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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: NYT
The cross was ferried more than 800 miles by boat from a former Soviet prison camp on the White Sea through the Belomor Canal — built in the 1930s by slave labor — to Moscow, in a religious procession linking major sites from a yearlong rampage of state-sanctioned violence in that era.
The procession and the ceremony on Wednesday were a rare attempt to address Soviet brutality during Stalin’s reign, an issue, rights groups say, that is often eclipsed by the mythologized interpretation of Soviet glory promoted by Russia’s current leader, Vladimir V. Putin.
Scientists who dated and analyzed the specimens — a 1.44 million-year-old Homo habilis and a 1.55 million-year-old Homo erectus — said their findings challenged the conventional view that these species evolved one after the other. Instead, they apparently lived side by side in eastern Africa for almost half a million years.
If this interpretation is correct, the early evolution of the genus Homo is left even more shrouded in mystery than before. It means that both habilis and erectus must have originated from a common ancestor between two million and three million years ago, a time when fossil hunters had drawn a virtual blank.
“I love you, sir, but your son’s way off base here,” they might say, according to Ron Kaufman, a longtime adviser to Mr. Bush, who has witnessed any number of such encounters — perhaps at a political fund-raiser, or a restaurant dinner, a chance meeting on the streets of Houston or Kennebunkport, Me. They are, he says, just one way the presidency of the son has taken a toll on the father.
“It wears on his heart,” Mr. Kaufman said, “and his soul.”
Instead, scientists like Dr. [Michael] Frachetti are discovering that nomadic cultures are flexible, switching between transient and more sedentary ways of life, and assimilating and inventing new ideas and technologies. Nomads created durable political cultures that still influence the way those countries interact with outsiders or negotiate internal power struggles.
While the view that tribe and clan — the basic building blocks of nomadic, or semi-transient societies— influence the contemporary politics of some countries is nothing new, specialists in nomadic studies argue that policy makers have overlooked important “cultural intelligence,” like family relationships, when analyzing governments that grew out of tribal traditions.
Results of the economics test, which was administered last year, are being released this morning. A summary report is available on the web at nationsreportcard.gov.
The Department of Education translates student scores on the test, known as the National Assessment of Educational Progress, into three achievement levels: advanced, proficient and basic. On the economics test, 42 percent of 12th graders performed at or above the proficient level, and 79 percent performed at or above the basic level. An economics course is required for graduation in only about one-third of the states....
In contrast, only 13 percent of 12th grade students performed at or above proficient, and only 47 percent performed at or above the basic level on the national assessment test in history that was administered last year. On a similar test in science in 2005, only 54 percent of 12th grade students performed at or above the basic level, and just 18 percent at or above proficient.
The mass, about 12,000 pounds, is thought to be part of the wreck and to contain at least seven iron cannons. Mr. Clifford and his team plucked it from below 30 feet of sand last week.
The cannons twisted together and probably preserved numerous artifacts. The exact contents will be determined through X-rays in the next few weeks, but Mr. Clifford expects the concretion, as the mass is called, to contain coins, weapons and perhaps bone, as others have.
A once-grand Victorian structure that juts toward the Statue of Liberty from the northern edge of Battery Park, the pier has been the object of some big redevelopment plans but little activity. Frustrated by the pace of progress, city officials said last week that they had taken back control of the pier from a private developer and had plans to transform it into the gateway to New York Harbor.
"This is our family’s story,” he said, carefully leafing through the unbound pages. “It was written in 1519.”
The musty collection of fragile, crumbling pages, written in the florid Arabic script of the sixteenth century, is also this once forgotten outpost’s future.
A surge of interest in ancient books, hidden for centuries in houses along Timbuktu’s dusty streets and in leather trunks in nomad camps, is raising hopes that Timbuktu — a city whose name has become a staccato synonym for nowhere — may once again claim a place at the intellectual heart of Africa.
Historians and economists have long struggled to understand how this transition occurred and why it took place only in some countries. A scholar who has spent the last 20 years scanning medieval English archives has now emerged with startling answers for both questions.
