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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: New York Sun
SOURCE: New York Sun (7-11-07)
Two judges considering a lawsuit seeking access to so-called Presidential Daily Briefs provided to President Johnson during the Vietnam War era cast doubt yesterday on the spy agency's assertion that the way it updates the nation's chief executive is itself an intelligence method entitled to blanket secrecy under the law.
"It just doesn't compute to me," Judge Pamela Ann Rymer of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals said as a three-judge panel heard oral arguments on the case....
The suit was brought by a political science professor at the University of California at Davis, Larry Berman, as part of research he was doing on how political leaders in America responded to developments in the Vietnam War. At issue are just two PDBs he requested under the Freedom of Information Act, one from August 1965 and another from April 1968.
As part of his research, the professor discovered that the Johnson Presidential Library in Austin, Texas, released several briefs in part. The CIA now says that was a mistake, but Mr. Berman said in an interview that the release confirms that PDBs are more pedestrian than Langley acknowledges. "Even the reviewing archivists didn't recognize them as PDBs," the professor said in an interview. Last year, a federal district judge in Sacramento ruled against Mr. Berman. Judge David Levi upheld the CIA's right to withhold the entire series of presidential briefs without a document-by-document review. He based his ruling on a variety of grounds, including the claim that briefing techniques are protected intelligence methods.
Secrecy News: Links
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (7-11-07)
“It makes us question whether we are indeed praying together for Christian unity,” the World Alliance of Reformed Churches, which represents Protestants in more than 100 countries, said in a statement. The Vatican document repeated many of the contentious claims of a document issued in 2000 by the Vatican office on orthodoxy, which Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger headed for more than two decades before being elected pope in 2005.
The document released Tuesday focused largely on the Vatican definition of what constitutes a church, which it defined as being traceable through its bishops to Christ’s original apostles. Thus, it said, the world’s Orthodox Christians make up a church because of shared history, if “separated” from the “proper” Catholic tradition, while Protestants split from Catholicism during the Reformation are considered only “Christian communities.”
SOURCE: NYT (7-10-07)
Two polls taken in May and June reveal an erosion of Mr. Cheney’s base of support — seen in both his job approval rating and his favorability. Just 28 percent of those polled in June approve of the job Mr. Cheney is doing, while 59 percent disapprove, a reading similar to that of President Bush. The highest rating for Mr. Cheney was 56 percent in August 2002. Mr. Cheney’s favorability among Americans has also suffered — it fell to 13 percent in May, from a high of 43 percent in October 2000.
SOURCE: NYT (7-10-07)
The revelation comes in “The Blair Years: Extracts from the Alastair Campbell Diaries,” a 757-page collection of diary entries written by Mr. Campbell, who served until 2003 as the former prime minister’s closest adviser, spin doctor, hand-holder and policy enforcer. Mr. Blair left office a few weeks ago, and by publishing now, Mr. Campbell — known for his combativeness and short temper on behalf of his former boss — says he is trying to ensure that his account of Mr. Blair’s early years in office is seen as immediate and authoritative.
The book will be published in the United States on July 31, by Knopf.
To the frightened white residents who later abandoned Newark by the tens of thousands, it was a riot; for the black activists who gained a toehold in City Hall in the years that followed, it was a rebellion. Those seeking neutrality have come to embrace the word disturbance.
“There is not one truth, and your view depends on your race, your age and where you lived,” said Linda Caldwell Epps, president of the New Jersey Historical Society.
It was Aug. 19, 1940, and she was 11, her skinny legs rooted to the heaving deck of the Quanza, a Portuguese cargo ship that 317 passengers had chartered to flee war-torn Europe....
Once in the United States, the Quanza’s refugees scattered wide, though many ended up in New York. But even though they made the life-saving voyage together, few kept in contact.
“We were going on with our lives,” said Nina Miness, 84, another refugee. But then Victoria Redel, a writer whose father, Irving Redel, was aboard the Quanza, wrote a novel, “The Border of Truth,” based on the ship’s crossing and its passengers. During Ms. Redel’s research, she dug into her father’s past, and he found himself remembering things that he had forgotten decades ago. To celebrate the publication of the book this spring, Ms. Redel contacted as many of the ship’s surviving passengers that she could and brought them together.
