Breaking NewsFollow Breaking News updates on RSS and Twitter
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: asahi.com
SOURCE: asahi.com (6-26-06)
Ishii, who worked as a nurse for the Imperial Japanese Army at a medical college in Tokyo, told health authorities about sites in Tokyo's Shinjuku Ward that she says contain the remains of soldiers killed in the war as well as foreign nationals.
Ishii said the burial sites are in the ward's Toyama district, where a number of wartime medical facilities were located. She said they likely contain the remains of Japanese soldiers killed in action as well as those of other countries that had been autopsied and preserved as specimens during World War II.
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (7-1-06)
Taro Aso, whose family firm used British and Australian PoWs as slave labour during the Second World War, is understood to have invited the British, Dutch, Australian and United States ambassadors to the Juganji Shrine in Osaka for a ceremony on Monday.
But yesterday his office rescinded the invitations, apparently because of accusations that the event was not a genuine show of remorse but a stunt to soften his hawkish image and boost his campaign to succeed as prime minister when Junichiro Koizumi stands down in September.
Name of source: Thomas Mann paper published by AFSCME 2910
SOURCE: Thomas Mann paper published by AFSCME 2910 (6-19-06)
Reference librarian Thomas Mann argues that systematic subject access to book collections available on site remains an essential mission to support scholarship, despite the unsound claims that the "digital age" is rendering books and catalogs obsolete.
Name of source: Press Release -- National Coalition for History
SOURCE: Press Release -- National Coalition for History (6-30-06)
PLEASE CONTACT BOTH YOUR U.S. SENATORS and ask them to add $22 million to NARA's budget over the House recommendation -- this figure includes $2 million needed to repair the Main Archives building that just this week suffered flood damage; funds to make up the $12 million shortfall reflected in the President's proposed budget; and funds to restore an additional $8 million cut recently agreed to by the House of Representatives.
WE MUST SEE TO IT THAT THIS MONEY IS REFLECTED IN THE SENATE VERSION OF THE
NARA FY-2007 BUDGET PROPOSAL. THAT BUDGET PROPOSAL IS CURRENTLY BEING
CRAFTED BY THE SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE SO NOW IS THE TIME TO ACT!
THE COMMITTEE WILL BE MAKING ITS RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE FY 2007 NARA BUDGET NO LATER THAN 18 JULY, AND UNLESS YOU CALL YOUR SENATORS, THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES FACES POTENTIALLY DEVASTATING REDUCTIONS IN SERVICES THAT WILL SERIOUSLY IMPAIR YOUR USE OF THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES.
PLEASE – CALL THE CAPITOL SWITCHBOARD (202) 224-3121 TODAY – ASK TO TALK TO YOUR SENATORS. IT WON’T TAKE MORE THAN A COUPLE OF MINUTES.
TELL YOUR SENATORS THAT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES BUDGET NEEDS AN ADDITIONAL
$22 MILLION. URGE THEM TO TALK TO THEIR COLLEAGUES Senators Thad Cochran (R-MS), Robert C. Byrd (D-WV), Christopher Bond (R-MO), and Patty Murray
(D-WA) as more than any other members of the Senate, they hold NARA’s future in their collective hands!
URGE YOUR SENATORS TO SUPPORT A BUDGET FIGURE OF $369.5 MILLION FOR NARA – AN INCREASE OF $22 MILLION OVER THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE’S PROPOSAL.
In last week's NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE we reported on the dire predicament confronting the National Archives budget in FY 2007. We reported that there is an operational shortfall of $12 million in the President's proposed budget. On top of that, in a surprise move that took place on the floor of the House of Representatives recently, an ADDITIONAL $8 million was cut from the NARA budget to help pay for a drug interdiction initiative. In spite of the best efforts of Joseph Knollenberg (R-MI), the Chair of the Transportation/Treasury Appropriation Subcommittee that oversees NARA's budget (Knollenberg argued in vain to defeat the proposed amendment to NARA's budget), a majority of the members of the House -- not wanting to appear soft on fighting drugs -- felt obliged to support the amendment.
And now NARA is also dealing with $2 million worth of flood damage at its Washington D.C. Main Archives facility.
Unless the $22 million is added to NARA's base funding by the Senate here is what NARA officials may be compelled to do:
1) REDUCE RESEARCH ROOM HOURS OF OPERATION -- Research rooms throughout the country (including Archives I and II in the District of Columbia and College Park, Maryland) would be closed on evenings and weekends. They would be open only 9 AM to 5 PM Monday - Friday throughout most of the year. That means that the 16% of NARA's patrons who use the archives in the evenings, and for the 7% of users who conduct research on Saturday, will find themselves locked out of NARA's research rooms, permanently.
2) ROTUNDA HOURS REDUCED -- If you are planning a visit to Washington D.C. with family or friends and want to view the documents of American Freedom (the Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights, and
Constitution) that are on display at the Main Archives rotunda, be prepared to stand in even longer lines as the hours of operation would be reduced evenings and weekends.
3) IF YOU ARE A RESEARCHER IN WASHINGTON D.C. -- there will be no more door-to-door shuttle service between Main Archives and College Park -- you will have to use Metro and a taxi cab to get to your destination. Also, expect a raise in the per page photocopying fee in research rooms. Oh yes, one last thing – there may be a charge for reference services.
4) IF YOU CONDUCT RESEARCH IN A PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY OR A REGIONAL ARCHIVES FACILITY -- be prepared to work fewer hours each day as research rooms across the county may well be shutting down earlier as well. You also will be paying a higher photo-copying fee.
5) IF YOU EVER HAVE MADE USE OF A COMPILATION OF THE PUBLIC PAPERS OF A PRESIDENT -- BEGINNING NEXT YEAR THE VOLUMES WON'T BE PRODUCED ANY LONGER -- for years NARA has compiled the collected public papers of the president (speeches, transcripts of press events etc.) into hardback volumes. No more.
6) RESEARCH IMPEDED BY NARA EMPLOYEE FURLOUGHS -- Researchers may be further inconvenienced if the National Archives has to balance its books by cutting employee travel and training, by zeroing out funding for overtime and staff bonuses, and by furloughing employees – a very real possibility for some NARA staff if Congress does not adopt a budget on or before 1 October 2006, when the new federal fiscal year begins. If Congress has not agreed to a budget by then, and if the President has not signed a NARA appropriation for FY 2007, Congress will be forced to adopt a Continuing Resolution (CR). NARA will have no alternative but to use in the CR the House recommended appropriation level as the new temporary base for NARA’s operations. Bottom line, NARA cannot absorb a $20 million cut without furloughing some employees.
WHAT CAN BE DONE? IF YOU ACT TODAY, YOU HAVE THE POWER TO HELP ENSURE THAT THESE CHANGES ARE NOT IMPLEMENTED!
