten im Allgäu.
The 86-year old former SS-Obersturmfuehrer has been indicted for murder in Denmark and is wanted for questioning for his alleged role in the deportation of hundreds of Jews to Nazi concentration camps.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (11-29-07)
The Daily Telegraph has tracked down former SS-Obersturmfuehrer Søren Kam to the peaceful suburbs of Kempten im Allgäu, a town about 75 miles from Munich.
Dr Efraim Zuroff, a veteran Israeli Nazi-hunter, will be in Europe next week to mount “Operation Last Chance”, to bring men such as Kam to justice and to expose the role of complacent German judicial authorities in continuing to provide alleged war criminals with safe havens.
“Kam is on my list because in my estimation he is one of the top 10 Nazis that could feasibly be brought to trial” for war crimes, said Dr Zuroff, who is director of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre in Jerusalem.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (11-28-07)
The cabinet will go on auction at Sotheby's next month
It had been feared that the stand used to hold the intricate piece of furniture featuring scenes of Rome had been lost forever.
But the carved wooden table which forms the bottom half of the cabinet was recently discovered in an Ask pizzeria, in York, by the Head of Sotheby’s Mario Tavella.
The top half of the furniture, which features a main picture showing a view of St Peter’s Square, in Rome with the Pope blessing the crowd, had been kept by Sotheby’s on behalf of a client but since the discovery the two pieces have been reunited and will go on auction next month.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (11-28-07)
Perhaps most spooky of all, some claim to see an image of the priest's tortured face peering out of the anthropodermic binding of 'A True and Perfect Relation of the Whole Proceedings against the Late Most Barbarous Traitors, Garnet a Jesuit and his Confederats'.
Name of source: Press Release--University of Texas
SOURCE: Press Release--University of Texas (11-15-07)
Psychologists Rebecca Bigler and Julie Milligan Hughes found white children who received history lessons about discrimination against famous African Americans had significantly more positive attitudes toward African Americans than those who received lessons with no mention of racism. African-American children who learned about racism did not differ in their racial attitudes from those who heard lessons that omitted the racism information, the study showed.
"There is considerable debate about when and how children should be taught about racism," says Bigler, director of the university's Gender and Racial Attitudes Lab. "But little research has examined elementary-school-aged children's cognitive and emotional reactions to such lessons."
To examine the consequences for white and African-American children of learning about historical racism, the researchers presented biographical lessons about 12 historical figures (six African Americans and six European Americans) to two groups of children ages 6-11.
For each group, some lessons provided information about racism, such as racially biased hiring practices and segregation, while others omitted this information. After the lessons, the children were interviewed about their racial attitudes and reactions, including guilt, defensiveness and anger.
Both white and black children who learned about racism were more likely to value racial fairness and to express greater satisfaction with the lesson. White children whose lessons included information on discrimination showed more defensiveness, had more racial guilt (if they were older than 7) and were less likely to accept stereotypical views about African Americans.
While the study shows learning about racism is beneficial to both black and white children, Bigler notes the lessons did not present information about the most violent forms of racial prejudice (for example, lynching).
"Additional work on the topic is needed so that we know how to best present to children some of the more abhorrent truths from U.S. history," Bigler says.
The National Science Foundation funded the research.
Name of source: Salon
SOURCE: Salon (11-29-07)
Exactly 60 years later, the concept remains at the heart of renewed attempts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. At this week's U.S.-sponsored peace conference outside Washington, Israel and the Palestinians again pledged efforts to wrap up a peace treaty that would set up the two states envisioned in 1947.
Three full-scale wars and two bloody Palestinian uprisings have failed either to change the two-state formula or bring it much closer to reality.
Violence has marked the process from the outset. When the General Assembly voted to partition the land on Nov. 29, 1947, it was clear it would set off a war between Jews and Arabs.
The day of the vote is legendary in Israel. Its 600,000 Jewish inhabitants huddled around their radios to listen to the live broadcast from the United Nations. Many kept score nervously in"yes" and"no" columns as the representatives called out their votes on the partition resolution.
It was no done deal, participants recalled in an Israel TV documentary that aired Wednesday. Israeli delegates scampered from room to room trying to garner enough support, while avoiding the British, who considered their very presence in the building illegal as long as they ruled Palestine under a U.N. mandate.
