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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: Email to HNN from Meredith Woods
SOURCE: Email to HNN from Meredith Woods (9-29-06)
CHECK YOUR LOCAL LISTINGS. Programs 1 and 2 will air as a two-hour block and the same is true for the rest of the series throughout October.
Unfortunately, this time around, PBS will only sell copies to institutions. There will be no home video sales so do what you can to purchase DVDs through your church or community group or local non-profit.
For more details on the series, see the press release below and the links to several useful EYES ON THE PRIZE websites that have been developed for the re-broadcast:
American Experience/ PBS --
Facing History: Eyes on the Prize Study Guide for Classroom Use--
Biography of Henry Hampton, series creator and executive producer -
The Henry Hampton Collection of EYES ON THE PRIZE interviews at
Washington University --
Name of source: Houston Chronicle
SOURCE: Houston Chronicle (9-29-06)
Astronaut Neil Armstrong's first words from the surface of the moon on July 20, 1969, now can be confidently recast, according to the research, as, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."
It is the more dramatic and grammatically correct phrasing that Armstrong, now 76, has often said was the version he transmitted to NASA's Mission Control for broadcast to worldwide television.
With the technology of the 1960s, however, his global audience heard his comment without the "a," making it "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" — a phrase that technically gave the same meaning of humankind to "man" and "mankind."
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (9-29-06)
At a signing ceremony at the Italian Cultural Ministry, Malcolm Rogers, the Boston museum’s director, pledged his institution’s cooperation in halting plunder in archaeological source countries.
“We’re committed to seeing the end of illegal excavations and the illicit trade in archaeological works of art,” Mr. Rogers said. He emphasized that the two sides had formed a collegial relationship. “This is a new era of legality,” he said. “That’s why it’s very important to see the objects here in Rome.”
And so starting tomorrow the manual — sometimes known as publishing’s Miss Manners — will be available online by subscription, meaning that those who need to know, pronto, whether it is ever all right to capitalize the first letters of e. e. cummings’s name will no longer have to search through the more than 956-page volume to find the answer.
The price for the online manual will be $25 for individuals for the first year, $30 thereafter, and more for institutions, depending on their size. The list price of the hardcover print version is $55.
And if you listen to Anita Samen, managing editor of the press’s books division, having the manual online is going to revolutionize the way its users, who include writers, editors and publishers, work. “You can consult it on the fly,” she said, “so you are free to do your writing and editing without having to retain huge numbers of rules in your head.”
Representatives of the institutions that were looted, who had traveled long distances to lobby for a stiff sentence, left the court saying they were deeply disappointed with the punishment given the map dealer, Edward Forbes Smiley III. Federal sentencing guidelines suggested that Mr. Smiley was looking at a term of 57 to 71 months, although the maximum penalty was 10 years.
Mr. Smiley, 50, told the court he was “deeply ashamed” and was eager to make restitution to the institutions and dealers who lost money. Some of the stolen maps have not been retrieved, and dealers who bought maps from Mr. Smiley and then resold them often had to reimburse their clients so that the maps could be returned.
And in the corner of her dirt yard, beneath rags drying in the sun and next to a bowl of filthy wash water, she keeps a chunk of history that most Americans would probably like to forget.
It is the battered nose of a Black Hawk helicopter, from one of the two that got shot down in Mogadishu on Oct. 3, 1993, in an infamous battle that killed 18 Americans, led to a major foreign policy shift and spawned a big movie.
The Black Hawk Down lady stands fiercely at her gate and charges admission to see it.
“You, you, you,” she said on a recent day, jabbing her finger at three visitors. “Pay, pay, pay.”
SOURCE: NYT (9-27-06)
Her death, at a Chicago hospital, was confirmed by a nephew, William Toguri, who said only that Mrs. D’Aquino had died of natural causes, The Associated Press reported.
Tokyo Rose was a mythical figure. The persona, its origin murky, had been bestowed by American servicemen collectively on a dozen or so women who, seductive but sinister, broadcast for Radio Tokyo, telling soldiers, sailors and marines in the Pacific that their cause was lost and that their sweethearts back home were betraying them.
The broadcasts did nothing to dim American morale. The servicemen enjoyed the recordings of American popular music, and the United States Navy bestowed a satirical citation on Tokyo Rose at war’s end for her entertainment value.
But the identity of Tokyo Rose became attached to Mrs. D’Aquino, a native of Southern California and the only woman broadcasting for Radio Tokyo known to be an American citizen. She emerged as an infamous figure in a rare treason trial.
Convicted in 1949 by a federal jury in San Francisco on one of eight vaguely worded counts, she was sentenced to 10 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. She served 6 years and 2 months, then lived quietly in Chicago, running a family gift shop. On Jan. 19, 1977, she was pardoned, without comment, by President Gerald R. Ford on his last full day in office, restoring her citizenship....
SOURCE: NYT (9-26-06)
Yet in a little known story, the Nobel Prizes, the first of which will be announced on Monday, almost never came to be, largely because of the unsophisticated way Nobel drew up his will. It was flawed and legally deficient because he lived in many places and never established a legal residence. Nobel resided for many years in France, made intermittent visits to a home in Sweden and amassed assets in many countries before dying of a stroke at his villa in Italy.
To secret Nobel’s French assets to the Swedish consulate in Paris before claims might be made on them there, the will’s principal executor literally sat on Nobel’s millions as he rode a horse-drawn cab through Paris. “I sat with a revolver at the ready in case of a direct attack or a prearranged collision with another vehicle, a trick not unusual among thieves in Paris at the time,” the executor, Ragnar Sohlman, wrote in “The Legacy of Alfred Nobel,” which was published in English in 1983.
Name of source: LAT
SOURCE: LAT (9-29-06)
Russian Orthodox Patriarch Alexei II presided over the day's pomp-filled ceremonies, which were attended by hundreds of domestic and foreign dignitaries, including members of various branches of European royalty and about 50 Romanov descendants.
"This will be another sign that Russia is overcoming the enmity and divisions brought by the revolution and civil war," Alexei said in a televised funeral service at St. Isaac's Cathedral in the old imperial capital. "Having fallen deeply in love with the Russian people, the empress devoted a great deal of effort for the benefit of the Russian fatherland. Her soul ached for Russia."
The morning ceremony was followed by afternoon burial with a second service at a church at the St. Peter and Paul Fortress, now the final resting place for every czar and czarina beginning with Peter the Great, who ruled from 1682 to 1725.
"This is a happy moment, that my great-grandmother is moving from Denmark to our country, to Russia," Michael Romanov, who lives in Paris, said in televised remarks. He said this was his third visit to his "motherland."
Alexei earlier described the return of the empress' remains for honored reburial as "a great historic and spiritual event for Russia" that should be viewed as "an act of repentance on the part of society and the state."
The last czar, Nicholas II, was executed by Bolshevik revolutionaries in 1918, along with his wife, Alexandra, their five children and four servants. His mother fled to Denmark in 1919 and died there in 1928, never having accepted that they were dead.
Nine charred skeletons were dug up from a burial pit near Yekaterinburg in 1991. DNA tests eventually identified them as those of the czar and czarina, three of the children and the servants. Those bones were reburied in the St. Petersburg crypt in 1998.
The remains of the other two children have never been found. According to accounts by the executioners, the two smallest corpses were burned to ash at the grave site and scattered.
The future empress was born in 1847 as Princess Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar. Baptized a Lutheran, she took the name Maria Fyodorovna when she converted to Russian Orthodoxy before marrying the future Alexander III, who reigned from 1881 to 1894. She had been engaged in 1864 to marry Alexander's older brother Nicholas, but he fell ill and died the next year. It was then arranged for her to marry Alexander, and they wed in 1866.