HERE IS WHAT WE ARE ASKING YOU TO DO:
1) – CALL THE CAPITOL SWITCHBOARD TODAY – (202) 224-3121 – AND ASK TO TALK TO YOUR SENATORS’ OFFICE.
2) – WHEN A STAFFER ANSWERS THE PHONE, TELL THEM YOU ARE A CONSTITUENT AND THAT YOU WANT TO LET THE SENATOR KNOW THAT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES BUDGET NEEDS SOME $22 MILLION DOLLARS MORE THAN THE HOUSE APPROPRIATED.
IF YOUR SENATOR IS A MEMBER OF THE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE (see list
below) URGE THEM TO RESTORE THE $8 MILLION CUT MADE BY THE HOUSE, PROVIDE FUNDING FOR THE NHPRC ($7.5 MILLION), PROVIDE $2 MILLION FOR FLOOD REPAIRS, AND FULLY FUND THE ANTICIPATED BUDGET SHORTFALL OF $12 MILLION – RECOMMEND A TOTAL BUDGET OF $369.5 MILLION FOR NARA IN FY 2007.
MEMBERS OF THE SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE ARE AS FOLLOWS:
AK - Ted Stevens (R), 202-224-3004
AL - Richard Shelby (R), 202-224-5744
CA - Dianne Feinstein (D), 202-224-3841
CO - Wayne Allard (R), 202-224-5941
HI - Daniel Inouye (D), 202-224-3934
IA - Tom Harkin (D), 202-224-3254
ID - Larry Craig (R), 202-224-2752
IL - Richard Durbin (D), 202-224-2152
KS - Sam Brownback (R), 202-224-6521
KY - Mitch McConnell (R), 202-224-2541
LA - Mary Landrieu (D), 202-224-5824
MD - Barbara Mikulski (D), 202-224-4654
MO - Christopher Bond (R), 202-224-5721, Chairman, Transportation/Treasury
MS - Thad Cochran (R), 202-224-5054, Chairman, Appropriations Committee MT - Conrad Burns (R), 202-224-2644 ND - Byron Dorgan (D), 202-224-2551 NH - Judd Gregg (R), 202-224-3324 NM - Pete Domenici (R), 202-224-6621 NV - Harry Reid (D), 202-224-3542 OH - Mike DeWine (R), 202-224-2315 PA - Arlen Specter (R), 202-224-4254 SD - Tim Johnson (D), 202-224-5842 TX - Kay Bailey Hutchison (R), 202-224-5922 UT - Robert Bennett (R), 202-224-5444 VT - Patrick Leahy (D), 202-224-4242 WA - Patty Murray (D), 202-224-2621 WI - Herbert Kohl (D), 202-224-5653 WV - Robert Byrd (D), 202-224-3954, Ranking Member, Appropriations Committee
IF YOUR SENATORS ARE NOT ON THE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE LIST ABOVE, ASK THEM TO PERSONALLY TALK TO THEIR COLLEAGUES WHO ARE – ESPECIALLY Senators Thad Cochran (R-MS), Robert C. Byrd (D-WV), Christopher Bond (R-MO), and Patty Murray (D-WA) --THEY ARE THE KEY MEMBERS WHO WILL FASHION THE NARA BUDGET.
3) – TELL STAFF THAT YOU WANT TO HEAR BACK FROM THE SENATOR WITH NEWS ON WHAT ACTION HE/SHE TOOK TO INSURE A CONTINUED ADEQUATE FUNDING LEVEL FOR THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES.
4) – FINALLY, DROP US A ONE-LINE E-MAIL MESSAGE STATING WHAT SENATE OFFICE YOU CONTACTED – SEND YOUR E-MAIL TO: firstname.lastname@example.org
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (6-30-06)
Field Marshal Douglas Haig's role in the World War I battle has made him a controversial military figure.
Haig - buried at Dryburgh Abbey in the Borders - was a hero at the end of the war but subsequently branded by some historians as a "butcher".
His son George Alexander Eugene Douglas Haig, 2nd Earl Haig, has spoken out to "set the record straight".
SOURCE: BBC (6-30-06)
New information about the Catholic church's views on the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s may also be unearthed.
Pius XI's successor, Pius XII, has long been accused of failing to help Jews during the Nazi genocide during WWII.
But the key records potentially contained in Pius XII's archive will remain closed, despite requests from rabbis and Jewish historians when current Pope Benedict XVI was elected.
Historians have clamoured for greater access to the Vatican's secret archives in an attempt to demystify the role of the church in the run-up to WWII.
The archives contain records of all Papal decrees, encyclicals and Vatican diplomatic correspondence.
Records of individual papacies have been released at irregular intervals since the majority of the collection was opened in the 19th century.
In 2003, Pope John Paul II announced he would release papers detailing the Vatican's relationship with pre-WWII Germany.
Scholars are only allowed access to the collection, which is housed in the Vatican, under strict rules, including a ban on ballpoint pens.
The material to be released may include an encyclical that Pius XI commissioned to denounce racism and the violent nationalism of Germany, the Associated Press news agency reports.
The encyclical was titled "Humani Generis Unitatas" or "The Unity of the Human Race", but Pius died before releasing it and it was never made public, AP adds.
SOURCE: BBC (6-27-06)
Correspondents say it is the closest the rebels have come to admitting they were responsible for the murder.
India was the first country to ban the Tigers as a result of the killing.
The BBC's Ethirajan Anbarasan says the rebels' expression of regret may be linked to their increased international isolation after recent bans by the European Union and Canada.
He says the rebels feel they need some sort of support from India, which once armed and supported them.
SOURCE: BBC (6-22-06)
"Many people think the Germans were guilty but in my opinion all the European countries were guilty. The new generation think as Europeans - we want to go forward."
Mario Zutt, a 35-year-old accountant from Biskirchen, 100km north of Frankfurt, is going to France for the Somme commemoration as one of 10 German "re-enactors" on a march organised by the National Army Museum in London.
He will walk alongside about 100 British men, half of whom had ancestors who would have faced his own great-grandfather, Jacob Zutt and his great-great-uncle Herman Emrich across the front line.
Germans and British together will be dressed in their own reproduction uniform, set up Living History campsites along the way and share rations.
The irony is not lost on Mario but he points out he has taken part in war re-enactments with former "enemies" before - "We have a very good friendship, we re-enactors are like family," he says.
Name of source: National Geographic News
SOURCE: National Geographic News (6-30-06)
The well may have been dug under the orders of Captain John Smith, whose disciplined leadership helped establish Jamestown as England's first permanent colony in the New World.
"We are going under the idea that it is quite possibly John Smith's well," said Jamie May, an archaeologist with the nonprofit APVA Preservation Virginia.
The well is on the banks of the James River, near where the river flows into the Chesapeake (printable map of the Chesapeake Bay).
SOURCE: National Geographic News (6-12-06)
The blades were excavated in the late 1990s by a Canadian archaeologist on the island of Antigua in the West Indies (see map of Antigua and Barbuda).