Gregory Clark, an economic historian at the University of California, Davis, believes that the Industrial Revolution — the surge in economic growth that occurred first in England around 1800 — occurred because of a change in the nature of the human population. The change was one in which people gradually developed the strange new behaviors required to make a modern economy work. The middle-class values of nonviolence, literacy, long working hours and a willingness to save emerged only recently in human history, Dr. Clark argues.
Because they grew more common in the centuries before 1800, whether by cultural transmission or evolutionary adaptation, the English population at last became productive enough to escape from poverty, followed quickly by other countries with the same long agrarian past.
Dr. Clark’s ideas have been circulating in articles and manuscripts for several years and are to be published as a book next month, “A Farewell to Alms” (Princeton University Press). Economic historians have high praise for his thesis, though many disagree with parts of it.
The basis of Dr. Clark’s work is his recovery of data from which he can reconstruct many features of the English economy from 1200 to 1800. From this data, he shows, far more clearly than has been possible before, that the economy was locked in a Malthusian trap _ — each time new technology increased the efficiency of production a little, the population grew, the extra mouths ate up the surplus, and average income fell back to its former level.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (8-3-07)
This week, a descendant of the famous French general is being given the royal treatment where his ancestor faced enemy gunfire and, afterward, vilification for a bloody episode James Fenimore Cooper fictionalized in his novel, "The Last of the Mohicans."
SOURCE: AP (8-8-07)
An Anglican clergyman who watches over the remaining Jewish families says they are increasingly desperate to emigrate to the Netherlands, where there is an active Iraqi Jewish community. But Israeli, Dutch and Jewish officials dispute the claims by the Rev. Andrew White that they want to fully abandon a city where Jews accounted for one-third of the population as recently as a century ago.
SOURCE: AP (8-8-07)
Rodriguez is the most important man in the U.S. spy game whose name you probably never knew. When he was mentioned publicly before now, he was referred to only as"Jose."
Rodriguez became head of the CIA's clandestine service in November 2004. With the creation of the National Clandestine Service the following year as part of an intelligence reorganization, Rodriguez rose to be chief of"human intelligence" operations, overseeing the classic spycraft that takes place at a variety of U.S. spy agencies.
SOURCE: AP (8-3-07)
The find could provide an extraordinary window into Aztec civilization at its apogee. Ahuizotl (ah-WEE-zoh-tuhl), an empire-builder who extended the Aztecs' reach as far as Guatemala, was the last emperor to complete his rule before the Spanish Conquest.
SOURCE: AP (8-7-07)
The 6th Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati ruled that the Jockey Club can legally bar horse owner Garrett Redmond from naming his 4-year-old horse after Hemings.
Judge Alice Batchelder, writing for the three-judge panel, said Redmond has other options that may be approved by the Jockey Club, which forbids horse owners from using names of famous or notorious people without special permission. The club's rules also say that "names considered in poor taste; or names that may be offensive to religious, political or ethnic groups" won't be approved.
SOURCE: AP (8-7-07)
Edited by Peabody Award winner Dave Isay, "Listening Is An Act of Love: A Celebration of American Lives from the StoryCorps Project" will go on sale at Starbucks' more than 6,500 company-operated U.S. stores beginning Nov. 8, the company said.
First-person accounts of everyday life from StoryCorps contributors are broadcast every Friday on National Public Radio's Morning Edition program. The entire collection is archived at the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.
Name of source: WaPo
SOURCE: WaPo (8-2-07)
He was scouring 1937 photographs of Centreville on his computer screen when the star-shaped outline of a Civil War fort came into view, like an intricate painting on the landscape.
The fort is invisible in contemporary aerial photos. But those early images -- 215 high-resolution pictures taken by a U.S. government photographer from the sky as part of a national agricultural surveying effort -- offer a view virtually unchanged since the end of the Civil War.
"It was mind-boggling," Rutherford said. The "star fort," in a key strategic area on an eastward path toward Washington, just appeared. "Then you walk out in the field, and then there it is . . . something you saw in a 70-year-old photograph."