On Tuesday, her remains arrived in Russia by ship at the Baltic Sea port of Kronshtadt, exactly 140 years after she first came to the country. The remains were taken first to the czars' summer residence of Peterhof.
Before her coffin was entombed Thursday, it was draped with the yellow banner of the imperial family. Alexei and members of the Romanov family sprinkled soil into the grave, and cannons fired a 31-salvo salute. To the sound of choir music and church bells, a white marble tombstone with a gilded cross was set into place, and white roses were presented in the empress' memory.
Russian President Vladimir V. Putin played an important role in encouraging the reburial. However, he did not attend Thursday's services, which were billed as cultural and religious rather than political events.
Leonid Sedov, a historian and researcher at the Levada Center, an independent polling agency, said the reburial could be a step toward "curing our nation's still-shattered moral health."
"I think the country can't develop properly, in every sense, if there is no repentance for the sins of the past," Sedov said.
At the other end of the spectrum, Anatoly Lukyanov, former chairman of the Soviet Union's legislature and now an advisor to the Communist faction in the lower house of parliament, said he feared the reburial "may be used to portray their family as holy martyrs and throw more dirt at Lenin and Soviet history."
"I am very much concerned with the tendency to paint the Soviet past as one huge black hole while painting the czar and his family only in rose colors," Lukyanov said.
But Sedov said the process of reassessing Soviet views of the past still hadn't gone far enough.
During the Soviet era, "the history of the Romanovs was presented only in black colors, and this stereotype is very much alive despite that fact that something has been done already to restore the true picture," Sedov said. "Events like this reburial help unite the people by opening our eyes to pages of history that are still very cloudy and illegible for many."
Name of source: Times Online (UK)
SOURCE: Times Online (UK) (9-25-06)
The trumpets, gold candelabra and the bejewelled Table of the Divine Presence were among pieces shipped to Rome after the looting in AD70 of the Temple, the most sacred building in the ancient Jewish faith.
After a decade of research into previously untapped ancient texts and archaeological sources, Dr Kingsley has reconstructed the treasure’s route for the first time in 2,000 years to provide evidence that it left Rome in the 5th century.
He has discovered that it was taken to Carthage, Constantinople and Algeria before being hidden in the Judaean wilderness, beneath the Monastery of Theodosius.
Name of source: Wa Po
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-29-06)
"It's like coming across a ruin," he said, finding a poem that Frost seemed to have abandoned.
"It was a complete bolt out of the blue," said Ted Genoways, editor of the Virginia Quarterly Review, the kind of dramatic discovery that scholars dream of as they pore over manuscripts and letters.
The poem, "War Thoughts at Home," has particular resonance now, Stilling said. It will be published, for the first time, it is believed, in the Virginia Quarterly Review available Monday.
Thus completes a curious circle. During Frost's lifetime, the publication ran many of his poems, including some of his most beloved works. And when Genoways was a U-Va. graduate student about seven years ago, he made the last major discovery of the New England poet's work: a manuscript of a then-unknown poem -- with one stanza torn out...
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (9-27-06)
"We have to adapt to the times," it quoted Kong Dehong, a descendant heading the fifth update of the family tree, as saying, adding that more than 1 million descendants of Confucius will be added.
"Men and women are equal now. Even if a woman has to leave the family when she gets married to live with her husband, that doesn't change the fact that she is descended from Confucius."
The fifth-century BC social philosopher's ideas of filial piety and deference to elders influence Chinese society and politics even today.
SOURCE: Reuters (9-26-06)
Historical attitudes to sex in Britain will be laid bare for all to see this week in archives which reveal a nation rich in sexual experience and enthusiasm.
The historical documents, to be given a public outing by the Center for Archive Studies at Liverpool University, include Britain's first ever sex survey, conducted 57 years ago but deemed too shocking for publication at the time.
The survey shows many British men had homosexual experiences, many were frequent visitors to prostitutes and many British wives pursued sex outside marriage.
The archives also have details of public displays of sexual behavior in the 1930s on the west coast's famous Blackpool Beach as well as in cinemas and dance halls, and show how many Britons threw sexual caution to the wind during World War Two.
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (9-26-06)
It was made in 1526 and became an 8ft by 13ft painting which ended up hanging on the walls of a castle in what is now the Czech Republic until it was destroyed in a fire in the 18th century.
Soon after completing it, Holbein took it to Switzerland and gave it to More's friend Erasmus, so he could see how the family was getting on. Erasmus adored it and said it made him feel as if he was back in the Chelsea household. It has remained in Basel, Switzerland, ever since and has been lent by the city's Kunstmuseum. "It is amazingly exciting to have it here in London," said the show's curator, Susan Foister. "The painting's destruction was very sad but at least we have this wonderful drawing which gives us a good idea of the composition and the background in what was the family home in Chelsea."
SOURCE: Guardian (9-28-06)
The startling price at the Christie's auction - paid by an anonymous telephone bidder, vastly over a top pre-sale estimate of £16,000 - was testament to the world's enduring fascination with a slight, awkward man, who died in a motorcycle crash in 1935, aged 46.
His immortality was ensured by his book, Seven Pillars of Wisdom, more often admired than read cover to cover, and by a film made long after his death - David Lean's 1962 Lawrence of Arabia, with Peter O'Toole.
SOURCE: Guardian (9-27-06)
According to the new tome, British forces arrived secretly on the islands, took them by force from the Spanish and have refused to discuss the island's sovereignty with Argentina ever since.
The British version of events - that it took formal possession in 1765 after finding them unoccupied and established a settlement a year later - is quite different.
Name of source: Daily Mail (UK)
SOURCE: Daily Mail (UK) (9-27-06)
But the Labour conference may have been slightly less overawed if they had realised that the Prime Minister had based the finale to his farewell speech on the words of a fugitive double murderer.
Mr Blair has confided to friends that he drew inspiration for his big sign-off from a favourite passage of John Steinbeck's 1939 classic The Grapes of Wrath.
The Premier ended his last conference speech by telling delegates: 'Whatever you do, I'm always with you. Head and heart. Next year I won't be making this speech. But in the years to come, wherever I am, whatever I do, I'm with you. Wishing you well, wanting you to win.'
He later admitted he had borrowed heavily from a speech by Tom Joad, the central character of Steinbeck's Pulitzer prize-winning novel about the Great Depression.
Joad, played by Henry Fonda in the film version, tells his mother he is going to come out of hiding to confront a gang of vigilantes, one of whose number he had earlier killed.
Knowing he is likely to be murdered himself, Joad tells his tearful mother that he will always be with her in spirit.
'I'll be everywhere - wherever you look,' he says. 'Wherever there's a fight so hungry people can eat, I'll be there. Wherever there's a cop beatin' up a guy, I'll be there... an' when our folks eat the stuff they raise an' live in the houses they build - why, I'll be there. See?'
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (9-28-06)
She wrote a letter asking the Russian leader to autograph photographs of his meeting with her son, and Khrushchev complied.
"Would you be sure to let me know in the future any contacts you have with heads of state. ..." John Kennedy wrote to his mother on White House stationery on November 3, 1962, just days after the Cuban missile crisis ended. "Requests of this nature are subject to interpretations and therefore I would like to have you clear them before they are sent."
Unfazed, Rose Kennedy wrote back: "Dear Jack: I am so glad you warned me about contacting heads of state as I was just about to write to Castro."
The exchange was contained in Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy's papers -- 250 boxes of letters, photographs, notes -- that became available to the public Thursday at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum in Boston.
SOURCE: AP (9-26-06)
The works, reputed to have been created by Hitler as he served in the German military during World War I, sold for $220,000 after security staff removed the gatecrashers -- one of whom dressed as the Nazi leader and shouted ''Third Reich'' after making a mock bid.
