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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: Perspectives, the newsmagazine of the AHA
SOURCE: Perspectives, the newsmagazine of the AHA (9-1-06)
Many of the profession's most distinguished members will be present to deliver papers at the 223 “official” sessions. More than 1,000 scholars, including 88 from 27 foreign countries, are expected to participate in the various sessions at the three and one-half day meeting. In addition, more than four dozen specialized societies will be meeting in conjunction with the AHA. Each society will be holding its own sessions, luncheons, and/or meetings, as well as some joint sessions with the Association.
On the evening of Friday, January 5, Linda K. Kerber of the University of Iowa will deliver the presidential address. President-elect Barbara Weinstein of the University of Maryland, College Park will announce the Association's book awards, Awards for Scholarly Distinction, the Troyer Steele Anderson Prize, the Eugene Asher Distinguished Teaching Award, the Beveridge Family Teaching Prize, the John E. O'Connor Film Award, the Nancy Lyman Roelker Mentorship Award, and the 2006 Honorary Foreign Member.
Name of source: Time
SOURCE: Time (9-19-06)
Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany may not have recognized the historical parallels that he was invoking when he told a meeting of his party members in May essentially the same thing: that the government had been lying to Hungarians about the state of the economy and their own activities for the past two years. "We lied in the morning, we lied in the evening," Gyurcsany said. "We screwed up. Not a little, a lot. No European country has done something as boneheaded as we have... Evidently, we lied throughout the last year and a half, two years."
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (9-19-06)
But Drew’s approach raised eyebrows and, in some circles, hackles, for several reasons. First, professors in the departments found out about the review only after the fact, in a meeting Wednesday with the provost and interim dean of graduate studies; administrators had neither sought advice nor allowed for discussion ahead of time, which several faculty members said was out of character on a campus in which consultation is, as one put it, a “hyper-norm.”
Second, administrators announced that while the review unfolds, Drew would suspend admissions to the two Ph.D. programs. When that news hit the campus in an e-mail message to graduate students in the programs Thursday, it created a sense of deep concern, raising doubts about the future viability of the doctoral programs.
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (9-18-06)
Now the National Endowment for the Humanities has revamped the rules for the other major federal program that supports such work: Scholarly Editions Grants. According to scholars, the NEH has largely stopped using the peer review process for the program, and as a result, the grant process has become inconsistent and unreliable. Projects that had regularly been receiving grants saw their applications denied for no apparent reason.
And now the NEH has issued new guidelines — just as scholars were finishing grant applications — granting preference to those projects that make all of their documents freely available online. While the scholars who work on these projects support digitization (and generally do put their work online), they say that the humanities endowment’s plan could make it impossible for university presses to afford to publish their work.
Name of source: Wa Po
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-19-06)
"It has been reported," said Fox, that "your grandfather Felix, whom you were given your middle name for, was Jewish. Could you please tell us whether your forebears include Jews and, if so, at which point Jewish identity might have ended?"
Allen recoiled as if he had been struck. His supporters in the audience booed and hissed. "To be getting into what religion my mother is, I don't think is relevant," Allen said, furiously. "Why is that relevant -- my religion, Jim's religion or the religious beliefs of anyone out there?"
... "Let's move on," proposed the moderator, George Stephanopoulos of ABC News.
Yes, let's -- but not before we figure out what that was all about. Turns out the Forward, a Jewish newspaper, reported that the senator's mother, Etty, "comes from the august Sephardic Jewish Lumbroso family" and continued: "If both of Etty's parents were born Jewish -- which, given her age and background, is likely -- Senator Allen would be considered Jewish in the eyes of traditional rabbinic law, which traces Judaism through the mother."
If that's true, the Presbyterian Allen joins public figures Madeleine Albright and John Kerry in discovering his Jewish roots. Of the three, the 6-foot-4-inch Allen, a down-home former college quarterback known for opposing laws to keep children out of the back of pickups, seems the least likely candidate for inclusion among the Chosen People. It would be no more surprising to learn that Sen. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) has Southern Baptist ancestry.
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-19-06)
Using new textbooks with lessons hailed by Abe as the foundation of a more confident nation, junior high students at the elite private school are this year being taught something that has been largely taboo in post-World War II Japan -- to take pride in their country. The texts omit or soften references to atrocities committed by Japanese troops during the war, assure students that the war was waged primarily in self-defense and promote the ideal of a proud and independent Japan.
The controversial books, thus far adopted by only a handful of schools, have the support of the government and are set for wider distribution. But they are only part of Abe's vision for the future. He has vowed to push through a sweeping education bill, strengthening the notion of patriotism in public classrooms in a way not seen since the fall of Imperial Japan, and to rewrite Japan's pacifist constitution to allow the country to again have an official and flexible military.
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-17-06)
Plaster saints -- we know what those stand for. On a more whimsical note, the same goes for the garden gnome, the stag, the Dutch girl with the fishing rod.
But the lawn jockey? He's a ghost from the days of plantations and magnolias, fox hunts and manorial estates.
To some, particularly African Americans, the lawn jockey is a pint-size monument to repugnant stereotypes, a holdover from the days of slavery and Jim Crow, an artifact of racial prejudice alongside Aunt Jemima.
But others, including some historians and collectors of African American memorabilia, say the lawn jockey has been misunderstood. They say his origins can be traced to a legend of faithful duty during the American Revolution. They say he guided slaves to freedom on the underground railroad. His appearance has evolved over time, reflecting changes in the stature of blacks in U.S. society.
Name of source: Media Matters
SOURCE: Media Matters (9-19-06)
From a segment featuring Scarborough, Buchanan, and Huffington Post blogger Arianna Huffington on the September 18 edition of MSNBC's Scarborough Country:
SCARBOROUGH: Now, despite the fact, again, that we know that there are Muslim extremists across the world, I will ask again, do you not think that this pope should have done what the last pope did, bite his tongue, try to build a bridge, and try to say that, you know, maybe we can reach out to moderate Muslim regimes?
BUCHANAN: But look, look, he said what he said, Joe. Let me tell you something. How do you think Islam came out of Arabia, captured the Holy Land, all of North Africa, occupied all of Spain and Portugal and drove all the way to --
SCARBOROUGH: Well, I don't want, I don't want to refight the Crusades, Pat --
BUCHANAN: -- in a hundred years, except by the sword, Joe? This is a fighting faith!
HUFFINGTON: Joe, can I ask Pat something?
BUCHANAN: Its history is a fighting faith!
SCARBOROUGH: But hold on a second. I don't want to start a battle about the Crusades right now.
BUCHANAN: It's not the Crusades! How do you think Islam conquers? It is a fighting faith!
SCARBOROUGH: I understand that, but I also understand that Muslims would say that Christians launched the Crusades. There's violence --
BUCHANAN: To take back what we had lost!
SCARBOROUGH: There's violence on both sides.
HUFFINGTON: But you know, this is really a ludicrous conversation, frankly.
BUCHANAN: It is not! It's a historical conversation.
