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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (6-25-06)
One way can be seen in an unusual new exhibition organized by Stacey Bredhoff, "Eyewitness: American Originals From the National Archives." Its 25 "documents" provide a human record of history: first-person accounts — in audio, video and ink — of events witnessed, decisions made, actions taken.
SOURCE: NYT (6-23-06)
One of the hardest-hit institutions was the New York Public Library, which lost 32 maps, but rare book collections in Boston, Chicago and London were also victims, according to federal prosecutors.
The admissions by the map dealer, Edward Forbes Smiley III, came roughly one year after he was caught with five rare maps in his briefcase and tweed jacket minutes after leaving Yale University's rare-book library. A video surveillance system showed him removing a map valued at $150,000 from a book.
SOURCE: NYT (6-23-06)
The war, as Izvestia put it, echoing the sentiment of all the assorted papers, "trampled hopes, broke fates, doomed millions to death. But not to oblivion. Those who remain alive do not make their peace with death, they remember those they lost, and their children inherit this memory. And so the longest day in our history – 22 June 1941 – does not end."
The front page of Rossiskaya Gazeta, Russia's official state newspaper, showed a picture taken by a German photographer of a single dead Soviet soldier. The paper gestured to the photograph's symbolism: "The dead soldier is awkwardly curled up in a fetal position. His death resembles a birth. Had he not died in 1941, had death not stopped in 1945, had Victory not been born, our life would not have been."
SOURCE: NYT (6-22-06)
Although few details were provided, the breakthrough seems to pave the way for a settlement to Italy's claims to dozens of antiquities in the Getty Museum's collection. Italy has long argued that those objects were looted from Italian soil in recent decades and sold to the Getty by unscrupulous dealers.
Neither side would say how many or which artifacts were being returned. In exchange for the antiquities, the two sides said, Italy is prepared to "provide loans of objects of comparable visual beauty and historical importance."
SOURCE: NYT (6-22-06)
"The sacrifice of the Hungarian people inspires all who love liberty," Mr. Bush said in a speech at Buda Castle on Gellert Hill, overlooking the Danube and the city below. He continued: "America honors your courage. We've learned from your example, and we resolve that when people stand up for their freedom, America will stand with them."
On a day when lawmakers in Washington were engaged in an intense debate over whether to withdraw troops from Iraq, Mr. Bush thanked the Hungarians for "playing a vital role" in the Iraq war, neglecting to mention that Hungary withdrew its own troops more than a year ago. The president also recounted his visit last week to Baghdad, telling Hungarians that they would "recognize this spirit" of democracy there.
"The lesson of the Hungarian experience is clear," Mr. Bush said. "Liberty can be delayed, but it cannot be denied."
SOURCE: NYT (6-21-06)
It is a big deal, in terms literal — 997 pages — and metaphorical. Few insults have stung the movement's thinkers as much as the barb from Lionel Trilling, the literary critic, who said conservatives had no ideas, "just irritable mental gestures."
A half-century later, 251 contributors have weighed in, not so irritably, with a four-pound response.
SOURCE: NYT (6-21-06)
Mr. Robinson's own caution was one cause of this vicissitude. His temporary induction into the Mongol royal house began in April, when he received a call from Oxford Ancestors, an English DNA testing company he had asked in 2003 to test his Y chromosome. The company said that on a recent scan of its database Mr. Robinson's chromosome had emerged as having a genetic signature very close to Genghis Khan's.
Mr. Robinson's male ancestors were British. Perhaps because of that apparent incongruity -- and the contrast between his profession and Genghis Khan's -- the finding was reported in several newspapers, including The New York Times.
Then a movie company offered to fly Mr. Robinson out to Mongolia. But instead of sitting back and basking in the posthumous fame of his new ancestor as many people might have done, Mr. Robinson decided to get a second opinion before matters went any further.
He sought the view of Family Tree DNA of Houston, only to learn last week from its president, Bennett Greenspan, that he belonged to a different branch of the Y chromosome family tree from that of the Mongol emperor, and could not be descended from him.
Chris Tyler-Smith, a geneticist at the Sanger Institute in Cambridge, England, said Family Tree DNA's analysis was correct. The company's test of Mr. Robinson's Y chromosome ''conclusively rules out a link to the Genghis Khan haplotype,'' he wrote in an e-mail message.
A team led by Dr. Tyler-Smith identified the haplotype, or genetic signature, of the Mongol royal house in 2003 after a survey showed it to be carried by an estimated 16 million men living in the lands of the former Mongol empire. The domain of Genghis and his heirs stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Pacific Ocean, and Genghis is said by contemporary historians to have labored assiduously in his large harems.
Mr. Robinson said that he was disappointed only that Oxford Ancestors had not run the same test as Family Tree DNA had done, or at least told him it was available.
Bryan Sykes, the founder of Oxford Ancestors, said he agreed with Dr. Tyler-Smith's verdict but maintained that his original interpretation was reasonable.
The discrepancy occurred because Oxford Ancestors only tested Mr. Robinson's Y chromosome at nine sites, ones at which the DNA mutates quite often between generations. Finding a match between Mr. Robinson and Genghis at seven of nine sites, Dr. Sykes assumed that was good enough to declare a direct relationship, since he had never seen such a match outside of Asia, he said.
But the major branches of the Y chromosome family tree are defined by mutations at sites that change very seldom. Oxford Ancestors did not check the slow-mutating site that defines the branch to which Genghis Khan belongs. But at Family Tree DNA, Mr. Greenspan saw a feature in one of the fast-mutating DNA sites that bothered him, and did the costlier test of a slow-mutating site.
A match at 10 fast-mutating sites is outvoted by a discrepancy at one slow-mutating site, Dr. Tyler-Smith said.
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (6-24-06)
Sotheby's auction house had estimated the value of the collection at up to $30 million ahead of the auction that had been set for Friday, some five months after the death of King's widow, Coretta Scott King.
King's heirs had tried to sell it to the U.S. Library of Congress in 1999. But the deal fell through, and the auction had raised concerns about where the historic archive would end up.
Sotheby's said late on Friday that Morehouse College, the historically black institution from which King graduated in 1948, purchased it for an undisclosed sum.
SOURCE: Reuters (6-23-06)
"Even among the same Americans, Yankees refer to the war between the North and the South as the 'Civil War', and those in Dixie call it the 'Northern Invasion'," Aso told Reuters in a wide-ranging interview this week.
"Even among the same Anglo-Saxon peoples or citizens of the same country, there are lots of matters concerning history about which there is no agreement," he added.
"So unless they consider what to do based on the recognition that they have different perceptions of history -- if they just stick to the issue of perceptions of history -- there will not be forward progress."