A second protester, Aaron Barschak, previously gained notoriety by dressing up as Osama bin Laden and crashing Prince William's 21st birthday party in 2003.
The protest exposed sensitivities over the sale of Hitler's artwork in Lostwithiel, a sleepy tourist town in Cornwall, a county in southwestern England.
SOURCE: AP (9-28-06)
Africans who fought in French wars welcomed the move, while lamenting that it was too late. The government's decision was not retroactive, as some had demanded.
President Jacques Chirac called it ''an act of justice and recognition for all those who came from the former French Empire to fight under our flag.''
The announcement Wednesday was made the same day as the French release of an award-winning film about North African Muslims who volunteered to fight to free France from the Nazis in World War II. The film, ''Indigenes,'' ends with an appeal about the pensions and shines a light on a little-known chapter of French history....
[Chirac says the movie influenced his decision.]
SOURCE: AP (9-27-06)
Mabel Douglass was the first dean of the New Jersey College for Women, which was renamed in her honor back in 1955. But in 1933, she was a retiree who went out in a canoe one day -- and simply disappeared.
Thirty years later, on a shelf about 90 feet down in the lake, her perfectly preserved body was discovered by divers. Her petrified remains were finally interred in Brooklyn's historic Green-Wood Cemetery, where Mabel Douglass rests to this day.
Her grave, along with her story, are featured in the annual "Halloween at the Cemetery" tour, where Green-Wood historian Jeff Richman takes visitors on an eerie if entertaining trek through the graveyard where nearly 600,000 souls reside -- nearly double the population of Pittsburgh.
"This tour is driven by stories -- by murders, by spirits, by tragedies, all of that," said Richman, who started the end-of-October tours a dozen years ago. "Unfortunately for Miss Douglass, her story kind of lends itself to Halloween.
SOURCE: AP (9-23-06)
The 700-year-old icon of the Virgin Mary, credited with having healing powers and performing miracles, was stolen on Aug. 18 from a cliff-top convent near the town of Leonidio, some 300 kilometers (185 miles) southwest of Athens.
On Friday, police announced the arrest of a Romanian man in Athens in connection with the icon theft. A second Romanian man, detained on the island of Crete, was released without charge after questioning.
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (9-28-06)
The grocer's daughter, who went on to be prime minister from 1979 until 1990, was born in Grantham and went to Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School.
She was the longest serving prime minister for more than 150 years.
The town's Conservative MP Quentin Davies is also in favour of a statue. But he said Margaret Thatcher had told him she was not keen on the idea.
Name of source: Independent (UK)
SOURCE: Independent (UK) (9-28-06)
Simon Burrows, of Leeds University, has uncovered evidence that the salacious pamphlets which revealed the queen had been promiscuous with lovers of both sexes were not distributed until after the revolution had started - a finding that dispels the so-called "pornographic" interpretation of the French Revolution.
One of the more vindictive allegations made in the pamphlets, many of which were produced in London, was that Marie Antoinette slept with her brother-in-law, Charles, Comte d'Artois. That was a mere frippery compared to the allegation aired at the queen's trial in 1793 that she had molested her own son while in prison. Claims about the queen's lesbianism were started by Comtesse de La Motte, who famously attempted to trick the queen out of money by procuring a diamond necklace in her name. She described in a "memoir" their frequent assignations, which involved shared "momens d'ivresse que j'ose à peine retracer" ("moments of delirium that I can scarcely dare recall").
But this and other libelles, as the writings are known, were kept away from the French population by royal agents who bought and destroyed them, Dr Burrows reveals in his book, Blackmail, scandal and revolution, to be published next month. A few copies of the libelles were kept in a depot in the Bastille, where they were not discovered until it was stormed on 14 July 1789.
Historical records provide little - if any - evidence of the sexual promiscuity described in the pamphlets, which Coppola draws on. "There is no evidence that she had any lovers at all," said Dr Burrows. "There is a question about her emotional attachment to Axel von Fersen, the Swedish aristocrat, but little more."
Historians are even divided over the dashing Fersen, who risked his life many times to free the queen. Lady Antonia Fraser, on whose much respected 2001 biography, Marie Antoinette, The Journey, Coppola's film is based, is convinced the two did enjoy a physical relationship. Her assumption is based on Fersen's famous diary entry "reste-là", which he reserved for moments he had spent with lovers. But other scholars remain sceptical.
As Dr Burrows argues, there was "fertile ground for speculation" about Marie Antoinette's sexual dalliances, which Coppola finds so irresistible. She was pushed as a young girl into a loveless marriage with Louis XVI, which they were unable to consummate for seven years until he had an operation. There were many reasons why those who eventually found the pamphlets were prepared to believe them. "Antoine" had, by then, spent money lavishly while France faced bankruptcy and she was suspected of plotting to crush the revolution.
SOURCE: Independent (UK) (9-26-06)
The exploits of the intrepid Ming Dynasty explorer known as the Three-Jewelled Eunuch, a devout Muslim of Mongolian descent from Yunnan province, still resonate in China today, where he is seen as a symbol of emerging modern China's peaceful rise.
Zheng He's journeys took him to 37 countries over 28 years as part of the mightiest fleet that ever sailed, with 300 ships and 28,000 sailors. It wasn't until the First World War that a bigger flotilla took to the seas....
The rehabilitation of Zheng He's reputation began in the early part of the last century, and by the 1930s he worked his way into school textbooks as a national hero. The country has been gripped with Zheng He fever since the 600th anniversary of the first of his fantastic voyages. His exploits have become a focal point for Chinese nationalism because, in the days when the Admiral roamed the waves, China was far more technologically advanced than other cultures and had no equal at sea.
Name of source: macon.com
SOURCE: macon.com (9-28-06)
In dark waters some 1,500 feet below the surface of the Pacific Ocean, archaeologists searched for relics from the world's largest rigid airship, which crashed off California's Big Sur in 1935.
They found and photographed the airship's hangar bay, which contained four Sparrowhawk biplanes and their detached landing gear. Through the camera lens on a remotely operated unmanned vehicle, the Tiburon, the explorers were able to identify five of the Macon's German-built Maybach 12-cylinder gasoline engines.
Name of source: monstersandcritics.com
SOURCE: monstersandcritics.com (9-28-06)
At a service attended by dignitaries and royalty from both countries, her casket was interred at the Peter and Paul Cathedral in the Peterhof Palace, next to her husband, Tsar Alexander III.
Earlier in the day, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Alexy II, led a commemoration service at St Isaac's Cathedral for the empress, whose remains arrived by ship from Denmark on Tuesday.
Their burial in her adopted homeland symbolized the continuity of Russian history, the Patriarch said.
Name of source: NPR (audio)
SOURCE: NPR (audio) (9-28-06)
Name of source: Secrecy News, written by Steven Aftergood, is published by the Federation of American Scientists
"It seems evident that the Bush signing statements are an integral part of the Administration's efforts to further its broad view of presidential prerogatives and to assert functional and determinative control over all elements of the executive decisionmaking process," the CRS study said.
"It appears that recent administrations, as made apparent by the voluminous challenges lodged by President George W. Bush, have employed these instruments in an attempt to leverage power and control away from Congress by establishing these broad assertions of authority as a constitutional norm."
Signing statements have been issued by Presidents for over a century and are not inherently problematic. To the contrary, they may be beneficial to the extent that they alert Congress and the public to Presidential actions and intentions.
Yet the Bush Administration has been issuing signing statements with growing frequency, as reported earlier this year by Charlie Savage of the Boston Globe, and in a way that involves a"qualitative difference" from their use in the past, according to the CRS. The Bush signing statements appear to be part of a larger campaign to seize increased Presidential authority, the CRS said.v"The broad and persistent nature of the claims of executive authority forwarded by President Bush appear designed to inure [i.e., to accustom] Congress, as well as others, to the belief that the President in fact possesses expansive and exclusive powers upon which the other branches may not intrude," the CRS report stated.