SOURCE: Salon (11-29-07)
Name of source: Der Spiegel
SOURCE: Der Spiegel (11-29-07)
World War I ended 89 years ago in November 1918, only a handful of veterans are still alive and family memories of the uncles, fathers and grandfathers who fought are fading fast.
But the cemeteries and war memorials of France and Belgium, where much of the worst fighting took place, remain as pristine and well-tended as if they had been built this year, silently conveying a powerful message to anyone who visits them.
SOURCE: Der Spiegel (11-29-07)
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (11-29-07)
The flag happens to be hoisted on the Statehouse grounds in the early primary state of South Carolina, where both candidates are leading in polls.
The candidates were asked by YouTube user Leroy Brooks from Houston, Texas if "this flag right here represents the symbol of racism, a symbol of political ideology, a symbol of Southern heritage — or, is it something completely different?"
"I know that everybody who hangs the flag up in their room like that is not racist," said Thompson, who has played up his southern roots while campaigning in South Carolina. "I also know that for a great many Americans it's a symbol of racism."
Thompson added that, "as far as a public place is concerned, I am glad that people have made the decision not to display it as a prominent flag, symbolic of something, at a state capitol."
But the Confederate flag in South Carolina's state capital is in a very public place — located on the Statehouse grounds along Gervais Street in Columbia, next to the Confederate Soldier Monument.
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (11-29-07)
Residents of Badoli village in western India's Rajasthan state had planned the gun salute Tuesday evening to welcome Kirodi Lal Meena, a state minister, the Times of India reported.
The minister left immediately after the accident, which also injured six other people.
SOURCE: Reuters (11-27-07)
"We are stressing what we call the three Rs," said Nancy Sticht, a spokeswoman for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which she said means to recognize, retreat and report suspected bombs. "They're old but being old doesn't make them any less dangerous. They can become more unstable over time."
Name of source: International Herald Tribune
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (11-28-07)
The Marquis de Lafayette? Yes, of course. But that was then. This time, it is his great-great-great grandson.
Arnaud Meunier du Houssoy arrived in New York from Paris on Saturday to be celebrated at events in New York, Philadelphia, Boston and the nation's capital to mark a season of Lafayette commemorations.
It is the 250th anniversary year of the birth of the Revolutionary War general, and a major new exhibition — "French Founding Father: Lafayette's Return to Washington's America" — recently opened at the New-York Historical Society. Next month there will be a multimillion-dollar auction of a historic gold medal of the Society of the Cincinnati: an enameled patriotic badge created for George Washington that was presented to Lafayette in 1824 after Washington's death.
"The medal has been kept in our family for more than 180 years," the 48-year-old M. du Houssoy said, "but it was originally George Washington's, and it belongs to America." Six days before the Dec. 11 auction, it will be on display at Sotheby's; on view in America for the first time since the World's Columbian Exhibition of 1893 in Chicago.
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (11-27-07)
In recent weeks, Spain clearly has been cast as both a punching bag for Latin America's leftists and a bastion of valor for its moderates, after a dissing match in which a king of Spain took offense at a Venezuelan president's remarks and told him, very publicly: "Why don't you shut up?"
The dressing down quickly took on a life of its own. King Juan Carlos's blunt question instantly became the campaign slogan of the day for enemies of President Hugo Chávez. It blared from YouTube clips everywhere, rang out from cellphones in both Spain and Venezuela, and screamed from T-shirts all over Caracas.
In the excitement, the context of the exchange was largely brushed over: In addition to an epic spectacle, the comic opera offered a terrific glimpse into the unendingly complicated relations between Spain and its former colonies.
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (11-27-07)
The former curator, Marion True, 59, was not present at the hearing. But the ruling, issued unanimously by the three-member criminal appeals court, followed a motion of dismissal that her lawyer, Yannis Yannides, submitted at the start of the trial last week, citing the statute of limitations.
"The rule of law was applied," said Yannides. "That's all we wanted. That's all we asked for."
Name of source: http://www.uq.edu.au
SOURCE: http://www.uq.edu.au (11-26-07)
The study, by UQ PhD recipient Stefano Girola, from the School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, examined the policies and attitudes of the Catholic hierarchy to Indigenous people from 1885 until 1967.
“I stress the Catholic hierarchy because there were always nuns and missionaries who really were concerned with the plight of Aborigines and also tried to lobby politicians to do something about it,” Dr Girola said.