As governor of Texas, though, Mr. Bush discussed and applied a consistent and narrow standard when deciding whether to issue pardons and commutations. And that standard appears to be at odds with his decision in the Libby case.
Mr. Bush explained his clemency philosophy in Texas in his 1999 memoir, “A Charge to Keep.”
“In every case,” he wrote, “I would ask: Is there any doubt about this individual’s guilt or innocence? And, have the courts had ample opportunity to review all the legal issues in this case?”
In Mr. Libby’s case, Mr. Bush expressed no doubts about his guilt. He said he respected the jury’s verdict, and he did not pardon Mr. Libby, leaving him a convicted felon. And Mr. Bush acted before the courts had completed their review of his appeal.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (7-9-07)
The White House, however, did offer again to make former counsel Harriet Miers and one-time political director Sara Taylor available for private, off-the-record interviews.
In a letter to the heads of the House and Senate Judiciary panels, White House counsel Fred Fielding insisted that Bush was acting in good faith and refused lawmakers' demand that the president explain the basis for invoking the privilege.
"You may be assured that the president's assertion here comports with prior practices in similar contexts, and that it has been appropriately documented," the letter said.
Retorted House Judiciary Committee Chairman John Conyers:
"Contrary what the White House may believe, it is the Congress and the courts that will decide whether an invocation of executive privilege is valid, not the White House unilaterally," the Michigan Democrat said in a statement.
SOURCE: AP (7-10-07)
"I am for a recognition of facts, not for repentance, which is a religious notion and has no place in state-to-state relations," Sarkozy said in an interview with the Algerian newspapers El Watan and El Khabar published Tuesday.
"The younger generations, on both sides of the Mediterranean, ... are not expecting their leaders to torture themselves in battling their guilt for the errors or mistakes of the past, because on this account, there would be a lot to do on both sides," he was quoted as saying.
"That is not to say that we should cover up the past, since any grand nation ... should come to terms with its history, with its light and its dark sides.
"Certainly there were many dark sides, sufferings and injustices during the 132 years that France spent in Algeria, but there wasn't only this," he continued.
SOURCE: AP (7-3-07)
Remote sensing equipment has revealed what appears to be a 100-foot-high room above Emperor Qin Shihuang's tomb near the ancient capital of Xi'an in Shaanxi province, the official Xinhua News Agency reported Sunday.
SOURCE: AP (7-7-07)
"Now I'll go and get rid of those devils," the 18-year-old wrote shortly before his final flight, vowing to "bring back the neck" of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He never returned.
For many, such words are redolent of the militarism that drove Japan to ruin in World War II. But for an increasingly bold cadre of conservatives, Uchida's words symbolize something else: just the kind of guts and commitment that Japanese youth need today.
SOURCE: AP (7-5-07)
In February, a lower court in Aachen ruled the man, who now lives in a nursing home, could be sent to prison to serve out the sentence. The Cologne court's ruling overturns that decision.
SOURCE: AP (7-5-07)
Declining in the polls and struggling with fundraising, the Republican presidential candidate draws an appreciative response from audiences when he recounts his Navy pilot days and the fortitude of some of his fellow POWs during the 6 1/2 years he spent in a North Vietnamese prison.
Vietnam is hardly the centerpiece of McCain's campaign; it's part of his biography and, as such, is an element in a broader narrative he is trying to paint of an experienced leader.
Name of source: BBC
The team arrived at the site just north of Lincoln on Thursday morning to find 31 holes had been dug there overnight.
The four-week dig is a joint venture between Lindum Heritage and Bishop Grosseteste University College Lincoln.
Zoe Tomlinson, from Lindum Heritage, said the damage caused would have a lasting impact.
Owain Lewis discovered the extremely rare fossil, part of a flying reptile called a pterosaur, at Compton Bay near Freshwater on the Isle of Wight.