But the jade used to make the blades almost certainly came from Maya mines in distant Guatemala (see map of Guatemala), says mineralogist George Harlow of the American Museum of Natural History.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (6-29-06)
And they appear in red ink boldly printed across a telegram invitation from the White House to witness the signing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965: "Important!!"
Such are the words of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., found in his sermons, letters, speeches and notes. And seeing so many of them together — displayed over 20,000 square feet at Sotheby's in New York — makes it possible to come in intimate contact with an extraordinary mind that shaped the civil rights movement and gave new texture to the American dream. These writings — selected from a 7,000-page cache of Dr. King's papers — create a chronicle of his life from 1946 until his assassination in 1968.
SOURCE: NYT (6-28-06)
The 88-foot, three-mast square rigger is a new replica of the original Godspeed, which carried 39 settlers and 13 crew members during the more than four-month crossing from England ending in 1607. The new Godspeed, which is visiting cities that were among the nation's earliest settlements, is making its voyage now to open 18 months of events marking the anniversary.
To describe Hawthorne or his career as an author without mentioning his wife, the former Sophia Peabody, would be like imagining, Julian wrote, "a sun without heat, or a day without a sun."
Although they were the closest of partners in life, for 142 years — until Monday — Nathaniel and Sophia Hawthorne were separated in death.
After burying her husband at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery here in 1864, Sophia moved to Germany and then London, where she died in 1871. She and the couple's daughter Una, who died in 1877, were buried in Kensal Green Cemetery in London.
On Monday, the remains of Sophia and Una Hawthorne were reinterred in a plot next to their husband and father.
"She said, 'How much?' I told her the price, and she said, 'O.K.,' " recalled Phillip Jones, a King family representative who met with the mayor that day, June 18, to discuss the impending auction of the bulk of the papers belonging to the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Late last Friday, a week before the auction was to be held at Sotheby's in New York, where the papers are on exhibit, officials announced a deal. With no collateral, Ms. Franklin had secured a privately financed loan of $32 million allowing a nonprofit organization created by the city to stop the auction and buy the collection from the King family. The papers are to go to Morehouse College here, Dr. King's alma mater.
Dexter King, the younger of Dr. King's two sons, said he thought his father and mother, Coretta Scott King, who died this year, would have been happy with the arrangement.
"I actually felt that if Atlanta really could step up and do this, it would be so wonderful, and I'm personally grateful to the mayor as well as to Ambassador Young," Mr. King said of Andrew Young, who had been encouraging Ms. Franklin's efforts. "It really was a community effort, and that's what I appreciated most about it."
The American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery, joint tenants of the venerated United States Patent Office, now share an interior reimagined with wider exhibition space, brighter light, soaring arches and common entrances for their intersecting interpretations of United States history.
The $300 million redesign, paid for by Congress and private donations, has left the museums separate in name only. A proliferation of offices and interior walls that once narrowed viewing space are gone, giving way to floor plans that sweep visitors from one museum to the other and back again. On the first floor, for example, the American Art Museum occupies the west side, and the Portrait Gallery the east. On the second floor they switch positions.
SOURCE: NYT (6-28-06)
This being Hollywood, however, the storyline was reduced to something simpler: the cowboys were once again battling the Indians.
Guess which side won.
Instead of celebrating the 100th anniversary of its founding next year, the Southwest Museum of the American Indian will lock its doors here on June 30. Over the next three years, the 240,000 objects in its collection, many of which have not been out of storage for decades, will be cleaned, cataloged and prepared for a move to a proposed new building next to Autry's Museum of the American West, in Griffith Park.
Collected in Halabja, one of many Kurdish towns in northern Iraq that were attacked with chemical weapons by Saddam Hussein's army in 1988, the jars have been stored in a blue plastic drum in his lab ever since, waiting.
Now, as prosecutors prepare to try Mr. Hussein in Baghdad on charges of genocide against the Kurds, Mr. Heyndrickx, who has retired as director of the toxicology lab at the State University of Ghent, would like the material to be analyzed. "May I insist these proofs are mentioned at the trial?" the doctor asks.
The project began in 1998, when the Vermont Museum and Gallery Alliance tried to inventory the state's theater curtains, asking all 251 of the state's town and city clerks for help.
For starters, he scoffed at a claim of early civic virtue by Mr. Menendez, the current senator and the Democratic nominee.
In particular, Mr. Kean said that Mr. Menendez had distorted his own role in the political corruption of Union City, the Hudson County community where Mr. Menendez came to public life 30 years ago as a protégé of an old-fashioned political boss, William V. Musto.
Mr. Kean said that while Mr. Menendez now poses as a brave truth teller who helped topple a regime of political crooks, he had actually issued $2 million in public money to a corrupt contractor "as part of a massive illegal kickback scheme." Had Mr. Menendez not cooperated with prosecutors, aides to Mr. Kean said, he might have gone to jail himself.
To a depth unusual for events that are decades old, the Kean campaign's accusations can be measured against a robust historical record — including F.B.I. tapes and volumes of trial testimony — of a roiling human and legal drama between 1978 and 1982 in Union City.
The Kean accusations find no support in those records or from independent authorities of that era.
SOURCE: NYT (6-24-06)
The decision was the first by the highest court on the annual visits by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi to the Yasukuni Shrine, a Shinto complex honoring Japan's war dead, including convicted war criminals.
The visits have brought bitter criticism from China and South Korea that Tokyo remains unrepentant for atrocities it committed during the World War II era.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (6-30-06)
The Museum of Natural History and the Smithsonian Visitors Center castle, also closed since Monday because of basement flooding, were to reopen, said Smithsonian spokesman Peter Golkin.
Some of the most severe damage to Washington's cultural attractions is at the National Archives, home to the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The historic documents were all safe in a vault, officials said, but other documents were at risk of mildew damage, and crews were using giant dehumidifiers to try to protect them.
Grime stained the walls after flood waters rose to 8 feet in a two-year-old theater on Monday, knocking out the power. Clumps of debris, carpet and ceiling tiles remained Thursday.
"It's starting to smell like the bayou, isn't it?" facility manager Tim Edwards said.
The flood damage at the Archives was expected to cost at least $2 million to repair, but the Archives still planned to host its annual Fourth of July reading of the Declaration of Independence on Tuesday, and officials hoped to reopen the building later next week.
The Archives, which finished a $100 million renovation three years ago, typically has 5,000 visitors a day in June and July.
No Smithsonian museum exhibits were damaged by flood waters, Golkin said. Most damage was limited to mechanical equipment, but at the American history museum had flooding in the lower-level cafeteria and gift shop.
Carpeting and other fixtures need to be replaced before the building can reopen, Golkin said. It wasn't immediately clear how long that would take.