It follows that"the appropriate focus of congressional concern should center not on the issuance of signing statements themselves, but on the broad assertions of presidential authority forwarded by Presidents and the substantive actions taken to establish that authority."
The CRS study, written by T.J. Halstead, provides abundant information on the history of presidential signing statements, describes their limited impact on the judicial process, critiques a recent American Bar Association report on the subject, and more.
Like other CRS products, this study has not been made directly available to the public by CRS. A copy was obtained by Secrecy News. See"Presidential Signing Statements: Constitutional and Institutional Implications," September 22, 2006:
Name of source: The Irish Times
SOURCE: The Irish Times (9-28-06)
Fr Henryk Jankowski, who was a well-known supporter of the pro-democracy Solidarity union, is allowed as a so-called victim of the communist regime to study his security service file and publish the names of people who informed on him.
But leaders of the Polish Catholic Church have opposed the publication of former agents' names, saying the communist-era archives are full of false information.
"I am very, very sad doing this, but I am convinced that the truth has to come out," said Fr Jankowski. "I was shocked by what I have seen in these files, shocked by the number of agents in the church. To find out these names was very tragic for me."
Fr Jankowski's superior, Archbishop of Gdansk Tadeusz Goclowski, criticised him for not fully explaining why he had exposed the priests, many of whom are well known.
"He just read out the names, saying that they were in the files, but he did not give any reason why he did so," said Archbishop Goclowski. "He did not say why he decided to 'shoot' these people."
The Catholic Church has been rocked by revelations that several high-profile clergymen were communist spies, and claims by the institute that researches the secret police archives that as many as one in 10 priests were collaborators.
Several of the priests named by Fr Jankowski have dismissed the accusations, while historians said it was essential to add context to the claims.
"Names alone say nothing, and especially to those not familiar with the realities of given circles or a given city," said historian Marek Lasota.
SOURCE: The Irish Times (9-26-06)
In its interim report released yesterday, the Justice Archives Advisory Group concluded that the documents should be transferred over the next 12 months to the National Archives, where they can be made available for unrestricted access. The group, which includes a number of eminent historians, was appointed by Minister for Justice Michael McDowell last February to advise the department on the historical value of its archive of national security records. This comprises records in its possession or under its control and which are more than 30 years old.
It was also asked to advise the department on the arrangements it could put in place to make these records available for research purposes.
The eight-member group was chaired by Prof Mary Daly of the College of Arts and Celtic Studies at UCD.
Its principal recommendation is for the transfer of these records to the National Archives, in stages over the next 12 months.
Mr McDowell yesterday congratulated the group on its work, noting that the interim report dealt with records held by the department relating to security and Northern Ireland matters from the foundation of the State up to 1956.
"By any standards this archive represents a veritable treasure trove of material from the perspective of Irish historians," Mr McDowell said.
"The Department of Justice has long been stereotyped as a secretive and closed institution. In fact my initiative to open up the records to public access has been strongly supported by the senior officials in the department and it is gratifying that the group's conclusions have vindicated and confirmed my own view, and that of my officials, as to the historical value and significance of this archive," he said.
As a result of the initiative, "several new chapters of Ireland's 'secret history' in the twentieth century will now be put before the Irish people", Mr McDowell added.
Name of source: The Jerusalem Post
SOURCE: The Jerusalem Post (9-28-06)
"This is something that is completely out of line said Efraim Zuroff, the head of the Israel office of the Simon Wiesenthal Center. The sale in the tranquil English town of Lostwithiel was interrupted by a noisy protest by two self-styled comedy terrorists." The works reputed to have been created by Hitler while he served in the German military during World War I sold for pounds 115 0 ($ 220 0 after security staff removed the gatecrashers - one of whom dressed as the Nazi leader and shouted "Third Reich" after making a mock bid.
A second protester Aaron Barschak previously gained notoriety by dressing up as Osama bin Laden and crashing Prince William's 21st birthday party in 2003.
The protest exposed sensitivities over the sale of Hitler's artworks in Lostwithiel a sleepy tourist town in Cornwall a county in southwestern England which is overlooked by a 12th Century castle.
Chris Walton a spokesman for Jefferys Auctioneers said the 21 watercolors and two sketches most of them landscapes sold individually for prices from pounds 3 200 pounds ($ 6 100 to pounds 10 500 ($ 19 975 The highest price was for a painting titled "The Church of Preux-au-Bois." Auctioneer Ian Morris said few of the successful bidders was prepared to be identified or speak to journalists.
"There may be a stigma attached to buying Hitler art he said following the sale.
However, one bidder - who refused to identify himself, but confirmed he was an Estonian acting on behalf of an Eastern European businessman - said he had successfully purchased an artwork.
I think they are probably being bought for business - the paintings are not very good and it's not nice to have a 'Hitler' on your living room wall he told reporters, refusing to confirm his identity.
Barschak's wife, Tamara, said her husband and Peter Cunningham, who dressed as Hitler, had considered the sale offensive.
It's not a surprise that when they did decide to hold it they chose a quiet village in Cornwall she told reporters outside the sale. If it was in London there would have been protests. Adolf Hitler was a mass murderer and to make money from that is wrong."
A gaggle of around 50 military buffs and curious neighbors gathered in the small Cornish town to bid for the works depicting scenes of cottages churches and pastoral hillsides.
Historians claim Hitler then a struggling artist painted during breaks from the front while stationed in Belgium during World War I. The works were later found in a farmhouse in Flanders.
Though the anonymous owners had the paper tested to determine its age confirmed the signature and matched landmarks in the paintings to sites where Hitler had served it cannot be definitively proven that the works are genuine Walton said.
He said experts who authenticated them in the 1980s are now dead.
"Some people would consider the sale somewhat controversial but the pieces were executed so long ago - nearly 100 years ago - that they now just represent something of the past Walton said.
I don't have any trouble with the auction at all said Terry Betts, a 52-year-old Lostwithiel resident. It's part of history not good history maybe. But we live with dictators like that now - don't we? - the Saddam Husseins of the world."
Hitler is thought to have painted hundreds of pieces before becoming Nazi leader. In the past his paintings have sold for $ 5 0 to $ 50 0
In many European countries including Germany it is illegal to buy own or sell Nazi memorabilia. A German auction house in 2001 withdrew a Hitler painting following public protests. The Center of Military History in Washington DC has hundreds of Nazi-related pieces - including four Hitler paintings - but they are locked in vaults and not on display.
Buyers of Hitler items are usually private collectors of military memorabilia or World War II enthusiasts art dealers and auction houses.
Name of source: Chicago Tribune
SOURCE: Chicago Tribune (9-28-06)
The blue, custom-built 1978 Monte Carlo embodies the museum's idea of today's Chicago: modern, lively and multicultural. And if the lowrider's juiced-up hydraulics, swiveling driver's seat and fuzzy dice don't accomplish getting visitors' attentions, the inscription on the car's hood should do the job.
Translated, the inscription delves into some colorful Spanish slang, so let's just say that this is one bad car.
"That may take a little explanation," says Gary Johnson, the museum's president. "It's not your father's Oldsmobile."
Nor is the museum, scheduled to reopen Saturday, your father's historical society. A $27.8 million renovation and 10 months of construction have rejuvenated Chicago's oldest museum, once a stodgy, drab institution nestled on Clark Street at North Avenue. The revamped museum now sports a shock of colors and accents to go with new galleries and reconfigured exhibit spaces.
Old favorites, like the diorama gallery, have been updated. The lobby has been overhauled and now displays classic Chicago street signs, a two-story mural and that lowrider.