Japan's relations with China and South Korea, where bitter memories of Tokyo's wartime aggression run deep, have been chilled by Koizumi's annual visits to Tokyo's Yasukuni shrine.
World War Two leaders convicted as war criminals by an Allied tribunal are honoured there alongside Japan's war dead.
Aso said he felt ties with Beijing were on the mend and that it was in both sides' interests for that trend to continue.
"Japan and China share mutual interests in many areas," he said, citing energy and the environment as examples.
"I think it is in the interests of both sides to demonstrate that to their people concretely and expand cooperative relations," he said, adding China's economy would suffer if political strains caused a fall in capital investment from Japan.
Diplomacy toward China and South Korea has emerged as a focal point in the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) race to replace Koizumi as party president, and hence, prime minister.
Some business executives worry ties would remain frayed if frontrunner Chief Cabinet Secretary Shinzo Abe, known for his tough stance toward North Korea and China, or Aso, win the post.
Veteran lawmaker Yasuo Fukuda, who ranks second in surveys of voter preference for the next prime minister, has criticised Koizumi's Asian diplomacy and backs a proposal for a secular war memorial where Japan can honour war dead without offending its neighbours.
A political blue-blood whose father negotiated the peace treaty ending World War Two, Aso has backed Koizumi's right to visit Yasukuni and himself paid respects there in the past.
He has stirred anger in the two Koreas for remarks perceived as trying to justify Japan's 1919-1945 colonisation of the peninsula and faced criticism from some who want him to atone for the use of Korean forced labourers at a firm run by his family.
Like Abe, Aso is playing his cards close to his chest on whether he would make a pilgrimage to Yasukuni if elected prime minister.
"I have said all along that I will make an appropriate decision," Aso said. "Basically, it is a domestic issue."
Name of source: APSA
SOURCE: APSA (6-23-06)
These conclusions appear in a research symposium entitled "Immigration and National Identity," edited by Gary M. Segura (University of Washington), in the June issue of the "Perspectives on Politics" -- a journal of the APSA. The symposium is online at http://www.apsanet.org/section(under)682.cfm and is comprised of four articles which consider different aspects of the social and political incorporation of Latino immigrants in the U.S. "The fight .. over who is an American, and what constitutes 'American-ness,' is and has been an ongoing one for virtually the entire history of the United States," observes Segura in the introduction.
In "Culture Clash? Contesting Notions of American Identity and the Effects of Latin American Immigration," Segura and Luis R. Fraga (Stanford University) examine immigration and national identity in the context of American political development. Tracing immigration fears to the pre-Declaration of Independence era, Segura and Fraga agree that Anglo-Protestant culture shaped American national identity but question whether ethno-religious and linguistic traditions are the most critical "binding ties of nationhood" or "the erosion of in the dominance of Anglo- Protestant culture is inherently destabilizing ..." They point to other successful multicultural democracies while cautioning against overlooking the less laudable aspects of Anglo-Protestant dominance which have historically negatively affected socially subordinate groups. Noting the role of the capacity for change in the longevity of the American republic -- rather than the maintenance of a static, idealized Anglo-Protestant identity -- they advocate a broader and comprehensive reading of American history in the immigration debate.
In "Mexican Americans and the American Dream" Richard Alba (University at Albany, SUNY) addresses the often-used claim that "Mexicans are on their way to forming a separate nation within the U.S." Underscoring the diversity within the Latino and Mexican immigrant population, the author observes that commonly used standards for assimilation such as comparisons of generations are misleading due to the fact that "different generations originate in different periods of Mexican immigration" as well as the varying impact of institutional discrimination over time. Alba challenges Samuel Huntington's recent work and concludes that direct evidence of the linguistic assimilation of Mexicans does "not support the notion of a cleavage into separate, language-based subsocieties," and instead reveals a pattern of "steady intergenerational progress." While Hispanic groups including Mexicans do show higher rates of bilingualism among second generation adults than European groups in the past, Alba points to high rates of recent immigration as a main cause and asserts that by the third generation "English dominance, if not monolinugalism, is the prevalent pattern." The author concludes by noting that while some identify cultural and social isolation as the key obstacles to assimilation, it is wise to also consider the barriers to opportunities for immigrants and work to reduce them.
Susan Eckstein (Boston University) authored the third article, "Cuban Emigres and the American Dream," which focuses on the Cuban immigrant experience and the claim that "Latin Americans are eroding our country's core Anglo-Protestant values." Eckstein observes that "what has been good for Cuban Americans has been good for America" in that the Cuban presence in Miami helped transform the city into a commercial hub spanning the Americas and from which all Americans benefit. Notably, the cultural aspects of that transformation were essential as Cuban identity and the Spanish language were central in spurring growth. Moreover, the enduring Catholic religious identity of most Cubans has not hindered their economic integration despite claims that Anglo-Protestant values are the keys to assimilation. Eckstein also examines the "social and cultural separateness" between Cuban Americans and non-Hispanics in Florida that has led Cubans to form their own municipal, voluntary and professional associations over time -- a key aspect of their success. However, despite the fact that Cuban Americans exhibit high rates of citizenship, voter registration and political participation, they remain "internally divided and increasingly so," a phenomenon driven by the changing nature of the type of Cubans immigrants -- from those who fled the Castro revolution and were typically privileged in the pre-revolution era, to those who have lived under the Castro regime. These different cohorts have "shared unequally in the American Dream" and differ in their levels of economic success, language adoption, political engagement and overall assimilation in the U.S. She concludes by observing that the Cuban-American experience has been uniquely shaped by its encounter with Anglo society in Florida and that "if there is not one single Cuban American experience, even less is there a single Hispanic experience."
The fourth article, "Mexican Immigrant Political and Economic Incorporation," was co-authored by Frank D. Bean, Susan K. Brown and Ruben G. Rumbaut (all from the University of California, Irvine) and investigates the empirical basis of the claim that American identity and culture is being undermined by a "trend toward cultural bifurcation" driven by Mexican and Latino immigration. The authors observe that despite the widespread use of data in the immigration debate, "actual longitudinal data that track individual immigrants over time or measure true intergenerational change ... have largely been lacking." Available information is based on "short-run, static depictions of the incorporation experiences of new immigrants," and understandably "invites the conclusion that ... Mexican immigrants in particular, are generating a permanent and largely illegal underclass." Drawing upon new survey data, they address two important claims: that Mexican immigrants are not transitioning to residency or citizenship, and that Mexican immigrants aren't making educational gains. The new data show the proportion of Mexican immigrants who transition to legal residency after arrival has doubled in the past 20 years, making clear that "unauthorized migration status can and often does change ... and is not a permanent, static property of Mexican immigrants." Notably, almost half of illegal immigrants had transitioned to citizenship 30 to 35 years after arrival. These transitions, in turn, have opened other doors to assimilation as "substantial education gains are evident across generations" as well: 52 percent of those whose immigrant fathers had naturalized have received college degrees or college education, compared with 43 percent of those whose immigrant fathers were still legal residents and 13.6 percent of those whose fathers were still unauthorized. The authors conclude that their research "uncovers considerable upward economic mobility" rooted in patterns of transition to authorized status and educational improvement over time -- "findings contrary to ... fears about their intentions and unassimilability."