SOURCE: AP (6-30-06)
Some leaders in London thought the only way to keep Hong Kong a British colony was to convince China that any attempt to take the territory back by force would trigger American nuclear attack, according to the internal British government memos declassified and released by the National Archives.
'Our objective is to encourage the Chinese to believe that an attack on Hong Kong would involve U.S. nuclear retaliation,' Defense Minister Harold Watkinson wrote in a letter to Foreign Secretary Alec Douglas-Home and Prime Minister Harold Macmillan.
Hong Kong became a British colony in 1842, and was returned to China in 1997.
Watkinson was advising Douglas-Home and Macmillan on the approach he thought should be taken by Lord Louis Mountbatten, chief of the defense staff, in talks with Adm. Harry Felt, then the commander of U.S. Pacific forces.
The U.S. and British officials discussed the issue in Hawaii in 1961, according to the documents. There is little in the records to suggest to what degree such an option might have been considered.
Mountbatten, in his report on the meeting in Honolulu in March 1961, said Felt asked what Britain expected the United States to do if China attacked the colony.
'I replied that this depended on whether the Americans minded whether we lost Hong Kong or held it. He replied that he did not see that he could do very much except bomb the Chinese,' Mountbatten said.
Douglas-Home said in a 'Top Secret' letter dated Feb. 22, 1961 to Watkinson that, 'It must be fully obvious to the Americans that Hong Kong is indefensible by conventional means and that in the event of a Chinese attack, nuclear strikes against China would be the only alternative to complete abandonment of the colony.'
Two years earlier, Cabinet Secretary Norman Brook wrote to the prime minister that Britain was concerned about Hong Kong's vulnerability.
'Hong Kong is no longer of vital strategic importance to us,' Brook wrote. 'But it has symbolic and political importance and is our only direct frontier with the Communist world. For political reasons we have no choice but to stay there at present; though at any time the Chinese could make conditions so impossible by cutting off food and water supplies and strangling trade as to make our presence virtually untenable.'
Graham Allison, director of Harvard University's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, said the documents were 'a hard reminder of the psychological and conceptual frame of the time during which the U.S. had nuclear weapons all over Europe and standing plans to use them if the Soviet army marched west.'
'At the time, people in the West thought of China as very aggressive and allied with the Soviet Union,' Allison said in a telephone interview.
Copyright 2006 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
SOURCE: AP (6-27-06)
Central High was the nation's first major battleground for school desegregation after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that black children were entitled to the same education as whites. For three weeks in September 1957, Gov. Orval E. Faubus blocked nine black students from enrolling at all-white Central High, forcing a historic confrontation between state and federal authorities over integration.
A small visitors center nearby, operated by the National Parks Service, tells the story of the fight to integrate the school.
But the new center -- which is under construction and scheduled to open in the spring of 2007 -- will have more exhibits and information about the landmark civil rights case. Other commemorative events are planned for September 2007. For more information, go to http://www.nps.gov/chsc/ and click on "Central High School 50th Anniversary."
Little Rock has become an increasingly popular tourist destination following the 2004 opening of the Clinton Presidential Center. Another new attraction under construction is a nature center on the banks of the Arkansas River in downtown Little Rock, not far from the Clinton Center, the Historic Arkansas Museum and the Museum of Discovery.
Name of source: Belfast Telegraph
SOURCE: Belfast Telegraph (6-30-06)
In the neat, quiet village of Fricourt in northern France stands a stubby street of modern bungalows. You might be in a patch of rural mock-suburbia anywhere in Europe. The street runs away into a rough farm track between fields of wheat and broad beans. Off to the left is a path of closely mown grass, like a strip of English lawn unrolled in the middle of a French cornfield.
The lawn leads to a walled cemetery, which has seven cherry trees and two yews. In June and July, when surrounded by ripening crops and a scattering of poppies, this cemetery is one of the prettiest and most peaceful places on earth.
There are 208 graves surrounded by a jumble of typical British garden flowers – roses, phlox, peonies, lupins – and more lawns, green and crisp enough to satisfy the Buckingham Palace head gardener.
This place, the Fricourt New Military Cemetery, is a little corner of a foreign field that is forever Yorkshire. Almost all of the young men buried here died on one day – 1 July 1916. Almost all of them died within a few yards of their burial place, which was then in the no man’s land between the British and German front-line trenches.
Many of them came from the 10th Battalion of the West Yorkshire Regiment, volunteers from Leeds and Harrogate and surrounding towns and villages. Before the war, they were clerks and mill workers, farm boys and solicitors. Wearing flat caps and boaters, they answered Lord Kitchener’s call and joined the Army together in 1914. They died together within a few minutes of the start of the Battle of the Somme, at 7.30am 90 years ago tomorrow.
Others are from the 7th Battalion of the East Yorkshire Regiment – many of them friends and neighbours from Hull – mowed down in a second, futile assault in the afternoon. These wheat and bean fields were the bloodiest single section of the most calamitous day’s battle in the history of the British Army. The battle went on for another four and a half months with some local successes, but ended in overall strategic failure. By mid-November, the British and French had advanced the equivalent of 100 yards (the length of a football field) for each day’s fighting.
Like Verdun for the French, the Somme has become the abiding symbol for Britain – and the British Commonwealth – of the 1914-18 war. The two conflicts were almost one, 150 miles apart but overlapping in time. There were murderous battles in 1914 and 1915, but in 1916, at the Somme and at Verdun, the power of modern industry was applied in inexhaustible force to human flesh for the first time. There were more than 1,000,000 casualties at the Somme–roughly 400,000 British and Commonwealth, 400,000 German and 200,000 French. Of these,maybeoneinfourdied.The precise casualty figures are still in dispute but the Somme was the most destructive single battle of that war – or of any war. Up to 10,000 people are expected to attend the official commemoration of the 90th anniversary this weekend, centring on the Thiepval “Memorial to the Missing”, three miles from Fricourt.
There will be military bands and flags. There will be veterans of other wars and veterans of no wars at all in smart blue blazers and grey trousers. There will be readings of war poems. The Prince of Wales will make a speech. Henry Allingham, 110, Britain’s oldest man, one of the last six British survivors of the war – but not a Somme veteran – is expected to attend.
As far as one can establish, there are no living veterans of the Somme. There are no survivors from the 3,000,000 British, French and German – not to speak of Australian, New Zealand, Irish, South African, Canadian, Indian, North African and African – soldiers who fought there between 1 July and 18 November 1916. The battle has passed over the horizon of living memory. Is it therefore time to bury the Somme?
Martin Middlebrook, one of our most humane and influential historians of the 1914 war, says: “After the 80th anniversary in 1996, I would have told you that two things were inevitable: we would see declining numbers of people at future commemorations, and interest in the war would gradually reduce. The opposite has been true.”
There are more British visitors to the Commonwealth War Graves cemeteries in France and Belgium than ever before.