Inside the new interactive children's gallery, kids can hear the recorded moos of cattle or lie in a giant, plush hot dog filled with toppings. For adults, a new exhibition hall features the late Ed Paschke's work.
Some staples are gone altogether. The second-floor portraits gallery has given way to a World's Columbian Exposition gallery. And Big Shoulders Cafe will become the History Cafe, operated by Wolfgang Puck and opening Saturday.
It's a lot to digest, especially for those who recall the society's previous exhibits and layout. Except for exhibits on Emmett Till and Harold Washington, most of the former society's galleries were lackluster. But the museum's new redesign allows for more open exhibit space.
A new winding staircase, similar to the old one but pushed toward the rear of the building, expands the lobby to nearly 7,000 square feet. The museum added storage space to its old 6,000-square-foot Chicago History gallery, creating "Chicago: Crossroads to America," a new 16,000-square-foot permanent exhibit.
The layouts are spacious, with large plaques delivering a lot of information while keeping the focus on the artifacts themselves. Most of the galleries were designed so that visitors could walk from one end to the other, though some visitors may get caught up inside a new costume and textile gallery, which is shaped like a cul de sac.
The changes were necessary, says Johnson, so that the museum could showcase the best of its 22 million artifacts.
"We need to send a message that we're a destination," says Johnson, who succeeded Lonnie Bunch as president in August 2005. "We're not a club."
As the museum's centerpiece, "Crossroads" helps make that case with its chain of five linked galleries. The exhibit begins in a cavernous, brick-faced room where visitors can explore the first steam locomotive to pass through Chicago, actual portions of Ft. Dearborn from 1848 and the city's first elevated train car.
Movers spent 12 hours in February transporting "L" Car No. 1, on loan from the Chicago Transit Authority, from a Skokie storage yard to Lincoln Park. A crane then hoisted the shrink-wrapped car into the exhibit's second-floor space.
Now settled in a replica station, the 21-ton train car--dark green with wicker seats and a canvas roof--solidifies the exhibit's first gallery, legitimizing the room as a collection of Chicago firsts.
Continuing through the exhibit, visitors receive a dense primer on Chicago history. Deck chairs from the Eastland and burnt pencils from the Chicago Fire recall famous disasters. Weber grills and Zenith televisions showcase Chicago's homegrown innovations.
One of two permanent exhibitions, "Crossroads" will have a few rotating components. For instance, a "fan case" lets Chicagoans donate their own personal artifacts for display (first up: ticket stubs from the 2005 World Series).
A small gallery will present art and other works from Chicago's ethnic enclaves, starting with pieces from Mexican-Americans on the Southeast Side.
Name of source: Indianapolis Star
SOURCE: Indianapolis Star (9-28-06)
It was a picture of the 1913 Homestead Grays, a primordial Pittsburgh-area baseball team that played before the Negro leagues were even born. His mind, Simmons said, needed time to connect the faces to positions to names. He was entitled to the delay; next month, he will turn 111 years old.
Simmons, known as Si, was born on Oct. 14, 1895 -- the same year as Babe Ruth and Rudolph Valentino. He played at the highest level of black baseball while a boy named Satchel Paige was still in grade school.
That Simmons is still living was unknown to baseball researchers until this summer, when a genealogist near the nursing home where he lives in St. Petersburg alerted a Negro leagues expert.
"My reaction," said Negro league researcher Wayne Stivers, "was, 'We need to talk with him immediately.' "
A member of the Center for Negro League Baseball Research confirmed a baseball historian's dream: that Simmons was indeed a man who had pitched and played the outfield in the equivalent of the black major leagues on and off from about 1912 through at least 1929, and that he had played against such stars as Pop Lloyd, Judy Johnson and Biz Mackey.
Lloyd was like "the second Honus Wagner," Simmons said. "Judy Johnson, they called him Pie Traynor."
The oldest living person who played Major League Baseball is Rollie Stiles, 99, who pitched for the St. Louis Browns in the early 1930s.
Confined to a wheelchair but reasonably communicative, Simmons has no major health issues beyond his extraordinary age. He is an avid sports fan who watches many Tampa Bay Devil Rays games on the television in his room -- "I like young players," he said -- and even attended a Devils Rays game at Tropicana Field this summer with his church group.
Friends of his at the Westminster Suncoast retirement community said Simmons rarely talked about his Negro leagues career. Dorothy Russell, 90, said: "When we played volleyball -- with balloons -- he said, 'You know, I used to play baseball.' But he didn't make it sound so spectacular. And I didn't know enough to ask him about it."
Simmons' first games were not in the Negro leagues as they are now remembered. The first established circuit, the Negro National League, started in 1920. Before that, local all-black teams would play against one another, against all-white teams or occasionally against groups of big leaguers barnstorming in the off-season.
Name of source: Berkeley Lab Release
SOURCE: Berkeley Lab Release (9-27-06)
David Adan-Bayewitz, Associate Professor at Bar-Ilan in Ramat-Gan, Israel, and a guest at Berkeley Lab, and Frank Asaro and Robert D. Giauque of Berkeley Lab’s Environmental Energy Technologies Division made their discovery of performing measurements on 1,200 pottery vessels from 38 sites in Roman Judea (present-day Israel). They used high-precision X-ray fluorescence (HPXRF) and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The Berkeley Lab team developed a variation of INAA, the INAA coincidence technique, specifically for measuring silver concentrations in archaeological samples, as a more accurate means of checking the results of HPXRF and conventional INAA.
The research was funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation and the United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation.
The major finding is that samples of pottery from Jerusalem during this era showed anomalously higher concentrations of silver, as compared to samples from all other non-urban sites dated to the same period of time. Many of the samples from Jerusalem and other sampled sites were otherwise indistinguishable in date, shape and chemical composition. High silver abundances were also detected in pottery found at other urban sites. But many of the Jerusalem samples had higher silver values than any of the samples from the other cities.
“Because pottery samples containing higher amounts of silver were all recovered from sites in cities, and because the cities were distant from one another,” says Asaro, “we concluded that the silver anomalies are associated with human activity.” Natural causes do not explain the geographical distribution of samples with high silver content. The researchers also concluded that silver was washed into the pottery through the action of groundwater.
“One of the most important results of our silver work is that our findings suggest that the measurement of silver in pottery may be a useful tool for evaluating archaeological remains and patterns of urban contamination in antiquity,” says Adan-Bayewitz.
Jerusalem in the Second Temple Period
The researchers note that Jerusalem and its temple was the religious and national focus of Jews throughout the Roman Empire during the Second Temple Period, leading to substantial growth and accumulation of wealth of the city’s inhabitants. The Roman scholar Pliny the Elder, who lived during this time, called Jerusalem “by far the most famous city of the East.” Jewish pilgrims to Jerusalem contributed to the city’s wealth, and continual donations to the temple made it a target for plunder.
Josephus, the first-century Jewish historian, witnessed the siege and conquest of Jerusalem in 70 CE, and wrote “Of the vast wealth of the city, no small portion was still being discovered among the ruins. Much of this the Romans dug up, but the greater part they became possessed of through the information of the prisoners, gold and silver and other most precious articles, which the owners in view of the uncertain fortunes of war had stored underground.”
The researchers suggest that the silver anomaly they measured in the Jerusalem pottery samples may be analytical evidence of the wealth of the city during the Second Temple Period.
The results of this research were published in the August 2006 issue of the journal Archaeometry. The article was titled “The discovery of anomalously high silver abundances in pottery excavated in Jerusalem.”
Name of source: Wichita Eagle
SOURCE: Wichita Eagle (9-27-06)
In his later years, Washington's Mount Vernon estate housed one of fledgling America's largest and most profitable distilleries, capable of producing 11,000 gallons a year at a time when most liquor makers could muster only a few hundred.