The find comprises delicate wing bones of the extinct flying reptile.
The project, developed at Warwick University in the West Midlands, brings ancient architectural features to life through a revolutionary sophisticated modelling of light.
This allows archaeologists to study how buildings and artwork would have really looked at the time, right down to the differing lighting provided by the types of candles used.
SOURCE: BBC (7-7-07)
At the height of the Cold War in the 1960s he showed Nikita Khrushchev around. But only after the sites in the forest were sprayed with DDT and purged of snakes, wild animals and insects.
Khrushchev was more interested in establishing a secret submarine base in the lake of Butrint - an idea that Hoxha did not follow up.
SOURCE: BBC (7-5-07)
Archaeologists have said the ribbon of stones, known as the Rotherwas Ribbon, is of similar importance to Stonehenge.
Herefordshire council said a protective shield will be built over the site to preserve it for future generations. A relief road will then be built over it.
SOURCE: BBC (7-5-07)
"The earth of the Somme and Ypres gives up its dead reluctantly, but every year bones are uncovered by farmers or builders going about their work.
Private Lancaster with son Richard, who later fought in World War II
It is a rare event when the remains can be identified, even as British, French or German. Rarer still are the times that a name can be confidently attached to the find.
The burial yesterday in Belgium of Private Richard Lancaster of the Lancashire Fusiliers was one of those unusual occasions."
SOURCE: BBC (7-6-07)
On 6 July 1907, the Irish 'crown jewels' were discovered to have been stolen from Dublin Castle.
The jewels were the insignia of the Illustrious Order of St Patrick, instituted in 1783 as the Irish equivalent of the Order of the Garter.
Normally kept in a bank vault, they had been moved in 1903 to Dublin Castle, the centre of British rule in pre-independence Ireland.
Four days before a visit by King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra they were found to be missing, stolen from the safe - along with jewellery owned by Vicars' mother - by persons unknown.
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (7-11-07)
But Michael Jursa, a visiting professor from Vienna, let out such a cry last Thursday. He had made what has been called the most important find in Biblical archaeology for 100 years, a discovery that supports the view that the historical books of the Old Testament are based on fact.
Searching for Babylonian financial accounts among the tablets, Prof Jursa suddenly came across a name he half remembered - Nabu-sharrussu-ukin, described there in a hand 2,500 years old, as "the chief eunuch" of Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon.
Prof Jursa, an Assyriologist, checked the Old Testament and there in chapter 39 of the Book of Jeremiah, he found, spelled differently, the same name - Nebo-Sarsekim.
Nebo-Sarsekim, according to Jeremiah, was Nebuchadnezzar II's "chief officer" and was with him at the siege of Jerusalem in 587 BC, when the Babylonians overran the city.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (7-9-07)
Until now the majority of the manuscripts have been seen only by scholars but the National Museum of Leonardo in his hometown of Vinci has promised to scan about 12,000 pages and create an archive.
The European Union is funding the website www.leonardodigitale.com, and 3,000 pages have been scanned so far.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (7-9-07)
The state broadcaster CTV chose not to screen the event, leaving the thousands of tourists who visited the wall yesterday unaware of the monument's new status.
The refusal to celebrate reflects the Chinese public's apathy towards the competition to determine the new seven wonders.
Although almost 100 million people around the world voted by phone, text and online, many Chinese people were put off by the 1 yuan (7p) charge to vote by text. Others doubted the validity of the contest and the Chinese heritage department also refused to endorse the competition.
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (6-27-07)
The vast numbers of pupils who choose to study the Nazi period in history is fuelling anti-German feeling, the Church of England said.
This undercurrent is reinforced by the large number of war films shown on television and the "drip feed" of anti-German comments in the media, a report said.
Name of source: Lee White at the website of the National Coalition for History (NCH)
SOURCE: Lee White at the website of the National Coalition for History (NCH) (7-10-07)
As approved, the bill also includes $10 million for the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC), for grants to states, local governments, universities, local historical societies, and others to help preserve and archive materials of historic significance. This is the same amount as in the House bill approved last month. This is a major victory for historians and archivists, since the Administration had targeted NHPRC for elimination in the President’s FY ‘08 budget request.