Dr Girola said the early Catholic hierarchy, with some exceptions such as Perth Bishop Matthew Gibney and Melbourne Archbishop Daniel Mannix, failed in its lack of social policy and in its prophetic role to work against social injustice.
Name of source: Fox News
SOURCE: Fox News (11-28-07)
The best-selling murder mystery originally was named "Ten Little N---ers" when it was published in England in 1939.
The name of the book was changed for production in the United States, and the school was using the name "Ten Little Indians" for the play's title. The book also has been renamed in some productions as "And Then There Were None," which is the closing line of the nursery rhyme with the novel's name.
Name of source: In These Times
SOURCE: In These Times (11-27-07)
Oregon suffered a $150 million budget shortfall - and Jackson County a $23 million loss - in fiscal year 2007, after the federal government failed to renew a $400 million annual subsidy designed to help rural communities suffering from the decline in timber-logging revenue. Though Congress eventually extended the funding by one year, Jackson County commissioners, strapped for cash, voted to outsource library services to the Maryland-based Library Systems & Services (LSSI), which specializes in library management. Founded in 1981, the company initially operated federal libraries during President Reagan's era of privatizing government services and contracts. LSSI now privately manages more than 50 public libraries nationwide.
Companies like LSSI focus on counties that are desperate to keep their public agencies afloat but lack sufficient funds to do so. In the case of Jackson County, officials offered LSSI a five-year contract worth $3 million annually, with an additional $1.3 million reserved for building maintenance. The deal cuts in almost half what the county previously spent.
Name of source: Legal Times
SOURCE: Legal Times (11-26-07)
Scandal surrounds the president of the United States, and the U.S. House of Representatives has called for his impeachment. There is rampant speculation that the president is carrying on a homosexual, adulterous affair with the attorney general. On top of that, the president also stands accused of firing U.S. attorneys and replacing them with political loyalists. All the while, a treasonous vice president waits hungrily in the wings for just the right moment to make his power grab.
Now it is up to the senators to decide the fate of the beleaguered man in the executive office.
The words of the House’s counsel break the tension: “America has never had a president like Edward Plantagenet Jr.”
The audience erupts into laughter, because indeed, America has never had a President Plantagenet at all.
This was not, after all, the scene of a real impeachment hearing, taking place in the real United States Senate. It was the Shakespeare Theatre Company’s annual mock trial, held last week at the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, just steps from the White House grounds. ...
Name of source: Bloomberg
SOURCE: Bloomberg (11-29-07)
That rewriting of the history of the ruthless Soviet dictator who killed millions of real and imagined enemies comes from a new manual for Russia's high-school teachers endorsed by President Vladimir Putin. The book exemplifies Russia's growing nostalgia for its bygone superpower days -- a sentiment Putin stokes at every turn in his quest for political hegemony.
Russia feels that it was ``humiliated during the 1990s, when it lost its international weight,'' said Fyodor Lukyanov, who edits a quarterly journal for the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy in Moscow. ``Our leaders now believe it is necessary to consolidate the nation.''
Putin, 55, may achieve that goal on Dec. 2, when parliamentary elections will likely make his United Russia party almost as powerful as the Communists were in the USSR. Much of his overwhelming popularity stems from his ability to reinvigorate Russia's patriotic pride. He has gained support by confronting the West with Cold War zeal and has paid little price for clamping down on dissent with similar intensity.
The new teachers' manual -- ``A Modern History of Russia 1945-2006,'' -- refers to the purges without enumerating the victims, specifically mentioning only 2,000 killed in the late 1940s.
While it calls Stalin's rule ``cruel'' and says he engaged in ``political repression,'' it also declares him the USSR's ``most successful leader'' because his tactics transformed the country into an industrialized counterweight to America's military and economic might.
Name of source: CBC
SOURCE: CBC (11-29-07)
The motion also encourages the Canadian government to press Tokyo to make a "formal and sincere apology" in its legislature to all victims, referred to as comfort women. The women were rounded up from Japan's occupied territories, including China, during the 1930s and '40s.
New Democrat MP Olivia Chow spearheaded the motion, and was backed by the secretary of state for multiculturalism, Jason Kenney. The two hosted a delegation of comfort women on Parliament Hill this week.
The declaration ruffled the feathers of Japanese embassy officials, who point out that a senior government official made a historic and public apology in 1993 to women who suffered under the Imperial Forces.
A fund was set up by that government in 1995 that dispersed $20,000 to 285 former comfort women.