SOURCE: WaPo (8-5-07)
SOURCE: WaPo (8-7-07)
The Bush administration is taking steps to do that. The Task Force on New Americans, created by executive order last year, recently presented initiatives that supporters say will help immigrants "become fully American."
Among the government initiatives is a Web site to direct immigrants to information on benefits, English classes and volunteer work. Another site offers resources for English and citizenship-test teachers. More than 12,000 copies of a tool kit containing civics flashcards and a welcome guide in English and Spanish have been distributed to libraries. This fall, the government has scheduled eight regional training conferences for civics and citizenship instructors. The task force is to deliver more recommendations to President Bush after convening discussions on assimilation with immigrant advocates, teachers and local officials around the nation.
Name of source: Asia Times
SOURCE: Asia Times (8-7-07)
More than six decades later, these caves are at the center of a bitter battle over what really happened there.
For Masayasu Oshiro, a historian who has documented the sufferings of poor farming communities that were caught in the only battle fought on Japanese soil between the Imperial Army and US troops, the facts are clear. "I have recorded countless stories told by aging Okinawan war survivors. They include horrifying accounts of how people committed mass suicide and murder under orders from the Japanese military. Their testimonies have been recorded at the Okinawan prefecture office to track our war history," he told Inter Press Service.
Such recordings are irksome for the Japanese government that is keen to whitewash this part of history. But local governments in Okinawa and the surrounding islands are determined not to let the Japanese Education Ministry have its way.
Name of source: Japan Times
SOURCE: Japan Times (8-5-07)
Seaton points out that war memory is fiercely contested among Japanese, and collective amnesia is impossible given this ubiquitous and robust discourse. History remains at the center of contemporary political battles and it is thus a "current affairs" issue. The author writes: "The ways that Japanese people interact with their Asian neighbors, attitudes toward conflicts in other parts of the globe, nuclear issues, and attitudes concerning the core symbols of Japanese nationhood — the flag, emperor, national anthem, constitution and Japan's wider global role — are all inextricably linked to memories and interpretations of Japan's wartime past. The war has not been forgotten. Quite the opposite, the Japanese seem unable to let it go."
"Japan's Contested War Memories" asserts that the English-language media consistently misrepresents the true state of war memory among Japanese by focusing too much on attempts by conservatives and the ruling elite to impose a vindicating and glorifying narrative of the war that emphasizes Japan's victimization. This "orthodoxy" of a nation in denial and shirking war responsibility overlooks the significance of memory rifts in Japan. In examining textbooks, other educational materials, television documentaries, films and printed media, Seaton finds that progressive views critical of Japan's wartime aggression and accepting responsibility are more representative of Japanese opinion. He writes, "typically 50 to 60 percent of people characterize the war as 'aggressive,' while anything between 50 and 80 percent . . . are either critical of the government's 'inadequate' treatment of war responsibility issues . . . or are supportive of additional compensation and initiatives acknowledging aggression."
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (8-9-07)
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (8-7-07)
Some school district officials have recently suggested that such an AP program be created — but the College Board is skeptical. College Board officials say their doubts have nothing to do with the significance of African-American history, but with the reactions they have received from college educators they have consulted. For a variety of reasons, the College Board says, college officials prefer to be teaching African-American history themselves, as opposed to having students enter college with AP credit in the field. If colleges wanted to have an AP offering in African-American history, the board would be open to the idea, its officials say.
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (8-8-07)
Descendants of the war veterans will be able to read first-hand accounts about the horrors faced by their loved ones in the trench warfare of the 1914-18 war.
All First World War service records were destroyed when bombs wrecked the War Office in London during the Blitz in 1940.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (8-5-07)
It has taken seven years - at least two longer than expected - and the collaboration of six leading international academics to extract these stories of life in the late Stuart period from the "diary" of Roger Morrice, a Puritan cleric-turned-lobby correspondent.
His Entring Book, which lay forgotten for 300 years in a small research library in London, was unearthed in 2000, but this week the journal, hailed as "the most important unpublished British diary of the later 17th century", will be published.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (8-7-07)
The Nazi dictator's musical tastes have been revealed after nearly 100 of his gramophone discs were found in a dacha outside Moscow.