HUFFINGTON: Yes, it is. For now -- to be refighting the Crusades, when so much is at stake at the moment, and to be saying that what we did as Christians in the Crusades was justified because it was in reaction to what had happened is simply to perpetuate the cycle of action and reaction, where there is absolutely no reconciliation possible.
BUCHANAN: All right, I know that --
HUFFINGTON: And basically, the way you are talking makes me believe that you're actually endorsing the statement made by the 14th century emperor [cited by the pope] --
BUCHANAN: No, I'm not, what I'm saying --
SCARBOROUGH: Pat, hold on a second. Let me ask, Pat, are you endorsing the pope's statement?
BUCHANAN: I am not endorsing what the 14th century emperor said because I do believe Islam has created great beauty and a great civilization, quite frankly. But I am saying this. Appeasement and constant apologies are not the way to go! There's no reason why we have to apologize for the Crusades, any more than they have to apologize for --
Name of source: LAT
SOURCE: LAT (9-19-06)
Thousands would gaze skyward when the Macon's immense shadow passed slowly over their towns. Millions were saddened when it crashed off Big Sur on Feb. 12, 1935, killing two of its 83 crewmen. Today all that remains of the Macon and the four warplanes carried in its massive belly are ruins scattered on the seafloor -- a historic site that is being intensively explored for the first time in a five-day expedition that started Sunday.
Embarking from Moss Landing aboard the research vessel Western Flyer, scientists dropped an unmanned submarine to the wreckage more than 1,000 feet underwater, guiding it with cutting-edge computer technology supplied by Stanford University aerospace experts. In a twist that would seem like science fiction to the crew members aboard the Macon that day, the public can view streaming video of the exploration from their home computers.
"We're really excited," said Robert Schwemmer, a shipwreck expert with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "There are more than 400 shipwrecks and ditched aircraft in the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, but this is far and away the most iconic."
Kept aloft by helium, the 785-foot-long Macon was just 97 feet shorter than the Titanic. It was more than three times as long as a 747 jet. It could carry a crew of 100. Its huge hangar at Moffett Field, north of San Jose, is visible not just from U.S. 101 but also from space.
The expedition is a collaboration between the sanctuary, which is run by the NOAA, and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, with help from several other institutions.
It has been a long time coming.
Days after the crash in 1935, Navy crews scoured the waters off Big Sur for clues to the Macon's demise. Her sister ship, the nearly identical Akron, had crashed into the Atlantic two years earlier, killing 73 of the 76 men aboard. Although only two men were lost in the Macon's crash, it still was seen as a national tragedy and demanded answers, especially with plans for even larger airships being discussed in Washington, D.C.
Although the Macon's descent was witnessed by a lighthouse keeper at Point Sur, nobody could find the wreckage, which had been pushed south in churning seas.
It wasn't until 1990 that a clue surfaced in the unlikeliest place: on a plaque at a now-defunct Moss Landing restaurant called Jenny B's. Hanging on the wall was an odd, foot-long chunk of aluminum -- a piece from one of the girders that formed the Macon's frame -- along with a newspaper clipping about the dirigible.
"It had been there for years," said Chris Grech, a researcher with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. "It had a very distinctive shape."
So distinctive, in fact, that it was recognized by a woman who happened into the restaurant after an afternoon of birding in the marshes nearby. She was the daughter of Lt. Commander Herbert Wiley, the Macon's skipper, and as a child had made a number of jaunts aboard the Macon with her dad.
When she let searchers know about the find, they did some detective work and located the fisherman who had pulled up the telltale piece of metal in his nets. Relying on the meticulous records he had kept about his fishing grounds, scientists in a three-person sub discovered what was left of the Macon in 1990.
A crew last year did sonar mapping of the site, preparing for this week's extended dives by the Volkswagen-sized robotic submarine Tiburon.
"The billowing cloth material is gone, but you can see some aspects of the ship pretty clearly," sanctuary spokeswoman Rachel Saunders said. "Much of the frame is intact, but portions are covered with silt and encrusted by organisms."
The trip to the Macon will be the first archeological expedition in the 5,300-square-mile marine sanctuary, where known shipwrecks date to 1834.
One goal is to document the wreckage so the site can be named to the National Register of Historic Places. Another is to raise public awareness of an era in 20th century history now recalled mostly by historians, aviation buffs and people who were around when the Macon and three other huge dirigibles used by the Navy floated overhead.
Even today, Schwemmer said, he runs into old-timers who talk excitedly about childhood moments when "the flying aircraft carrier" blocked the sun as it hovered above.
Planned as crucial links in the nation's defense, the dirigibles were as avidly followed as today's space shuttle. In 1933, a Times reporter rhapsodized about the Macon, writing that it "gave a party to the Southland yesterday, condescending to cast her costly shadow over a region to which she has been assigned by the Navy to act as a sort of guardian angel."
Known technically as a "rigid airship" for its internal structure of girders and catwalks, the Macon was to be an eye in the sky for troops and ships below. While lumbering through the clouds at just 80 mph, the Sparrowhawk biplanes carried within could fly 300 miles, to spy and to attack. To launch, they were lowered from the Macon's belly on a gigantic hook. To return, they'd slow to near-stalling, fly beneath the ship, hook onto a "trapeze" and be hoisted back inside.
After the Akron disaster, one of the three survivors was named to command the new Macon. Herbert Wiley was at the helm as the ship fought stiff winds all the way up the coast from routine maneuvers over the Channel Islands on Feb. 12, 1935.
Wiley had as much experience on huge airships as anyone, recalled his son, retired Navy Capt. Gordon "Scroggy" Wiley in a videotaped reminiscence. When the family lived near the dirigible base in Lakehurst, N.J., the elder Wiley would veer low over his house, drop his hat in the yard and yell to his wife, "Bring the car! I'll be home in half an hour," his son recalled.
In the rugged Big Sur area where the ship went down, a wind shear ripped off a tail fin that had been damaged in an earlier trip. Flying shards of metal caused even more damage. Wiley managed to keep the Macon aloft for 25 minutes, but, after ordering an SOS sent to Navy vessels in the area, he was forced to lay the dirigible into dark, rough waters.
About a week later, Lt. Harold Blaine Miller, a naval aviator who later headed Radio Free Europe, wrote his uncle in Iowa about the ordeal.
"By dropping the remaining ballast, the Skipper was enabled to slow up the rate of fall sufficiently to give us the gentlest of landings -- just like a feather pillow."
Even so, gasoline that spilled from the Macon's engines ignited on the water. Men slid down on ropes into bobbing lifeboats as the dirigible upended and started to sink. Fog blanketed the chilly sea and help was still miles away.
"We could hear the ship breaking up and she would groan most ferociously," Miller wrote.
A panel convened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt concluded that Navy officials had played a large part in the Macon's demise. Insistent that he prove the dirigible's value to the government, they had refused Wiley's request for time to repair the damaged fin.
The government spent no more on aircraft like the Macon. Three of its four rigid airships had been destroyed in fatal accidents. The era of the Navy dirigible was over.