This research speaks directly to fundamental questions such as the nature of American society and its core principles, the ability of recent immigrant groups to attain the American Dream, their social and political status in the United States and the choices facing policy makers today in the debate over immigration. Given the importance of Latino immigration, the symposium, states Segura, aimed to bring together scholars from a variety of intellectual traditions while devoting "considerable effort to investigating the empirical claims regarding Latino immigration and assimilation often made by those who perceive threat."
Name of source: Cox
SOURCE: Cox (6-18-06)
Historians are measuring them against the brand-name scandals — Watergate, Iran-Contra, Whitewater, Monica - that have plagued previous presidents.
"There is something that is different about the current administration and more worrisome about this," said presidential historian William Leuchtenburg, a University of North Carolina professor emeritus. "The kinds of problems that administrations have had in the past have usually involved bad behavior by an individual on his own."
"What's different about this administration is that the behavior involves important matters of policy of breach of security," Leuchtenburg said. "From what we actually know, it hasn't yet reached the dimensions of the Nixon White House. But it certainly goes beyond the sort of petty personal scandals that one associates with Truman and Eisenhower or with Carter."
Name of source: NY Sun
SOURCE: NY Sun (6-23-06)
"Mrs. King had fully committed legally to making all of this material publicly available. Period," said the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning "Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference," David Garrow.
A historian and former co-editor of the King Papers Project, Ralph Luker, and the former director of the archives at the King Center, Louise Cook, along with Mr. Garrow raised the possibility that the auctioning of these materials by Sotheby's could violate the conditions of two federal grants - one in 1977, from the National Endowment for the Humanities, for the processing of King's and the SCLC's records, and a second in 1985, from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, to support the King Papers Project.
SOURCE: NY Sun (6-20-06)
At the same time, Mayor Bloomberg's recent comments in Atlanta leave open the possibility that either institutions or individuals in New York or perhaps the city itself might be interested in acquiring the collection. Speaking in Atlanta at a press conference with Atlanta Mayor Shirley Franklin last week, Mr. Bloomberg responded coyly to Ms. Franklin's mention of New York's interest in the papers.
"We are certainly exploring the possibility, but we know New York is exploring the possibility, we think they are," Ms. Franklin said. "So: Mum is the word."
When a reporter prompted Mr. Bloomberg to comment, his reply was equally cryptic. "I thought the mayor said it very well: 'Mum is the word,'" he said. "But, what is true, clearly, is that this is a very important collection from a scholarly point of view. It is a collection that spans King's whole life and has some documents that really have great historical significance. Historians and librarians are interested in this collection."
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (6-23-06)
His regret was not for his own actions but offered on behalf of his ancestor, who traded in African slaves 444 years ago.
Sir John Hawkins was a 16th Century English shipbuilder, merchant, pirate and slave trader.
He first captured natives of Sierra Leone in 1562 and sold them in the Caribbean. His cousin was Sir Francis Drake, who joined him on expeditions.
Andrew Hawkins, of Liskeard, Cornwall, is a 37-year-old married father-of-three who runs a youth theatre company and claims to be the sailor's descendent.
"It had always been part of the verbal history of our family, that we were related to Sir John Hawkins.
"It was a standing joke in the family that we had a pirate in the family."
The Bonhomme Richard went down in 1779 off Flamborough Head in East Yorkshire as Jones famously said: "Surrender - I have not yet begun to fight."
Several bids have been made to recover the ship captained by a man credited as the founding father of the US Navy.
Now underwater archaeology experts will use hi-tech methods to try to find it.
The former South African president has told how he buried the weapon on the farm where he was hiding at the time.
He and other ANC leaders were later arrested on the farm, and were jailed for their work against apartheid. Mr Mandela was freed in 1990.
Nicholas Wolpe, head of the trust which is carrying out the search, said he was confident that the gun would be found.
SOURCE: BBC (6-21-06)
It was returned to the family of its original owner, who sold it on Tuesday.
Name of source: Chronicle of Higher Education
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (6-23-06)
The authors -- Paul A. Lombardo, an associate professor at the University of Virginia's Center for Biomedical Ethics, and Gregory M. Dorr, an assistant professor of history at the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa -- say "the intellectual background of the study's founders provides a perspective that shows how their training contributed to the most notorious chapter in U.S. medical research and public health history."
The physician who started the study and the two who presided over it during its first decade all graduated from the University of Virginia, which, according to the authors, "provided fertile ground for developing what was apparently among the earliest medical course work incorporating eugenic theory." Eugenic theory, they note, posits that "people of different races inherited not only differences in appearance, moral character, and sexual behavior, but also differential susceptibility to disease."
The authors say that at Virginia, the three physicians were taught a brand of racial medicine that had found scientific validation in eugenics. Moreover, they say that during each of their tenures at the Public Health Service, all three men actively associated themselves with the American eugenics movement.
In conclusion, they write, "in the intellectual and professional development of the men who initiated the Tuskegee study, the accepted conclusions of racial medicine gave way to eugenic rationales that were necessary antecedents to their 'objective' and 'scientific' study of disease. As a result, the racial biases 'proven' by eugenics became the foundation blocks upon which they constructed their study."
The study appears in the current issue of Bulletin of the History of Medicine under the title: Eugenics and the Tuskegee study.
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (6-23-06)
Recently, 500 conspiracy theorists descended on the Embassy Suites in Chicago for a conference called "9/11: Revealing the Truth — Reclaiming Our Future." It was the most substantial gathering of the "9/11 truth movement," as the conspiracy theorists call themselves, to date.
The first keynote address was delivered by Alex Jones, a radio personality from Austin, Tex., who has developed a cult following by railing against the New World Order. He is a bellicose, boyish-looking man with a voice that makes him sound like a cross between a preacher and an announcer at a cage wrestling match.
"It energizes my soul at its very core to be here with so many like-minded people," he began, "defending the very soul of humanity against the parasitic controllers of this world government, who are orchestrating terror attacks as a pretext to sell us into even greater slavery."
"If they think they're gonna get away with declaring war on humanity," he thundered, "they've got another think coming!"