The nightly ceremony of the playing of The Last Post at the Menin gate in Ypres – the equivalent of the Thiepval memorial for the Flanders battles of 1914-18 – was attended by a handful of people 30 years ago. Now, there is a sizeable crowd each night. The excellent new information centre at Thiepval recorded more than 300,000 visitors in its first year, which was well beyond expectations.
Fricourt New is far from the largest or best known of the 148 Commonwealth War Graves cemeteries on the Somme. All the same, judging by the official book, it has a steady stream of British visitors. Hardly a day goes by without two or three entries. Some are distinctly 21st century in sentiment and spelling. Others are more traditional.
“It’s quite strange to find some1 (sic) the same name as me!” “Found my gran’s first husband lying here. If he had lived, life would have been different.” “Not lost but gone before.” “To Uncle John, you ended your life 1.7.16. You will never be forgotten.” “You fighted well.” One of the forces at work here is a rootless, modern obsession with genealogy, with roots. Many of the people you speak to at Thiepval, or elsewhere, say that they have been surprised to discover recently that a great uncle fought or died at the Somme.
As each generation goes by, it doubles the number of people with relatives who fought in the battle. Almost all of us have a relative who fought at the Somme. But there are other explanations – complex and sometimes contradictory – for the increasing interest in a war now almost a century old. Martin Middle-brook says that, for one reason or another, the 1914 war has “come out from behind the shadow” of the 1939 war.
Name of source: Sydney Morning Herald
SOURCE: Sydney Morning Herald (6-30-06)
Invitations for Monday's service that were sent to Australia, Britain, the United States and the Netherlands have been withdrawn. A letter delivered to embassies in Tokyo said Mr Aso will now make a "personal and private" commemoration.
"This fiasco never had a great chance of succeeding," said Robyn Lim, professor of international relations at Nanzan University. Lim, an Australian, is a former acting head of current intelligence at the Office of National Assessments in Canberra.
"Mr Aso is still in denial that his own family company enslaved Australian POWs and that two of them died in his mine," she said.
Earlier this week the Herald aired criticism by historians, political analysts and veterans' representatives of the planned ceremony. Central to their criticisms were doubts that Mr Aso, an ambitious right-wing politician, held genuine remorse for Japan's war record and concern that he might manipulate the event for political advantage in his campaign to become prime minister.
Yoshiko Tamura, a Japanese historian who founded the POW Research Network of Japan to document the history of prisoners of war, said the remains of POWs once held at the Juganji temple, the planned backdrop for the ceremony, had been removed about 60 years ago. The ceremony was a "propaganda opportunity" for Mr Aso, she said.
The episode appears certain to put another hole in Mr Aso's prime ministerial ambitions. It is likely that the last-minute withdrawal of the invitations happened because the embassies, sensing the proposed event had turned into a public relations disaster, planned to send only junior diplomats.
Mr Aso, a surprise choice as foreign minister about eight months ago, has been publicly unsympathetic to criticism by Korea and China of Japan's cruel war record.
Mr Aso was criticised earlier this year when he said that Emperor Akihito should start visiting Yasukuni shrine, a memorial to the war dead and the country's most potent nationalist symbol.
Talks this weekend in Washington between President George Bush and the Japanese Prime Minister, Junichiro Koizumi, can be expected to discuss his likely successors.
The more likely prime minister is Shinzo Abe, heir to a right-wing political lineage at least as complex as Mr Aso's, but who is sending out pragmatic signals, a North Asia expert, Professor Ezra Vogel, said. He said Mr Abe "realises that this [Yasukuni shrine visits] is now a sensitive issue and is trying to back off".
'A third candidate, Yasuo Fukuda, has already declared that he will not visit the shrine. The test for the candidates comes on August 15, the anniversary of Japan's surrender in the war and a traditional day for visits to Yasukuni shrine.
Name of source: Bloomberg
SOURCE: Bloomberg (6-29-06)
Franklin, facing a June 30 auction, won a commitment from SunTrust Banks Inc. to provide short-term financing to buy the papers from King's children and keep then in Atlanta. The mayor then scrambled to get commitments from executives including Turner Broadcasting Group Chairman Phil Kent, developer John Portman and H.J. Russell & Co. founder Herman Russell.
Building a museum to house the 7,000-page collection will help Atlanta remain ``the center of the civil rights movement that we were in Dr. King's days,'' Franklin said today in an interview in New York, where she came to view the collection and attend a reception at Sotheby's. It includes a draft of King's ``I Have a Dream'' speech given at the 1963 March on Washington.
``I didn't think we'd have the King papers to even put into a civil rights museum a year ago,'' said Franklin, a Democrat, who became the first black female mayor of a major Southern city when she took office in Georgia's capital in 2002. ``I just wanted to get them before they went to bid.''
Franklin, 61, said site selection and financial planning for a civil rights museum, which may be built near Atlanta's historic Auburn Avenue district, will begin before year's end. Boston Consulting Group, which advises companies and governments on marketing strategy, finance, technology, and organization, agreed to work on the museum without charge, she said.
About half of the $32 million needed to pay for the papers has been raised so far from individuals and companies, Franklin said. Georgia Power Co., Home Depot Inc., BellSouth Corp., Delta Air Lines Inc. and Coca-Cola Co. are among corporations that have pledged support for the King papers purchase, she said.
Former Atlanta Mayor and UN Ambassador Andrew Young, a longtime mentor and Franklin's former boss, helped her contact other individuals, she said.
``We were delighted to provide the short-term financing that allowed Atlanta to keep the King papers,'' said Gary Peacock, president of SunTrust Banks' Atlanta unit, in an interview today.
King's papers will be owned by and housed at his alma mater, Morehouse College, which is located a couple of miles away from the King Center founded by his late wife, Coretta Scott King, who died Jan. 31 at the age of 78. King's four adult children will keep the intellectual property rights of the paper and speeches.
``It's an unusual collection in that you're able to see the evolution in his thoughts and views,'' Franklin said.
Name of source: Timesonline (UK)
SOURCE: Timesonline (UK) (6-15-06)
Scientists have used computer technology to recreate the face of Neanderthal Man, right. A Swiss-German team from the Rheinische Landesmuseum in Bonn used the top of 42,000-year-old skull found in 1856 as the basis for their reconstruction.
The model, which depicts quite a modern-looking caveman, forms the centrepiece of an exhibition called “Roots 2006”.
The original Neanderthal is a valley in western Germany.
Name of source: Wa Po
SOURCE: Wa Po (6-28-06)
Bush's statements have challenged, for instance, a congressional ban on torture, a request for data on the administration of the USA Patriot Act and even a legislative demand for suggestions on the digital mapping of coastal resources.
The Senate Judiciary Committee's hearing marked the latest effort by Chairman Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) and panel Democrats to reclaim authority that they say the president has usurped as he has expanded the power of the executive branch. It came on the same day Bush gave a speech pushing for a line-item veto that would allow him to strike spending and tax provisions from legislation without vetoing the bill.