Name of source: AOL News
SOURCE: AOL News (9-16-06)
A wartime nurse has broken more than 60 years of silence to reveal her part in burying dozens, perhaps hundreds, of bodies there as American forces occupied the Japanese capital.
The way experts see it, these were no ordinary casualties of war, but possible victims of Tokyo's shadowy wartime experiments on live prisoners of war - an atrocity that has never been officially recognized by the Japanese government, but is well documented by historians and participants.
The neighborhood on the west side of Tokyo is deeply troubled.
"I feel sorry for remains with such a sad history," said Teppei Kuroda, a college senior who lives there. "I think they should be dug up and mourned properly."
Their first burial was anything but dignified.
Name of source: Cox News Service
SOURCE: Cox News Service (9-18-06)
In August 1526, as Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon's fleet of six ships plied these waters, depths were determined by dangling a lead weight overboard at the end of a line. The method had its limitations. Ayllon's flagship ran aground ˜ and the first European effort to colonize the mainland of North America began to go horribly awry.
American history brims with accounts of Jamestown, Plymouth Rock and Sir Walter Raleigh's Lost Colony of Roanoke. But there isn't much said about Ayllon's effort to establish a colony of 600 people nearly a century earlier.
One reason is that the colony, San Miguel de Gualdape, was an abject failure. The other is that no trace has ever been found of Ayllon's initial landing on the Carolina coast or the short-lived colony he established later in Georgia.
Name of source: Atlanta Journal-Constitution
SOURCE: Atlanta Journal-Constitution (9-17-06)
It was the third day of the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot, the worst outbreak of racial violence in the city's history. Whites had done almost all of the bloodletting so far, and authorities feared blacks were plotting reprisals.
As they headed back for the jail with their prisoners, the posse noticed figures lurking in the shadows. An officer ordered them to put up their hands. Someone pulled a trigger. Guns crackled and flashed for five minutes. A white cop and at least two black residents fell dead.
At the Fulton County Courthouse the next morning, one of the policemen, John Oliver, gave an account of the battle to a gathering that included a reporter for The Atlanta Evening News. After the shooting started, he told them, he spotted a man with a gun coming toward him and fired.
"I found him this morning. I had shot him in the stomach. He was an old negro and had a muzzle-loading musket."
The "old negro" was probably George Wilder, disabled veteran who lived with his wife on nearby Moury Avenue. At 70, he was a former slave who had fought with the Union Army at the end of the Civil War. Thought to be the oldest Atlantan to die in the riot, he lies under a broken tombstone barely a mile from where he was shot to death.
Wilder's grave has become a focal point for a group of Atlantans who plan to commemorate the riot centennial this week. The Coalition to Remember the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot — representing an array of local colleges, governments, and cultural and faith groups — is staging a four-day remembrance that will be part symposium and part town hall meeting.
SOURCE: Atlanta Journal-Constitution (9-17-06)
The press, they knew, had been implicated in the worst racial carnage in Atlanta history: the 1906 race riot.
"All of us at the paper were acutely aware of it," remembers Eugene Patterson, who became editor of The Atlanta Constitution when Ralph McGill rose to publisher. "Mr. McGill and I talked about it. As race relations were heating up again, some of the old-timers around the paper would remind us that this had occurred and that we needed to pay close attention so it didn't occur again."
Patterson was curious about what the Constitution and others had published in 1906, so he dug into the morgue and did some reading. What he found was column after column of overheated stories about black men threatening white women and worse.
Name of source: The Raw Story
SOURCE: The Raw Story (9-18-06)
Conflicting reports have emerged about what was said, one from a source to Roll Call's “Heard on the Hill” column, the other from a spokesperson for Chambliss.
According to Roll Call's source, Chambliss said, “We need better intelligence. If we had better intelligence in the Civil War we’d be quoting Jefferson Davis, not Lincoln.”
A spokesperson for Chambliss said the story wasn't correct and that what the Senator actually said said was, “If Gen. JEB Stuart had had better intelligence, we’d all be meeting in Richmond right now.”
Name of source: NYT
Mr. Boucher knows the world of firefighters. He is a Fire Department dispatcher, the person who sends firefighters to fires, sometimes to their deaths. The work can leave one with a heavy, if misplaced, feeling of accountability, and Mr. Boucher, a bespectacled fellow, sometimes suffers from that feeling.
The department’s memorial wall at its Brooklyn headquarters has just the name, rank and date of each death, so Mr. Boucher hoped to uncover the story of each death and make the plaque more human.
“I’m not really rewriting history; I’m correcting it,” he said.
So began a long and winding odyssey of hunting for answers regarding a department that, historically, was not given to writing much down.
Shirley M. Tilghman, Princeton’s president, said in a telephone interview yesterday that she hoped the effort would help the university contribute greater insights to issues like the nature of racial identity and help train a “new generation of leaders to solve problems that have persisted too long.”
“Of all the challenges that confront America, none is more profound than the struggle to achieve racial equality and understand the impact of race on the life and institutions of the United States,” she said.
Robert Bruce Slater, the managing editor of The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, called the change “a big deal” and predicted that it will broaden the base of knowledge and help Princeton attract more black students and professors.
But his vision of a new Japan has already produced a backlash among Japanese who believe he has destroyed, along with the bad, much that was good of the old Japan.
Yet, while his policies were often unpopular, he has consistently drawn high approval ratings from voters hungry for charismatic, strong leadership. Even as Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain and other politicians have suffered for their endorsement of the war in Iraq, Mr. Koizumi — who to this day has expressed only the staunchest support for the war — has remained unscathed....
Under Mr. Koizumi, nationalist politicians and scholars who would like to whitewash Japan’s militarist past have found fertile soil and moved into the mainstream. Government-sanctioned school textbooks increasingly omit facts from Japan’s wartime history, like the use of slave labor and “comfort women” during the years it occupied Korea and Manchuria, or the massacre of 100,000 to 300,000 Chinese in Nanjing.
Japan’s troubles with its neighbors, especially China, eventually grew so severe that policy makers and scholars in Washington in the past year began expressing worries that Mr. Koizumi’s policy was hurting Japanese — and American — interests in Asia. But Mr. Koizumi’s open appeals to nationalist symbols like Yasukuni won him and his party votes, a lesson that was absorbed by his likely successor, Shinzo Abe, the chief cabinet secretary.
Wouldn’t it have been remarkable (I’m just dreaming here) if the heirs had decided instead to donate one or more of the paintings to a public institution? Or, failing that, to negotiate a private sale to a museum at a price below the auction house estimates of $15 million to $60 million?
To back up: Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, a wealthy Jewish industrialist in Vienna, commissioned Gustav Klimt to paint his wife, Adele, in 1907, and again in 1913. The family also acquired three Klimt landscapes. Adele died at 43, in 1925, of meningitis. Public-spirited, she wanted her art to go to Austria.
But then the Nazis came to power. They seized the Bloch-Bauer collection along with everything else the family owned. Ferdinand fled Vienna. He died in Zurich in 1946. For decades the Austrian government insisted that it had acquired the Klimts legally. The case went to court. In January the heirs won. They were led by Maria Altmann, Ferdinand’s niece, now 90 and living in Los Angeles. Her lawyer was Randall Schoenberg, the grandson of another Hollywood exile, Arnold Schoenberg.