The audience was a mix of rangy, long-haired men with pale complexions, suntanned guys with broad arms and mustaches, women with teased bangs, serious-looking youngsters wearing backpacks and didactic T-shirts, and elderly people with dreadlocks. But everyone seemed to get behind what Alex Jones had just said. In fact, they went absolutely wild with cheers.
Alex Jones then plunged into a history of what he called "government-sponsored terror." In this category, he included the Reichstag fire of 1933, the sinking of the USS Maine, the Gulf of Tonkin incident, and a shadowy, never-executed 1962 plan called Operation Northwoods, in which the Joint Chiefs of Staff approved false terror attacks on American soil to provoke war with Cuba.
Then he got to matters closer at hand. He mentioned the Project for the New American Century, the think tank of prominent neoconservatives that wrote a report in 2000 called "Rebuilding America's Defenses," which includes a line that many 9/11 Truthers, as they call themselves, know by heart: "The process of transformation, even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event — like a new Pearl Harbor."
To Alex Jones and to those in the audience, this was as good as finding the plans for September 11 in the neoconservatives' desk drawers.
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (6-22-06)
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (6-21-06)
The Survey of Income and Program Participation, which is known as SIPP, examines income, health-insurance coverage, and use of government programs. It had been targeted for elimination under President Bush's proposed budget for the Commerce Department in the 2007 fiscal year, drawing protests from social scientists who were concerned about the potential loss of the data it collects. Hundreds of researchers signed a letter written by the Center for Economic and Policy Research, a liberal think tank, urging the government to continue the program
The survey is administered by the U.S. Census Bureau, which is part of the Commerce Department.
Name of source: PR Newswire
SOURCE: PR Newswire (6-14-06)
Name of source: National Coalition for History
The cut took National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) legislative staff and the House Appropriations Members and staff by surprise; there was no advance notice of the proposed amendment. The amendment, sponsored by Representatives Darlene Hooley (D-OR) and joined by Kenny C. Hulshof (R-MO) and Ike Skelton (D-MO) sought to restore funding (including $8 million from the NARA budget) for a drug interdiction initiative that had been zeroed out of the federal budget. The initiative seeks to help curb the extensive abuse of crystal methamphetamine.
The congresswoman recommended taking the money from NARA’s budget as she needed to find an “offset” (when Congress adds money to a bill, an “offset” must be found and the budget for that program reduced by an equal amount) in order to fund the interdiction program.
While the funding plight of the interdiction program was recognized by Congressman Knollenberg (R-MI), Chairman of the Transportation/Treasury Appropriations Subcommittee, he vigorously opposed funding proposal at the expense of NARA’s budget. The chairman told his colleagues that the National Archives was already struggling to fund a $12 million shortfall, and that the agency is considering other measures to save money in addition to the hiring freeze (see related story below). During the first vote the amendment was defeated, but Rep. Hooley demanded a roll call vote; the final vote on the amendment was 348 yeas to 76 nays, with 8 members not voting. As a result, NARA’s proposed funding shortfall in FY 2007 is now over $20 million.
In conversations between the National Coalition for History and Senate appropriations staff and others on Capitol Hill, most insiders believe the Senate will not agree to the proposed offset and that the $8 million will be restored by the Senate in conference when the bill is reconsidered by representatives of both houses.
Insiders also report that when the Senate takes up the NARA funding bill (probably after the July 4 recess) the Senate is likely to agree with the House on the need to provide some level of funding for the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). While the president proposed zero funds for the NHPRC, the House approved funding at
$7.5 million ($5.5 for grants; $2 million for administration and staffing). The Senate is expected to provide funding for the NHPRC at a level consistent with the House.
Constituents of Representatives Hooley, Hulshof, and Skelton may wish to contact their member (write, e-mail, or call -- the capitol switchboard number is (202) 224-3121 and express their views on the amendment that was offered and let them know about the devastating impact it conceivably would have on NARA’s ability to serve the public.
While Congressionally-mandated pay raises, higher facility rents, and increases in energy costs in facilities nationwide account for some of the projected funding shortfall, the fact is that personnel costs make up the largest part of NARA’s operational expenses. According to NARA officials “these costs must be reduced.” Consequently, a hiring freeze is set to begin 3 July. It will effect only those positions funded by the agency’s core operational funds and will not effect positions funded from NARA’s Revolving Fund, Trust Fund, through the ERA appropriation, or through most reimbursable programs.
In addition to instituting the hiring freeze, NARA anticipates taking additional action to reduce the budget: there will be opportunities for employees to take an early retirement, and a reduction of hours of operation for both the research and exhibition sides of NARA – that move is anticipated to hit the genealogical community and other researchers, as well as the visiting public especially hard.
Name of source: SouthofBoston.com
SOURCE: SouthofBoston.com (6-23-06)
In a management plan for the Minidoka Internment National Monument finalized this week, the Park Service says the term legally means imprisonment of civilian enemy aliens during wartime and does not accurately reflect the government's forced relocation of thousands of U.S. citizens of Japanese descent.
The agency wants the name changed to Minidoka National Historic Site, which would match with the only similar prison camp under its protection, California's Manzanar National Historic Site.
Name of source: Louis Freeh in the WSJ
SOURCE: Louis Freeh in the WSJ (6-23-06)
The aftermath of the Khobar bombing is just one example of how successive U.S. governments have mishandled Iran. On June 25, 1996, President Clinton declared that "no stone would be left unturned" to find the bombers and bring them to "justice." Within hours, teams of FBI agents, and forensic and technical personnel, were en route to Khobar. The president told the Saudis and the 19 victims' families that I was responsible for the case. This assignment became very personal and solemn for me, as it meant that I was the one who dealt directly with the victims' survivors. These disciplined military families asked only one thing of me and their country: "Please find out who did this to our sons, husbands, brothers and fathers and bring them to justice."
It soon became clear that Mr. Clinton and his national security adviser, Sandy Berger, had no interest in confronting the fact that Iran had blown up the Towers. This is astounding, considering that the Saudi Security Service had arrested six of the bombers after the attack. As FBI agents sifted through the remains of Building 131 in 115-degree heat, the bombers admitted they had been trained by the Iranian external security service (IRGC) in the Beka Valley, and received their passports at the Iranian Embassy in Damascus, along with $250,000 cash for the operation from IRGC Gen. Ahmad Sharifi.
We later learned that senior members of the Iranian government, including Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS), and the Spiritual Leader's office had selected Khobar as their target and commissioned the Saudi Hezbollah to carry out the operation. The Saudi police told us that FBI agents had to interview the bombers in custody in order to make our case. To make this happen, however, the U.S. president would need to personally make a request to Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah.
So for 30 months, I wrote and rewrote the same set of simple talking points for the president, Mr. Berger, and others to press the FBI's request to go inside a Saudi prison and interview the Khobar bombers. And for 30 months nothing happened.