For the most part, the collection is fairly predictable - dominated by recordings of Wagner, Beethoven and Bruckner. But a sprinkling of Tchaikovsky, Borodin and Rachmaninoff has amazed historians.
Name of source: HNN summary of article in Slate by Jack Shafer
SOURCE: HNN summary of article in Slate by Jack Shafer (8-7-07)
In a memo from 1972 that's just surfaced Charles Colson, a Nixon assistant, claims that George McGovern, commenting on Mitchell's threat, said that "based on Katherine Graham's figure, there's no danger in that."
McGovern, in an interview with Slate's Jack Shafer, denies making the comment.
Name of source: Edward Rothstein in the NYT
SOURCE: Edward Rothstein in the NYT (8-7-07)
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (8-3-07)
The prized bottle of 1937 Moet and Chandon goes under the hammer at Charterhouse auctioneers in Sherborne, Dorset on 17 August.
But the auctioneers say champagne does not age well and the tipple is unlikely to be drinkable.
SOURCE: BBC (8-8-07)
The wooden cross - 12.5m high (41 ft) and 7.6m wide (25 ft) - was placed in Butovo, at the site of a former execution ground.
At least 20,000 people were killed there by Stalin's secret police, the NKVD. The first killings occurred exactly 70 years ago.
Hundreds of people attended the ceremony south of the capital.
Events marking the 70th anniversary of Stalin's drive to purge opponents of his regime have been held throughout Russia.
Name of source: http://www.asianews.it
SOURCE: http://www.asianews.it (8-6-07)
In the Peace Memorial Park, close to ground zero of the blast, participants held a minutes silence at 8.05 local time when the B-29 Enola Gay bomber dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6th 1945. On that day 140 thousand people died. Only three days later another American plane launched a plutonium bomb on Nagasaki killing a further 80 thousand. Six days later Japan declared defeat.
Name of source: Newsweek
SOURCE: Newsweek (8-13-07)
That was his real education. While awaiting charges, Adwan overheard two Israeli soldiers arguing over whether he should be made to sign a document in Hebrew that he couldn't read. Shocked to hear one of his enemies defending his rights, Adwan decided that he had some things to learn about the Jewish nation....
Together with Dan Bar-On, a social psychologist at Ben Gurion University in southern Israel, he now codirects the Peace Research Institute in the Middle East (PRIME). Since 2002 the group has produced three booklets for use in Palestinian and Israeli high schools that force each side to confront a contradictory vision of history.
Name of source: LAT
SOURCE: LAT (8-6-07)
Its fortunes have since changed, and the organization that the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. co-founded is marking its 50th anniversary today with the opening of a $3-million international headquarters here. The building, which Steele says is debt-free, represents just half of the funds the SCLC has raised from corporate sponsors since he became president.
For Steele, 61, a former Alabama state senator, the group's new red brick home is a fitting emblem of its newfound stability. After decades of speculation about its future — factions fought so bitterly during the group's 2004 convention that police were called — the SCLC, he says, "is here to stay."
Name of source: http://www.bizjournals.com
SOURCE: http://www.bizjournals.com (8-7-07)
The gift is the largest ever made in New Mexico by the Santa Fe-based foundation, which focuses on supporting environmental programs, animal dignity and fine arts, education and social service projects in New Mexico, northwest Iowa, South Dakota and southern Florida.
The gift will help build exhibitions at the new 95,000-square-foot New Mexico History Museum in downtown Santa Fe, which is slated to open in 2009. The gift has launched the public phase of the Museum of New Mexico Foundation's (MNMF) $22 million endowment and capital campaign for the history museum and other state museums and monuments, called the "Shape the Future" campaign.
Name of source: Times (UK)
SOURCE: Times (UK) (8-7-07)
Katherine Tattersall, of the Chartered Institute of Educational Assessors, gave warning that the subject could disappear from some schools because it was no longer compulsory for pupils over 14.
