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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: The Observer
SOURCE: The Observer (11-13-05)
A $210 million compensation fund, created in 2001, seemed to offer some compensation for their losses. But five years on, the money remains elusive. Holocaust survivors who should be benefiting are ageing and, increasingly, dying. So far, no claim has been paid out.
Peter Phillips talks of his 'extreme frustration' at the delays. He was aged three and then called Peter Pfeffer when his parents had to leave Vienna hurriedly in 1939 after his father, a doctor, had been tipped off by a patient that he was marked down on a list for Dachau.
Evi Labi also managed to escape with her parents - in her case within hours of the Nazi occupation of Austria in March 1938. Her father had worked for the previous Austrian government, and their apartment in Vienna was occupied and ransacked almost immediately after the Nazis arrived in the city.
'My story is one of many,' she says. Then aged 15, she recounts the terrible time when their apartment was first invaded. 'They opened the front door, and said to passersby "Come and help yourself to Persian rugs",' she recalls. Within hours, she found herself a refugee, without even the money for a toothbrush.
Mr Phillips, Evi Labi and a small number of fellow Austrian refugees have now created the Austrian Restitution Group which is pressing the Austrian government for action. Both say that it is the principle of compensation, rather than the money itself, which is important.
But for some fellow refugees, clearly the money is a real need. Mr Phillips says that between 30 and 40 people who have made claims to the compensation fund have approached the Group for help in recent months. 'Some people are really hard up,' he says. 'People ask me, "Herr Phillips, when will we get the money?" The answer is, I haven't the faintest idea.'
The Austrian compensation fund, known as the General Settlement Fund, has been controversial from the start. It was created by the Austrian government after pressure from Jewish organisations and was part of a process which saw similar compensation schemes set up by German and Swiss banks and insurers. However, the total in the General Settlement Fund, $210m, has been criticised for being unrealistically low. There is no suggestion that families will receive anything like full compensation.
Name of source: Guardian (UK)
SOURCE: Guardian (UK) (11-14-05)
"Franco should . . . receive the gratitude and recognition of the majority of Spaniards," writes Pio Moa in Franco: an historical review. The success of the book, which repeats old claims that Franco brought peace and prosperity while creating a country ready for democracy, has revealed an undercurrent of opinion happy to reject the idea that he was little more than a brutal, vengeful dictator.
"There was no alternative," Moa says, claiming that the Republican democracy overthrown by Franco's rebel forces during the bloody Spanish civil war had already failed beyond repair. "He left a prosperous and politically moderate country. The last 30 years of democracy have been possible thanks to that."
Moa, a former member of a violent leftwing group, is rejected by many professional historians as a pseudo-historian who has found a publishing goldmine as a modern Franco apologist. "What he writes is nothing less than an up-to-date repetition of what Franco's people have always said," commented the historian Santos Julia in El Pais newspaper.
Name of source: NY Daily News
SOURCE: NY Daily News (11-14-05)
Somehow, over the past nine years, while defending scores of defendants in federal court, Morris found the time to research and write a biography of anti-Nazi lawyer Max Hirschberg, whose case files included tangling with none other than Adolf Hitler in a libel suit.
"What I found so moving about this man and his life was his response to practicing [law] under very trying and challenging conditions, was to ferret out the truth while arguing for his clients," said Morris.
The result is "Justice Imperiled; the Anti-Nazi Lawyer Max Hirschberg in Weimar Germany" (University of Michigan Press), a book that also completed Morris' doctorate in history from the University of Rochester.
Morris, 51, had considered becoming a historian since he was a teen growing up in Roslyn, L.I. He learned to speak German fluently and studied German history.
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (11-14-05)
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (11-10-05)
Name of source: Time Magazine
SOURCE: Time Magazine (11-13-05)
Unlike his allies Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, Francisco Franco survived World War II, retaining his dictatorial grip on Spain for another 30 years. Even when he died, he avoided the fate of his fellow despots. Hitler's body was likely incinerated outside his bunker; Mussolini's corpse swung from a gas-station awning in Milan; but Franco still lies in a grand tomb funded and carefully maintained by the country he subjugated. On Sunday, the 30th anniversary of his death, several thousand Franco supporters will make their annual journey to the Valley of the Fallen, some 50 km northwest of Madrid, where a colossal basilica is carved into the craggy Guadarrama Mountains. There, they will lay wreaths and offer fascist salutes, as they do every year. But this time, their pilgrimage will take place in a country that is ready to confront the dark chapter of its dictatorship — and perhaps finally put to rest the legacy of Francisco Franco.
After igniting a civil war in 1936 when he led a coup against Spain's democratically elected government, Franco and his Nationalist forces — aided by Germany and Italy — finally prevailed in 1939. For the next 36 years, Franco ruled the country; he sent political prisoners to concentration camps and homosexuals to mental asylums, and women were not allowed to work without the permission of their husbands or fathers. Speaking out — for democracy or against the regime — was hazardous to your health.
Name of source: The Art Newspaper
SOURCE: The Art Newspaper (11-10-05)
He says that the Inspector of Antiquities at Samarra has confirmed that the berm, created by bulldozing earth into a giant embankment, is complete on the north and east sides of the city, crossing the archaeological area somewhere north of the palace of Sur Isa.
Although he says that it has become increasingly difficult to get accurate reports on the situation in Samarra, Professor Northedge has calculated that, while it may not yet encircle the entire city, the section of berm constructed so far must cut through the Cloverleaf Racecourse, “a unique monument, of which there is no like in the world”, one of three horse-racing courses established in the ninth-century caliphal capital.
He estimates that, depending on its path, the berm has almost certainly cut across the sites of at least two ninth-century palaces, and possibly also a Chalcolithic cemetery.
Name of source: Canada.com
SOURCE: Canada.com (11-11-05)
The private, Toronto-based advocacy group says provincial governments could help solve the problem by making Canadian history a mandatory requirement of high school graduation.
The institute's annual Remembrance Day poll -- a national survey conducted last month of more than 1,000 Canadians -- suggests the public would go even further. Eighty per cent of those surveyed said high schools should impose compulsory courses in 20th-century Canadian history, including a study of the First and Second World Wars.