Name of source: WaPo
SOURCE: WaPo (7-10-07)
Washington-Lee High School is in Arlington County. Jefferson, Madison, Lee, Marshall and J.E.B. Stuart high schools are in Fairfax County. Fredericksburg's only high school is named after James Monroe, and Prince William County has Stonewall Jackson High.
But over the past decade, even though 12 Northern Virginia high schools have opened to handle one of the fastest-growing populations in the country, not one of them has been named after a person, much less a president or a general. Instead, the various school-naming committees have embraced scenic, geographic or patriotic titles: Battlefield, Colonial Forge, Dominion, Forest Park, Heritage, Mountain View, Riverbend, South County, Stone Bridge, Westfield and two schools named Freedom.
Part of the problem, according to a recent study and some Northern Virginia school officials, is that presidents, particularly the more recent ones, and other well-known people tend to be controversial, whereas few Americans have bad things to say about rivers, lakes, forests or freedom.
Maryland is still naming high schools after people, but it appears to be out of sync with Virginia and much of the rest of the country.
Name of source: Times (UK)
SOURCE: Times (UK) (7-8-07)
For teenage girls to be embarrassed by older members of their family is nothing new. For 15-year-old Katrin, however, it was an experience in another league when her surname suddenly struck one of her classmates during a history lesson.
“Are you related to the Himmler?” she asked.
When Katrin managed to stammer out “Yes”, the rest of the class, until then bored rigid by the new curriculum’s endless detailing of Nazi atrocities, turned round as one and stared at her.
SOURCE: Times (UK) (7-5-07)
The state of Minnesota has taken the most draconian action, requiring all US flags sold in the state to be of American manufacture. Violations of the law, which comes into force at the end of the year, will be punished by a $1,000 (£495) fine or 90 days in jail.
From this month, schools and colleges in Arizona are being forced to equip every classroom with a US-made Stars and Stripes – sometimes known as “Old Glory”.
Tennessee state law already stipulates that any US flag bought with public money cannot be imported from another country, while similar Bills are being considered by legislators in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
Name of source: Atlanta Journal-Constitution
SOURCE: Atlanta Journal-Constitution (7-9-07)
In the South, slavery has been most closely associated with antebellum plantation life. But here, on a hillside just a stone's throw from the massive blast furnaces of the Tannehill Ironworks, the remains of a cluster of simple cabins attest that slaves were also pressed into service in the South's first industrial labor force.
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed (Click on SOURCE for embedded links.)
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (Click on SOURCE for embedded links.) (7-10-07)
Turnitin and SafeAssignment are the two dominant technologies for comparing students’ submissions to databases of millions of student papers, articles and Web sites. But the educational software company Blackboard is today creating a new service, sort of — releasing SafeAssign, a repackaged version of MyDropBox’s SafeAssignment that will come pre-installed in future versions of the Blackboard Learning System, the leading course management software in the market.
Name of source: Newark Star-Ledger
SOURCE: Newark Star-Ledger (7-8-07)
In previous summers, what journalists started calling "riots" had been increasing in frequency and severity. In 1964, they touched 11 cities, from New York (in Harlem and in Brooklyn) to Cleveland. In 1965, the riots in the Watts section of Los Angeles resulted in the death of 34 people. In 1966, there were 43 civil disturbances of varying intensity across the nation.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (7-9-07)
Hundreds of onlookers cheered Monday as the NAACP put to rest a long-standing expression of racism by holding a public burial for the N-word during its annual convention.
The ceremony included a march by delegates from across the country from downtown Detroit's Cobo Center to Hart Plaza. Along the way, two Percheron horses pulled a pine box adorned with a bouquet of fake black roses and a black ribbon printed with a derivation of the word.
The coffin is to be placed at Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery and will have a headstone.
