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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: San Francisco Chronicle
SOURCE: San Francisco Chronicle (3-7-07)
Ian Michael Sanchez, 22, a senior who worked at the hands-on science museum, was taken into custody today and booked on suspicion of felony grand theft for allegedly stealing the 23-karat gold medal worth $4,200, UC Berkeley police said.
The prize, awarded to the late physicist Ernest O. Lawrence for his invention of the cyclotron, had been in a publicly accessible, locked display case at the namesake Lawrence Hall of Science, located in the hills above the campus.
The Nobel was also the first ever given to a professor at a public university, according to UC Berkeley...
Lawrence was the first UC Berkeley faculty member to win a Nobel Prize, awarded to him in 1939 for physics. He later became a major figure in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, and the science museum -- dedicated to educating schoolchildren -- all bear his name.
SOURCE: San Francisco Chronicle (3-4-07)
Nearly 23 years ago, her son Fernando -- a 26-year-old union leader at a local bottling plant -- disappeared after being stopped at a police checkpoint."We canvassed the hospitals, morgues, the police stations, and never got answers," said Garcia."We were supposed to accept that he vanished into thin air."
Ten years have passed since Guatemala's peace accords ended a 36-year civil war between leftist guerrilla groups and right-wing, military-led governments that left more than 200,000 people dead or missing. Most victims were Maya Indians living in the countryside, massacred by government-backed death squads. In urban areas, thousands of academics, leftists and labor activists like Fernando Garcia vanished.
Some results of the accords are visible today: The military is less powerful, the press is freer, and last month, survivors of an infamous 1982 army-led massacre in Plan de Sanchez, a remote Maya village, began receiving government reparations.
But there has been little progress in convicting those responsible for some of the war's most brutal crimes...
In Guatemala, officers’ killings echo Dirty War (NYT)
SOURCE: San Francisco Chronicle (3-4-07)
"I brought you extra, because this will be your last delivery," said Hardy, who has been bringing the bloodless whodunits to the homebound 78-year-old every month for the last several years.
Fitzsimmons' literary lifeline will be cut April 7, when Jackson County in southern Oregon shuts down its entire public library system.
The 15 libraries serving this rural forest community lost $7 million in federal funding this year - nearly 80 percent of the system's budget.
Now, not long after all 15 branches were rebuilt or remodeled rebuilding or remodeling all 15 branches, every one will be shuttered in what's being called as the largest library shutdown in the United States. The crisis in southern Oregon can be traced not only to changing funding priorities on Capitol Hill, but also to crooked railroad deals in the Wild West, a spotted owl and a shrinking timber harvest.
Name of source: Live Science
SOURCE: Live Science (3-7-07)
A new study of the ship's excavated cargo will help marine archaeologists analyze the role of sunken ship and reconstruct the 61-day battle between the British and Napoleon's army at the entry to the Israeli city Akko, known then as Acre, more than 200 years ago.
Over the past 40 years, notable marine archaeologists have examined the wreck, yet no one has come to any agreement as to why the 30-meter-long ship entered the shallow waters of the harbor.
"The origin of the wreck and its place in the maritime history of Akko remain a mystery," said Debbie Cvikel from the Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies and the Department Of Maritime Civilizations at the University of Haifa. "One of the possibilities is that She was scuttled by [Royal Navy officer] Sidney Smith in 1799, in order to block the harbor against Napoleon Bonaparte."
A map drawn by a British soldier in 1799 depicts the British navy in combat with Napoleon's ships. In the illustration, a symbol of a sunken ship marks the exact location of the wreck.
Cvikel and colleagues have found the wreck well-preserved, including lead shots and cannon balls [image]. The angle and precise spot of one cannon ball lodged into the bottom of the hull appears to have been shot on purpose.
Name of source: Reuters
They threatened legal action to overturn the vote on Saturday in which 77 percent of those who cast ballots said they should no longer be Cherokees...
The vote would remove from tribal rolls 2,800 people who were mostly "freedmen," or descendants of slaves owned by the tribe before the U.S. Civil War brought their freedom.
They were adopted into the tribe under a 1866 treaty with the United States, but there has long been controversy among Cherokees about whether they belonged.
Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni promised to watch an Israeli documentary which Egyptian and Israeli media reports have said contained the charges, but said she understood that those killed had died in battle, and called on the two countries to put the past behind them.
Egyptians were outraged by the film, which according to Israeli media reports alleged that an army unit led by Israel's now infrastructure minister Benjamin Ben-Eliezer may have killed 250 prisoners of war in Sinai rather than transferring them to POW camps.
In a meeting with Livni in Brussels, Egyptian Foreign Minister Aboul Gheit called for Israel to conduct an inquiry and to report its findings to Egypt.