Other presidents have used signing statements to clarify their interpretation of laws, but no president has used such statements instead of ever using the veto authority spelled out in the Constitution, said Harvard University law professor Charles J. Ogletree Jr., who is serving on a new American Bar Association task force examining Bush's signing statements. Bush has never used his veto power in his presidency.
"There is a sense that the president has taken the signing statements far beyond the customary purviews," Specter told the administration's representative, Michelle E. Boardman, deputy assistant attorney general in the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel. "There's a real issue here as to whether the president may, in effect, cherry-pick the provisions he likes and exclude the ones he doesn't like."
SOURCE: Wa Po (6-25-06)
Name of source: China View
SOURCE: China View (6-28-06)
The discovery was made after DNA tests on human remains from one of the laborers' tombs surrounding the mausoleum of Qingshihuang, in northwestern Shaanxi Province, which was built more than 2,200 years ago.
Archaeologists found the foreign remains among 121 shattered human skeletons in a tomb about 500 meters from the famous museum housing the life-sized terracotta warriors and their horses and weapons.
The discovery means that contacts between the people in east Asia and those in what is now central Asia actually began a century earlier than the previously supposed Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) period.
Name of source: haaretz.com
SOURCE: haaretz.com (6-28-06)
However, the vast majority of finds at the dump were very much everyday objects: fragments of household utensils including cooking pots, storage jars, pottery and lamps, coins of low denominations and a large number of animal bones. The dump is located on the eastern slope of the hill where the City of David is located. It was first unearthed in 1867 by Charles Warren, and many other archaeologists excavated there after him, but they did not realize they were digging through garbage. Only in 1995 did Professor Ronny Reich, of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa, and Eli Shukron, of the Antiquities Authority, who directed the dig at the site, realize it was a dump.
Name of source: Yahoo News
SOURCE: Yahoo News (6-28-06)
Three thousand year-old flowers and royal necklaces were the only things Egypt's chief archeologist Zahi Hawass saw when he lifted the lid off the last of seven coffins found in the tomb.
"It's superb but there is no room for a mummy," said Otto Schaden, the America archeologist who uncovered the tomb almost by chance in February, only a few feet away from "KV 62" -- the famous sepulchre of King Tut.
The six other coffins contained pottery shards, and the team of Egyptian and US archeologist working on the site had to conceal their disappointment after much anticipation that the last coffin might contain a royal mummy.
Name of source: Washington Times
SOURCE: Washington Times (6-28-06)
French archaeological adventurer Franck Goddio and his team of divers, armed with robotic equipment, swim masks and flippers, pulled the treasures from the depths at the ancient Egyptian harbor of Alexandria and the two lost neighboring cities of Herakleion and Canopus in 1999 and 2000.
Presidents Hosni Mubarak of Egypt and Horst Kohler of Germany attended the opening of the Berlin exhibition in mid-May, evidence of its importance to both countries. But some Egyptians are not happy about it.
Sheik Ali Gomaa, the grand mufti of Egypt, issued a fatwa, or religious edict, saying statuary in the human form is forbidden in Egyptian homes. He didn't specifically include museums in the fatwa, but cited an Islamic text that "sculptors would be tormented most on Judgment Day."
Name of source: Norwich Bulletin
SOURCE: Norwich Bulletin (6-27-06)
Maria Jolicoer, 50, and Sarah Murphy, 59, have applied for the position, which serves as the town’s authority on Norwich history, promotes and researches Norwich history and advises the City Council on historical matters.
Jolicoer is a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and speaks often at local meetings. She said that experience has given her information on local historical topics she would like to use if she is appointed.
Murphy owned an art gallery and frame shop in Cleveland. She said she is interested in history after framing many customers’ mementos and pictures throughout the years. She also buys and restores historic residences.
Jolicoer and Murphy will go up against current historian Dale Plummer and Norwich Historical Society member Denison Gibbs in a quiz in July to choose the next historian. City Manager Robert Zarnetske will quiz the applicants on local and state history, before choosing one and sending the name to the City Council for approval.
Name of source: CBS
SOURCE: CBS (6-27-06)
The archives will remain closed Tuesday, just days before the Fourth of July weekend.
Flooding also closed IRS headquarters, the Commerce Department and the Justice Department, but the federal government as a whole remained in business.
The National Gallery of Art shut down because of a weather-related steam outage. The gallery uses steam to maintain the proper environment to preserve its priceless collections, a museum spokeswoman said. But the artworks were reported to be in no danger.
Name of source: Boston Globe
SOURCE: Boston Globe (6-27-06)
With their granny glasses and watch fobs, they seem the product of an era of affectation; and, indeed, few political leaders cultivated their images more vainly than did Roosevelt and Wilson.
But this year, with the coming of the Fourth of July, it is T.R. and Wilson -- not the Founding Fathers or the Great Emancipator -- who are being brought to mind in books, magazine covers, and essays.
``We're all Wilsonians now," announced columnist Jonah Goldberg last week.
Theodore Roosevelt ``still has many things to teach us," opined presidential adviser Karl Rove in this week's Time magazine, which has Roosevelt on the cover.
Meanwhile, Oxford Press this month issued the paperback edition of John B. Judis's book, ``The Folly of Empire: What George W. Bush Could Learn from Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson."
SOURCE: Boston Globe (6-26-06)
"It's greatly significant to see the family reunited," said Alison Hawthorne Deming, 59, of Tuscon, Ariz., Hawthorne's great-great-grandaughter.
"It's also great to get together different parts of the heritage. It's a beautiful celebration for us," said Deming, a professor of creative writing at the University of Arizona. "It's not something we imagined happening. These people have never all been together."
Hawthorne, author of "The Scarlet Letter" and "The House of the Seven Gables," died in New Hampshire in 1864. His wife, Sophia Peabody Hawthorne, moved to England with their three children and died there six years later. She and their daughter Una were buried at Kensal Green cemetery in London.
Hawthorne's daughter, Rose, returned to the United States and started a Catholic order dedicated to caring for cancer patients. The Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne, based in Hawthorne, N.Y., had paid to maintain the Hawthorne graves in England.
But when cemetery officials told the nuns that the grave site needed costly repairs, the order arranged to return the remains to Concord.
On Monday, one modern casket containing the remains of mother and daughter was put on horse-drawn, 1860 wooden hearse and carried from a local funeral home through the town center to First Parish Church, a Universalist Unitarian church where Nathaniel Hawthorne's funeral service was held.
The procession, led by police escort and two park rangers holding U.S. and British flags, included about 40 direct descendants -- who had come from across the country and as far as Spain -- and a group of Dominican Sisters.
Outside the church, a minister offered a brief prayer and recounted the Hawthornes' time living at the Old Manse, located walking distance from the Old North Bridge, where the "shot heard 'round the world" was fired, sparking the American Revolution.
From there, the procession -- which traced the path of Nathaniel Hawthorne's funeral procession -- moved back through town to the cemetery, about a quarter-mile away.