Currently only three provinces require high school students to study some Canadian history.
"Incredible as it seems, there are provinces where you can go through school and not be required to take a single course in Canadian history," says Rudyard Griffiths, executive director of the institute.
"I think it's having a pernicious effect on Canadians' knowledge of history. For one thing, we have high school graduates not being able to associate D-Day with the invasion of Normandy. That begs the question, are we living up to our solemn pledge not to forget our veterans?"
Name of source: NYT
Until now, only 19 Wheatley letters were known, all in institutions in America and Britain. Scholars were unaware of this two-page letter she wrote to her friend Obour Tanner, a slave in Newport, R.I.
"This letter is an entirely new discovery," said Jeremy Markowitz, an Americana specialist at Swann, a New York auction house specializing in books, photographs, posters, prints and autographs. "It was not previously known to exist and has never been published."
Swann is confident it is genuine. "We not only had it authenticated by a Wheatley scholar, but also analyzed the handwriting, the paper and the ink," Mr. Markowitz said. "You can tell a period letter by the way the ink lies on the paper, the fluid style and the paper itself."
Swann will put the letter on view on Thursday at 104 East 25th Street and estimates it will sell for $80,000 to $120,000. (Christie's sold the last Wheatley manuscript that came up at auction - a four-page, 1773 poem titled "Ocean" - for $68,500 in 1998.)
SOURCE: NYT (11-13-05)
This year's prime exhibit was New Jersey, where Senator Jon Corzine scored a decisive win against his Republican opponent in the governor's race, Douglas Forrester, despite a last-minute barrage of attack ads in which Mr. Corzine's ex-wife was quoted as declaring that unlike Mr. Forrester, "Jon did let his family down, and he'll probably let New Jersey down, too."
The idea that private sexual misconduct is beside the point for an elected official goes way back to the founding fathers. Alexander Hamilton famously, and rather hysterically, published a pamphlet detailing his affair with a married woman named Maria Reynolds. He wanted to make it clear that the mysterious payments he had been making to Mr. Reynolds were not part of an embezzlement scheme, but simply a result of good old all-American blackmail. The delegation of congressmen who had been assigned to investigate Hamilton's financial transactions regarded this as way too much information.
The Maria Reynolds affair did produce an outcry among Hamilton's political opponents - one newspaper thundered that "even the frosts of America are incapable of cooling your blood and the eternal snow of Nova Zembla would hardly reduce you to common propriety," which perhaps goes to show that they don't make editorial page editors like they used to. But Hamilton shared the standards of his political peers when it came to morality - if not discretion. And the public went on to elect Thomas Jefferson as president, despite the tavern songs about his relationship with the slave "Monticello Sally" Hemings, and to fall madly in love with Andrew Jackson, who they very well knew had lived with his wife, Rachel, when she was still married to another man.
The concept of French identity remains rooted deep in the country's centuries-old culture, and a significant portion of the population has yet to accept the increasingly multiethnic makeup of the nation. Put simply, being French, for many people, remains a baguette-and-beret affair.
Though many countries aspire to ensure equality among their citizens and fall short, the case is complicated in France by a secular ideal that refuses to recognize ethnic and religious differences in the public domain. All citizens are French, end of story, the government insists, a lofty position that, nonetheless, has allowed discrimination to thrive.
France's Constitution guarantees equality to all, but that has long been interpreted to mean that ethnic or religious differences are not the purview of the state. The result is that no one looks at such differences to track growing inequalities and so discrimination is easy to hide.
"People have it in their head that surveying by race or religion is bad, it's dirty, it's something reserved for Americans and that we shouldn't do it here," said Yazid Sabeg, the only prominent Frenchman of Arab descent at the head of a publicly listed French company. "But without statistics to look at, how can we measure the problem?"
SOURCE: NYT (11-13-05)
The residents of White Settlement responded last Tuesday by defeating the measure by about a 9-to-1 margin among about 2,500 who voted.
The history of this area, often bloodied by skirmishes between whites and American Indians, did give the town its name, said Norris Chambers, founder of the White Settlement Historical Museum. Settlers from the South moved here a century and a half ago, aided by the establishment of a small fort on a nearby bluff, named for Maj. Gen. William Jenkins Worth.
"Because this area was inhabited by white settlers only, it was logical to call it White Settlement," said Mr. Chambers, 88, a retired technician at Otis Elevators. White Settlement was incorporated in 1941 when the establishment of a factory making B-24's, the Liberator bombers, fueled a growth spurt.
The town's population is now about 85 percent white, according to the most recent census figures. Nonwhites in White Settlement sometimes look at the discussion over the town's name with resignation.
"It's been this way for years, so why change it?" said Paris Ray, 37, an African-American entrepreneur who owns a store together with his wife, Maria Grieve, selling imported products from the Philippines.
"The first time I heard the name, when my wife told me there was a store for sale in White Settlement, I wondered," Mr. Ray said. "But the only problem it causes is with vendors who can't get past the white thing. I just put down that we're in Fort Worth and it works."
Still, others trying to attract new investment to White Settlement are more concerned
SOURCE: NYT (11-14-05)
In language certain to stoke heated debate at his January confirmation hearings, Mr. Alito, now President Bush's nominee for the Supreme Court, also expressed disapproval of Supreme Court decisions while Earl Warren was chief justice, including those that dealt with criminal procedures.
Mr. Alito, who was 35 in November 1985, when he made those statements in applying to become deputy assistant attorney general, said he was a committed conservative who had been influenced by the writings of William F. Buckley Jr. and Barry Goldwater's 1964 presidential campaign.
He said he had been honored to serve as assistant to the solicitor general "and to help to advance legal positions in which I personally believe very strongly."
"I am particularly proud of my contributions in recent cases in which the government has argued in the Supreme Court that racial and ethnic quotas should not be allowed and that the Constitution does not protect a right to an abortion," Mr. Alito, who is now a federal appeals court judge, wrote.
The statements, contained in a document made public today by the Reagan Presidential Library, after the contents were first reported by The Washington Times, is bound to stir interest when the Senate Judiciary Committee begins hearings on Judge Alito's nomination in January.