SOURCE: Reuters (3-5-07)
But Abe said he stood by a 1993 Japanese government apology that acknowledged that the military played a role in setting up and managing wartime brothels and that coercion was used.
"I have to say that even if the resolution passes, that doesn't mean we will apologise," Abe told a parliamentary panel, reiterating the government stance that the U.S. resolution contains factual errors.
Abe has said since becoming prime minister last September that he stands by the 1993 apology, a statement he repeated on Monday. This has disappointed many of his conservative supporters who shared his past criticism of the statement.
But last week, Abe sparked a fierce reaction from South Korea when he appeared to question the degree to which physical coercion was involved in recruiting the women for the brothels.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (3-7-07)
House of Commons lawmakers voted 337-224 in favor of developing laws to elect all members of Parliament's upper chamber -- potentially one of the most significant constitutional changes in British history.
The move, which requires new legislation, would bring the previously unelected upper house in line with similar institutions, such as the U.S. Senate.
Jack Straw, leader of the Commons, said the vote was a historic step forward and would meet with others to discuss how to proceed.
Lawmakers in both the Commons and Lords will hold future votes on the plan when the laws are proposed, which cannot happen before the next parliamentary session beginning in October.
SOURCE: AP (3-6-07)
Then, in one final sadistic spasm, the Germans set out to empty camps and move their inmates to the German heartland on what the prisoners, and later historians, call the death marches.
"A handover is out of the question. The camp must be evacuated immediately. No prisoner must be allowed to fall into the hands of the enemy alive," says a handwritten note on plain paper, apparently referring to Dachau. It is signed by the Gestapo chief, Heinrich Himmler, and dated April 14, 1945.
After the war a copy of Himmler's extraordinary order was delivered from the Dachau concentration camp archive to the International Tracing Service, or ITS, a unit of the International Committee of the Red Cross that manages a vast repository of wartime and postwar German records in the small resort town of Bad Arolsen.
Now this storehouse of Nazi papers, sealed from public view for 60 years, is the focus of intense diplomacy among the 11 nations governing the Tracing Service as they meet this week in The Hague to discuss how to open them to researchers. The Associated Press has been given access on condition that victims are not fully identified...
SOURCE: AP (3-7-07)
Marei von Saher, heir to the "Goudstikker Collection," said that she wanted to show her gratitude in particular to a professor who headed an independent Dutch commission on Nazi-era claims.
Rudi Ekkart's recommendation led to the return of around 200 paintings worth an estimated $79 million to $110 million.
SOURCE: AP (3-6-07)
"I know a lot of the attention that has been given to this resolution has reflected poorly on us as a Legislature, and for that I apologize," Rep. Steve Harrelson told House members before they unanimously passed his proposal Monday by voice vote. The measure now goes to the Senate.
Harrelson, a Democrat, said he was afraid stories about the resolution gave the public the impression that the Legislature has nothing better to do than focus on punctuation. Harrelson compared the non-binding proposal to other resolutions that the Legislature has passed to honor sports teams or individuals.
The appointment comes as auditors investigate the Smithsonian's business units and compensation for top executives...
The Smithsonian Board of Regents appointed [A. Sprightly] Ryan to the permanent post. She reports directly to the 17-member board and to Congress. The inspector general previously reported to the Smithsonian secretary, the top museum official, but that was changed in July after [Debra S.] Ritt's resignation.
In 31 years as New Hampshire's secretary of state, Gardner has not hesitated to upset the best-laid plans of other states or national political parties by moving up the date -- and he's poised to do it again in 2008.
The Democratic National Committee wants to squeeze Nevada between Iowa's leadoff caucuses on Jan. 14 and the New Hampshire primary on Jan. 22, but state law requires Gardner to hold the primary on a Tuesday a week or more before any "similar election."...
Whatever his decision, it will stem from his sense of history and his passionate conviction that the state's tradition of citizen involvement in government gives candidates with little money or national recognition a chance, while requiring those with early visibility to answer voters' questions at unscripted events.
SOURCE: AP (12-31-69)
A new exhibition at the Louvre Museum in Paris showcases the resilience of Armenian culture. "Armenia Sacra," which runs through May 21, brings together more than 200 of the country's most spectacular religious objects, many of which survived and flourished during centuries of foreign domination.
Geographically, Armenia is at a crossroads, long tucked between the rival Roman and Persian empires, and later dominated by Russia and the Soviet Union.
"They're stuck right in the middle of things," said Ioanna Rapti, one of the exhibit's curators. "They borrowed foreign tastes, motifs and symbols, adapting them to fit their own culture."