"Today we're not just burying the N-word, we're taking it out of our spirit," said Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick. "We gather burying all the things that go with the N-word. We have to bury the 'pimps' and the 'hos' that go with it."
He continued: "Die N-word, and we don't want to see you 'round here no more."
SOURCE: CNN (7-6-07)
The final tally produced this list of the world's top human-built wonders:
• The Great Wall of China
• Petra in Jordan
• Brazil's statue of Christ the Redeemer
• Peru's Machu Picchu
• Mexico's Chichen Itza pyramid
• The Colosseum in Rome
• India's Taj Mahal
Before the vote ended Friday, organizers said more than 90 million votes had been cast for 21 sites.
Name of source: Sydney Morning Herald
SOURCE: Sydney Morning Herald (7-7-07)
Political medical murderers reverse the process of patients seeking help from a doctor, instead misusing their skills on vulnerable groups in the name of nationalism or ideology.
Systematic participation of doctors in state terrorism began with the Armenian genocide in Turkey in 1915. Medical personnel were directly involved in the killings, often participating in torture. Behaeddin Shakir and Mehmet Nazim established extermination squads staffed by criminals.
Nazim, in one of the most misguided appointments in the history of medicine, was professor of legal (ethical) medicine at Istanbul Medical School.
SOURCE: Sydney Morning Herald (7-6-07)
Like the revolutionaries who "dropped their pitchforks and picked up their muskets to fight for liberty", Mr Bush said American soldiers were fighting "a new and unprecedented war" to protect US freedom.
In a reprise of speeches he delivered in the congressional campaign last year, Mr Bush said the threat that emerged on September 11, 2001, remained, and "a major enemy in Iraq is the same enemy that dared attack the US on that fateful day".
Name of source: WSJ
SOURCE: WSJ (7-6-07)
Backed by support from the president himself, the book, which rails against U.S. hegemony, is raising fears among some historians that the Kremlin is -- quite literally -- trying to rewrite history in a way that risks breeding ultranationalism and whitewashing the darkest chapters of Russia's past.
Mr. Putin gave the manual a presidential boost last month, inviting its author along with a number of historians and teachers to his residence to talk history. Though he said students should be allowed to draw their own conclusions, he made clear that events should be portrayed in a way that fuels national pride.
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (7-5-07)
Roman Catholic priest Christian Von Wernich tended to the notorious Buenos Aires provincial police force at a time when leftist dissidents of the 1976-1983 military dictatorship were routinely abducted, maimed and killed.
Rights activists accuse him of visiting clandestine detention centres and pressuring torture victims to talk.
Name of source: Interfax
SOURCE: Interfax (7-8-07)
"Since 1994, 60,000 pages of documents dealing with Nazi crimes during World War II, kept at the FSB's Central Archives, have been handed over to the United States," Vasily Khristoforov, the head of the FSB's Register and Archives Department, said in an interview with Interfax.
Cooperation between American and Russian law enforcement and judiciary agencies led to a court ruling to deprive a Nazi accomplice in the extermination of the Warsaw Ghetto of American citizenship, he said.
Copies of trophy documents dealing with the Travniki training center have been sent to the American judiciary to be used in a trial of former Soviet and now U.S. citizens Stadnik and Dmitrenko as part of the work to investigate crimes against humanity, Khristoforov said.
Name of source: Email circulating on the Internet from the International Council of Museums
ICOM, UNESCO and INTERPOL are all the more concerned about this plague since illicit trafficking in cultural property has increased at an alarming rate over the past several years through the Internet, where it is difficult for the national authorities to effectively monitor all of the objects offered for sale.
Aware of the gravity of the situation, the three organizations co-signed a letter covering Basic Actions concerning Cultural Objects being offered for Sale over the Internet which they pledged to disseminate to all UNESCO and INTERPOL States parties, as well as to ICOM's national committees, regional and affiliated organizations. To this end, the letter has been translated into UNESCO's six official languages which are English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese.
This letter, which you will find herewith, sets out a checklist of the Basic Actions to counter the Increasing Illicit Sale of Cultural Objects through the Internet. For this common initiative to prove effective, it is imperative to communicate the letter to the concerned authorities in each country.