SOURCE: NYT (11-12-05)
Here's the letter, published by the NYT:
To the Editor:
While the American Revolution Center has ended its partnership agreement with the National Park Service at Valley Forge, this in no way translates into an end to the undertaking, as indicated by "Museum Plans Halted" (Arts, Briefly, Nov. 5).
Rather, proponents of the American Revolution Center, including Pennsylvania's governor, Edward G. Rendell; Senator Rick Santorum; the chairman of Montgomery County's commissioners, James R. Matthews; and the historian David McCullough are working with us as we move full speed ahead with other options.
At a time when understanding our nation's founding principles are particularly important, and when historical illiteracy is rapidly increasing, building the center in a way that would compromise the educational experience would be unconscionable. That is the reason for the partnership's termination.
The American Revolution Center will, when built, be a destination where visitors will learn what the great American experiment is all about. With considerable bipartisan support, we are pursuing a solution that will allow our mission to be accomplished.
Thomas M. Daly
President and Chief Executive
American Revolution Center
Wayne, Pa., Nov. 7, 2005
SOURCE: NYT (11-12-05)
They parried and thrust on panels that considered everything from the Middle East peace process to the White House office of correspondence, trade agreements to global warming, old Democrats and new, offering a rough draft of how history books and political science journals might someday treat Mr. Clinton's two terms.
At a panel titled "Redefining Liberalism," two men who were among Mr. Clinton's close advisers, David Gergen and Al From, the chief executive of the Democratic Leadership Council, did their best yesterday to add definition to Mr. Clinton's brand of politics. Mr. From emphasized the president's use of market solutions to advance liberal ends, while Mr. Gergen said that Mr. Clinton's strength was "not as an innovator" but as "a synthesizer."
"Clinton was trying to challenge the regnant orthodoxy of his day, which was conservativism," Mr. Gergen said. "He made a valiant effort to redefine the Democratic Party, which did not last."
But David Green, a Hofstra political science professor and the lone Clinton critic on the panel, , took a much dimmer view of Mr. Clinton's legacy. Mr. Green, who described himself as more liberal than Mr. Clinton, said, "The ideology of Bill Clinton was Bill Clinton," and added that Mr. Clinton's presidency was "a fifth-column move to undermine the ideas that I hold dear."
SOURCE: NYT (11-10-05)
Working from notes and bullet points his aides said he had spent more than a week pulling together, Mr. Clinton spoke for more than an hour at Hofstra University's sports arena before an enthusiastic and near-capacity audience of faculty members, students and others.
That is not to say that economic issues are the only ones that matter. Iraq and Hurricane Katrina hurt.
But a look at presidential approval ratings over the last three decades shows that very low ratings tend to come when there are big doubts about domestic economic policy.
Jimmy Carter's approval rating, as measured by polls by The New York Times, first dropped below 40 percent in February 1979, as he grappled with an Iranian crisis that sent oil prices up. His call on Congress to give him the power to ration gasoline did little to assure voters that he had a way out of the problem.
Ronald Reagan's rating in the Times poll never fell below 40 percent. When it hit bottom, at 41 percent in January 1983, the country was already emerging from a recession, and the stock market was up sharply. That poll showed a strong consensus that the economy would eventually improve.
The economy was also improving in April 1992, the first time George H. W. Bush had an approval rating below 40 percent. But voters doubted his commitment to the economy, and his term ended before employment levels reflected the recovery.
For Bill Clinton, the drop below 40 percent came in the summer of 1993, as doubts about his health care plan grew and it foundered in a Congress that his own party controlled.
Mr. Clinton managed to turn his rating around, albeit not quickly. It was below 40 percent as late as December 1994, after the Democrats suffered sweeping defeats in mid-term elections. But he then changed the subject, forgetting about health care and moving to deficit reduction as his No. 1 priority.
Name of source: Newday.com
SOURCE: Newday.com (11-14-05)
The letter was written in 1779 by Washington to his chief of intelligence, Gen. Benjamin Tallmadge, and focuses - without naming him - on the man who historians have called the Revolution's most important spy, Robert Townsend of Oyster Bay. His code name was Culper Jr., and Washington, at his own request, never learned his true identity.
The 3 1/2-page letter is from the collection of the late publishing baron, Malcolm Forbes, and is expected to sell for $120,000 to $180,000.
Name of source: Washington Times
SOURCE: Washington Times (11-14-05)
Condensation has seeped into the oversized metal canisters that hold some of the library's vast collection of archival newspapers, says Ara Kaye, a senior reference specialist. The deterioration of the acetate film is known as vinegar syndrome for the telltale odor it emits.
The collection boasts more than 3,500 titles from every county in the state -- from the Audrain Journal (circa 1889) to Wyaconda's Clark County News (1904-1923) -- on 41 million pages of microfilm. The oldest title is the St. Louis Missouri Gazette, founded in 1808.
Several thousand rolls of threatened film have been sent to a Kansas City company for reproduction, Miss Kaye says. The society now will keep two copies of its newspaper files: a working copy for researchers and a second set stored in a temperature-controlled underground cave.
Although Miss Kaye and other researchers detected the deterioration before it caused widespread damage, they now are faced with a shortage of money to pay for the duplication costs, which range from $200,000 to $300,000.
Private donors, including many small-town newspaper publishers, have contributed or pledged nearly $150,000, says Gary Kremer, executive director of the State Historical Society of Missouri.
The fundraising push comes as the society grapples with a 10 percent budget cut in the current fiscal year, coupled with an expected additional 3 percent cut in appropriations. The changes have forced the society to start charging research fees for other-than-routine requests.
Missouri historians and amateur genealogists call the society's newspaper collection a treasure trove of the state's culture, an unmatched window into small-town life.
Name of source: Philadelphia Inquirer
SOURCE: Philadelphia Inquirer (11-14-05)
"It wasn't the best introduction," O'Leary recalled.
After becoming a star political scientist at the London School of Economics, O'Leary accepted an invitation from Penn to be a visiting professor for 2001-02.
Penn, like other major American research universities, has increasingly gone after the best scholars from around the world. Elite private colleges and large state universities have determined they must grow or fall behind, and growth can best be accomplished by expanding the playing field.