Objects in the exhibition — which include dozens of manuscripts, a national specialty — come from museums throughout Armenia and beyond. Relatively small and portable, manuscripts were often taken abroad by Armenians fleeing the recurring invasions.
Sharpton's trip to this rural town also included a visit to a cemetery where slaves are buried in graves marked only by small stones. He urged all blacks to explore their histories despite "the ugly things it might reveal."
The civil rights leader recently learned of his family's link to that of Thurmond, a segregationist who later softened his stance before he died in 2003. When he found out, Sharpton called it "probably the most shocking thing in my life" and wants a DNA test to see if their families were linked by blood.
The book ban angered and worried many Palestinians, who have feared that Hamas would use last year's election victory to remake the Palestinian territories according to its hard-line interpretation of Islam.
The 400-page anthology of 45 folk tales narrated by Palestinian women was first published in English in 1989 by the University of California at Berkeley. It was put together by Sharif Kanaana, a novelist and anthropology professor at the West Bank's Bir Zeit University, and by Ibrahim Muhawi, a teacher of Arabic literature and the theory of translation.
Kanaana said Monday he believes "The Little Bird," a story in a chapter titled "Sexual Awakening and Courtship," was among reasons the book was banned because it mentions private parts. In their notes, the authors say the bird in the story is a symbol of femininity and that sexual subjects are a principal source of humor in Palestinian folklore.
The medal was awarded for the Nobel Prize in physics in 1939 to the late physicist Ernest O. Lawrence for the invention of the cyclotron and was the first ever won by a university faculty member.
The medal had been stored in a locked display case at the Lawrence Hall of Science, a hands-on science museum in the hills above the Berkeley campus.
All that was before the 1929 crash that led to the Great Depression, which probably more than any other event turned Wall Street, originally a lumpy cow path used by Dutch settlers, into a global synonym for capitalism, high finance and deals that change the world for better or worse.
That checkered history, 3½ centuries of it, finally caught up with Wall Street on Monday. Even as stock traders nervously watched the latest market fluctuations, a 36-block area, known as the Wall Street Historic District, was being added to the federal government's National Register of Historic Places.
SOURCE: AP (3-3-07)
SOURCE: AP (3-4-07)
His future will be decided by a panel of U.N. judges in the war crimes trial opening Monday in which he and two others are accused. They are pleading innocent, and many Kosovars believe it is their struggle against Serbian rule that is on trial.
Haradinaj flew to the Netherlands a week ago and was put in a cell in the Hague court's detention unit, where co-defendants Idriz Balaj and Lahi Brahimaj have been held since 2005. Hundreds of supporters saw him off, and Prime Minister Agim Ceku backed him in a radio address.
"He is going to the Hague not only to defend himself, but to defend our war for freedom," Ceku said. "We're convinced that truth and justice are on Ramush's side."
SOURCE: AP (3-4-07)
Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres will sign an accord in the United Arab Emirates on Tuesday paving the way for establishing the affiliate of the celebrated Paris museum, his office said, without providing details.
Name of source: International Herald Tribune
SOURCE: International Herald Tribune (3-6-07)
But the reliability of the original Seven Wonders list, drawn up by the architect Philon of Byzantium in about 200 B.C., was suspect anyway. Did the hanging gardens of Babylon ever exist? The Tower of Babel? The Colossus of Rhodes? No traces remain.
Philon kept within his known world — the Mediterranean basin — so manmade constructions like the Great Wall of China and Angkor Wat in Cambodia never made the grade.
Today our world is so loaded with wonders that, uncomfortable with the gaping lacunas in Philon's legacy, a Swiss-Canadian filmmaker, Bernard Weber, is conducting a popular vote on the Internet to update the list. He says his project is the world's first global ballot on any subject.
Weber has spent the past six years drumming up interest and is now in the home stretch. On July 7 (that's 07/07/07) he will announce results of the vote for the world's favorite "New Seven Wonders" at a ceremony in Lisbon. His stated aim is to celebrate and protect the greatest man-made monuments on the planet.
Not everyone thinks this makes sense, notably the Egyptians, who bristle at what they see as a challenge to the international standing of the pyramids. A few weeks ago the country's culture minister, Faruq Hosni, denounced the competition as "absurd," and Dr. Zahi Hawass, head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, said he stands by the ancient listing. "It's ridiculous. They don't need to be put to a vote," he said.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (3-7-07)
This tale of two Somalias is especially striking now, as thousands of African Union peacekeepers prepare to rescue Mogadishu, the nation’s bloodstained capital, from itself. The internationally backed transitional government that seized Mogadishu in late December with Ethiopia’s help says it cannot survive without foreign aid and foreign peacekeepers to quell clan fighting and an escalating insurgency....
So, what happened?