Name of source: NPR
SOURCE: NPR (6-23-06)
Left behind in the Riggs archive are a treasure trove of old ledgers, signature books and personal checks written by some of the 23 presidents who banked there, as well as a number of other men and women who shaped American history.
Mary Beth Corrigan is the PNC/Riggs Bank archivist. She's in charge of the collection and says that everything is "clearly arranged," as you might expect at a bank.
Famous names, including John Tyler, James Buchanan, Alger Hiss, Brigham Young, Eleanor Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln and Richard Nixon, all find themselves catalogued in the bank's subterranean vault.
Corrigan, an historian by training, has been working on the collection since she was hired by Riggs in 1998 to mine the archives, a job not yet finished.
Name of source: Turkish Daily News (via Cronaca)
SOURCE: Turkish Daily News (via Cronaca) (6-22-06)
The excavations are being conducted in the Yenikapı area, which is located south of Istanbul's historical peninsula, home to numerous Byzantine and Ottoman structures. . .
So far, the archaeologists have found what they think might be a church, an old gate to the city and eight sunken ships, which archaeologist Cemal Pulak says he believes were all wiped out by a giant storm more than 1,000 years ago.
Name of source: Canadian Broadcasting Corp.
SOURCE: Canadian Broadcasting Corp. (6-22-06)
Researchers re-examined beads excavated from one site in Israel and one in Algeria.
The beads date to around 100,000 years ago —about 25,000 years older than similar beads found in South Africa that were previously considered the record holder.
"Our paper supports the scenario that modern humans in Africa developed behaviours that are considered modern quite early in time," said study co-author Francesco d'Errico of the National Center for Scientific Research in Talence, France.
"These people were probably not just biologically modern but also culturally and cognitively modern, at least to some degree."
Archeologists look for personal ornaments and art as proof of symbolic thinking.
The find includes three shells, two from Skhul in Israel, and one from Oued Djebbana, Algeria, the team reports in Friday's issue of the journal Science.
The researchers concluded people deliberately selected the shells and transported or traded them, given how the beads differ from natural shells, and the 200-kilometre distance between the Algerian site and the seashore.
"We think that the African evidence may point to the beads being used in gift-giving systems which function to strengthen social and economic relationships," said archeologist Marian Vanhaeren of the University of California.
"The European evidence suggests the beads were used as markers of ethnic, social and personal identity," the study's lead author added in a release.
The shells were left by scavenging marine snails now found in the shallow waters of the central-eastern Mediterranean.
The newly analyzed shells and those from Blombos in South Africa come from the same genus of snail, the researchers said. The South African beads were all punctured in the same place and looked as if they were once strung together.
All of the shells are too tiny to be used as a food source, the researchers said.
Before the Blombos paper in 2004, it was generally thought that humans developed symbolic thought about 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (6-22-06)
Mott wrote to legislators about his concerns and the result will be reaching the Arizona governor’s office: legislation to require every public college or university to display an American flag in every classroom — and copies of the Bill of Rights and Constitution, too. There’s no word on whether the governor will sign the bill but — in the words of one college official — “it’s hard to veto a flag bill.”
The legislation started out with just the flag requirement and it applies to all levels of public education in the state, although most elementary and secondary schools already have flags in every classroom, so minimal impact is expected there. The flags would have to be at least 2 feet by 3 feet and be properly displayed. As the bill moved through the Legislature, it was amended to also require that legible copies of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights must also be on display in every classroom.
Name of source: Hankooki.com
SOURCE: Hankooki.com (6-22-06)
A group of historians from the two Koreas will jointly research a historical site of the ancient Koryo Kingdom, the Cultural Heritage Administration, a South Korean governmental body that leads the project, said Thursday.
The two Koreas agreed to conduct the excavation at their latest ministerial meeting in April.
Preparations are already under way, and South Korean scholars will visit the site on July 3 for the project, which will continue through Sept 2.
The site in Kaesong, which lies a few kilometers from the inter-Korean border, is the location of Manwoldae, the ancient kingdom¡¯s royal palace. Korean scholars have applied to UNESCO to designate the site as a World Cultural Heritage. In 2004, UNESCO designated the royal tombs of the Koguryo Kingdom in North Korea as a World Cultural Heritage.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (6-20-06)
SOURCE: AP (6-22-06)
"An anonymous telephone call" has been placed to the New York Daily News, an FBI report notes at the time. The caller stated that the "religious" wedding - Miller was Jewish and Monroe had converted - was an obvious "cover up" for Miller, who "had been and still was a member of the CP (Communist Party) and was their cultural front man." Monroe also "had drifted into the Communist Party orbit."
The memo is one of many included in Miller's FBI files, obtained by the Associated Press through the Freedom of Information Act. Miller, who died last year at age 89, was a longtime liberal who opposed the Vietnam War, supported civil rights and, in one play, The Crucible, linked the Cold War pursuit of communists to the Salem witch trials of the 17th century.
Name of source: Denver Post
SOURCE: Denver Post (6-22-06)
Archaeologists are finding thousands of stone tools and artifacts - some dating back 1,050 years - at the RidgeGate interchange, a mile south of Lincoln Avenue.
A nomadic group of hunter-gatherers repeatedly used the campsite to grind plants, fashion tools and roast game over thousands of years, archeologists say.
Name of source: Press Release -- Network of Concerned Historians
SOURCE: Press Release -- Network of Concerned Historians (6-22-06)
Please note that the AAAS website assists you in composing a letter to the Minister of Justice. Go to: http://shr.aaas.org/aaashran/alert.php?a_id=321 We hope that you can send the recommended urgent appeals immediately.
Please remember to write in your professional capacity. Thank you.
With best wishes,
Antoon De Baets, Ingrid Sennema, George Welling (Network of Concerned Historians)
American Assocation for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Human Rights Action Network
FORENSIC SCIENTISTS FACE THREATS IN PERU
14 June 2006
Case number: pe0514_for
Issues: Harassment or intimidation
FACTS OF THE CASE:
In April 2006, there was a marked increase in hostile acts committed against a team of forensic anthropologists and experts working on clandestine mass graves in Peru. During that time, their computers have been stolen along with their expert reports and the results of their work. There was an attempted break-in of the home of one member of the Peruvian Forensic Anthropologist Team. In November 2005, five experts working on a the recovery of 60 bodies related to the case"Los Molinos" received intimidating threats on their cell phones the day before carrying out their work. Threats were also made to experts working on an exhumation in Ayacucho between May and August last year.
There is great concern for the team's physical safety as well as for their emotional health and morale as they continue their difficult work in an environment of intimidation and hostility.