Offering the incentives of higher salaries, a clearer path to tenure, better opportunities for research, and wider markets for scholarly articles and books, U.S. universities are lust objects for a wide swath of foreign faculty.
Many of the best imports have come from Europe - particularly England, Germany and France - where universities have become poor handmaidens, making do after cuts in state subsidies triggered by the economic downturn in the 1990s.
The number of new international graduate students enrolling in U.S. universities - many of whom later vie for faculty positions - rose 1 percent last year after three years of decline, according to the Council of Graduate Schools.
At U.S. schools, foreign teachers are often the cutting-edge experts in their fields. Language departments are keen to acquire native speakers. Leading educators and proponents of internationalization in higher education believe that college students are more likely to be global citizens if they are taught, in part, by non-Americans.
"Internationalization is crucial to the very mission of higher education - we need to ensure that our students are well-equipped for the challenges of a global world," said Marlene Johnson, executive director of NAFSA, a Washington advocacy group for international educators.
"Students need to be reinforced with the notion that different perspectives of the world - different cultural views - are part of their learning," she said.
SOURCE: Philadelphia Inquirer (11-12-05)
The "teach-in," sponsored by the Temple Association of University Professionals, drew an audience overwhelmingly convinced that the committee's very existence is a threat to academic freedom.
"I think that there is a concern that people are going to start coming in and say, 'You can do this, but you can't do this.' If we are teaching about the Holocaust, do we also have to give the same amount of time to Holocaust denier?" art history Professor Jane Evans asked during an interview.
"That's the logical conclusion," she added.
The Republican-backed state House of Representatives committee is probing, among other things, complaints by conservative students that they are routinely mistreated and unfairly graded by liberal college professors.
The resolution that created the investigative committee reads, in part: "Students and faculty should be protected from the imposition of ideological orthodoxy, and faculty members have the responsibility to not take advantage of their authority position to introduce inappropriate or irrelevant subject matter outside their field of study." The committee held its first hearing Wednesday at the University of Pittsburgh.
Name of source: SFC
SOURCE: SFC (11-14-05)
A long-standing bridge between Japan and Japanese Americans was blown up by World War II. Under a cloud of suspicion after Pearl Harbor, most Americans of Japanese ancestry were forced into relocation camps.
To demonstrate loyalty to America, many forsook their cultural ties, and two generations grew up severed from their roots.
"Historically, there hasn't been a real close connection with the Japanese Americans and Japan," said San Francisco attorney Kaz Maniwa, who co-chaired the gathering. "People just assumed there is this close connection. Because of the war, there has been a lot of mixed feelings."
Their ordeal was compounded before and after the war by racism.
"Japanese-American nisei (second-generation immigrants) often shielded their children from things that are Japanese, Japanese language particularly, and tried to have them assimilate as much as possible into the mainstream of American society," Maniwa said.
Japanese Consul General for San Francisco, Makoto Yamanaka, who co-chaired the gathering, said the impact was felt on both sides of the Pacific.
"Japanese people do not know much about the history and experience of Japanese Americans," Yamanaka said.
The passage of time and rising interest in Japanese popular culture by younger Japanese Americans have opened the door to re-building cultural ties, said Maniwa, who also heads the California Japanese American Community Leadership Council.
The most visible result of last week's gathering came late Thursday -- a 28-part "action plan." The document, whose genesis was in similar meetings in 2003 and 2004, was the focus of daylong closed sessions among the participants Monday at the Radisson Miyako Hotel in Japantown.
Name of source: Rick Shenkman, reporting from Hofstra for HNN
SOURCE: Rick Shenkman, reporting from Hofstra for HNN (11-10-05)
He devoted most of his address to his successes, citing a familiar list: the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit, the balancing of the budget, multiple free trade agreements, the Children's Health Care Program (the largest expansion of health care since Medicare), and dozens of other domestic and foreign initiatives.
He admitted to less than half a dozen failures, chief among them, his failure to send a few thousand soldiers to Rwanda to prevent the massacres there, which he called "unconscionable." He took responsibility for the disaster at Waco, which he simultaneously blamed on bum advice from the FBI.
He counted among his failures the decision to approve the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate Whitewater, a land deal on which, he noted, he lost money. Alluding indirectly to his sexual indiscretions, he admitted that he had made mistakes, but insisted he had not obstructed justice and had not lied to the grand jury, the two charges that led to his impeachment in the House of Representatives. He said that if you want to "hold it against me that I did something bad then how many other presidents do you have to downgrade?"
He admitted that several initiatives should receive an A for effort even though they did not end in success: his 1993 health care program and his attempts to achieve peace in the Middle East with a settlement between Israel and the Palestinians.
He said he was tired of hearing people wonder how his presidency would have turned out if he hadn't been impeached. Thanks to his staff and cabinet, he said, the business of the people was attended to throughout the ordeal. He reeled off a list of accomplishments in his final year to demonstrate that he had remained a productive figure: Congress had repealed the Social Security earnings test, China gained entrance into the WTO, child care was expanded, the number of children in after school programs doubled, and free trade agreements were signed with Jordan and Vietnam.
How should historians judge presidents, Clinton asked? First, they should decide if he met head-on the great challenges facing the country. Second, did the president offer the country a vision. Third, did he properly execute his vision. Fourth, did he respond to unforeseen crises. And five, were people better off at the end of his administration than they were at the outset.
Judged by the reaction of the crowd of thousands listening to him at Hofstra's university arena, Clinton would have received a glowing report tonight if they had been polled. He had started his address by saying he planned to discuss policy and might be boring. But he was constantly interrupted by applause. Sitting in the audience among the students were scores of Clinton-era officials including Madelaine Albright, Robert Rubin, Sidney Blumenthal, and Michael Waldman.
Name of source: Atlanta Journal-Constitution
SOURCE: Atlanta Journal-Constitution (11-12-05)
Joseph Smith's name isn't in the Bible, but he is considered by 12 million people to be one of Christianity's foremost prophets, founding the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and creating the Mormon faith --- and sparking controversy within the Christian community that still simmers today.
This year marks Smith's 200th birthday, and to celebrate the occasion, Mormons throughout the nation are holding open dialogues about their enigmatic leader.