“It all goes back to the Brits,” according to Hajji Abdi Waraabe, an 89-year-old member of Somaliland’s upper house of Parliament.
When the colonial powers sliced up the Horn of Africa in the 19th century, the British got Somaliland and the Italians got Somalia. While the British relied mostly on clan chiefs to govern, the Italians created an entire Italian-speaking administration and imported thousands of people from Italy to farm bananas, build cathedrals and teach the people how to pour espresso.
One result was that Mogadishu, along the southern coast, became a major commercial hub and one of the most beautiful cities in Africa, but its traditional systems of authority were weakened. That is partly why, many Somalia analysts say, warlords were able to outmuscle clan elders and dominate Mogadishu in the vacuum that formed after the central government fell.
The British, on the other hand, never invested much in Somaliland, leaving it poor and dusty but with its traditions more or less intact. The two territories were granted independence in 1960 and quickly merged to form the Somali Republic, but it was never a happy marriage. By the 1980s, the Somali National Movement, a northern rebel group, was blowing up government posts....
SOURCE: NYT (3-4-07)
“Minimum,” when the tax was conceived, meant that even the wealthiest Americans, with their buffet of deductions, loopholes and shelters, would still pay some income tax.
“Alternative,” added to the name of the tax 21 years ago, suggests a choice, but it’s not much of one for one in four taxpayers this year who must pay using this calculation unless Congress comes up with a different “alternative” when it takes up the matter this week.
What happened between 1969, when the minimum tax was born, and today, when it has few champions — and many people scratching their heads? And how could it be that a tax aimed squarely at rich investors who paid no income tax now hits middle-class families?
The ’69 version of the tax was more or less what it set out to be, right or wrong. And that was a remedy to the disclosure by the Johnson administration that 155 rich families some of whom made millions in 1966 had not paid any taxes — taxes that for other Americans were rising to pay for the Vietnam War. If deductions like the ones for owning oil wells and leasing rail cars had whittled some tax bills down to nothing, these rich earners would be required to pay something.
But in 1986, when President Ronald Reagan and both parties on Capitol Hill agreed to a major change in the tax system, the law was subtly changed to aim at a wholly different set of deductions, the ones that everyone gets, like the personal exemption, state and local taxes, the standard deduction, certain expenses like union dues and even some medical costs for the seriously ill. At the same time it removed and revised some of the exotic investment deductions. A law for untaxed rich investors was refocused on families who own their homes in high tax states....
In a wide-ranging study published in 2000, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated that ultimately recoverable resources of conventional oil totaled about 3.3 trillion barrels, of which a third has already been produced. More recently, Cambridge Energy Research Associates, an energy consultant, estimated that the total base of recoverable oil was 4.8 trillion barrels. That higher estimate — which Cambridge Energy says is likely to grow — reflects how new technology can tap into more resources.
“It’s the fifth time to my count that we’ve gone through a period when it seemed the end of oil was near and people were talking about the exhaustion of resources,” said Daniel Yergin, the chairman of Cambridge Energy and author of a Pulitzer Prize-winning history of oil, who cited similar concerns in the 1880s, after both world wars and in the 1970s. “Back then we were going to fly off the oil mountain. Instead we had a boom and oil went to $10 instead of $100.”
The cause was a combination of heart, respiratory and other ailments, a family spokesman said.
Mr. Eagleton took a leading role on legislative issues like presidential war powers, the bombing of Cambodia and home rule for the District of Columbia. But history will probably remember him primarily as a vice presidential candidate for 18 days.
He was in his first term as a senator from Missouri when the presidential candidate, Senator George McGovern, asked that he join him on the Democratic ticket. Mr. Eagleton was a last-minute selection; Mr. McGovern had been counting on Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts to change his mind and become his running mate once Mr. McGovern received the presidential nomination at the Democratic National Convention in Miami Beach. But Mr. Kennedy declined.
After others were considered, the campaign settled on Mr. Eagleton, at 42 a young, Roman Catholic senator with a liberal voting record and the good opinion of labor. That afternoon, on July 13, 1972, Frank Mankiewicz, a top McGovern aide, asked Mr. Eagleton if there was anything in his background that might embarrass the campaign.
Mr. Eagleton said there was not. He did not tell Mr. Mankiewicz that he had been hospitalized three times for depression and that his treatment twice involved electroshock therapy.
But geneticists who have tested DNA throughout the British Isles are edging toward a different conclusion. Many are struck by the overall genetic similarities, leading some to claim that both Britain and Ireland have been inhabited for thousands of years by a single people that have remained in the majority, with only minor additions from later invaders like Celts, Romans, Angles , Saxons, Vikings and Normans.
The implication that the Irish, English, Scottish and Welsh have a great deal in common with each other, at least from the geneticist’s point of view, seems likely to please no one.