"It was a major commercial operation . . . it was as good as any whiskey that was being made," said Dennis Pogue, a historian at Mount Vernon.
Now, the distillery at Mount Vernon has been rebuilt to exacting historical specifications. Built using the plans for the 1797 distillery on the footprint of the original building after a five-year archeological effort, it will open to the public in April. The official dedication on Wednesday featured a visit from England's Prince Andrew.
The building's first floor will have costumed interpreters explaining to visitors Washington's liquor business and how the distillery worked. On the second floor, a museum will guide visitors through a history of the distilled spirits industry during Washington's time.
Mount Vernon officials say it will add an important new element to Americans' understanding of Washington.
"George Washington's story is so rich," Pogue said. "Most of what Americans think they know about Washington is wrong. This is an opportunity to give insight into Washington that people don't have. It fleshes out the picture of what life was like at Mount Vernon and in America at the time."
About 1 million visitors a year go to Mount Vernon. Officials hope that the distillery and adjacent grist mill eventually will entice 50,000 of them annually to their location two miles down the road from the main estate.
Bluenoses might blanch at the prospect of the Father of our Country being touted as a liquor producer, but Pogue noted that Washington "knew alcohol was a part of American life, part of society. He drank himself."
The distilled spirits industry, which paid for most of the $2 million-plus project, hopes the distillery will broaden people's understanding of the place of alcohol in American history.
"We're proud of our heritage," said Peter Cressy, president of the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States, the liquor manufacturers' trade association that underwrote the project. "It gives us the opportunity to, in a very authentic way, show something about the heritage of our industry."
Philip Lynch, a spokesman for liquor maker Brown-Forman Corp., said, "It puts distilled spirits in context for people. Probably 75 percent of the farmers in this country were distillers."
Washington got into the liquor business for the same reason any did: to make money. In 1797, his estate manager, James Anderson, told Washington that a distillery would be profitable. And while it never replaced crops as Mount Vernon's primary source of revenue, Washington did profit $1,800 on the whiskey operation in the peak year of 1799. Records show he paid $334 in taxes.
The operation produced mostly rye whiskey and some flavored brandies. The staff of eight included six slaves, Pogue said.
After Washington's death, the distillery operation declined. In 1814, the building was destroyed by fire and the operation ceased.
The five copper stills and brick ovens in the rebuilt sandstone building can make whiskey. But whiskey will likely be produced only on special occasions. Pogue said Mount Vernon officials may try to win approval to bottle and sell whiskey made at the distillery.
Name of source: Thomas Blanton in a press release issued by the National Security Archive
The crux of the issue is a January 25, 2001, memo on al-Qaeda from counterterrorism coordinator Richard Clarke to National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice, the first terrorism strategy paper of the Bush administration. The document was central to the debate over pre-9/11 Bush administration policy on terrorism and figured prominently in the 9/11 hearings held in 2004. A declassified copy of the Clarke memo was first posted on the Web by the National Security Archive in February 2005.
Clarke's memo "urgently" requested a high-level National Security Council review on al-Qaeda and included two attachments: a declassified December 2000 "Strategy for Eliminating the Threat from the Jihadist Networks of al-Qida: Status and Prospects" and the September 1998 "Pol-Mil Plan for al-Qida," the so-called Delenda Plan, which remains classified.
These documents and excerpts from the recent Rice and Clinton statements are now available on the Web site of the National Security Archive.
Name of source: Yahoo
SOURCE: Yahoo (9-27-06)
In the 1860s, Alger quietly resigned as a Unitarian minister at a church on Cape Cod after he was accused of assaulting two boys — an incident that is old news to literary scholars but came as a surprise to some civic leaders in Marlborough.
"This was an absolute shock to me," said school board member Joe Delano. "That's a sad world, goodness gracious." Delano, the father of three girls, said: "I'm confident the city will change the name next year."
The dispute has come up at the same time the City Council in this community 25 miles west of Boston is considering an ordinance that would ban sex offenders from living within 2,500 feet of schools, day care centers or anywhere else children gather — effectively putting 95 percent of the city off limits.
Name of source: The Independent (London)
SOURCE: The Independent (London) (9-27-06)
No traces of Neanderthal activity have previously been found in north-west Europe during this period - a 15,000-year interval between two ice ages.
Historians previously thought that Neanderthals, who thrived in cold conditions, had failed to adapt to the warmer weather and had retreated to the east or to the north. The new site at Caours, near Abbeville, close to the mouth of the river Somme, proves that this was not so.
A two-year dig by two French government research bodies has uncovered evidence of a Neanderthal "butcher's shop" on an ancient riverbank to which animals as large as rhinoceros, elephant and aurochs, the forerunner of the cow, were dragged. The Neanderthals - known to be squat, powerful people, who had language and fire and buried their dead - sliced up the animals with flint tools for their meat and pounded their bones for their marrow.
Earlier this month, British archaeologists reported that they had found evidence that a few members of the species (Homo neanderthalis) may have survived in caves in Gibraltar much later than was previously thought - until about 28,000 years ago, or maybe even 24,000 years ago. Previously, it was thought that they vanished about 30,000 years ago.
Both finds are potentially vital new pieces in the frustratingly incomplete jigsaw of modern understanding of our tough and resourceful, near-human, European predecessors. The problem is that the two discoveries seem to be part of different jigsaw puzzles.
Jean-Luc Locht, a Belgian expert in prehistory at the French government's archaeological service, was a researcher at Caours. "This is a very important site, a unique site," he said. "It proves that Neanderthals thrived in a warm northwest Europe and hunted animals like the rhinoceros and the aurochs, just as they previously, and later, hunted ice-age species like the mammoth and the reindeer.
"If we have lost the record of them elsewhere in this period, it must be because the erosive action of the last ice age wiped the record clean."
No Neanderthal remains have been found so far on the new site on the Somme, or among the new finds in Gibraltar. In both cases, their presence at a particular (and highly significant) period has been revealed by other discoveries: flint tools in the case of Gibraltar' a treasure trove of flint tools and fossilised animal bones in the case of the Somme.
The animal bones, found in a geological layer laid down about 125,000 years ago, show signs of having been sawn through, crushed or stripped of their meat by flint tools. The animal species identified include a small fragment of elephant bone, several rhinoceros teeth, and many remnants of aurochs, wild boar and several kinds of deer.
The dig, which will continue next summer, has also unearthed flint scraping or cutting tools and a flint pounding implement, used for crushing bones or splitting other pieces of flint.
Patrick Auguste, one of the other principal researchers on the site, an expert on archaeozoology, or prehistoric animals, at the French national research body, the CNRS, said: "You have to wonder at the artistry, the exceptional skill, with which the flint tools have been shaped. The Neanderthals may have had thicker fingers than us, but they were certainly not clumsy."
The back-to-back French and British announcements create a prehistorical conundrum. The Gibraltar discovery suggests that Neanderthals survived for as long as 8,000 years after a two-legged rival first appeared in Europe out of Africa -Homo sapiens sapiens, or mankind. An 8,000-year period of Neanderthal/ sapiens cohabitation suggests that mankind was not responsible for wiping out the Neanderthals.
The other possible explanation is that Neanderthals were victims of global warming, succumbing to abrupt variations in climate well before the end of the last Ice Age, about 15,000 years ago.
But the new find in the Somme suggests that Neanderthals were able to survive the ending of an earlier ice age.
In which case, the finger of "blame" for the demise of the Neanderthals after thriving in Europe for 270,000 years points, once again, at Homo sapiens.
Name of source: The Washington Post
SOURCE: The Washington Post (9-27-06)
Then it was over, and the young soldiers of the burial detail marched off. The few dozen people who had come to pay their respects at Arlington National Cemetery milled by the coffin and chatted in reverent whispers. And after a while they drifted away. So long. Rest in peace.