In the southern Iraqi city of Basra, protesters burned an effigy of the pope, and an Iraqi group linked to Al Qaeda posted a warning on a Web site threatening war against “worshipers of the cross.”
The supreme leader in Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, called the pope’s remarks “the latest link” in the “chain of conspiracy to set off a crusade.”
And, as a Vatican official said its ambassadors would seek to better explain the pope’s statement, a Turkish man with a fake gun tried to storm a Protestant church in Turkey’s capital, Ankara. He was arrested after worshipers trapped him in the church entryway.
SOURCE: NYT (9-18-06)
A more puzzling question is why ABC spent $30 million on what, since it lacked commercials, amounted to a five-hour public service announcement.
While the two-night docudrama was shown without a sponsor, ABC did not always intend it to be so. As recently as July, ABC was discussing the possibility of running the program with limited commercials from one or two major sponsors.
SOURCE: NYT (9-18-06)
So it was that when integration came to this old mill town in the 1970’s, its magnificent pool, 100 feet long and 30 feet wide, the summer delight of generations of white children, had to close, people here thought. It was filled in with truckloads of red southern Mississippi dirt, covered over and forgotten for more than 30 years.
But last summer, an edge of something was sticking out when a local real estate developer, his own past entwined with the state’s racial traumas, was poking around in the ground, trying to spark a renaissance among the old buildings here. Spadework revealed fancy blue tile, underwater light fixtures and smooth white walls.
The businessman, a former political candidate named Gilbert Carmichael, decided to spend $25,000 of his company’s money to excavate the pool and rededicate it to all, blacks and whites, in this struggling town of 1,100 just south of the highway hub of Meridian. The pool, which should be open next summer, may charge a minimal fee for upkeep but will be open to the public.
Its right angles are sharp and clear, forming a square cross with an upraised arm on one side and a turned-down arm on the other. Viewed from this remote village, the effect strongly suggests a living swastika, a huge and chilling symbol, out of place and time.
This is the so-called Eki Naryn swastika, a man-made arrangement of trees near the edge of the Himalayas. It is at least 60 years old, according to the region’s forestry service, and roughly 600 feet across.
Legend has it that German prisoners of war, pressed into forestry duty after World War II, duped their Soviet guards and planted rows of seedlings in the shape of the emblem Hitler had chosen as his own.
The first contributions, of $500 each, came from Brian G. Andersson, the city’s commissioner of records, and Patricia Somerstein of Long Beach, N.Y., Annie’s great-niece. They donated their share of a $1,000 reward they received from a professional genealogist.
The genealogist had been seeking clues to support her suspicion that a woman who died in Texas in 1923 and had been embraced by history as the Ellis Island Annie Moore was somebody else entirely. It turns out the Texan Annie Moore was not an immigrant at all.
SOURCE: NYT (9-17-06)
Now, Mr. Bush is one of many of the former governor’s powerful friends helping support the younger Mr. Kean’s bid to unseat Senator Robert Menendez, as patrimony has helped propel a relatively inexperienced state legislator into one of the tightest races in the country. Some Democrats here even complain that Republicans are trying to confuse voters into thinking that the popular former governor and chairman of the 9/11 Commission is running, not his 38-year-old son.
After all, Keans have been on the ballot here almost as long as there have been ballots.
“When my dad ran for Congress — and he had been the Assembly speaker — the headline said, ‘Kean’s son to run for Congress,’ ” said Mr. Kean, now a state senator. “When my grandfather ran for Congress in 1938, there was a headline that said, ‘Kean’s son to run for Congress.’ When my great-grandfather ran for Senate, I think there was a headline that said, ‘Kean’s brother to run for Senate,’ because his older brother had served in the United States Senate.
SOURCE: NYT (9-17-06)
“I am deeply sorry for the reactions in some countries to a few passages of my address,” the pope told pilgrims at the summer papal palace of Castel Gandolfo, “which were considered offensive.’’
“These were in fact quotations from a medieval text, which do not in any way express my personal thought,” the pope, 79, said in Italian, according to the official English translation.
“The true meaning of my address,” he said, “in its totality was and is an invitation to frank and sincere dialogue, with great mutual respect.”
And normally, when it comes time to decommission a Protestant church here, it's a straightforward affair.
But Berlin's Martin Luther Memorial Church seems bound to be an exception on both counts.
From the outside, it's an ordinary church with a bell tower in need of renovation. The inside seems standard at first, until one takes a closer look at the elevated lectern. Carved into the wood is a sermonizing Jesus Christ; in the crowd gathered around him are a Nazi soldier and one of Adolph Hitler's infamous brown-shirted storm troopers.
Planned in the 1920s but completed in 1935, the church is a bizarre blend of the Protestant faith and National Socialist dogma. A carved soldier decorates the baptismal font. Tiles on the wall include Nazi symbols. The spot now occupied by a bust of Martin Luther once was filled by a bust of Hitler. Even the Christ figure on the altar's cross is strong, athletic and defiant, embodying the Nazi concept of the Ubermensch more than the traditional Jesus surrendering himself.
``The Holy Father is very sorry that some passages of his speech may have sounded offensive to the sensibilities of Muslim believers,'' said Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone in a statement.
The worst crisis since Benedict was elected in April 2005 was sparked by a speech in his native Germany on Tuesday that appeared to endorse a Christian view, contested by most Muslims, that early Muslims spread their religion by violence.
The backlash has cast doubt on a planned visit to Turkey by the German-born Pope in November. In an early reaction to the Vatican statement, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood said it was not enough and they wanted ``a personal apology.''
``We feel he has committed a grave error against us and that this mistake will only be removed through a personal apology,'' the Brotherhood's deputy leader Mohammed Habib told Reuters.
Name of source: Financial Times
SOURCE: Financial Times (9-19-06)
Schoolchildren were taught throughout Mr Suharto’s 32-year rule that the then-general led a successful campaign to eliminate the Indonesian Communist party, or PKI, after a failed communist coup on September 30 1965.
That version has been challenged since Mr Suharto’s May 1998 fall, with education officials in 2004 introducing a new curriculum allowing discussion of alternative scenarios even as an official panel of historians set about trying to establish exactly what happened.
Also discussed more readily since Mr Suharto’s ousting has been the killing of between 500,000 and 2m suspected communists by the military and Muslim militias.
But Bambang Sudibyo, Indonesia’s education minister, said on Monday that the government of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, a former Suharto-era general, had now decided to abandon the 2004 curriculum. Mr Sudibyo said he had also asked the country’s attorney-general to investigate the historians and other officials responsible for textbooks derived from the 2004 curriculum that failed to blame the PKI for the coup.
A spokesman for the attorney-general’s office confirmed an investigation was under way into the publication of the history books, saying they had caused “restlessness amongst the people”.