Says Chris White, an assistant professor at Georgia State University:
"Foreign observers, like [Leo] Tolstoy, have called Latter-day Saints a 'quintessentially American religion.' Their story is really an American story --- living on the American frontier in the 19th century; they embraced American values of industry and commerce and capitalism and attracted white Americans.
"But they have always run against the grain of Protestants --- their doctrinal distinctiveness, their plural marriage and their own impulse to be a separate people and marry among themselves. And then they had these new angels that scandalized Americans. And so they have also been persecuted from upstate New York to Missouri to Salt Lake, where no one else wanted to go."
(Salt Lake City remains the church headquarters today.)
There are many people today who still don't understand that Mormons are Christian, say the faith's followers. That frustrates David Winters of Norcross who grew up in the church.
"We believe the Bible is the word of God. And yes, we also believe in additional scripture, the primary example of the Book of Mormon, but the subtitle of that book is 'Another Testament of Jesus Christ.' "
Name of source: Boston Globe
SOURCE: Boston Globe (11-12-05)
SOURCE: Boston Globe (11-10-05)
SOURCE: Boston Globe (11-11-05)
City officials said the owner, real estate agent Eric Stevens, had permits to renovate the home, not to demolish it. The city has stopped
work on the house, but critics say it is too little, too late.
\"We fear it\'s pretty much lost to us,\" said James Igoe, president of Preservation MASS. \"If nothing else, there has to be a lesson learned that things like this shouldn\'t be happening.\"
The red brick, Federal style home was once owned by John P. Coburn, a prominent black businessman and outspoken abolitionist, and may have sheltered escaped slaves in the 19th century.
It is not an official historic landmark, but it is part of the Black Heritage Trail, 14 structures through downtown Boston that are the
focus of a National Park Service tour.
Name of source: Press Release
SOURCE: Press Release (11-13-05)
The film dramatizes encounters between white colonists and AmericanIndians, focusing on the relationship between Smith, portrayed by ColinFarrell, and the Indian princess Pocahontas, who intervened to save himwhen he was captured by her tribe.Q'orianka Kilcher plays Pocahontas. Christopher Plummer, Christian Baleand August Schellenberg also star.Director Terrence Malick filmed scenes at Jamestown, the firstpermanent English settlement in North America, and nearby locations.Officials hope "The New World" will boost tourism in Jamestown as "TheLord of the Rings" did in New Zealand. Both films are from New Line Cinema.
Name of source: Deseret News
SOURCE: Deseret News (11-10-05)
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (11-2-05)
Some are also alleged to have been starved and subjected to extremes of temperature in specially built showers, while others later complained that they had been threatened with electric shock torture or menaced by interrogators brandishing red-hot pokers.
The centre, which was housed in a row of mansions in one of London's most affluent neighbourhoods, was carefully concealed from the Red Cross, the papers show. It continued to operate for three years after the war, during which time a number of German civilians were also tortured.
A subsequent assessment by MI5, the Security Service, concluded that the commanding officer had been guilty of "clear breaches" of the Geneva convention and that some interrogation methods "completely contradicted" international law.
See also: The secrets of the London Cage.
SOURCE: Guardian (11-9-05)
In July 2002 I was invited to spend a long weekend at something called the Bohemian Grove, an institution that has its origins in the 19th century. It started out as a club in San Francisco for writers, artists and intellectuals. It purchased a large tract of virgin land in northern California for summer retreats. There, among the giant redwoods, the members of the club could draw inspiration from nature and discuss the meaning of life over campfires in the evenings. It was and remains for men only....
One morning we went to one of the great institutions of the Bohemian Grove, the breakfast lecture given by Henry Kissinger. He was flanked by former President Bush and Jim Baker, Bush's secretary of state. Part of the tradition is that Henry should be interrupted at the start of his talk by a Mariachi band. This is apparently in homage to his weakness for Mexican music. As usual, after playing a tune, the band withdrew and Henry continued his talk. In 2002 Henry Kissinger's theme was Iraq. He agreed that after 9/11, pre-emptive action against threats to the nation's security could be justified. It was the beginning, he said, of a new era in international relations. It marked the end of a period inaugurated by the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, one of the treaty's principles was the sanctity of national sovereignty: on this basis the modern nation-state had come into being.
Now, in certain circumstances, continued Kissinger, action violating a national frontier could be justified. (The historical reference, so typical of Kissinger, was appropriated by Tony Blair in a 2004 speech, when to the surprise of many to whom Blair the historian was a revelation, the prime minister referred to the Treaty of Westphalia.) This was prologue to Kissinger's saying that a war in Iraq could be justified.
But he set out three conditions: military action must be brought to a rapid and successful conclusion - a prolonged war would be very dangerous for America; the US had to get the diplomacy right; and it had to arrive in Baghdad with a clear plan for the succession to Saddam. It would be disastrous to begin debating a successor regime after deposing him.
Kissinger's standing was such that he continued to be consulted by the White House. When I told some of my closest contacts in Washington what he had said at the Grove, they took careful note. In the event, none of Kissinger's conditions was met.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (11-11-05)
But the story may be apocryphal -- Ali later told friends he simply misplaced the medal -- and as the years passed, Louisville and Ali eventually came to appreciate each other.
Now, Ali's hometown is ready to unveil its most lasting tribute, a museum celebrating the life of one of the 20th century's most recognizable figures.
The Muhammad Ali Center opens November 21, chronicling the life of "The Greatest" inside and outside the ring, emphasizing his peaceful values and vision of global tolerance, and setting the record straight about that infamous gold medal.
Name of source: Live Science
SOURCE: Live Science (11-11-05)
Notebook B will be one of many items on display in "Darwin," a new exhibit opening on Nov. 19 at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in New York. "Darwin" will be the most comprehensive exhibit ever mounted on the British naturalist, whose ideas transformed biology and sparked a religious debate that is playing out in courtrooms, statehouses and school board meetings across the United States.
The exhibit begins with Darwin's voyage upon the H.M.S. Beagle, the ship that carried him to the Galapagos and South America. On display will be a mini-menagerie of animals seen by Darwin during his voyage, including two live Galapagos tortoises, a five-foot long green Iguana and six horned toads.