He has been dead for a good lifetime, 88 years. Killed at 23 on a French battlefield in World War I, hastily buried in a shell crater, he was lost. And as years went by and he stayed lost, probably everyone he knew passed away. Another world war, far more cataclysmic, marred the century, and in time the war Lupo fought dimmed in the national consciousness.
The face of a missing doughboy, serial No. 1941919, faded, too.
"Just to be able to bring one of our own home, finally, and give him the honors he deserves is a great thing," said Sgt. Maj. John Fourham, the top noncommissioned officer in the Army's 1st Infantry Division, in which Lupo served.
An accident of archaeology retrieved him from obscurity. His bones turned up during a routine survey for ancient artifacts before a construction project in the farm fields near Soissons, 55 miles northeast of Paris. The Defense Department lab that analyzed his partial skeleton -- and the remains of another, still nameless doughboy -- said Lupo is probably the longest-missing U.S. soldier ever recovered and identified.
Fourham said he spoke briefly with Rachel Kleisinger, 73, a niece of Lupo's who received the tri-folded American flag that draped his coffin. "I just wanted to thank her for the service of Private Lupo," he said.
Lupo was a little fellow, physically and figuratively. He was 5 feet tall (if that), an immigrant laborer's son, barely educated, an $8-a-week newspaper deliveryman when the world went up in flames. It wasn't his fault. He was in Cincinnati at the time.
But he wound up caught in the inferno, anyway.
It's doubtful he understood the forces of politics and human nature that doomed him -- the tangle of European alliances, the militarism and ethnic animosities, the greed, grudges and vanities that led the continent to war in 1914. What did any of that have to do with Francis Lupo?
In just over four months in 1916, along the Somme River, more than 300,000 men were killed. But that was in France; it wasn't Lupo's fight. And President Woodrow Wilson vowed to keep the United States out of it.
German provocations changed the nation's mind, though. In April 1917, Congress declared war and told Lupo's generation to wage it -- to train, sail to France and end the murderous stalemate in the trenches east of Paris.
"It is so amazing to know that this soldier was so young," said Sgt. Maj. Frederic Plautin of the French army, standing by Lupo's coffin yesterday. "Many French died in battle with him the same way, but they were in France. This American soldier was not in his country. So we really wish to share the grief and express our thanks for what he has done."
Building an American army big enough to tip the balance in France would take until well into 1918. The Kaiser's generals, meanwhile, had a victory plan of their own. In the East, Germany's war with czarist Russia ended with the Bolshevik Revolution, freeing many thousands of German soldiers to join the fight on the Western Front.
But the great wave of 1917 doughboy draftees won the race, pouring into France by the hundreds of thousands in the spring of 1918. Private Lupo arrived in March, in time for the Army's first large-scale offensive operation of the war, a French-led attack that eventually became known as the Second Battle of the Marne.
He was killed July 20, likely his first day in heavy fighting.
"He was there at the pivotal moment, I believe," said Andrew E. Wood, a research historian at the 1st Division Museum in Illinois. He flew in for yesterday's service and stood in the shade by the coffin after the soldiers had gone, as the people drifted away.
"From that point on, for the rest of the war, the Allies only gained ground, and the Germans only retreated," Wood said. The armistice was signed in November.
The Old Guard buried him with all its solemn pomp. But he was just a newsboy from Ohio who went where he was told to go.
Name of source: ISI website
SOURCE: ISI website (9-26-06)
If the survey were administered as an exam in a college course, seniors would fail with an overall average score of 53.2 percent, or F on a traditional grading scale.
Though a university education can cost upwards of $200,000, and college students on average leave campus $19,300 in debt, they are no better off than when they arrived in terms of acquiring the knowledge necessary for informed engagement in a democratic republic and global economy.
FINDING 2: Prestige doesn't pay off.
Colleges that rank high in the U.S. News and World Report 2006 ranking were ranked low in the ISI ranking of learning in these key fields. Specifically, a 1 percent increase in civic learning as measured in our survey corresponded to a decrease of 25 positions in the U.S. News ranking.
There is no relationship between the cost of attending a college and students' acquired understanding of America's history and key institutions. Students at relatively inexpensive colleges often learn more, on average, than their counterparts at expensive colleges.
At many colleges, including Brown, Georgetown, and Yale, seniors know less than freshmen about America's history, government, foreign affairs, and economy. We characterize this phenomenon as "negative learning." A majority of the 16 schools where senior scores were actually lower than freshman scores are considered to be among the most prestigious colleges in the United States.
FINDING 3: Students don't learn what colleges don't teach.
Student learning about America's history and institutions decreases when fewer courses are taken in history, political science, government, and economics.
Schools where students took more courses in American history, political science, and economics outperformed those schools where fewer courses were completed.
Civic learning is significantly greater at schools that require students to take courses in American history, political science, and economics. Student knowledge in these key areas improves significantly at colleges that still value excellent teaching in the classroom.
FINDING 4: Greater civic learning goes hand-in-hand with more active citizenship.
Students who demonstrated greater learning of America's history and institutions were more engaged in citizenship activities such as voting, volunteer community service, and political campaigns.
Name of source: Toronto Globe and Mail
SOURCE: Toronto Globe and Mail (9-27-06)
Using infrared technology that allowed them to see beneath a layer of varnish, the researchers found that Leonardo da Vinci's model had a gauzy layer over her dress they say was typically worn by pregnant women of the time, or mothers who had recently given birth. The filmy robe was called a guarnello.
Mona Lisa was Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, a Florentine cloth merchant. Records suggest she wasn't pregnant when she posed for Leonardo, but that the painting was commissioned to celebrate the birth of her third child, says Bruno Mottin, curator in the research department of the Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France.
The infant was a boy, says Mr. Mottin, born before Leonardo began painting the Mona Lisa in the early 1500s.
Name of source: Regnum News Agency (Russia)
SOURCE: Regnum News Agency (Russia) (9-26-06)
Gibson presents his new Apocalypto picture about Mayan civilization, on which he is working right now and screened some footage from the film. At the promotion screening, Gibson drew parallels between the Mayan civilization and the current situation in the United States, concerning the Iraqi operation.
As Kinoafisha reports, the film depicts collapse of the civilization. Gibson is quoted as saying that “the precursors to a civilization that's going under are the same, time and time again.” “What's human sacrifice if not sending guys off to Iraq for no reason?” It is worth mentioning a third of the audience welcomed him by a standing ovation.
The film is to be released on December 8.
Name of source: Copley News Service
SOURCE: Copley News Service (9-22-06)
Mackevich was selected from three finalists because of her high energy level and her fundraising abilities, Rep. Ray LaHood, R-Peoria, said Thursday. The commission is significantly behind in its plans to raise $100 million for events commemorating the 16th president's 200th birthday in 2009, he said. LaHood co-chairs the bicentennial commission along with Sen. Dick Durbin, D-Ill., and Lincoln scholar Harold Holzer....
Mackevich, who will start Oct. 10, will be paid an annual salary of $163,500 plus a $20,000 relocation fee to move from Chicago to Washington.
Diane Liesman, chief of staff for LaHood's congressional office, has served as acting executive director of the commission since May when the previous executive director, Michael Bishop, left. LaHood would not say if Bishop resigned or was fired. "It was a parting of the ways. It didn't work out," LaHood said. "I'll leave it at that."
However, asked if the commission was behind in its fundraising, LaHood said "very much so."
He said the commission still has time to get back on track with fundraising for a series of planned events culminating in 2009 with fireworks and a celebrity-studded event at the Lincoln Memorial. "All of us felt that she's the person who could really energize those people around the country that have a deep interest in Lincoln around those events that we need to fund," LaHood said.