Peru experienced two decades of extreme political violence during the 1980s and 1990s as the government waged a brutal counterinsurgency campaign against state terrorist groups. Reports indicate that more than 69,000 people were killed or disappeared. Both the government and the rebel groups Shining Path and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement were responsible for the deaths and violence.
In 2001, the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission began its work in clarifying what occurred during the period of violence and to identify the responsible parties. The commission made recommendations to conduct exhumations of bodies from mass graves. Many of the exhumations are occurring in Ayacucho, the region that witnessed the worst of the violence and where many of those responsible and connected to those responsible for human rights violations continue to live. This creates a difficult environment in which to conduct exhumations and other human rights work.
Forensic teams throughout Latin America, particularly in Guatemala, have reported death threats against them presumably from individuals associated with the violence. Increased international attention to the forensic teams has been effective in pressuring governments to ensure the safety of these scientists.
(Sources of information for this case include: Personal correspondence with members of the Peruvian forensic team, Human Rights Watch, and the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission [http://www.cverdad.org.pe].)
RELEVANT HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS
American Convention on Human Rights:
**Article 16: Everyone has the right to freedom of association.
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights:
**Article 19(1): Everyone shall have the right to hold opinions without interference.
**Article 22: Everyone shall have the right to freedom of association with others.
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights:
**Article 15(3): The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to respect the freedom indispensable for scientific research and creative activity.
**Article 6: The State Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right to work, which includes the right of everyone to the opportunity to gain his living by work which he freely chooses or accepts, and will take appropriate steps to safeguard this right.
The Human Rights Defenders Declaration:
**Article 12(2): The State shall take all necessary measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities of everyone, individually and in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the [Universal Declaration of Human Rights].
**Article 6(a): Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others: To know, seek, obtain, receive and hold information about all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including having access to information as to how those rights and freedoms are given effect in domestic legislative, judicial or administrative systems.
**Article 6(b): Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others: As provided for in human rights and other applicable international instruments, freely to publish, impart or disseminate to others views, information and knowledge on all human rights and fundamental freedoms; **Article 6(c): Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others: To study, discuss, form and hold opinions on the observance, both in law and in practice, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms and, through these and other appropriate means, to draw public attention to those matters.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
**Article 19: Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
**Article 20(1): Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
Please send faxes, letters, or emails:
**Requesting that the government assure the safety and wellbeing of the Peruvian forensic anthropologists and provide any protection deemed necessary by the team; and
**Asking officials to investigate threats against the individuals and to hold those responsible accountable.
APPEAL AND INQUIRY MESSAGES SHOULD BE SENT TO:
Dr. Alejandro Tudela Chopitea
**Minister of Justice
**Ministry of Justice
**Scipión Llona 350
**Lima 18 PERÚ
**Fax: (011) 51 1 422 3577
**Salutation: Dear Minister
His Excellency Eduardo Ferrero Costa
**Ambassador of Peru
**1700 Massachusetts Ave, NW
**Washington, DC 20036
**Salutation: Dear Mr. Ambassador
Please send copies of your appeals, and any responses you may receive, or direct any questions you may have to Victoria Baxter, AAAS Science and Human Rights Program, 1200 New York Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20005; tel. 202-326-6797; email email@example.com; or fax 202-289-4950.
The keys to effective appeals are to be courteous and respectful, accurate and precise, impartial in approach, and as specific as possible regarding the alleged violation and the international human rights standards and instruments that apply to the situation. Reference to your scientific organization and professional affiliation is always helpful. To ensure that appeals are current and credible, please do not continue to write appeals on this case after 90 days from the date of the posting unless an update has been issued.
Name of source: The Gazette (Montreal)
SOURCE: The Gazette (Montreal) (6-22-06)
The map was discovered in the 1840s at a Montreal religious college among historical documents related to the Jesuit missionaries of early Canada.
It is held today by the Jesuit Archives in St. Jerome, but was loaned to the U.S. Smithsonian Institution and the Canadian Museum of Civilization for recent exhibitions celebrating the 400th anniversary of French settlement in North America.
Name of source: Christian Science Monitor
SOURCE: Christian Science Monitor (6-22-06)
But now, in a sudden burst of pent-up patriotism, Germans seem anything but hesitant to profess their national pride. Giddy World Cup fans frolic through the street wearing flag togas and red, black, and gold mini-dresses, mohawk wigs, gummy bracelets, and jester hats.
One of the biggest flag-makers says sales are ten-fold what they were during Germany's jubilant 1989 reunification. Indeed, such patriotic zeal hasn't been seen here since Hitler's nationalism wreaked havoc on the country's collective identity.
While part of the elation may stem from the nation's three-game winning streak, the fervor is more than just World Cup fever. Indeed, sociol scientists say it's a cathartic moment for a people who have struggled for six decades to loose themselves from guilt over Nazi-era atrocities.
"It's a turning point," says Micha Brumlik, a professor at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. "For the first time the public is showing that they don't feel ashamed for crimes committed by others in the past," though he adds that many still feel responsible.
For decades after World War II, only far-right German parties flew the flag proudly and patriotic talk was shunned. In 2004, when Horst Koehler left his International Monetary Fund post to become Germany's president he told a packed Parliament, "I love Germany." A hush fell over the room.
Suddenly, all that has changed. Speaking to Bild am Sonntag newspaper recently, Chancellor Angela Merkel lauded the fact that, "People are waving flags without having to justify themselves."
But it's not just the lack of shame that separates today's celebrations from past moments of revelry.
"They're far larger, and the outpouring of emotion is much greater," says historian Erik Eggers. "There's never been anything like this before since World War II."
The surge of patriotism has been a boon for some businesses. Manfred Kronenberg, who owns the 150-year-old Dommer flag company, says sales are 10 times higher than during two previous peaks: the 2002 World Cup and Germany's jubilant 1989 reunification. "It seems everybody wants to have a flag," he marvels.
The connection between soccer and patriotism runs deep. Germany's surprise 1954 World Cup victory helped the nation's economy rise from the ashes of World War II and made a humiliated people feel they were "somebody again."
Millions took to the streets to celebrate. But the revelry was quickly dampened.
After Germany scored the final goal, a few stadiumgoers began singing the banned first verse of the German national anthem. This caused a stir in the foreign press. One Danish newspaper wrote that the only thing missing was a "Sieg Heil" salute.
Alarmed, politicians tried to rein in the public's glee. West German President Theodor Heuss urged the 80,000 fans who had gathered at Berlin's Olympic stadium after the game not to cheer too loud.
But now, no one is hushing German declarations of pride. And there are other signs, too, that this World Cup is a turning point in Germany's quest to come to terms with its Nazi past.