The decision is likely to raise memories of Mr Suharto’s authoritarian rule. It will also prompt questions about the nature of Mr Yudhoyono’s government and the many Suharto loyalists present in his cabinet.
The 2004 curriculum stopped short of attributing blame to any one group for the events of 1965 and historians say it is unlikely Indonesians will ever know for sure what happened.
Taufik Abdullah, the prominent historian leading a government-appointed team formed to compile a definitive version of events, said his group hoped to publish a complete history of the attempted coup later this year.
But he said it had been impossible to determine exactly who was responsible. “For every source we find two or three counter-sources,” he said.
Juwono Sudarsono, the former education minister who advocated the initial revision of the history curriculum after Mr Suharto’s fall, said he was concerned the 2004 curriculum went too far in removing any blame from the PKI.
But Mr Sudarsono, the defence minister in Mr Yudhoyono’s cabinet, also said the launching of a formal investigation “is a bit worrying”.
Mr Suharto and his family have been accused of amassing a fortune of up to $35bn (€27.6bn, £18.6bn) during his rule, prompting Transparency International in 2004 to dub him the most successful kleptocrat of the 20th century.
Mr Yudhoyono’s government dropped efforts to prosecute Mr Suharto for corruption after he was taken ill in May.
Name of source: CBS
SOURCE: CBS (9-18-06)
For 78-year-old Willie Quill Pettway, it's long overdue.
"Yeah, I want it to come back. That's what you call winning," Pettway says. "It didn't last. Treating me wrong don't last."
The "wrong" that Pettway is talking about was shutting down the ferry in 1962, stranding most of the poor voters who didn't own cars back then. to drive the 40 miles around a peninsula that is locked in by the river's muddy waters. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. used the water's divide as a civil rights rallying point.
Name of source: Newsletter of the Institute for Public Accuracy
SOURCE: Newsletter of the Institute for Public Accuracy (9-18-06)
He has just authored a piece in the forthcoming issue of Harper's magazine,"The Next War," in which he writes about his regret over not having leaked such documents in his possession in 1964, before the Johnson administration's escalation of the war. He now believes such a course of action could have averted the war.
Similarly, he writes that officials in the Bush administration, like Richard Clarke, had they leaked documents showing the duplicity of the Bush administration during the run-up to the invasion of Iraq, could well have prevented the war -- though he notes the personal cost could have been tremendous.
Now, Ellsberg urges U.S. government officials to disclose internal controversy concerning an attack on Iran. While several government officials are anonymously voicing their concerns in some media outlets about what the Bush administration is planning on Iran, Ellsberg urges disclosure on a scale that would likely reveal the identity of a source.
Ellsberg said today:"Many officials are asking themselves: 'How much can I put out without being found out?' They should consider going beyond that and think of what they could achieve by massive disclosure that would sacrifice their clearance and career -- but save many lives."
Ellsberg emphasized that"What is needed is not leaking operational war plans, but rather the full internal controversy, the secret estimates of costs and prospects and dangers of war and nuclear 'options' -- the Pentagon Papers of the Middle East."
[He has been joined by Katharine Gun.] Shortly before the U.S./U.K. invasion of Iraq, in early 2003, Gun was a British government employee when she leaked a U.S. intelligence memo indicating that the U.S. had mounted a spying"surge" against delegations on the U.N. Security Council in an effort to win approval for an invasion of Iraq. President Bush continues to claim, as he claimed then, that"We are doing everything we can to avoid war in Iraq." (March 8, 2003).
Gun faced two years imprisonment under the British Official Secrets Act, but charges were dropped. She has written the article"Iran: Time To Leak," which encourages government officials to leak documents to prevent war.
Name of source: The Daily Telegraph (LONDON)
SOURCE: The Daily Telegraph (LONDON) (9-18-06)
The window at Selby Abbey was donated by the English ancestors of George Washington, the first president of the United States. It shows the coat of arms of his forebears, the de Wessyngtons, which depicts three spiked spur wheels above two red bars across a white shield. Washington is known to have used the heraldic device on two of his personal seals and a bookplate.
Officials at the abbey used the link with America to raise funds across the Atlantic as part of a long-running campaign to raise pounds 6 million for restoration work.
Three donors, including a charitable trust and British American Tobacco, agreed to donate pounds 100,000 for specialist cleaning and re-leading of the medieval glass.
Brig Jeremy Gaskell, the director of the appeal, said: "We are really pleased to have got the Washington Window project fully funded by American donors. Visitor numbers have doubled since we started the appeal almost six years ago.''
Wessyngton, which had various spellings until it evolved into Washington, comes from the Anglo Saxon Hwaes, a Saxon chief's name, inga, meaning "family of'', and tun, an estate.
Historians believe the coat of arms was probably included in the window to commemorate John Wessington, a medieval Prior of Durham.
He also decorated the battlements of the tower with a frieze of washing tubs or tuns, a rebus - or visual pun - on his name.
The Stars and Stripes, with 13 stars arranged in a circle and 13 red and white stripes representing the original 13 colonies, became the official flag of the United States on June 14, 1777.
Name of source: The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
SOURCE: The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (9-18-06)
"If the Spanish had this kind of navigation gear in the 16th century, we probably wouldn't be out here looking for this ship now," grins archaeologist Jim Spirek, looking up from the computer screen in the cabin of the C-Hawk.
In August 1526, as Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon's fleet of six ships plied these waters, depths were determined by dangling a lead weight overboard at the end of a line. The method had its limitations. Ayllon's flagship ran aground --- and the first European effort to colonize the mainland of North America began to go horribly awry.
American history brims with accounts of Jamestown, Plymouth Rock and Sir Walter Raleigh's Lost Colony of Roanoke. But there isn't much said about Ayllon's effort to establish a colony of 600 people nearly a century earlier.
One reason is that the colony, San Miguel de Gualdape, was an abject failure. The other is that no trace has ever been found of Ayllon's initial landing on the Carolina coast or the short-lived colony he established later in Georgia.
Christopher Amer, South Carolina's state underwater archaeologist, hopes to change that. Other archaeologists have looked for the ephemeral remains of the failed Georgia colony, which is thought to have been located somewhere in the vicinity of Sapelo Sound, south of Savannah, and found nothing.
Amer is betting that sea floor sediments, which would have quickly buried the wreck, have preserved Ayllon's ill-fated Chorruca and its cargo.
Ayllon's "tubby little vessel," a wide-beamed class of ship that Amer says was known for "sailing like a truck," was the Mayflower of its time.
"This was the earliest known shipwreck in North America," he says. "It carried a complete toolkit for starting a colony in a strange land --- containers of food, tools, weapons, everything they needed. If the ship is buried in sediment, these things can last a long time. It won't be easy to find, but that's what makes it exciting."
Amer has no illusions of instant success. This summer's initial four weeks of surveying with the C-Hawk's torpedo-shaped magnetometer --- an instrument that detects masses of iron or steel --- have yielded five "interesting" targets.