Name of source: Canberra Times
SOURCE: Canberra Times (9-23-06)
A geologist and co-secretary of the All Party War Graves and Battlefield Heritage Group for the British Parliament, Professor Peter Doyle, said the men were wrapped in groundsheets and bound in wire before being buried, probably by their colleagues, who may have hoped to re-inter them at a later date.
Professor Doyle said that while he had not been personally involved in the operation, his colleagues in Belgium had informed him of the details of the find.
"As far as I am informed, these men were wrapped in the groundsheet and the groundsheet kept on the bodies by the wrapping of wire," he said. "So the intention, I would think, would be to create a sort of shroud and preserve the bodies until they could be re-interred at a later date - that's the implication that has been given to me."
As reported in The Canberra Times on Wednesday, five bodies were uncovered at Zonnebeke, Belgium, during the construction of a gas pipeline in early September.
Name of source: The State (NC)
SOURCE: The State (NC) (9-24-06)
The decade-old reform of the U.S. system — and recent reauthorization of the changes — are examples.
In recent years, Americans have embraced more of a take-care-of-yourself attitude. That fueled the work requirements and time limits on payments that are the heart of today’s welfare system.
“There was a period of time when we sort of said, ‘We have a welfare problem. People need help,’” said Ed Berkowitz, a history professor at George Washington University who has written extensively on the evolution of U.S. programs. “Now, it’s, ‘No, it’s a question of responsibility.’ We’re in a fix yourself mode. It’s about accountability.”
Before the 1935 Social Security Act — a precursor to today’s program — there was federal and state assistance to those in financial straits. It was mostly limited to pensions that provided money to widows with children.
The Great Depression convinced Americans that job losses and the financial hardships that followed weren’t always the worker’s fault.
Name of source: The Times (London)
SOURCE: The Times (London) (9-26-06)
The trumpets, gold candelabra and the bejewelled Table of the Divine Presence were among pieces shipped to Rome after the looting in AD70 of the Temple, the most sacred building in the ancient Jewish faith. After a decade of research into previously untapped ancient texts and archeological sources, Dr Kingsley has reconstructed the treasure's route for the first time in 2000 years to provide evidence that it left Rome in the fifth century.
He has discovered that it was taken to Carthage, Constantinople and Algeria before being hidden in the Judaean wilderness, beneath the Monastery of Theodosius.
Dr Kingsley said: ''The treasure resonates fiercely across modern politics. Since the mid-1990s, a heated political wrangle has been simmering between the Vatican and Israel, which has accused the papacy of imprisoning the treasure.
''The Temple treasure remains a deadly political tool in the volatile Arab-Israeli conflict centred on the Temple Mount (the site of the Jewish Temple and Muslim Dome of the Rock).
''The treasure's final hiding place in the modern West Bank ... deep in Hamas territory will rock world religions.''
Emperor Vespasian ordered the destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem after a Jewish revolt and Roman forces took about 50tonnes of gold, silver and precious art to Rome. The Arch of Titus, built a decade later, depicts Roman soldiers bearing the sacred spoils on their shoulders. The Jews were expelled from Jerusalem and dispersed throughout the world.
Between AD75 and the early fifth century, the treasure was on public display in the Temple of Peace in the Forum, in Rome.
The Vatican has told Dr Kingsley there is no evidence in its archives that the treasure resided in Rome from the medieval period onwards.
''One thing is for sure: it is not imprisoned deep in Vatican City,'' he said. ''I am the first to prove that the Temple treasures no longer languish in Rome.''
Dr Kingsley's sources include Josephus, a first-century Jewish historian who sometimes exaggerated but is an authority on Roman and Jewish history. He also found evidence in, among others, Theophanes Confessor (c760-817), a Christian monk from Constantinople.
In Chronographia, which spanned AD284-813, Theophanes recorded that Gaiseric, king of the Vandals, loaded the treasures that ''Titus had brought to Rome after the capture of Jerusalem'' on a boat to Carthage, Tunisia in AD455.
In the first holy crusade in AD533, the Byzantine Belisarius seized the treasure from a royal ship fleeing the Algerian harbour of Hippo Regius. It was then shipped to Constantinople, the capital of Byzantium.
In the seventh century, Persians sacked Jerusalem, killing thousands of Christians and dragging the patriarch, Zacharias, to Persia. Dr Kingsley believes that Zacharias's, replacement, Modestus, spirited away the treasures to their final hiding place in AD614.
Name of source: Newport News Daily Press
SOURCE: Newport News Daily Press (9-23-06)
But few revelations have been more unexpected than the artifacts that turned up during seemingly routine excavations inside the new conservation facility at the Mariners' Museum this summer.
Probing through some of the last deposits that remain after the removal of tons of sediment, concretion and sand, conservators David Krop and Susanne Grieve knew their chances of coming across any overlooked finds were slim. Yet hidden under layers of accumulated grit that now measure as little as 2 inches thick was an assortment of unanticipated artifacts, including a trio of buttons, a mysterious iron crank and a piece of chalk that once stroked messages to the ill-fated vessel's sailors.
Perhaps the biggest surprise was a quartet of brass-jacketed bullets that seemed to come out of nowhere. Not only were they the first examples of ammunition found on the famous warship but they also emerged in an entirely unsuspected location.
Name of source: Scotsman.com
SOURCE: Scotsman.com (9-23-06)
The document was uncovered while staff were carrying out an assessment of historic material ahead of the creation of the university's new library and special collections centre.
It was among papers belonging to James Fraser, who was born in Inverness-shire in 1645 and educated at King's College, Aberdeen. He became tutor to one of Charles II's illegitimate sons in the mid-1660s. Some letters to and from Fraser survive in the collections at King's College, as well as rare books and manuscripts he deposited there.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (9-25-06)
The 21 paintings and sketches, the largest sale of Hitler's artwork for many years, has attracted huge interest and collectors from Russia, the United States and South Africa are expected to bid in the quiet Cornish town of Lostwithiel.
"People have been ringing up every day about it," said Ian Morris, auctioneer at Jefferys. "It's very unusual to have that number of Hitler's watercolors up for auction."
Questions have been raised about the provenance of the paintings and whether it is appropriate to auction the works of the mastermind of the Holocaust.
"There has been a minority of people who are unhappy," Morris told Reuters. "There are always people who have reservations about what's being sold."
The paintings of rural scenes on the border of Belgium and France were offered to Jefferys after the auctioneers sold a Hitler watercolor for 5,200 pounds ($9,790) in November 2005.
An elderly woman in Belgium, who wants to remain anonymous, contacted the company and offered for sale 21 works that had been found in the 1980s in an attic of a house near Huy.
Two refugees from France, apparently returning home, had left a sealed box there in 1919, a year after the end of the war.
The box contained the watercolors which depicted scenes around Le Quesnoy, the area in France where the women had originally come from.
The pictures were signed AH and Adolf Hitler. Hitler had spent "rest periods" near Le Quesnoy in the winters of 1916-17 and 1917-18, according to a historian asked to look into the provenance of the pictures.
An art consultant concluded in 1986 that the signatures appeared genuine although the standard of the paintings was not as high as previous Hitler work, perhaps due to "material and psychological conditions, including shock."
Jefferys, who have switched the sale from their showroom to a hotel in the town to allow more room for bidders, have catalogued the paintings as being "attributed to A. Hitler."
The Nazi leader showed artistic talent when he was a boy in Austria and wanted to be an artist. He was turned down twice by Vienna's Academy of Fine Arts but continued painting until the outbreak of war in 1914, and after he returned to civilian life.
Morris says he hopes one or two of the paintings will sell for more than £5,000 although he admits the standard of the work is not high.
"It is reasonable amateur art but not professional," he said.