The exhibit then turns to the Down House, a small farmhouse on the outskirts of London where the naturalist spent the last 40 years of his life. The exhibit includes a faithful reconstruction of the study where Darwin churned out more than 7,500 letters and wrote "The Origins of Species," the book in which he described his theory of natural selection.
The exhibit will also contain a section devoted to Darwin's daughter, Anne, who died at age 10 after an illness. Darwin buried his religious faith when he buried Anne, and he was an agnostic when he died in 1882.
Films and interactive displays will be on hand to help illustrate the importance of Darwin's theory in modern biology and to show how scientists rely on evolution in everything from decoding the human genome to understanding diseases like HIV/AIDS and avian bird flu.
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (11-11-05)
Bush, facing waning public support for the war that has helped push his approval ratings to new lows, hit back at critics who have said his administration misused intelligence on Iraqi weapons of mass destruction to justify the war.
Democrats responded to Bush's Veterans Day speech by accusing the president of exploiting the holiday to try to shore up his faltering political standing.
Bush said he respected his opponents' right to disagree with him about the decision to go to war against Iraq, and that as president he accepted responsibility for what has taken place there under his watch.
But he added, "it is deeply irresponsible to rewrite the history of how that war began."
"Some Democrats and anti-war critics are now claiming we manipulated the intelligence and misled the American people about why we went to war. These critics are fully aware that a bipartisan Senate investigation found no evidence of political pressure to change the intelligence community's judgment related to Iraq's weapons programs," Bush said.
"The stakes in the global war on terror are too high, and the national interest is too important, for politicians to throw out false charges," Bush added in a speech that broadly reviewed Washington's declared war on terrorism since the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States.
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (11-11-05)
While Jordan has recovered 2,000 objects, no Iraqi antiquities have been reported in Iran or Turkey, which have long, porous borders with Iraq.
"I find that incomprehensible," said Col. Matthew Bogdanos, a Marine Reservist who served as an assistant district attorney in New York for 14 years before being called to active duty four years ago.
Bogdanos was one of 11 recipients of the National Humanities Medal awarded Thursday by President Bush. Royalties from his book about the investigation, "Thieves of Baghdad," are being donated to the Baghdad Museum.
Although it may have looked as if all 170,000 objects had been looted during the fighting between American and Iraqi troops, Bogdanos estimates that only 10,000 to 15,000 items actually went missing. More than 5,000 objects have been recovered in six countries so far.
His investigation found that there were three kinds of looters: professionals who took some of the greatest rarities, such as the first known realistic sculpture of a human face; indiscriminate thieves who swept up many pieces, including copies and forgeries, into bags; and insiders who took valuable ancient seals and jewelry.
"The net effect is that thieves are probably just biding their time, waiting for a better day to sell their stolen wares," said the National Coalition for History, a group of American historical associations, in a weekly report.
Jordan has worked closely with the U.S. and Iraqi governments in identifying and protecting the objects it has recovered. They likely will be returned when the badly damaged museum in Baghdad is in better shape to receive them, Bogdanos said.
Based on the lack of reports from Iran and Turkey, Bogdanos said either the loot was going through their frontiers to the international black market or finds have not been reported. He said he did not know if the U.S. government had made any official request for information.
SOURCE: AP (11-9-05)
Historian Hakob Simonian said Wednesday that the four mounds were among 30 discovered about 35 miles west of the Armenian capital Yerevan, containing beads made of agate, carnelian and as well as the remains of what appears to be a man, aged 50-55.
Also found were remains of domesticated horses and glazed pottery appearing to show chariots, Simonian said.
The Aryans, who later became known as Persians, were largely grassland nomads who settled in what is today Iran and eventually in parts of India.
Name of source: Pittsburgh-Tibune Review
SOURCE: Pittsburgh-Tibune Review (11-11-05)
The building, which dates to the 10th century B.C., is in an Israeli archeological site called Tel Zayit, about 35 miles southwest of Jerusalem. It would have been on the outskirts of ancient Judah.
For years, scholars have debated whether the kingdoms of David and Solomon, who the Bible says reigned about the 10th century B.C., were as advanced as the Bible describes them.
Name of source: Jerusalem Post
SOURCE: Jerusalem Post (11-11-05)
The shard, which contains the earliest known Philistine inscription ever to be discovered, mentions two names that are remarkably similar to the name "Goliath".
The discovery is of particular importance since the Bible attributes Gath as the home town of Goliath. "Gath of the Philistines," was one of the major cities of the Philistines, the well-known arch-enemies of the Israelites in the biblical text.
Professor Aren Maeir, Chairman of Bar-Ilan University's Martin (Szusz) Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, told The Jerusalem Post that the odds of this being the actual Goliath referred to in the Bible are "small if non-existent."
Professor Maeir explained that this find could chronologically be placed some 50 years after the story of David and Goliath was to have taken place.
Furthermore, according to Prof. Maeir, Goliath was a very popular type of name at the time.
Regardless of the low odds, the archaeological find may be seen as the first clear extra-biblical evidence that the story of the battle between David and Goliath may be more than just a legend.
Name of source: Wa Po
SOURCE: Wa Po (11-11-05)
Today, the Veterans Affairs Department lists just eight veterans as receiving disability benefits or pension compensation from service in World War I. It says a few dozen other veterans of the war probably are alive, too, but the government does not keep a comprehensive list.
The Census Bureau stopped asking for data about those veterans years ago. Using a report of 65,000 alive in 1990 as a baseline, the VA estimates that no more than 50 remain, perhaps as few as 30.
Name of source: BBC News
SOURCE: BBC News (11-11-05)
Henry Allingham, 109, from Eastbourne in East Sussex, was an aircraft engineer in World War I and is the last founder member of the Royal Air Force.
He laid wreaths at memorials in St Omer, near Calais, in honour of his fallen comrades.
The last survivor of the Battle of Jutland said: "By coming here, you recall things you want to forget.
"But I do the best I can and I come here to pay homage to these brave men.
"We owe so much to these men who gave all they could have given on my behalf and everyone's behalf. It is so important that we acknowledge them."