The genetic evidence is still under development, however, and because only very rough dates can be derived from it, it is hard to weave evidence from DNA, archaeology, history and linguistics into a coherent picture of British and Irish origins.
Name of source: Zee News (India)
SOURCE: Zee News (India) (3-7-07)
China hopes the first-ever joint effort between the two countries on history can proceed well, foreign ministry spokesman Qin Gang told reporters.
China and Japan have each appointed a 10-member team to conduct the research.
"I hope the experts from the two countries can do the study on the basis of principles of the three political documents and face history in a correct manner," Qin said.
Name of source: UPI
SOURCE: UPI (3-7-07)
"We'll face the same kind of challenges our illustrious predecessor did, traveling over extremely varied terrain: plains, valleys, high mountain tracks and deserts," Piero Lapiana, the expedition's leader, told the Italian news agency ANSA.
Veterinarians from Perugia University will be in the group to study how the horses perform. They will be prepared at the university to handle the rough conditions they can expect in Asia.
The horses to be used are of the "maremmana" breed, which are believed to be similar to the pack horses Marco Polo used.
Marco Polo's father and brother actually made the rough journey to the court of Kublai Khan in 1266. He joined them on a second trip in 1271.
The expedition is expected to take about 15 months.
Name of source: Radar Online
SOURCE: Radar Online (3-6-07)
The potential scandal, unearthed by Michael Gross during research for his forthcoming book about New York's storied art mecca, is already raising hackles among museum insiders. Spurred on by the wealth of her late husband Levy (the Oppenheimer mutual fund kingpin), influential museum trustee White hopes to deed her collection to the Met free from the rising din that her treasured objects were stolen. But Gross reveals that several of the artifacts may have to be repatriated to Greece and Italy.
Though White declined to talk to Gross, the author did speak to former artifact smuggler Michel van Rijn, who says that the Met is in "frantic" negotiations with the countries in question over whether the items of "questionable provenance" must be returned. Until then, preparations for the gala opening of the new gallery on April 20 are proceeding apace. The Met did not return calls and e-mails for comment.
Name of source: Times (of London)
SOURCE: Times (of London) (3-5-07)
Body counts in conflict zones are assumed to be ballpark – hospitals, record offices and mortuaries rarely operate smoothly in war –- but this was ten times any other estimate. Iraq Body Count, an antiwar web-based charity that monitors news sources, put the civilian death toll for the same period at just under 50,000, broadly similar to that estimated by the United Nations Development Agency.
The implication of the Lancet study, which involved Iraqi doctors knocking on doors and asking residents about recent deaths in the household, was that Iraqis were being killed on an horrific scale. The controversy has deepened rather than evaporated. Several academics have tried to find out how the Lancet study was conducted; none regards their queries as having been addressed satisfactorily. Researchers contacted by The Times talk of unreturned e-mails or phone calls, or of being sent information that raises fresh doubts.
Iraq Body Count says there is “considerable cause for scepticism” and has complained that its figures had been misleadingly cited in the The Lancet as supporting evidence.
SOURCE: Times (of London) (3-6-07)
Iran is suing the Barakat Galleries, seeking to recover carved objects said to have been taken from the ancient city of Jiroft in the Halil River Valley in southeastern Iran.
The grave goods were “almost unheard-of” until 2001, said Hodge Malek, Iran’s QC. He added that many of the ancient graves were plundered or “emptied of their contents” between 2000 and 2001 in what he described as a complex chain of supply.
Name of source: Yonhap News (Seoul, South Korea)
SOURCE: Yonhap News (Seoul, South Korea) (3-7-07)
The Education Ministry officials said they will adopt textbooks that refute such historical assertions as Japan's denial of wartime sex slavery and China's claim over South Korea's ancient kingdoms.
Japan has been slammed for refusing to apologize for its exploitation of about 200,000 "comfort women" in army brothels during World War II after taking them from neighboring nations including South Korea and the Philippines. It has also maintained that Dokdo, a set of islets in South Korea's East Sea, belongs to Tokyo.
China has been increasingly involved in a historical row with South Korea over its five-year project aimed at laying claim to Korea's ancient kingdom of Koguryo and its successor. The Koguryo kingdom controlled the upper part of the Korean Peninsula and most of northeastern China from 37 B.C. to A.D. 668.
Name of source: VNA (Vietnam News Agency)
SOURCE: VNA (Vietnam News Agency) (3-7-07)
Under a project to preserve and promote the value of Hue’s historical relics during the 1996-2010 period, more than VND 266 billion (roughly US $16.62 million) has been spent on restoring the monuments. As a result these monuments are no longer dilapidated and their value can be fully appreciated.