The burial, which was private, took place in the section of the cemetery known as Author's Ridge.
Several generations of family -- from a 7-year-old boy to a 93-year-old woman -- took turns reading love letters that the Hawthornes had written to each other at times when they were separated, according to Mother Anne Marie, the head of the Dominican Sisters who attended the burial. A letter from Una also was read.
The burial site had long been waiting for Sophia and Una: An old marker had listed their names and noted that they'd been buried overseas. They now have new markers.
A public service followed outside the Old Manse.
Hawthorne historians say the author and his wife shared a passionate relationship. Many see Sophia's independence in Hawthorne's characters, including Hester Prynne, who is shunned by Puritanical villagers in "The Scarlet Letter" for having an affair and an illegitimate child.
Philip McFarland, 76, who wrote a book called "Hawthorne in Concord," watched the procession with his wife, Patricia, from the Concord common. He said much of what is known of the Hawthornes' relationship comes from about 1,500 letters written by Sophia.
"It was a great love story. It was one of the premier marriages in American literature," McFarland said. "It's a misfortune that they were separated in death. It's very satisfying to anyone who knows the story of the Hawthorne marriage that they're being reunited for eternity."
Name of source: Carnival of Bad History
SOURCE: Carnival of Bad History (6-27-06)
Nominations of posts for future editions, which will now be monthly, can be submitted here
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (6-27-06)
The interim chancellor at Boulder on Monday issued a “notice of intent to dismiss” the controversial professor, citing findings of serious and repeated research misconduct. Churchill still has appeal rights — and has 10 days to take his case to a faculty review committee. After any appeal, a final decision rests with the president of the University of Colorado System and the Board of Regents. And Churchill has vowed to sue the university to block any firing.
But Monday’s action is significant — even with all the additional maneuvering expected. The decision by Phil DiStefano, the interim chancellor, marked the first time that the administration at Colorado has formally pushed to fire Churchill. And while Churchill will remain on Colorado’s payroll pending any final action against him, DiStefano said at a news conference that Churchill had been relieved of all teaching and research duties.
When the case moves to the top governance levels of the university, Churchill is expected to be fired, and Colorado’s board faces intense pressure to dismiss him. Gov. Bill Owens told Colorado reporters Monday that he hoped the latest developments would speed the day when “we can soon say good riddance to Ward Churchill once and for all.”
Name of source: National Coalition for History
SOURCE: National Coalition for History (6-26-06)
We should, however, graciously thank Chairman Knowlenberg and the other members of the House Transportation, Treasury and Housing and Urban Development, the Judiciary, District of Columbia Appropriations Subcommittee (T-THUD) for all their efforts to restore some level of funding to the NHPRC in this particularly austere funding environment. As was the case last year, the funding restoration is also due in part to the hard work by the coalition of archives and history organizations that devoted time and energy to this effort.
While the news from the House Appropriations Committee is certainly welcomed and definitely a step in the right direction, there is still much that needs to be done to insure funding for the NHPRC in FY 2007. To that end, NHPRC supporters now need to focus attention on the Senate, where, on 20 July the Senate Transportation/
Treasury Appropriations Subcommittee will be advancing its version of the FY 2007 funding bill. In your communications with senators, please request that the funding recommended by the Senate be no less than full funding $10 million for competitive grants, plus an additional $2 million for administration and staffing of the NHPRC in the National Archives budget. Realistically, this year the Senate will probably not appropriate a number higher than the House, but we still must establish a need beyond last year's appropriation levels.
As a result of recent communications with Senate Appropriations Committee staff, it appears there is support for the NHPRC by the committee and subcommittee chairs and ranking members and by some members of the committee (http://appropriations.senate.gov/members/members.htm
). However, all members of the committee need to hear from constituents and organizations. In conversations with committee staff, LETTERS FROM ORGANIZATIONS are especially needed this year. They should be sent to the Chairman (Senator Bond) with copies to the Ranking Member (Senator Murray).
Members of the full Appropriation Committee include: Republicans: Cochran (R-MS); Committee Chair), Allard (R-CO), Bond (R-MO), Shelby (R-AL), Specter (R-PA), Bennett (R-UT), Hutchison (R-TX), DeWine (R-OH), Brownback (R-KS), Stevens (R-AK), Domenici (R-NM), Burns (R-MT), McConnell (R-KY),Gregg (R-NH); Craig (R-ID); Democrats: Byrd (D-WV; Ranking Member), Feinstein (D-CA), Inouye (D-HI), Landrieu (D-LA), Mikulski (D-MD), Reid (D-NV), Kohl (D-WI), Murray (D-WA), Durbin (D-IL), Dorgan (D-ND), Leahy (D-VT), Johnson (D-SD) and Harkin (D-IA).
ACTION ITEM -- INDIVIDUALS: SEND LETTER TO SENATORS! If you are a constituent of any senator listed above, please make a telephone, e-mail, or fax communication in support of the NHRPC! You can obtain contact information for your senator by going to the following webpage:
ORGANIZATIONS: PLEASE FAX A LETTER OF SUPPORT addressed to the Chairs of both the Senate Appropriations Committee and Subcommittee with jurisdiction over the NHPRC budget: The Honorable Thad Cochran, Chair, US Senate Appropriations Committee, Room S-128 Capitol Building, Washington D.C. 20510; Fax 202. 228-0248 and to: The Honorable Christopher S. Bond, Chair, Subcommittee on Transportation, Treasury, the Judiciary and Housing and Urban Development, Room 133 Dirksen SOB, Washington D.C. 20510; FAX 202.
Letters to the Ranking Minority Member of the subcommittee should be addressed to: The Honorable Patty Murray, Subcommittee on Transportation, Treasury, the Judiciary, and Housing and Urban Development, Room 128 Dirksen SOB, Washington, D.C. 20510; FAX 202. 228-0249 and to the Ranking Member of the full Appropriations Committee, The Honorable Robert C. Byrd, Room S-125A The Capitol, Washington, D.C. 20510; FAX 202. 224-8553.
For over 40 years, the NHPRC has played an essential federal leadership role in preserving and publishing important historical records that document American history. The NHPRC has an outstanding success record of using a small amount of federal funds to leverage other contributions. It is important that the NHPRC be able to continue preserving our nation's historical records, promoting regional and national coordination in archives-related matters, and supporting a wide range of other activities relating to America's documentary heritage.
In the President's FY 2007 budget submission, all funding for the NHPRC is proposed to be eliminated. The House of Representatives has adopted a funding level of $5.5 million for grants and $2 million for program support. Funding decisions have yet to be made by the Senate. The archives and history communities are recommending the NHPRC be allotted no less than $10 million for grants and $2 million for staffing and administrative support for this small but essential federal program.
For additional background about the NHPRC, including guidelines for writing letters to members of Congress and other relevant information is located at the National Coalition for History webpage http://www.h-net.org/~nch/ under the section titled "NHPRC-Take Action!"