Name of source: Montreal Gazette
SOURCE: Montreal Gazette (11-11-05)
The private, Toronto-based advocacy group says provincial governments could help solve the problem by making Canadian history a mandatory requirement of high school graduation.
The institute's Remembrance Day poll - a national survey conducted last month of more than 1,000 Canadians - suggests the public would go even further. Eighty per cent of those surveyed said high schools should impose compulsory courses in 20th-century Canadian history, including a study of the First and Second World Wars.
Currently, only three provinces require high school students to study some Canadian history.
"Incredible as it seems, there are provinces where you can go through school and not be required to take a single course in Canadian history," said Rudyard Griffiths, executive director of the institute.
"I think it's having a pernicious effect on Canadians' knowledge of history. For one thing, we have high school graduates not being able to associate D-Day with the invasion of Normandy."
In Manitoba, Grade 11 students must take a general history course that includes a 20th-century Canadian component. Ontario has a compulsory Grade 10 Canadian history course that includes some study of the two World Wars, and Quebec has a mandatory Grade 11 course focused on the history of Quebec.
In all other provinces, Canadian history is either optional in high school or included piecemeal in broader social studies programs.
Name of source: Newsday
SOURCE: Newsday (11-10-05)
Clinton is scheduled to give a speech at the conference today. About a dozen cabinet members and former staffers will speak at the three-day event.
Among those scheduled for the first day are Madeleine K. Albright, former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and former secretary of state; Leon Panetta, former chief of staff and former director of the Office of Management and Budget; Robert E. Rubin, former U.S. Treasury Secretary; John Podesta another former chief of staff; and Richard C. Holbrooke, another former U.S. ambassador to the UN.
About 2,000 people have registered for the conference at the Hempstead campus, which concludes Saturday, university officials said. The university also announced receiving a $1.5-million pledge from Hofstra alumnus and university trustee Peter Kalikow to endow an academic chair in presidential studies.
Beyond the big names from the Clinton administration, about 300 scholars will appear on some 50 panels, which include two on Clinton's impeachment. In addition, 100 scholarly papers have been submitted. Given the wide spectrum of participants and scholarly papers, conference director Eric J. Schmertz, an emeritus professor of the Hofstra Law School, said the forum presented a "balanced" approach to assessing Clinton's presidency.
The event "is not intended to be a celebration," he said. "We are not honoring a presidency. We are studying and assessing a presidency through the academic community of scholars."
Hofstra began its presidential conferences in 1982, starting with Franklin Delano Roosevelt and continuing with every American president since Roosevelt.
Brinkley, an author and professor of history at Tulane University in New Orleans who is to deliver the conference overview today, said earlier this week, "I'm going to talk about the highs and lows, the good and the bad of the [Clinton] presidency."
"The positives of Clinton are becoming obvious," said Brinkley, citing his economic policy and welfare reform. "I think the gorilla in the room is his impeachment problem," which he called a "great curse on the Clinton legacy."
"There is an argument to be made if you didn't have the whole impeachment problem, Bill Clinton would go down as a great president. The problem is we did have the impeachment."
Name of source: Herald (UK)
SOURCE: Herald (UK) (11-11-05)
Dr Tony Pollard, of the Two Men In a Trench TV programme, has joined protests over a proposed 160-mile power line which some fear would destroy the site of the battle of Sheriffmuir, which signalled the bloody denouement of the 1715 Jacobite rebellion.
Sheriffmuir joins a long list of battlefields, including Bannockburn (1314), Falkirk (1746), Pinkie, near Musselburgh (1547), and Kilsyth (1645), which have been threatened by modern developments.
The A9 road was also built through the centre of the battlefield of Killiecrankie (1689) in the 1970s.
The new threat to Sheriffmuir has triggered calls for tighter legislation as experts are concerned that a £200m replacement power line would destroy the site, near Dunblane. Virginia Wills, a local resident, said: "These pylons are almost two-and-a-half times the size of normal pylons and they would run right through the centre of the battlefield.
"It would be a tragedy if the site were lost for future generations. The foundations (of the pylons) alone are the size of Olympic swimming pools."
Name of source: CBS
SOURCE: CBS (11-10-05)
American and British scientists had hoped DNA they believe to be of Bartholomew Gosnold would match with that of a woman buried in England who they had thought was his sister. Tests, however, found the woman wasn't a blood relative of Gosnold, the nonprofit Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities announced Thursday.
"Was I disappointed? Of course," said Bill Kelso, the association's director of archaeology at Jamestown. "A lot of work went into this."
Kelso remains convinced, however, that researchers have correctly identified Gosnold based on historical, archaeological and forensic evidence.
"It's all come together," he said.
Gosnold, a former privateer, discovered and named Massachusetts' Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard in 1602, and captained one of three ships that carried settlers from England to Virginia in 1607. He died three months later, at age 36.
Historians, who relied on written accounts of Jamestown's founding from Capt. John Smith and other settlers, largely overlooked Gosnold. Smith, however, described him as "the prime mover behind the settlement."
A nearly intact skeleton of a European man in his mid- to late 30s was found in 2002 near the site of the Jamestown fort. Evidence such as a coffin _ usually reserved at the time for people of higher status _ and a decorative captain's staff on its lid have led researchers to believe the remains are Gosnold's.
"We have never found any other ceremonial objects in Jamestown burials, so we know this was someone very special," Kelso said.
Name of source: Secrecy News, written by Steven Aftergood and published by the Federation of American Scientists.
"We are asking for discovery of JFK assassination records related to the late George Joannides, chief of the Psychological Warfare Branch of the CIA's Miami Station in 1963," said Jefferson Morley, a researcher and Washington Post writer who is pursuing the CIA records.
"The CIA has acknowledged that it has an unspecified number of documents about Joannides' activities in the summer and fall of 1963 but says it will not release any of them for reasons of 'national security'," he explained.
A conference on the matter will be held at DC District Court next Wednesday.
The case has garnered significant outside support.
"As published authors of divergent views on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, we say the agency's position is spurious and untenable," wrote some two dozen assassination specialists in a joint letter on the Morley case.