Phung Phu, director of the Centre for Preservation of Historical relics in Hue, said that of more than 100 of over 300 projects in and around Hue have been restored, upgraded and preserved. Many of them, including the Ngo Mon Gate (Noon-time Gate), the Thai Hoa Palace (the Palace of Supreme Peace), the The To Temple, Dien Tho Palace, Hien Lam pavilion, Tomb of Gia Long, Sung An, Minh Lau and Bi Dinh shrines, Tomb of Minh Mang, Ngo Mon Square, Thien Mu Pagoda), An Dinh Palace, and gates of Hue Citadel, have opened for visitors.
Name of source: Cibola County (N.M.) Beacon
SOURCE: Cibola County (N.M.) Beacon (3-5-07)
The trust describes the site, “Overlooking a vast desert and mountain sweep of northern New Mexico and dating back to 1150 A.D., Acoma Sky City is a vibrant community characterized by its adobe houses, plazas, walkways and the San Esteban del Rey Mission Church, completed around 1640. Today approximately 15 families live year-round atop the 70- acre mesa. It is the oldest continuously inhabited community in North America.”
Name of source: Kane County Chronicle (Geneva, Ill.)
SOURCE: Kane County Chronicle (Geneva, Ill.) (3-6-07)
Sure, there were the challenges of surviving climatic change, scrounging for shelter and putting food on -– er, over -– the fire.
However, the modern businessman could learn a lot from the life of an early hunter-gatherer, archeological anthropologist Jonathan Haas said.
“[Back then], once you gathered the food you needed for the day, you were done for the rest of the day,” Haas said. “There was not the sense of ‘Let’s put some money away in an IRA.’ You went and got the resources you needed for that day. If you didn’t get the resources, you went hungry.”
Haas, lead curator of the Field Museum’s new “Ancient Americas” exhibit, believes there is a lesson in that.
“That is what we have done as humans for 98 percent of our existence on the planet,” he said. “‘I have to hunt until I get enough food for the day. Then I’m done.’”...
Rather than tell the story chronologically, Ancient Americas’ galleries revolve around the innovations people used to meet day-to-day challenges. Learn how hunting and gathering evolved to meet a changing environment; how societies cultivated wild plants, like squash, for food and tamed wild animals; and how different forms of leadership led to the formation of hierarchical governments...
More than 20 distinct cultural groups are represented in the new exhibit, including the pueblo-building tribes of the American Southwest; the mound-building Hopewell and Mississippian cultures which flourished in the Midwest; the Taíno of the Caribbean; the South-American Incas and Mesoamerican civilizations like the Zapotec, Maya and Aztec. Tenochtitlan, the Aztec’s capital city in what is now Mexico City, once boasted more than 200,000 people.
Name of source: BBC News
SOURCE: BBC News (3-7-07)
In particular, the Association of Social Anthropologists highlights the way the term has been used to describe tribal and indigenous people.
It also says that "primitive" or "savage" are no longer acceptable terms for such groups of people...
"All anthropologists would agree that the negative use of the terms 'primitive' and 'stone age' to describe [tribal peoples] has serious implications for their welfare," says a statement from the anthropologists' professional association...
Survival, the campaign group that supports tribal people, says...that there are 150 million such tribal people in 60 countries, including Indonesia, Sudan, Peru and Australia.
SOURCE: BBC News (3-6-07)
Ghana was the first sub-Saharan country to break with its colonial power, prompting many others to seek independence in the following years...
Thousands gathered in Independence Square in the capital, Accra, for a re-enactment of the declaration and fireworks were planned to mark the precise anniversary...
On 5 March 1957, Britain formally transferred power to independence leader Kwame Nkrumah.
The Duke of Kent is the British representative at events to remember the occasion, which triggered a chain reaction as other African nations moved towards independence.
SOURCE: BBC News (3-4-07)
They claim that Islamic extremists in Iraq are trying to wipe them out through forced conversions, rape and murder.
The Mandaeans are pacifists, followers of Adam, Noah and John the Baptist. They have lived in what is now Iraq since before Islam and Christianity.
More than 80% have been forced to flee the country and now live as refugees in Syria and Jordan. Even there they do not feel safe - but they say western governments are unwilling to take them in.
There are thought to be fewer than 70,000 of the Sabian Mandaeans spread across the world - only 5,000 are left in Iraq.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (3-6-07)
"The forced use of so-called 'comfort women' was one of the most serious crimes committed by the Japanese imperialists in World War Two," Li Zhaoxing told a news conference on the sidelines of China's annual meeting of parliament.
"I think the Japanese government should recognize historical facts, and should accept the responsibility to earnestly and appropriately deal with this problem," Li said.