The German soccer federation has struggled for decades to keep its zealous support for Hitler's regime under wraps. In the run-up to this year's games it threw open its archives and commissioned a book on the subject.
What's more, Germans are beginning for the first time to speak about their own suffering during World War II, when Allied bombings laid waste to many cities. And they're starting to see the Third Reich-era in less black-and-white terms.
In his recent book, renowned historian Goetz Aly, for example, looks at why Hitler was so popular, despite being undeniably sinister. Mr. Aly argues that it was largely his generous social programs, remnants of which benefit Germans to this day.
And Hitler humor, unthinkable just a few years ago, is starting to crop up in Germany. Turkish-born comic Serdar Somuncu has been known to read from "Mein Kampf" as part of his routine. The first German-made film to portray Hitler in a comic light will hit theaters next January. It's name: "Mein Fuehrer: The Truly Truest Truth about Adolf Hitler."
Another Hitler spoof, this one a theatrical production, is running at Hamburg's Schauspielhaus through the end of June.
The action centers around the Fuehrerbunker, where the defeated dictator is planning his suicide. Then, suddenly, he hits on a scheme to save his empire from ruin: plan a World Cup soccer tournament.
The kitschy slapstick pokes fun at German soccer zeal. But there's a dark undercurrent. In one scene, Hitler and his bunker mates, overjoyed at the prospect of a World Cup victory, burst into John Lennon's "Imagine" as they swoon over a soccer ball.
Just then, the Fuehrer's secretary unfurls a giant swastika flag. Echoing through the theater is the line: "Someday you'll join us and the world will be as one." Suddenly, the audience quits laughing.
"I want people to remember," says Director Erik Gedeon of the scene, "that when it comes to national pride, in a second the dream can become a nightmare."
Mr. Gedeon's play has caused something of a stir. A handful of theatergoers have stomped out. Others have booed throughout the production.
But it has also gotten standing ovations and mostly positive reviews. Die Welt called it "fantastic," while the German Press Agency said it was "brilliant." Just one more sign, says Eggers, that "for Germany, World War II is finally over."
He pauses, then adds, "Over, but not forgotten."
Name of source: The Times
SOURCE: The Times (6-22-06)
The fresco, painted by the early Renaissance artist Pinturicchio (1454-1513) for the Borgia apartments in the Vatican, showed the Borgia pope, Alexander VI, kneeling at the feet of the Madonna and child and cradling the infant Jesus's right foot in his hand.
It was an open secret at the court that the Madonna in the fresco was Giulia Farnese, the 60-year-old pope's beautiful young married mistress, and there was speculation that the baby might have been one of their children.
Alexander VI was notorious for his love of luxury and women -- he openly had four children, including Lucrezia and Cesare Borgia, by his previous mistress, Vanozza Catanei.
When Fabio Chigi, a scholarly and deeply spiritual man, became Pope Alexander VII in 1655 he had the fresco broken up as part of a campaign to obliterate the legacy of his infamous Borgia namesake.
According to Franco Ivan Nucciarelli, an art historian at Italy's Perugia University who has reconstructed the saga of the ''lost fresco'', the portraits of the Madonna and the infant Jesus ended up in the Chigi family collection, over time becoming misattributed to another artist, Perugino.
Professor Nucciarelli said, however, that he had identified them from a contemporary copy of the lost Pinturicchio masterpiece. The fragment depicting the infant was recently bought for an undisclosed sum from the Chigi family by Giuseppe Margaritelli, a Perugia industrialist.
He has donated it to the Guglielmo Giordano Foundation, a museum in the town, where it will go on show this year.
Fabio Isman, art correspondent for Rome newspaper Il Messaggero, said the Chigi family still had the corresponding fragment showing Farnese as the Madonna but apparently did not intend to part with it.
''As for the portrait of the kneeling Borgia pope, its fate is unknown,'' he said.
Claudio Strinati, superintendent of fine arts in Rome, said there was no doubt that the newly discovered work was by Pinturicchio.
Born Bernardino di Betti in Perugia, Pinturicchio assisted Perugino in his frescoes in the Vatican's Sistine Chapel.
Name of source: Wa Po
SOURCE: Wa Po (6-20-06)
It is not known who Johns was, where Lincoln encountered him or what prompted the beleaguered president to pause amid the opening weeks of the Civil War to give him a donation.
It is but a tantalizing shard of local history, one of the thousands that reside not in the National Archives or Library of Congress but behind the thick steel door of a 40-year-old basement bank vault in downtown Washington, where the question has become: What to do with them?
The Lincoln check is among a trove of documents gathered over the decades by Washington's venerable and now-defunct Riggs Bank -- which, along with its antecedents, had customers ranging from Davy Crockett to President George H.W. Bush.
The collection includes letters, notes and checks written by, among others, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Theodore Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, Brigham Young and Gen. John Pershing.
Now, Pittsburgh-based PNC Bank, which took over Riggs on May 13, 2005, is in the midst of a project to gather and inventory the artifacts, which include shelves of crumbling ledgers that go back a century and a half.
Name of source: Romanesko
SOURCE: Romanesko (6-21-06)
Click on the Source link above for a list of stories about Dan Rather's departure.
Name of source: Richmond Times-Dispatch
SOURCE: Richmond Times-Dispatch (6-21-06)
The museum would receive just $50,000 of a $700,000 grant the downtown institution had requested for fiscal 2006-08.
"We anticipated a one-time grant to help us temporarily sustain our operation and allow us to plan a more financially secure future," said Carlton P. Moffat Jr., chairman of the museum's board of trustees. "We are disappointed that the state chose not to grant the majority of our request."
The money was to have been used to reverse the museum's deficit, expected to reach $500,000 this year, and for planning.
Name of source: Education Week
SOURCE: Education Week (6-21-06)
Titled “Equality of Educational Opportunity,” the mammoth, 737-page study reached the unsettling conclusion that school might not be society’s great equalizer after all.
On the eve of the 40th anniversary of that study, now better known as the Coleman Report, researchers continue to grapple with many of the same questions about how family background contributes to disparities in children’s school performance.
The report found that black children started out school trailing behind their white counterparts and essentially never caught up—even when their schools were as well equipped as those with predominantly white enrollments.
What mattered more in determining children’s academic success, concluded the authors, was their family backgrounds.
“This was the 1960s,” the policy expert Marc S. Tucker recalled. “The idea that who one’s parents were and what happened in the home is a far greater determinant of one’s future than what schools could do was a pretty grim commentary and one that was very hard for people to accept.”
Name of source: Hancooki.com
SOURCE: Hancooki.com (6-20-06)
The archaeologists from National Maritime Museum in Mokpo, South Cholla Province, said they have found 780 bluishgreen bowls and plates from the Koryo Kingdom (916~1392) near the maritime town of Kunsan, North Cholla Province.