("It's probably the first time ever that George Lardner and Oliver Stone agreed on a JFK question," Morley told Secrecy News.)
The CIA refusal "defies the will of Congress. It obscures the public record on a subject of enduring national interest. It encourages conspiracy mongering. And it undermines public confidence in the intelligence community at a time when collective security requires the opposite."
See "Blocked," New York Review of Books, August 11, 2005:
Name of source: scotsman.com
SOURCE: scotsman.com (11-9-05)
Professor Tom Devine, widely viewed as Scotland's top historian, says suggestions by Peter Peacock, the education minister, that the subject may not be offered as a stand-alone part of the curriculum in the first two years of secondary school are "an educational disgrace".
Mr Peacock has said the curriculum review being carried out could see history being taught as part of other subjects, such as French or modern studies, instead. The minister, who explains the thinking in our Education pages today, said: "It is about being less prescriptive from the centre about the detail of what teachers teach, and providing them with freedom, space and trust to exercise their professional judgment and decide what is most appropriate for their pupils."
But writing in The Scotsman today, Prof Devine says Scottish pupils should be receiving more, not less, history tuition in the classroom.
He says: "If this nonsensical suggestion is ever accepted, the Scottish Parliament may be presiding over the possible destruction of history in Scottish schools. It is now time for the Executive to decide whether they want to promote history's place in our education system or want to hasten its demise for good. At the very least, a formal ministerial statement on an issue so vital to the culture of the nation now and in the future is vitally required."
Name of source: Independent (UK)
SOURCE: Independent (UK) (11-9-05)
More than two and half years after the ransacking of the museum by a mob following the 'liberation' of Baghdad by US troops, almost 10,000 items, including some of the most precious treasures of antiquity in the world, are still missing.
Meanwhile, widespread and systematic looting of Sumerian, Assyrian and Babylonian architectural sites across the country has resulted in the heritage of Mesopotamia, the cradle of human civilisation, continuing to disappear.
The ferocious violence in Iraq, after President George Bush officially declared a victorious conclusion to the war, has meant that US forces and their Iraqi allies do not have the time or manpower to look for either the stolen museum pieces or to protect the sites scattered around Iraq.
International law agencies are supposedly chasing the ransacked items from the museum. But the man who was tasked by the US government with tracking down the looted artefacts claims that there was never any effective liaison and investigators had to depend on temporary, ad-hoc arrangements to carry on the pursuit of highly sophisticated gangs of smugglers.
Matthew Bogdanos, a colonel in US Marines reserves, who worked as a Manhattan prosecutor, has written of his experience while he was in charge of the mission in a book, Thieves of Baghdad. He said 'There is no co-ordination. It's based on personal relationships, and when it works, it's a surprise.'
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (11-9-05)
He adds: "Senior members of the Bush Administration who, with a sense of history, remember Watergate are deeply alarmed at the implications of this scandal: a distracted and weak administration, a demoralised CIA - and the war in Iraq. They worry about the comfort being given to America's enemies at a particularly dangerous time, when neither that war, nor the war on terror, is being won. By contrast, by 1973 America was no longer engaged in a hot war in Vietnam; and she had reliable allies.
"In many ways the situation looks more loaded with menace now. Meanwhile, out of all the mess, domestically the dreadful Bill Clinton somehow arises as having been almost a serious president - with all that may mean for Hillary's chances (not hitherto looking bright) at the coming election."
Name of source: Howard Kurtz in the Wa Po
SOURCE: Howard Kurtz in the Wa Po (11-9-05)
What took her so long?
CBS producer Mary Mapes with British soldiers and a young Afghan in Afghanistan in 2001. (Family Photo)
"I was extremely battered," she said in an interview yesterday. "I'd had months and months of having my head kicked around a soccer stadium by much of the Western world. I needed some time to regroup."
Mapes is now pushing a book, called "Truth and Duty," about the botched "60 Minutes II" story on Bush's National Guard service that led to her firing. She ladles out plenty of blame but largely defends what she still considers a fair piece of reporting, although an independent panel accused CBS of having "failed miserably" to authenticate the documents before rushing the story to air.
"I'm a human being; I do things wrong from the first breath I take in the morning," Mapes said. "I don't in any way feel I am without responsibility in this. . . . I probably shouldn't have been as pliable or as malleable as I was" when her bosses were finalizing the story. "This is a huge shortcoming. I didn't know how to say no. . . . I was trying very hard to please them."
She praises Dan Rather as "a tremendously loyal person" and says the story cost him his anchor job. "Dan was betrayed by a number of people, certainly by the company he has gotten up and worked for every morning for 40 years," Mapes said.
She is disdainful of Moonves, the CBS president who ordered the outside investigation. "He doesn't know journalism from dirt farming," Mapes said. In the book, noting that Moonves courted and then married "Early Show" anchor Julie Chen, she writes: "I used to say everything Les knows about journalism had been sexually transmitted. Now I know even that hasn't taught him much."
Name of source: Xinhuanet
SOURCE: Xinhuanet (11-9-05)
The wig, found on the lower part of the skull, was made of hemprope, says Zhang Rong, a heritage repairs technician with a local museum in Liangshan prefecture, where the finding was reported.
Zhang said she had consulted several seasoned hemp knitters in the prefecture before she came to the conclusion.
The wig dates back to years between the Warring States Period (475 - 221 BC) and the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC - 24 AD), said Liu Hong, curator of the museum in Liangshan, a community of the Yi ethnic group.
He said a joint archeological team sent by the museum and Sichuan University excavated 11 tombs in Sikai district, Zhaojue county in the Daliangshan Mountain in the past two weeks.
The tombs, built of slates and rectangular in shape, are typical to Liangshan prefecture but rarely found elsewhere in China. According to the ancient burial tradition in the region, the corpses were buried only after they were air dried in the wilderness, said Liu.
The identity of these tomb owners remains a mystery, though some historians assume they were forefathers of the Yi nationals living in the area today. "The new finding might provide some clues to scientists who are working to unravel the mystery," said Liu.
Besides the skeleton and his wig, the tombs also produced many earthen pots, a few pieces of bronzeware and three wooden rings engraved with dainty patterns, said Tang Liang, head of the archeological team.