In his comments, Li avoided directly criticizing Abe by name and stressed his hopes that Wen's visit will bring the two wartime foes closer together -- a rhetorical contrast to past years when Japan's treatment of its wartime misdeeds dragged relations into frosty confrontation.
SOURCE: CNN (3-4-07)
Sens. Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama spoke on the 42nd anniversary of the 1965 Selma voting rights march, a turning point in the civil rights movement that led to the passage of the Voting Rights Act.
On that day, police, enforcing Gov. George Wallace's ban on demonstrations, attacked more than 500 protesters with tear gas and batons as they marched from Selma to Montgomery.
After their speeches, Obama and Clinton greeted each other at a rally re-enacting part of the march across the Edmund Pettus Bridge.
Name of source: South Africa Press Agency & DPA (German Press Agency)
SOURCE: South Africa Press Agency & DPA (German Press Agency) (3-5-07)
Now, however, the country believes it is on autopilot on a smooth super highway towards democracy.
When Ghana achieved independence from Britain in 1957, there were high hopes for the West African state as it blazed the trail. The country's flag of red, gold and green with a black star in the middle was the pride of Africa.
Being the first country south of the Sahara to be free, its first president Kwame Nkrumah told his countrymen that they had to work hard and show that Africans were capable of managing their own affairs.
Nkrumah, a Pan-Africanist to the marrow, embraced the continent, and Ghana became the Mecca for freedom fighters who sought to achieve independence for their countries.
Historians describe him as an anti-colonial, anti-neo-colonial, and anti-imperialist leader who emerged as one of the most influential Pan-Africanists of the 20th century...
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (3-6-07)
The "Ungdomshuset" or Youth House which once hosted Vladimir Lenin, has been the focus of street riots in recent days following the eviction of squatters from the building which has been sold to a rightwing Christian sect...
The four-storey red brick building has been a popular meeting point for leftwing anarchists, punk rockers, and musicians since the local government allowed young people to use it in 1982. It quickly became a focal point for anti-capitalist activism.
But its importance as a place where political history was made goes back further. Built as a community theatre for the labour movement in 1897, it was here that both Denmark's women's liberation and trade union movements were founded. Lenin paid a visit in 1910 during the Socialist International Congress and it has played host to modern musicians such as Bjork and Nick Cave.
But it has been a point of contention between inhabitants and the local government since 1995 when a fire which damaged the building prompted the city to decide to sell it. A squat was formed whose occupants hung a banner from the windows which read: "For sale, including 500 violent-loving psychos."
SOURCE: Guardian (3-5-07)
John Curtis's maps fill him with foreboding: because they show how many of Iran's nuclear plants are perilously close to ancient cultural sites.
Natanz, home to a uranium enrichment plant, is renowned for its exquisite ceramics; Isfahan, home to a uranium conversion plant, is also a Unesco world heritage site and was regarded in the 16th century as the most beautiful city on earth.
Other nuclear installations lie close to Shiraz, dubbed "the city of roses and nightingales", famous for the tombs of medieval poets; Persepolis, the great palace of King Darius, whose ruins are still magnificent; and the 6th century BC tomb of Cyrus the Great, the Persian ruler who was said to have been buried in a coffin of gold.
Four years ago Dr Curtis was warning that war in Iraq would be a disaster for some of the oldest and most important sites in the world. He has since seen his worst fears confirmed: the site of ancient Babylon became an American military base; thousands of objects are missing from the national museum at Baghdad; and looted artefacts have been illicitly excavated and smuggled out of the country.
Name of source: McClatchy-Tribune Information Services
SOURCE: McClatchy-Tribune Information Services (3-5-07)
But Abe's provocative comments Monday and similar remarks last week may boomerang, and boost the chances for passage of a House resolution calling on Japan to make an official, formal apology for the kidnapping and imprisonment of up to 200,000 women in Asia during the war.
The measure is sponsored by Rep. Mike Honda, a California Democrat and Japanese-American.
One Capitol Hill staffer, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that Abe's comments had given the resolution a boost, and that some members -- including House leaders -- may push to take up the measure before Abe visits Washington, a trip tentatively set for late April.
Name of source: http://www.courierlife.net
SOURCE: http://www.courierlife.net (3-2-07)
Still, based on the impassioned speeches that were made, it was almost guaranteed that the man of the hour – Austin Corbin – was smiling from the hereafter, happy with the knowledge that he is still being remembered after all of these years and considered by some, to be an “acolyte of a tyrant,” the likes of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin.
“When I think of Corbin Place, I think of Swastika Place,” said Michael Geller, the male Democratic District Leader for the 45th Assembly District, who claims that Corbin’s name is a symbol just like the skull and cross bones.