But magnetic readings can't distinguish between a rusty refrigerator and a 16th-century Spanish anchor. They also don't reveal whether the object is lying on the seabed or buried beneath thick sediment. To find out, Amer and his team will return to the most promising targets this month, use side scan sonar to examine them and then don wet suits to investigate firsthand.
"There are lots of shipwrecks in the area, including at least three Civil War blockade runners. But we believe there weren't any other 16th-century Spanish shipwrecks, so if we find any artifacts from that period, it will be pretty interesting. If we don't find anything, we'll keep looking."
The historical accounts that Amer used to narrow his search to 45 square miles of ocean off the entrance to Winyah Bay are a frustrating blend of ambiguity, supposition and incomplete data.
History duly records that Ayllon left Hispaniola, the island now shared by the Dominican Republic and Haiti, in July 1526 and headed for North America with six ships carrying 600 men, women and children, including doctors, clergymen, sailors and slaves.
In addition to 100 horses and livestock, the ships carried stores of corn, bread and olive oil. Ayllon attempted his initial landing about 10 miles north of what he had, on a previous reconnaissance of the area, named "the River Jordan" on Aug. 9, 1526.
All hands survived the loss of his flagship, suggesting that it wasn't far offshore, but the colonists quickly concluded that the location was unsuitable for a colony.
Ayllon had the colonists build a vessel to replace his flagship and then sent the women, children and sick south while he led the remaining men on a grueling overland march that ended with the two groups reconvening somewhere on the Georgia coast. There, in September 1526, Spain founded the first, albeit short-lived, colony in North America.
It didn't last long. By mid-November, more than half the colonists, including Ayllon, were dead of disease, starvation and Indian attacks.
The survivors called it quits, burned the settlement and departed for Hispaniola. En route, the ships were struck by a late-season hurricane and only 150 people returned. Maps of North America would continue for some time to refer to the Southeast as "the land of Ayllon."
But the colony's location has intrigued and baffled archaeologists for years.
Until recently, historians thought the initial landing occurred somewhere near Cape Fear, N.C., about 100 miles north of where Amer is searching.
But new translations of a Spanish document called the Chaves Rutter --- a compilation of information and geographic descriptions from pilots who sailed along the Atlantic coast in the 16th century --- convinced later historians otherwise.
"The Santee River has the highest probability of being the River Jordan, and Winyah Bay is the most likely location where Ayllon's ship was lost," says Amer. "We may be looking for a needle in a haystack, but I think we are in the right haystack."
There are abundant shoals outside the entrance to Winyah Bay that could easily have snagged Ayllon's ship, which had a draft of about 15 feet.
But Amer says the search for Ayllon's ship won't be as simple as checking out every bump on the ocean floor that's 15 feet deep or less. Sea level has risen nearly 5 feet since Ayllon's time and the shoreline has undergone dramatic changes too.
North Island, the sandy finger of land guarding the northern side of the bay entrance, has advanced as much as four miles to the south in the last 500 years. South Island, across from the entrance, has advanced and retreated several times.
"With all the changes that have occurred, it's possible that the wreck is now buried under those sand dunes," Amer says. "If it's there and it's not in the water, we're going to need a whole new approach to finding it."
The project is funded by the University of South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology and the privately funded Archaeological Research Trust, but Amer is also seeking funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for future survey work in the remaining 39 square miles of the prospective search area.
How long might it take to find America's oldest shipwreck? It's a small ship. And a big ocean.
Amer, who was part of the team that discovered and raised the celebrated Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley in Charleston Harbor, isn't making any promises.
"Let's just say that I'm planning on retiring in 10 years or so," he says.
"And this project might take every one of them."
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (9-18-06)
It might not be a virtue, either, but it is quite remarkable how his image has survived, as reflected in a warm and friendly 90-minute biographical documentary on HBO, ``Mr. Conservative: Goldwater on Goldwater.''
Granddaughter CC Goldwater produces with Tani Cohen and director Julie Anderson, programming the usual talking experts, beloved kin, newsreel clips and a plethora of engaging family footage shot by the Goldwater himself.
He was pretty well dismissed if not totally discredited by Lyndon Johnson's thumping victory in the 1964 presidential race. In the fiendish electoral competition Goldwater was vilified as a headstrong cowboy from Arizona and a nuclear bomb-dropper. But conservatism was not lost and ultimately achieved glory by Ronald Reagan's election.
Yes, boasting his elevated sense of outspoken independence (he had a very big mouth), he fumbled away his campaign and, yes, he wasn't the most attentive father. But otherwise he seemed a personable, well-rounded man full of curiosity who loved aviation, geology, archaeology, his ham radio and his still cameras (he had an excellent eye).
SOURCE: Reuters (9-18-06)
A source said some 60 people had come to the archives on the first day asking to consult the mass of documents, which consist of some 30,000 files totalling millions of pages.
While the archives are for the papacy of Pius XI (born Achille Ratti), much of the attention by Jewish scholars will be concentrated on the figure of Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli, who succeeded Pius XI in 1939 and took the name Pius XII.
Pacelli served as ambassador in Germany from 1917 to 1929 and later was Vatican secretary of state from 1930 to 1939, when he was elected Pontiff. He then reigned until 1958.
Critics say Pacelli, whose views as a Vatican official being groomed for the papacy would be reflected in the files, did too little in the war to save European Jews from the Holocaust.
In a long article in the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Father Sergio Pagano, the head of the archives, said the material on the Vatican's view of Jews in the 17 years before the war would bring some surprises.
"In this regard, some unjust judgments expressed in a recent book will perhaps be overturned," Pagano wrote, without mentioning the name of the book.
The 1922-1939 archives are believed to include hitherto secret notes for internal policy sessions of the Secretariat of State, including what Pacelli said in strategy sessions about Jewish issues.
For example, Edith Stein, a German convert from Judaism who was killed in Auschwitz, wrote to Pacelli in April 1933 about anti-Jewish repression in the early days of Nazi Germany. He responded a week later saying he had passed it on to Pius XI.
The documents should also show Pacelli's private views on the 1933 Concordat with Nazi Germany, relations with Fascist Italy, the 1936-1939 Spanish Civil War, the Nazi annexation of Austria and Britain and France's attempt to appease Hitler with the Munich Agreement in 1938.
Pius XII toed a cautious line during the war to avoid reprisals against Catholics in Germany and Nazi-occupied countries. He was initially praised for speaking out as openly as he could and helping to save Jews in secret.
This view changed radically in 1963, when German playwright Rolf Hochhuth depicted him in "The Deputy" as a cynic who kept silent despite knowing about the Holocaust.
The two sides have feuded ever since with defenders saying he did everything possible to help Jews and critics presenting him as an anti-Semite and Germanophile whose views were formed while working in Germany before his election as pope.
The opening of the archives from 1922 to 1939 was decided by the late Pope John Paul and the date was set by his successor Benedict. It was first announced last June.
They will be open to qualified scholars who present the Vatican with a letter from a known research institute or university and a copy of their university degree.
Historian have also called on the Vatican to fully open archives for the papacy of Pius XII (1939-1958) but there is no indication when that will happen.