Ms Tattersall said that history was one of the subjects that was threatened by alternative A levelss such as media studies and photography, which are perceived to be more likely to lead to a job. However, the Department for Children, Schools and Families rejected the claim.
Name of source: http://uscnews.sc.edu
SOURCE: http://uscnews.sc.edu (6-28-07)
University of South Carolina archaeologist Dr. Albert Goodyear said the theory may not be such "out-of-this-world" thinking based on his study of ancient stone-tool artifacts he and his team have excavated from the Topper dig site in Allendale, as well as ones found in Georgia, North Carolina and Virginia.
The tools, or fluted spear points, made by flaking and chipping flint, were used for hunting and made by the Clovis people, who lived 13,100 to 12,900 years ago, and from the Redstone people who emerged afterwards. The two points are distinctly different in appearance, with Redstone points more impressively long and steeple-shaped.
"I saw a tremendous drop-off of Redstone points after Clovis," said Goodyear. "When you see such a widespread decline or pattern like that, you really have to wonder whether there is a population decline to go with it."
Name of source: http://www.24dash.com/
SOURCE: http://www.24dash.com/ (8-1-07)
A full council meeting confirmed that work on the Rotherwas Relief Road had been stopped around the site since the discovery in April of the Bronze Age ribbon of fire-cracked stones.
The council also determined that no irreversible action be taken that could prejudice its preservation for future generations.
Name of source: http://www.echoroukonline.com
SOURCE: http://www.echoroukonline.com (8-2-07)
Local experts are asking for the immediate intervention of the minister of culture to send international searchers to probe in the matter, because of the importance this unprecedented historical discovery. The province of Batna is famously known by its outdoor historical sites such as Timgad, Ouazana and Imedghassen.
Name of source: http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk
SOURCE: http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk (8-7-07)
A team working on National Trust for Scotland (NTS) land as part of the Ben Lawers Historic Landscape Project found the previously undiscovered ‘cup-and-ring’ style markings on a hillside overlooking Loch Tay and Kenmore. The carvings could date back to Neolithic times and be up to 5,000 years old.
Name of source: http://www.irishexaminer.com
SOURCE: http://www.irishexaminer.com (8-7-07)
Protect Tara supporters were triggered by speculation that the authorities were going ahead with plans to dismantle and “preserve as record” the so-called royal temple at Lismullin in Co Meath.
Feelings have run high, with heritage defenders claiming a priceless world treasure would be lost for ever if the motorway scheme goes ahead in its present form.
Name of source: http://www.thinkspain.com
SOURCE: http://www.thinkspain.com (8-7-07)
Fluorescent yellow paint was sprayed over carvings, thought to be around 8,000 years old, inside the Cova de la Clau in Palma de Gandia, last week.
However, they left a 16,000-year-old engraving of a horse in the Cova del Parpalló untouched.
Name of source: http://www.womensenews.org
SOURCE: http://www.womensenews.org (8-7-07)
In the 2006 midterm election 2 million more young women voted than in the previous comparable cycle, according to the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement at the University of Maryland School of Public Policy, which credits the rise in part to the Feminist Majority Foundation's "Get Out Her Vote" effort aimed at college women.
Moreover,55 percent of female voters cast their ballots for Democrats in House races, while only 50 percent of male voters did. In fact, female voters were responsible for key Democratic victories in the House and the Senate.
However, those figures do not reflect the fact that many women's votes are missing from the count.
In the last presidential election, 8 million women registered but did not vote; another 36 million potential female voters were not registered at all, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
Name of source: Press Release--Alisa Giardinelli, Swarthmore College
SOURCE: Press Release--Alisa Giardinelli, Swarthmore College (8-6-07)
Among the Chapman Collection are dozens of letters from famous women's rights advocates Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Carrie Chapman Catt. In addition, Chapman kept news clippings, photographs, and detailed journals. One journal entry describes a lunch at Stanton's house with Susan B. Anthony on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, N.Y.
"These women were among the most important figures in the movement," says Christopher Densmore, curator of the Friends Historical Library (FHL). "They literally made it their lives' work. One letter is a five-page strategy discussion. So there's a lot of substance in this collection that shows the tremendous organizational efforts needed to secure the vote for women."