Your participation is essential to enable us to carry out this awareness-raising campaign. We are closely committed to fighting the illicit traffic of cultural property, and we are very grateful for your support.
Name of source: Australian
SOURCE: Australian (7-9-07)
Mr Powell has become increasingly outspoken about the level of violence in Iraq, which he believes is in a state of civil war.
"The civil war will ultimately be resolved by a test of arms. It's not going to be pretty to watch, but I don't know any way to avoid it. It is happening now," he said.
SOURCE: Australian (7-7-07)
Award-winning historical author Susanna de Vries has revealed that her books on early colonial life, based on the memoirs of pioneer women, were allegedly toned down so as not to upset Aboriginal sensibilities.
De Vries said the memoirs of one woman, Louisa Meredith, were allegedly censored by Queensland publishing house Michael White Publishers to remove references to infanticide, tribal warfare, and the rape and removal of women.
The memoirs of the first Aboriginal Justice of the Peace, Ella Simon, were similarly sanitised by Sydney publishers Millennium Books in the late 1990s so that a baby ''stuffed head-first down a rabbit hole and left to die after it fell ill on walkabout'' was allegedly edited to read ''left under a tree to die''.
Name of source: Breitbart
SOURCE: Breitbart (7-8-07)
"This campaign responds to other criteria and objectives than that of UNESCO in the field of heritage," said Sue Williams, the spokeswoman for UNESCO, the UN cultural body that designates world heritage sites.
"We have a much broader vision," she told AFP.
Voters chose the Great Wall of China; India's Taj Mahal; the centuries-old pink ruins of Petra in Jordan; the Colosseum in Rome; the statue of Christ overlooking Rio de Janeiro; the Incan ruins of Machu Picchu in Peru; and the ancient Mayan city of Chichen Itza in Mexico.
British actor Ben Kingsley and US actress Hillary Swank hosted a ceremony at Lisbon's Stadium of Light, broadcast in more than 170 countries to an estimated 1.6 billion viewers.
Name of source: http://www.ireland.com
SOURCE: http://www.ireland.com (7-6-07)
Mr Gormley said today that Tara and "similar controversies" of recent years raised the "valid question" as to whether the current measures we have to protect our archaeological and natural landscape are adequate. However, he again insisted he had no power to review the decision of his predecessor Dick Roche on the route of the motorway.
"I recognise fully that we live in a dynamic and changing landscape and housing, commercial and infrastructure development is an important part of that dynamic. Yet we have a rich and amazing natural and archaeological heritage which we are duty-bound to protect," the Minister said.
Name of source: PakTribune
SOURCE: PakTribune (7-7-07)
Figures show ministers have met about half the cost of the conflicts by selling armed forces assets, including accommodation, airstrips, sports fields, military hospitals and firing ranges.
The true cost of the invasion of Iraq to topple Saddam Hussein and driving the Taliban out of Afghanistan has never officially been released, but the respected Iraq Analysis Group has estimated that the MoD has spent in the region of £5 billion to fund the wars.
Name of source: LAT
SOURCE: LAT (7-8-07)
Venturing into that room, visitors learned that Watergate, which provoked a constitutional crisis and became an enduring byword for abuses of executive power, was really a "coup" engineered by Nixon enemies. The exhibit accused Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein — without evidence — of "offering bribes" to further their famous coverage.
Most conspicuous was a heavily edited, innocent-seeming version of the "smoking gun" tape of June 23, 1972, the resignation-clinching piece of evidence in which Nixon and his top aide are heard conspiring to thwart the FBI probe of Watergate....
In late March, however, workers roped off the Watergate gallery and methodically began to destroy it. Armed with hammers, a crowbar, a screw gun and a Sawzall, they yanked big display cabinets out of the floor, sliced through tough fiberboard panels, detached more than 100 fluorescent lighting tubes and removed the long strips of plexiglass that had sandwiched text transparencies....