Name of source: Daily Mail
SOURCE: Daily Mail (11-28-07)
And there is no doubt these adverts - many taken from the first half of the last century - reveal just how much women used to be caricatured as downtrodden housewives or hair-brained office girls.
Now, a new book [actually: a reissue of an old book] - You Mean A Woman Can Open It?: The Woman's Place In The Classic Age Of Advertising - brings together images which would surely cause a howl of protest if they were released today.
[Click on the SOURCE link to see a sampling of the ads.]
Name of source: http://www.rte.ie
SOURCE: http://www.rte.ie (11-26-07)
The letter went under the hammer at Whyte's auction house in Dublin, and was bought by a bidder from the south who wishes to remain anonymous.
The letter was written to the IRB member and 1916 Rising volunteer, Thomas Ashe, while he was on hunger strike and is said to be the first written indication of the political rivalry between Collins and De Valera.
Name of source: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
SOURCE: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (11-28-07)
That was the U.S. coal mining industry's darkest month because during those 31 days, five disasters extinguished the lives of more than 700 men. In Pennsylvania, two separate explosions, one at the Darr Mine in Westmoreland County and another at the Naomi Mine in Fayette County, killed 273 men.
But the deadliest coal mine explosion in the United States occurred 50 miles south of Pittsburgh in Monongah, W.Va., where 361 men perished on the morning of Dec. 6, 1907. Some men were blown to bits; the dead included Fiorangelo DiSalvo, a 12-year-old boy. Two other explosions, one in an Alabama mine and another in New Mexico, added to the month's high body count.
"The Darkest Month," an exhibition about the grim side of America's Industrial Revolution, opens Saturday at the Senator John Heinz History Center. The show, which runs through June 8, features 65 photographs, miners' artifacts, illustrations, mementos from a Hungarian miner's home life and a 10-minute video about Monongah by Argentine Productions of Mt. Lebanon.
Name of source: Newsweek
SOURCE: Newsweek (12-3-07)
It is not clear Giuliani knew exactly what he was getting himself into—he later denied that he did—but video shows him wildly gesticulating and shouting a profanity-laced diatribe against Dinkins. The next day the New York newspapers were sharply critical of Giuliani (a Daily News editorial called his behavior "shameful"), and Dinkins, years later, accused him of trying to stir up "white cops to riot." At the time, Giuliani refused to back down or apologize for his remarks, saying only: "I had four uncles who were cops. So maybe I was more emotional than I usually am." Giuliani's performance that day lost African-American voters, some permanently, but it guaranteed the informal backing of the Patrolmen's Benevolent Association, the policemen's union, which helped him get elected mayor in 1993.
Name of source: History Today
SOURCE: History Today (11-26-07)
Name of source: Wired.com
SOURCE: Wired.com (11-27-07)
The odd mounds have long mystified archaeologists. Experts agree that the sites, usually located near streams, were likely used for boiling water, but excavations have yielded little more. Were they vats for dying clothes? Proto-saunas? One long-standing theory suggests they were used to boil meat — not an unreasonable notion, since fiadh can refer to deer. But few animal remains have been found near the holes, contrary to what might be expected around prehistoric kitchens.
Quinn believes that his theory, published recently in the journal Archaeology Ireland, is supported by the circumstantial evidence.
Name of source: http://www.fresnobee.com
SOURCE: http://www.fresnobee.com (11-26-07)
Teacher Bill Coate came upon Gabriel Moore's unmarked grave at Akers Cemetery last year while he was on a tour celebrating the county's 150th anniversary.
Coate had heard stories about Moore, who was born in Alabama in 1812 and sold into slavery in Arkansas. Moore traveled west to California, and by 1872, he had established his own 350-acre cattle ranch with dozens of horses, cattle and hogs.
Name of source: Atlanta Journal-Constitution
SOURCE: Atlanta Journal-Constitution (11-27-07)
The workers are archaeologists, and under federal law, they are as critical to laying asphalt as the machines that make a roadbed or laborers who spread tar.
Georgia's $1 billion-plus a year of federal road-building money hinges on their ability to preserve historical sites before the asphalt hits the ground.
"When I first started here, I got a lot of questions from colleagues: 'Is this a conflict of interest for me?' " said archaeologist Terri Lotti, the state Department of Transportation's project manager for the site. "The answer is no. We are bound by federal law to do the right thing."