“Austin Corbin and Hitler and Stalin should be remembered, but not by raising him to a place of honor,” said Geller. “We must not make them the guardians of our streets and let them be the first sites the eyes of our friends and families. Why is this founder of the American Society of the Suppression of Jews given the same honor reserved for our friends and fallen leaders like Assemblywoman Lena Cymbrowitz and 9-11 hero Jimmy Quinn?”
Geller was one of about twelve speakers who pawed at the issue of renaming Corbin Place, an idea that was sparked just over a month ago when Daily News columnist Denis Hamill decided to write about the history of the Manhattan Beach block.
In his piece, he noted that very few people living on Corbin Place, home to many Jews, a synagogue, Holocaust Memorial Park and the Babi Yar triangle, which also honors victims of the Holocaust, was named after railroad magnate Austin Corbin – who, by most historical accounts – was a raging anti-Semite.
While doing his research, Hammil dug up a wealth of Corbin quotes from many of his speeches for the American Society for the Suppression of the Jews, which he was president.
Corbin, apparently, wasn’t shy when he declared, “If America is a free country, why can't we be free of the Jews?” and took pride in stopping all Jews and blacks from entering the tony hotels he built in Manhattan beach.
State Senator Carl Kruger wasn’t shy either when he said in a statement read at the hearing that “it was time for Corbin’s name to slink quietly out of town.”
Neither was City Councilman Michael Nelson when he began calling for Corbin Place to be renamed – possibly in honor of late State Senator Donald Halperin, an old high school friend.
“I feel we have a historic opportunity, an opportunity to rid from our area the name of someone who had been so insidious,” said Nelson. “[Corbin’s] words and writings were precursors to Mien Kampf. It was talk like that led to the holocaust.”
But, Nelson’s case was a hard sell to all of the people who felt that changing the name of the street would do nothing but create more heartache.
Armed with speeches and petitions, just over half of the speakers spoke out against the name change, claiming it would do more harm than good. They cited potential problems with mail delivery, changes to maps and some fears that the deeds to their homes wouldn’t mean much if the name of the street their houses stood on was suddenly changed.
“Corbin Place is my home and my life and I would not like it changed,” said Sherry Falcone, a long time resident, who stood with the Brighton Neighborhood Association Founder Pat Singer, who read most of Falcone’s statement from a letter she wrote. “I do not know who the street is named after, but I know who I am and who I stand for.”
“You can’t change history,” added Singer, armed with signatures from over 100 Russian residents of Corbin Place. “You can learn from it and go forward. And the Jewish people of Corbin Place have gone forward.”
During the course of the hearing, there were those who found a middle-of-the-road solution to the problem.
Speaker Gary Medovoy and noted Brooklyn historian Ron Schweiger recommended that the street be renamed, but to another Corbin – Margaret Corbin, who defended New York City against a British onslaught during the revolutionary war.
“She was America’s first woman soldier, and was also the first woman soldier to be injured in battle,” Schweiger noted. ...
Name of source: Arizona Republic
SOURCE: Arizona Republic (3-5-07)
Correspondence is by e-mail; hit delete and it's wiped out. Thousands of photographs are taken; few are printed. Official records are increasingly digital.
With our fingers poised over the delete button, what will be left of our culture for historians?
Scientists say we have to take steps now to preserve our footprint, so that future generations will know how we evolved.
"Are we losing history? Every day," said Rob Spindler, university archivist and head of Archives and Special Collections at Arizona State University Libraries. "The loss of history is a matter of neglect."
The problem is twofold: scarcity and abundance....
Name of source: Findlaw
SOURCE: Findlaw (3-5-07)
To some, the Leflore County grand jury's decision not to return an indictment in the case following an exhaustive three-year federal investigation was a sign that not much has changed in Mississippi in the last 52 years.
But others, including the prosecutor herself, felt it showed the opposite - a maturing of racial justice in this part of the South.
"It would have been very easy for that grand jury to have returned a true bill based solely on emotion and the rage they felt. And I commend them for not doing that," says Joyce Chiles, the black district attorney who directed the case in which the grand jury declined to charge 73-year-old Carolyn Bryant Donham - the object of Till's infamous wolf whistle.
If the grand jurors had acted on the basis of hate, not evidence, Chiles says, that would have been more like the Jim Crow justice of 1955.
Name of source: WaPo
SOURCE: WaPo (3-4-07)
As marriage with children becomes an exception rather than the norm, social scientists say it is also becoming the self-selected province of the college-educated and the affluent. The working class and the poor, meanwhile, increasingly steer away from marriage, while living together and bearing children out of wedlock.
"The culture is shifting, and marriage has almost become a luxury item, one that only the well educated and well paid are interested in," said Isabel V. Sawhill, an expert on marriage and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.