The collection is a gift from Anne Chapman Booth, Chapman's granddaughter and a member of Swarthmore's Class of 1932. "It's very unusual to have this kind of material," says FHL archivist Pat O'Donnell, who met with Booth nearly two years ago. "She was literally bringing shoeboxes of letters out from under her bed."
The Chapman Collection nicely augments the complete records of the New York Yearly Meeting, also housed in the FHL. "Not only did Anne Chapman Booth have a love and loyalty to Swarthmore," O'Donnell says, "but she felt that the papers could be viewed in the most comprehensive light here."
The arrival of the Chapman Collection is one highlight among many this year for the FHL. Later this month, curator Densmore will be featured on PBS' "History Detectives" in a segment on area Quakers. In September, he will lecture on Quakers and the Underground Railroad at conferences in Georgetown, Kentucky, and Rochester, N.Y. Also in September, FHL will sponsor a visit by Nat and Yanna Brandt, authors of In the Shadow of the Civil War (2007), a book about the rescue of Jane Johnson from slavery in Philadelphia in 1855. This is the same incident that was the basis for Lorene Cary's The Price of a Child. Lucretia Mott, a Swarthmore College founder and key figure in the abolitionist movement, was one of the people involved in the rescue.
Established in 1871, the Friends Historical Library is located on the campus of Swarthmore College and is open to the public. Its mission is to document the history of the Society of Friends (Quakers) and its concerns from the 17th century to the present.
Located near Philadelphia, Swarthmore is a highly selective liberal arts college whose mission combines academic rigor with social responsibility. Swarthmore, with an enrollment of 1,450, is consistently cited among the top liberal arts colleges in the country.
Excerpt from the letters:
"In addition to burdens and trials, I have an insurrection brewing in my kitchen that is likely to compel me to wield my own dishtowel and fry pan in the near future. I am much of the opinion that professional reformers should be old maids or widows without encumbrances." - Carrie Chapman Catt, Jan. 5, 1896
Leading up to the Spanish-American War in 1898, Susan B. Anthony complained that the Civil War had resulted in the emancipation of the slave, that the coming war was to supposed to liberate the Spanish colonies, and asked, "When will there be a women's hour? We must be patient again."
Name of source: Automotive News
SOURCE: Automotive News (4-6-07)
The Japanese automaker's challenge is hiring a diverse work force in an almost completely white rural area.
Honda wants to attract minority workers to a community known as one of about 10,000 "sundown towns" in the United States. Such towns once warned blacks not to "let the sun go down" on them -- meaning blacks could work but not live there.
The plant, called Honda Manufacturing of Indiana, plans to begin hiring 2,000 workers this fall. The automaker has contacted minority leaders and groups to help it find minority employees within 65 miles of Greensburg. The hiring area includes Marion County, or Indianapolis.
"It's a fine first step, but it doesn't even get them to first base," says James Loewen, the Washington, D.C., author of Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism.
Greensburg is known for the big tree growing out of the top of the Decatur County Courthouse tower, not for its racial diversity. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Greensburg had only eight black residents in 2000, or 0.08 percent. Of the city's 10,260 residents, 97.6 percent were white. Asians made up the city's largest minority group, at 1.4 percent. Greensburg's population today is about 10,500....
Name of source: Las Vegas Sun
SOURCE: Las Vegas Sun (8-7-07)
Now, at last, the painting itself has been discovered - concealed under another painting in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, the Van Gogh Museum said Friday.
The work, "Wild Vegetation," painted in June 1889, was discovered in an x-ray of "The Ravine," which Van Gogh painted on the same canvas four months later, the museum said.
"One of our specialists looked at the x-ray and recognized it as resembling a drawing from the museum," said Natalie Bos, a spokeswoman for the Van Gogh Museum.
The museum called the discovery important for researchers and said it would display the drawing, done in brown reed pen, in Amsterdam starting next week as part of an exhibition of Van Gogh's drawings running until Oct. 7.