Name of source: WCAX
SOURCE: WCAX (9-18-06)
Along the banks of the upper Hudson River, an archaeology project has uncovered 250-year-old evidence of a site where soldiers did plenty of both during the French and Indian War.
Numerous artifacts -- including bottles and clay pipes -- have been found at what's believed to be the site of a sutler's store that stood outside Fort Edward, once home to the largest British military outpost in North America.
That's according to archaeologist David Starbuck, who's overseeing the excavation work.
Sutlers were military contractors who sold items -- including alcohol and tobacco -- sought by soldiers but not provided by the army.
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (9-18-06)
The 9in-long "Hound of Hartlepool" was found by Tees Archaeology before building work began on the new Headland Sports Hall.
The dog has now been cleaned up and conserved by Durham University experts who are trying to work out what it is.
They believe it was nailed to a house and may have been a weathervane or a "Beware of the Dog" sign.
SOURCE: BBC (9-15-06)
Pollution and old age is causing so much damage to Canterbury Cathedral that it could have "disastrous consequences", its curators have said.
A global campaign to raise money for repairs to the Kent cathedral, which was founded in 597 by St Augustine, will be launched next month.
It costs more than £6m a year to run the cathedral, which is visited by more than one million people annually.
Name of source: Salt Lake Tribune
SOURCE: Salt Lake Tribune (9-18-06)
Elder Ralph W. Hardy Jr., the area authority for the Washington region and a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' Quorum of the Seventy, contacted prominent Mormon scholar Richard Bushman to rework the captions before the exhibit at the National Portrait Gallery reopened in July.
"They were just erroneous and a lot of people thought they should be more factual," Hardy said.
The original captions, obtained by The Tribune through a Freedom of Information Act request after the Smithsonian initially refused to release them, contain some clear factual errors.
Church members who saw the original text at a sneak-preview event in June also felt it portrayed the early church leaders in a negative light and voiced concerns, prompting calls to the gallery from the offices of Sen. Bob Bennett and Rep. Rob Bishop.
"I frankly was appalled it would get that far," Bushman, an emeritus history professor at Columbia University and author of a new biography on Smith, said in an interview.
"Labels can have attitude but this was not only inaccurate but it was also slightly mean-spirited and not sort of the neutral position that labels normally go for, especially in a public institution," said Bushman, who was aided by an LDS Church historian and a Smithsonian curator.
How could it be, for example, that Young converted to Mormonism in 1823, as the Smithsonian captions stated, when it was 1830 - not 1827 as the text with Smith's portrait said - that the church was founded?
Bushman added other details, such as Young's role in colonizing the West, sending thousands of Mormon pioneers out to settle remote parts of the territory. And he softened the tone in other parts.
One passage that portrayed Utah's settlement as a "communal, undemocratic and separatist venture . . . antithetical to the ideals and structure of the national government" gave way to one noting that Young was elected governor before being replaced by an appointed territorial governor. However, it still described the new-founded empire as a "separatist communal and theocratic venture."
In another change, a passage on the Utah war was removed that said, "Eventually the government forced the Mormons to renounce polygamy and accept its authority. The struggle set the limits of federal toleration for separatist groups and was an important precedent in the decision to prevent the South from seceding in 1861."
That was replaced with an explanation that continuing conflicts led "the United States to dispatch troops to Utah in 1857 and assert federal authority. Young was notorious for his many wives, a practice taught as a religious principle by his predecessor, Joseph Smith."
Mormons believe that LDS Church President Wilford Woodruff declared an end to the practice of polygamy because of divine inspiration, not as a result of government pressure.
"There wasn't a lot in error there, it was just a matter of smoothing it out," Bushman said.
The changes helped correct some of the fairly obvious factual errors and were a major improvement in the tone, said Sarah Barringer Gordon, a legal and religious historian at the University of Pennsylvania law school.
They restored a focus on Mormonism as a religious movement, but also lost sight of the key conflict over plural marriage that dogged Mormons from their early days through their emigration West, she said.
SOURCE: Salt Lake Tribune (9-15-06)
Unless, of course, you run into 6,000-year-old petroglyphs.
That's the predicament developers for Eagle Mountain Ranch LLC faced when they learned part of their property slated for a residential subdivision contained archaic rock art.
"It is some of the oldest rock art in Utah," Nina Bowen, archivist for the Utah Rock Art Research Association, said in a news release. "Its style is very unique." Knowing the significance of the rock drawings, city officials and developers are making a joint effort to protect it. The most compelling piece at the undisclosed site shows what appears to be three figures holding hands and dancing, said Utah Rock Art Research President Troy Scotter. The Salt Lake Tribune and other news media won't see the art until a Monday news conference.
Name of source: WSJ
SOURCE: WSJ (9-15-06)
Rebecca Greensmith, a contemporary of Mrs. Sanford who admitted to being a witch, testified that she and three other women, including Mrs. Sanford, had met in the woods. She also described meeting some people "under a tree in the green" by her house, where they "danced and had a bottle of sack," or sherry.
The historical record on Mrs. Sanford stops there. Historians surmise, based on other documents, that she was hanged for her crimes. Researchers guess that she was about 39 years old at the time, with five children at home. Records show that her husband later moved to another town and remarried.
Nearly 350 years later, Mrs. Sanford's great, great, great, great, great, great, great, great granddaughter, Debra Avery, wants to right what she believes is a historical wrong: the execution of Mrs. Sanford. Ms. Avery thinks her ancestor may have been prosecuted for religious reasons or for just having a good time. Mrs. Sanford was part of a "group of friends that hung around and danced and drank and stepped outside of acceptable behavior," says Ms. Avery, a 47-year-old resident of New Preston, Conn. "If I was living then, I would be hanged, too."
Name of source: Fox News
SOURCE: Fox News (9-17-06)
The beatification proclamation for Sara Salkahazi, issued by Pope Benedict XVI, was read out by Cardinal Peter Erdo, Hungary's Primate and Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest, during a Mass held outside St. Stephen's Basilica.
"She was willing to assume risks for the persecuted ... in days of great fear," Erdo said. "Her martyrdom is still topical ... and presents the foundations of our humanity."
Salkahazi was killed by the Arrow Cross — the Hungarian allies of the Nazis — on Dec. 27, 1944, for hiding Jews in a Budapest building used by her religious order, the Sisters of Social Service.
Name of source: Sun Journal
SOURCE: Sun Journal (9-10-06)
But an archaeological dig taking place near a Foxwoods Resort Casino parking garage has uncovered dozens of pit houses, structures built into a hill and supported by timbers.
Elizabeth Chilton, chairman of the anthropology department at the University of Massachusetts, said the find is prompting archaeologists to dig in places, like hillsides, they once thought pointless.
Name of source: Hamilton Spectator
SOURCE: Hamilton Spectator (9-15-06)
"It's got this echo of the Ice Age world," said Jack Ives, Alberta's provincial archeologist, who described the find in a hearing before the province's energy regulator yesterday.
"There's quite a rich concentration of artifacts."