Name of source: aljazeera.net
SOURCE: aljazeera.net (6-24-06)
The mosque had been well preserved and saved from several threats.
In 1986, Ana, 320km west of Baghdad, was flooded after the inauguration of the al-Qadisiya dam, built on the Euphrates River. The then-Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, ordered the preservation of the Ana mosque.
Archeological teams aided by army units broke the mosque's tower, or midhana, into 18 pieces and moved them to be re-assembled.
The 26-meter midhana survived the flood and other environmental hazards until it was blown up on Thursday evening.
Name of source: Sunday Herald
SOURCE: Sunday Herald (6-25-06)
The French archaeologist Jerome Carcopino, a world-renowned Dacian expert, has estimated that Decebalus’s hidden treasure amounted to 165,000kg of gold and 350,000kg of silver. The value of the treasure has made it worth the risk for some to undertake illegal digs near Sarmizegetusa, the ancient Dacian capital in Romania’s Orastiei Mountains. The quest has resulted in a flood of illegally dug-up Dacian gold onto the international art smugglers’ market. In recent years, 33 illegal excavations of archaeological sites, commissioned by international robbers, have been uncovered by the authorities in Hunedoara county.
Name of source: Oregonian
SOURCE: Oregonian (12-31-69)
"Wow, what a great find," says archaeologist Julie Schablitsky as she turns it over in her hand. "This is the kind of thing we're looking for."
The key and thousands of other artifacts being discovered in a dig here are beginning to unlock details about the daily lives of hundreds of Chinese miners who called John Day home in the late 19th century.
Name of source: Rick Stengel in Time Magazine
SOURCE: Rick Stengel in Time Magazine (6-26-06)
I recently returned to TIME after two years of running the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, a wonderful new museum and educational center on Independence Mall. While there, I got to know the great historian David McCullough, who has been on a one-man campaign to end the epidemic of what he calls historical illiteracy. I believe that our Making of America series is an antidote to historical illiteracy, which David describes as a great danger to our democracy. Being an American is not based on a common ancestry, a common religion, even a common culture--it's based on accepting an uncommon set of ideas. And if we don't understand those ideas, we don't value them; and if we don't value them, we don't protect them. A nation can never be ignorant and free, said Thomas Jefferson, our third Making of America cover subject, and one of the goals of our series is to help explain what makes us a nation and a people....
Name of source: Historian Tom Chaffin in Time Magazine
SOURCE: Historian Tom Chaffin in Time Magazine (6-26-06)
In truth, the system's true origins do go back at least several more years. As a young lieutenant colonel in 1919, Dwight Eisenhower volunteered to act as an observer on the U.S. Army's first motorized transcontinental convoy. But the 62-day Washington-to-San Francisco trek left him appalled. On the often unpaved, poorly maintained roads that comprised their route, trucks became stuck in mud, disappeared into clouds of dust, and slid on ice; on occasion, they even crashed through the beds of creaky wooden bridges.
Memories of that obstacle course lingered with Eisenhower. And two decades later, as the Supreme Allied Commander in World War II, he noted how easily his armies disrupted German supply-lines by bombing railroads. But he also noticed how, despite Allied pummeling, the country's Autobahn had remained passable. In the 1950s, the general-turned politician, by then elected president, resolved to build a similar system across the United States. "The old convoy," he recalled, "had started me thinking about good, two-lane highways, but Germany had made me see the wisdom of broader ribbons across the land."
Military considerations — his perceived need for good roads to transport troops and materiel over far-flung continental distances — initially compelled Eisenhower. But, with the force of an idea whose time had arrived, the system and its eventual designers found broader inspirations — the German Autobahn, as well as the parkways built by New Yorker Robert Moses as early as the 1930s and the futuristic highway visions of Norman Bel Geddes and French Modernist Le Corbusier.
In a fuller sense, however, it was America's 1950s economic boom that proved the Interstates' true progenitor. The Federal-Aid Highway Act, passed by Congress and signed into law by Eisenhower on June 29,1956, allocated $25 billion to pay 90% of the costs of a 41,000-mile "National System of Interstate and Defense Highways," to be completed by 1972.
Name of source: Time
SOURCE: Time (6-25-06)
At home and abroad, he was the locomotive president, the man who drew his flourishing nation into the future.
Just short of a century after he left the White House, in 1909, the collective memory of Theodore Roosevelt's strength and intellect and charisma still lingers.
Today, when the Justice Department goes after Microsoft or Enron, when the Environmental Protection Agency adjusts mileage standards or the Fed tweaks the prime, somewhere his ghost is smiling.
He was the first president to urge wholeheartedly that the U.S. accept its role as a global power. The "imperial presidencies" that followed his, from Franklin Roosevelt to Lyndon Johnson to George W. Bush, all owe something to his example.
Is it any surprise when presidents try to borrow a bit of his halo? Bill Clinton had Teddy's bust on his desk. George W. Bush let it be known that he spent last Christmas vacation reading a Roosevelt biography, his second since he got to the White House.
Roosevelt stays with us because he seems so much like one of us. Although he was born in 1858, it's the 20th century he decidedly belongs to, the century he brought America into on his terms.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (6-21-06)
Cloudy skies, dense fog and spurts of rain did not seem to dampen the energy of smiling revelers who bobbed and swayed to cheerful beats with arms outstretched and shouts of "Feel the solstice!"
About 19,000 New Agers, present-day druids and partygoers gathered inside and around the ancient circle of towering stones to greet the longest day in the northern hemisphere as the sun struggled to peek out against a smoky gray sky at 4:58 a.m (0358GMT).
Name of source: scotsman.com
SOURCE: scotsman.com (6-21-06)
The Union flag, which is designed in 1606, originally flew in Scotland with the cross of St Andrew on top of the cross of St George.
It was later altered so the red St George's Cross would dominate the Saltire.
Historian David Ross is now demanding that the Scottish Parliament and other buildings where the flag is flown should restore the design with the Saltire on top.
Mr Ross, who is also the convener of the Society of William Wallace, said: "I wince every time I see the Union Flag. It is a flag of imperialism.
SOURCE: scotsman.com (6-23-06)
Experts are thrilled by the find - which dates from about the first century - as it is the first "mass burial" of its kind identified. Mystery surrounds why so many bodies were neatly piled together in the complex network of underground burial chambers, which stretch for miles under the city.
It was the custom then for Rome's upper classes to be burnt not buried, so it is thought the skeletons may be early Christians. Tests are being carried to establish whether they suffered violent death or were victims of an unknown epidemic or natural disaster.
Raffaella Giuliani, chief inspector of the Vatican's Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archaeology, who is overseeing the dig, said: "What we have discovered is very exciting. Usually, two or three bodies were put into holes dug out of the rock in the catacombs. But we have several rooms filled with skeletons.