"I can't run a shrine," says the man who ordered the demolition, Timothy Naftali, 45. Named last year as the library's first federal director, the Harvard-trained historian is guiding the library's shift from a privately run facility — the only modern presidential library not part of the federal system — to an institution that bears the National Archives' imprimatur....
Name of source: http://cnews.canoe.ca
SOURCE: http://cnews.canoe.ca (7-3-07)
The submarine, identified as SC305, was sunk in 1942 by the Finnish navy during a Second World War battle. Research team spokesman Bjorn Rosenlof says the eight-member team, using sonar equipment, found the vessel at a depth of 136 metres between the Swedish east coast town of Grisslehamn and the Finnish Aland Islands.
Rosenloft said the sub is "in very good condition, aside from a hole in the hull where it was hit."
He said the team actually found the ship late last year, but was not able to identify it until recently.
Name of source: The Age
SOURCE: The Age (7-4-07)
But Richard Wagner, far from being the Third Reich's "house composer", actually became much less popular during Adolf Hitler's rule, according to new research.
Germans were much more keen on Carmen, Bizet's tale of a soldier's scandalous obsession with a Gypsy, and on Madama Butterfly, Puccini's opera about an officer's doomed liaison with a Japanese courtesan — neither particularly appropriate tales by the standards of Nazi ideology.
According to Jonathan Carr, author of the book The Wagner Clan, Hitler was obsessed by "the Master", but the party faithful were not and attended performances at Hitler's insistence.
Name of source: Bloomberg
SOURCE: Bloomberg (7-6-07)
The portrait of the Florentine ruler Lorenzo de' Medici set a record for the Italian painter at the Christie's International sale in London. Spanierman bought the work for $325 at a 1968 New York auction when scholars didn't believe it was by Raphael. Dealers said he tried and failed to sell it himself before consigning it to Christie's.
A contest between two telephone bidders took the price above the presale high estimate of 15 million pounds, showing how Christie's and rival Sotheby's are winning business from galleries for top works as new millionaires pitch bids from around the world.
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (7-6-07)
"The army had given us two grenades each. They told us to hurl the first one at the enemy and to use the second one to kill ourselves," Mr Zukeran told the Guardian from his home in Okinawa, a subtropical island 1,000 miles south-west of Tokyo. Whole families and communities committed suicide together.
Yet if the government in Tokyo gets its way, Japanese children may never learn how hundreds of Okinawa residents, under direct or indirect pressure from the military, took their own lives.
This year the education ministry ordered publishers of seven high-school textbooks to be introduced next April to remove references to the forced suicides. The ministry said "it was not clear there were military orders [to commit suicide]" and that "recent studies suggest there were no such orders".
Name of source: National Security Archive
SOURCE: National Security Archive (7-1-07)
officials are investigated for ties to illegal paramilitary terrorists, a
1979 report from the U.S. Embassy in Bogotá raises new questions about the
paramilitary past of the current army commander, Gen. Mario Montoya Uribe.
The declassified cable, the focus of a new article being published today on the Web site of Colombia's Semana magazine, answers long-simmering questions about a shadowy Colombian terror ogranization responsible for a number of violent acts in the late-1970s and early-80s. Long suspected of ties to the Colombian military, the cable confirms that the American Anticommunist Alliance (Triple-A) was secretly created and staffed by members of Colombian military intelligence in a plan authorized by then-army commander Gen. Jorge Robledo Pulido.
Gen. Montoya was first tied to Triple-A by five former military intelligence operatives who detailed the group's operations in the Mexican newspaper El Día. The new evidence tying the Army's 'Charry Solano' intelligence battalion to the terror group is likely to refocus attention on Montoya's role in that unit. The new information follows the publication in March of a secret CIA report linking Montoya to a paramilitary terror operation in 2002-03 while commander of an army brigade in Medellín.
Along with previous Archive postings, the article, also published in English on the Archive's Web site, is part of an effort by the Colombia documentation project to uncover declassified sources on Colombia's armed conflict, particularly the illegal paramilitary terror groups now engaged in a controversial demobilization and reparations process with the government.