Name of source: Cambridge Evening News
SOURCE: Cambridge Evening News (8-7-07)
The Entring Book diary of Roger Morrice, a Cambridge alumnus and former clergyman, was written in his own 17th Century shorthand and shows the topics in the news were remarkably similar to today (Tuesday, 07 August).
It was discovered in a London research library, having been left for 300 years and then examined by a research team led by Cambridge's Dr Mark Goldie.
Dr Goldie said: "The Entring Book has such an enormous scope that it tells us far more than the politics of the time. It covers publishing, plays, business, military and religious matters.
"We hear about foreign affairs, public opinion, London life, gossip and rumour and books and censorship. Morrice could have been arrested for sending newsletters and information around the country at the time."
The book, which is the longest diary of public life in England during the later part of the Stuart age, is now set to appear on bookshop shelves for the first time.
Spanning the years 1677 to 1691 it covers the latter part of Charles II's reign, the rule of James II and the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688 that heralded the start of English parliamentary government.
Name of source: AFP
SOURCE: AFP (8-7-07)
The findings challenge the prevailing"Out of Africa" theory, which holds that anatomically modern man first arose from one point in Africa and fanned out to conquer the globe, and bolsters the notion that Homo sapiens evolved from different populations in different parts of the globe.
The"Out of Africa" scenario has been underpinned since 1987 by genetic studies based mainly on the rate of mutations in mitochondrial DNA, a cell material inherited from the maternal line of ancestry....
The paper was written by researchers at Spain's national center for research into human evolution in Burgos and appears in the journal of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Name of source: Live Science
SOURCE: Live Science (8-7-07)
Europe's advanced tanning expertise drove the large, iconic mammal to near extinction in the United States, according to a a review of international trade records, diaries and other historical documents conducted by University of Calgary environmental economist M. Scott Taylor.
"The story of the buffalo slaughter is surprisingly not, at bottom, an American one," Taylor said.
Taylor says the guilty party sat on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean. The swift bison extermination was a result of an expertise in tanning heavy hides into leather developed in Europe, he wrote in a working paper for the National Bureau of Economic Research earlier this year. The innovation, not practiced in the United States at the time, sustained European's high demand for bison hides.
"These market forces overwhelmed the ability of a young and still expanding nation, just out of a bloody civil war, to carefully steward its natural resources," Taylor said.
About 6 million bison hides were exported from 1871 to 1883, Taylor wrote. This represents almost 9 million dead bison.
Name of source: Fox News
SOURCE: Fox News (8-7-07)
New light has been shed on the Nazi leader’s musical tastes by the discovery of what are said to be a hundred of his gramophone records found in the attic of a former Soviet intelligence officer, Lev Besymenski.
“There were classical recordings, performed by the best orchestras of Europe and Germany with the best soloists of the age,” Mr Besymenski said in a document explaining how the records came into his possession.
The 86-year-old, who helped to interrogate captured Nazi generals, died this summer. The document and the record collection have now been made available to Der Spiegel magazine.
The Soviet intelligence officer had found them in Hitler’s Chancellery in Berlin in May 1945, still packed in crates. Hitler’s staff were counting on an evacuation to the Nazi leader’s Alpine hideaway on the Obersalzberg and it was known that he could only relax with his music.
Name of source: Secrecy News, written by Steven Aftergood, is published by the Federation of American Scientists
The budget disclosure provision appeared in legislation enacting the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission, which was passed by Congress last month and signed by President Bush on August 3.
If implemented, it would mark the first time that Congress successfully asserted its authority to compel disclosure of currently classified information over the objections of the executive branch. Since 1998, the intelligence bureaucracy has consistently refused to divulge the intelligence budget total. The White House stated on February 28 that budget disclosure" could cause damage to the national security interests of the United States."
The opposing view, adopted by the 9/11 Commission and endorsed by Congress last month, is that budget disclosure is an indispensable precondition to broader accountability and that it is essential to restoring the credibility of a defective classification system.
But despite the fact that the requirement to disclose the intelligence budget has finally passed into law, it may not happen after all.