The so-called Quarry of the Ancestors, which scientists suspect may be one of the first places where humans put down roots in northern Alberta after the retreat of the glaciers, is found on an outcrop of hard, fine-grained sandstone adjacent to the Albian Sands oilsands lease about 75 kilometres north of Fort McMurray.
Name of source: Staten Island Advance
SOURCE: Staten Island Advance (9-8-06)
While details of the proposed curriculum were somewhat limited, the plan centers on an oral history project that calls for interviewing as many as 80 survivors, family members and eyewitnesses to serve as a factual and emotional base for classroom discussions.
"I want [students] to know that these were not just names or statistics, but these were people, these were innocent people who were killed and that their loss is a great void in so many lives of the people they left behind," said Patricia Reilly, 45, of New Dorp, a chairwoman of the World Trade Center United Family group.
Full funding for the curriculum has yet to be secured, but the group
hopes to complete its National 9/11/01 Civic Education Program in time
for the 2007-08 school year.
Name of source: Yahoo
SOURCE: Yahoo (9-15-06)
With a feline face at its center and eight curving tentacles, the artifact — which collectors say could be among Peru's most valuable treasures and worth close to $2 million — was recovered last month in a raid on a London lawyer's office.
The golden headdress was made in the image of an ancient sea god and dates back to around 700 A.D., making it a prized example of artwork by the Mochica civilization that inhabited northern Peru.
Name of source: The Australian
SOURCE: The Australian (9-15-06)
Australian National University historian and anthropologist Chris Ballard said ritual cannibalism had been practised in parts of the Pacific and Central America, and most recently in Papua and PNG, where human flesh had been eaten within living memory.
''If you hunted single-mindedly, you could probably find someone who has eaten someone in New Guinea,'' he said. Yet the practice had almost certainly ceased, he added, largely because of the influx of missionaries into remote areas.
Other anthropologists scoff at the very idea of cannibalism, saying it is a legend of Western culture, often constructed to justify conquering primitive peoples and grabbing their land.
Dr Ballard is undeterred. Eating an enemy's corpse, or the body of a loved relative, was a traditional ritual among some Papuan tribes, he said, including the Miyanmin, the Fore, Asmat, and Citak peoples.
The Fore people's practice of eating human brains had led to the flowering of a disease called kuru, which has been likened to mad cow disease. ''The Fore saw it as an act of great piety,'' Dr Ballard said. ''If you absolutely loved a relative, you consumed part of his brain.''
The Kombai people have referred to other tribes as ''jungle pigs'', according to some reports, and the notable Australian scientist Tim Flannery has said he lived with a reputedly cannibal tribe -- the Miyanmin -- in PNG, where the village chief referred to another tribe as his ''fridge''.
Human flesh had also been consumed in Fiji, the Solomons and Vanuatu within the last couple of centuries, and in Mexico in the 16th century, Dr Ballard said, yet many experts scoffed at the evidence.
Since the 1980s, he added, cannibalism had been at the centre of a concerted anthropological debate between those academics who argued there was no direct proof of human flesh-eating, and those who believed there was adequate evidence to substantiate the practice.
Michael Stevenson, a social and cultural historian with Monash University, has written on cannibalism, and said he remained a confirmed sceptic.
Cannibalism was a myth, he said, perpetuated by the West to justify otherwise unjustifiable imperialism. ''The notion that human beings eat other is an ancient history, and it's actually an ancient fantasy,'' he said.
Name of source: The Scotsman
SOURCE: The Scotsman (9-15-06)
Historians have always known the tolbooth was located somewhere between St Giles' Cathedral and the City Chambers, but until now had been unable to pinpoint its location.
The archaeological investigations, carried out as part of a GBP 1.5 million upgrade of the Royal Mile, have discovered a large section of the lost building's northern wall which they believe dates to the late 14th century.
The wall begins below the junction with George IV Bridge when heading down the High Street in the direction of Holyrood. Starting under the current road, roughly in line with the statue of David Hume, it continues down the Royal Mile for about 12 metres before turning right towards St Giles.
And John Lawson, the archaeology officer for the Edinburgh city council, believes more will be uncovered over the coming weeks at the site.
"The wall that we've found seems to be the foundation of the old tolbooth building. We think it dates back to 1386 when the tolbooth was rebuilt after being destroyed a year before," he said.
"It may well be that underneath the wall there is a cellar, which may have been used for different purposes during the various stages of the building's history.
"With further roadworks we hope to uncover the remaining part of the wall, which we believe continues right down to the entrance to St Giles' Cathedral and turns right into south side of the church. Obviously we can't dig that place up, but at least we have an idea where the exact location of the tolbooth is."
During its existence the tolbooth was used as the city's council chambers, the Scottish Parliament sat there and it was the site of the High Court.
Latterly it became the old town gaol, and among the notorious criminals imprisoned there was Deacon Brodie.
In 1817, the building was demolished to widen the road. To mark the area where prisoners had entered the gaol, the Heart of Midlothian stones were laid.
"The site will now be preserved by terra sheeting and then recovered. When the road is relaid, there will be copper setts to mark the location," Mr Lawson said.
Councillor Bob Cairns said: "It's tremendous that the works to restore the Royal Mile setts have provided us with an opportunity to learn more about our city's past and preserve it for future generations.
"The discovery of the exact location of the tolbooth is of particular significance on account of the important role it played in the city's history."
Work on the reconstruction of the road surface between George IV Bridge and North Bridge began in January. The archaeological work involved radar surveys in the hope of locating any historical buildings such as the tolbooth and Tyne Gaol.
The project is being undertaken to prevent further damage to the road and to avoid any future need for unplanned emergency repairs. The work will be completed by early 2007.
The reconstruction will involve relaying thousands of the existing traditional granite setts, or large cobbles. The setts were relaid in a GBP 5 million project finished in 1996, but within three years sections of the street began to give way, leading to emergency repairs - and the threat of a lawsuit against the contractor.
Name of source: Christian Science Monitor
SOURCE: Christian Science Monitor (9-13-06)
Because the war on terror remains central in the lives of Americans - and because the November elections may hinge on how people perceive its progress - the drama and its timing have unfurled charges of media bias, as well as concerns that voters might be swayed by a fictionalized and disputed account of events.
"The intensity of the controversy over the portrayals in ['Path'] is already ratcheted up because of the coming election, and when you add the currency of the war on terror, the whole issue becomes a very combustible commodity," says Matthew Felling, media director for the Center for Media and Public Affairs, a media research organization in Washington. "When you have a piece of historical fiction competing for the historical record that is still forming in people's minds, that is dangerous terrain."
Name of source: UPI
SOURCE: UPI (9-15-06)
That would include a study of Aboriginal beliefs on the Dreamtime, a look at the division between Catholic and Protestant Australians, which affected the country for decades, and reading the Koran and learning about Islam, the Brisbane Courier-Mail reported.
"Religion has played a key role in many aspects of society including the legal system, many charitable organizations, the education sector, government and much more," Education Minister Julie Bishop said. "It would not be possible to explain fully the development of Australian society without including religion in the history curriculum."