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (6-21-06)
Analysis continues after the mummies were run through a CT scanner and other tests, but the preliminary results are startling. The two baby crocodile shaped mummies were originally sold to worshippers at the temple at Hawara, to be buried in ritual pits as an offering to the god Sobek. There was clearly a history of problems with the animal sellers: a pharaonic decree a century earlier had ordered that each mummy should contain the body of one animal.
The museum's kitten mummy did indeed hold a very small cat, and there was a sacred ibis within the spectacularly elaborate wrappings of another. The crocodiles however were spectacularly lacking in crocodile: one held a minute vertebra, the other a handful of straw, rags and mud without a scrap of any animal content at all.
Name of source: Payvand
SOURCE: Payvand (6-20-06)
Following the visit of two Iranian archeologists to Germany and Austria, the condition for a joint cooperation between Iranian and German archeologists was prepared and a team of archeologists of Bochum Mining Museum of Germany is to come to Iran to carry out excavations in Chehr Abad historical salt mine, the burial ground of the discovered famous salt men in Zanjan province.
"After signing a memorandum of understanding between Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) and Germany's Bochum Mining Museum and defining the budget for this project by ICHTO, this project will officially start," said Roustayi, an archeologist from Iran's Archeology Research Center who went to Germany on behalf of Iran to discuss the criteria for a joint archeological cooperation Iran and Germany.
According to Roustayi, considering that the German team is consisted of a number of skilled archeologists whose area of specialty include those branches of archeology in which few experts are involved, this cooperation is very important for Iran and would result in some great achievements.
Name of source: WaPo
SOURCE: WaPo (6-21-06)
"We have time to address their concerns," Republican leaders said in a joint statement. "Therefore, the House Republican Leadership will offer members the time needed to evaluate the legislation."
It was unclear whether the legislation would come up this year. The temporary provisions don't expire until 2007, but leaders of both parties had hoped to pass the act and use it to further their prospects in the fall's midterm elections.
The statement said the GOP leaders are committed to renewing the law "as soon as possible."
The four-decade-old law enfranchised millions of black voters by ending poll taxes and literacy tests during the height of the civil rights struggle. A vote on renewing it for another 25 years had been scheduled for Wednesday, with both Republican and Democratic leaders behind it.
The abrupt change of plans in the House could affect the renewal in the Senate, where an identical bill was set for consideration next week by the Senate Judiciary Committee, according to Chairman Arlen Specter, R-Pa.
"There's less pressure to do it if the House is not doing it," Specter said in a telephone interview.
The shift came after a private House GOP caucus meeting earlier Wednesday in which several Republicans also balked at extending provisions in the law that require ballots to be printed in more than one language in neighborhoods where there are large numbers of immigrants, said several participants.
"The speaker's had a standing rule that nothing would be voted on unless there's a majority of the majority," said Rep. Lynn Westmoreland, R-Ga., who led the objections. "It was pretty clear at the meeting that the majority of the majority wasn't there."
The legislation was approved by the Judiciary Committee on a 33-1 vote. But despite leadership support, controversy has shadowed the legislation 40 years after it first prohibited policies that blocked blacks from voting.
Several Republicans, led by Westmoreland, had worked to allow an amendment that would ease a requirement that nine states win permission from the Justice Department or a federal judge to change their voting rules.
The amendment's backers say the requirement unfairly singles out and holds accountable nine states that practiced racist voting policies decades ago, based on 1964 voter turnout data: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia.
Westmoreland says the formula for deciding which states are subject to such "pre-clearance" should be updated every four years and be based on voter turnout in the most recent three elections.
"The pre-clearance portions of the Voting Rights Act should apply to all states, or no states," Westmoreland said. "Singling out certain states for special scrutiny no longer makes sense."
The amendment has powerful opponents. From Republican and Democratic leaders on down the House hierarchy, they argue that states with documented histories of discrimination may still practice it and have earned the extra scrutiny.
"This carefully crafted legislation should remain clean and unamended," Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., who worked on the original bill, which he called "the keystone of our national civil rights statutes."
By his own estimation, Westmoreland says the amendment stands little chance of being adopted.
The House also could bring up an amendment that would require the Justice Department to compile an annual list of jurisdictions eligible for a "bailout" from the pre-clearance requirements.
That amendment, too, has little chance of surviving floor debate.
Other efforts to chip away at the act have faltered under pressure from powerful supporters.
One such measure, sponsored by Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, sought to strip a provision that requires ballots to be printed in several languages and interpreters be provided in states and counties where large numbers of citizens speak limited English.
However, Judiciary Committee Chairman James Sensenbrenner, R-Wis., called that logic an effort to mix the divisive debate over immigration reform with the Voting Rights Act renewal. Three-fourths of those whose primary language is not English are American-born, he said.
Name of source: The Guardian Unlimited
SOURCE: The Guardian Unlimited (6-21-06)
But even as Mr Chirac announced in the presence of the UN secretary general, Kofi Annan, that he was giving a voice to "peoples humiliated and scorned", questions lingered over whether the museum was rehashing colonial cliches, why exhibits appeared to be scantily labelled and whether the euros 230m (£160m) project, which has already overrun and overspent, would be finished before opening to the public on Friday.
The Musee du Quai Branly - the biggest museum to be built in Paris since the Pompidou centre in 1977 - is Mr Chirac's attempt to cast himself as the defender of art from Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. A long-time fan of indigenous artefacts, he also wanted to leave Paris with an architectural imprint to rival Francois Mitterand's legacies, such as the glass pyramid at the Louvre. Asked this week whether the museum would one day become known as "Musee Chirac", the 73-year-old president said he would be honoured if it did.
Controversy has surrounded the 11-year project from the start. It was initially to be called a museum of "primitive" or "primary" arts but was instead named after its location as the term was considered demeaning.
The historian Gilles Manceron said this week that the museum, designed around a jungle theme, still risked perpetuating colonial stereotypes and that non-Euro pean art should be shown alongside European works and not ghettoised.
Jean Nouvel, the celebrated Paris architect who designed the interlinking buildings on the banks of the Seine, described his museum on stilts as "a snake or a lizard into which you walk and discover not so much a building as a territory - a zoo really".
Le Monde hailed the "spectacular" displays but some found the museum too dark, cluttered and lacking in explanation of objects. Others complained of headaches and eye-strain from the darkened rooms.
Name of source: asahi.com
SOURCE: asahi.com (6-20-06)
The temple is believed to have been built before or around 2600 BC when Peru's oldest known city, Caral, was created, the researchers said.
The ruins were found in the ruins of Shicras located in the Chancay Valley about 100 kilometers north of Lima. The team started full-scale excavation work on Monday.