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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: Chronicle of Higher Education
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (9-26-05)
"Armenian question" took place over the weekend in Istanbul, despite legal maneuvering by Turkish nationalists that had threatened to prevent it. The conference was originally to have taken place in May, but was postponed at the last minute under pressure from government officials.
The conference, titled "Ottoman Armenians During the Demise of the Empire: Issues of Democracy and Scientific Responsibility," was postponed in May after its organizers decided they could not guarantee participants' safety (The Chronicle, May 10).
Last week, participants had arrived in Istanbul and the rescheduled meeting looked set to begin on time when the fresh legal challenge against it came to light. A three-judge panel of an administrative court had ruled, 2 to 1, that a legal investigation of the conference's validity should take place, even though its organizers were notified of the decision only the day before the conference was to begin. With that inquiry pending, Bogaziçi could no longer play host to the conference without being held in contempt of the court's ruling. Organizers hastily shifted the venue to Bilgi so the conference could proceed.
The official response to the threat to the rescheduled conference differed starkly from the government's approach in May, when the justice minister took to the floor of Parliament to brand the meeting "treason" and a "dagger in the back of the Turkish people." This time, in comments broadcast on television, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he was saddened by the new threat to the conference. He characterized the legal challenge as an "anti-democratic development" to which he was opposed.
Aybar Ertepinar, vice president of the Council of Higher Education, a government-financed organization that oversees all Turkish universities, said on Sunday that although his group had not been invited to take part, the conference should have been allowed to proceed at Bogaziçi. "Our Constitution grants academic and scientific freedom to universities," he said. Taking up the opponents' challenge "was an unfortunate decision of the court that went beyond the borders of its responsibility," he said.
With the more than 350 participants once again assembled in Istanbul, the conference's organizers decided that "we can either do this now or we cannot do it all again," said Fatma Müge Gocek, an associate professor of sociology at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor who was on the meeting's advisory committee.
Organizers had selected Bogaziçi as the venue for the meeting precisely because it is a public institution, but they decided they had no choice but to relocate to Bilgi. The rectors of all three sponsoring universities welcomed the participants, who met in marathon sessions to condense into two days a program that was to have been spread over three.
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (9-26-05)
The press has not made the full text of the book available, but earlier this year, extended abstracts of the volume's 15 chapters appeared on Haworth's Web site. Most of the essays appear to be straightforward exegeses of gay themes in classical art, poetry, and mythology.
But Mr. Rind's essay, "Pederasty: An Integration of Cross-Cultural, Cross-Species, and Empirical Data," seems to have been written in a different vein. Like the early-20th-century French novelist André Gide, Mr. Rind argues that sexual relationships with older men are a time-honored way for adolescents to grow into mature masculinity.
"In ancient Greece, samurai Japan, and numerous other cultures," Mr. Rind writes in his abstract, "pederasty was seen as the noblest of human relations, conducive to if not essential to nurturing the adolescent's successful intellectual and physical maturation." In the abstract's conclusion, Mr. Rind contrasts his model of pederasty with "the highly inadequate feminist and psychiatric models."
SOURCE: Chronicle of Higher Education (9-23-05)
Brown writes: "I had come to the Zone because I had seen a Web site (http://www.kiddofspeed.com/chapter1.html) by a certain elusive "Elena." Elena owned a motorcycle, a 147-horsepower viridescent Kawasaki Ninja. She had dark eyes and black hair. She wore her leather biking jacket like a handmade Italian glove, and her voluptuous hips rode high on the racing bike. Elena's father had been a nuclear scientist at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, and he still worked there in the cleanup. Thanks to Daddy, Elena had a special pass to enter the Zone whenever she wanted. ... Within a few months of being posted in February 2004, Elena's site had drawn millions of visitors. From the chat rooms that cropped up, it became clear that many of the visitors were men across the globe, taken up in the fantasy of a hot babe, on a hot bike, in a hot zone.
"I had a different fantasy, one less seductive. I had hopes of recovering history that had been forgotten in a place that time had left behind. As Elena rode, she stopped in abandoned villages and in the vacated modernist city of Pripyat and snapped photos. Her Web site was mostly about the photos: haunting shots narrating lives suspended the moment the roof of the reactor buckled and sent forth -- invisibly, impossibly, inevitably -- the toxin most feared in our nuclear age....
"I immediately started making plans to go to the Zone. For a historian of the Soviet Union, few sites could be more compelling than this, the world's largest time capsule, frozen at a critical moment -- just before Mikhail Gorbachev experimented Soviet society into extinction. Now, 19 years later, nothing is the same: The Zone is in an independent Ukraine, on the edge of a recently reconstituted Europe, struggling with a global capitalist economy that no longer produces the household appliances, canned goods, and Communist Party tracts that had contained and sustained the lives of the departed inhabitants of the ex-republic of the former empire. I wanted to find out, by sifting through the abandoned homes, whether people knew their empire was about to crumble. I wanted to recapture stories that had been forgotten, along with the household articles, in the haste to get away.
"The problem was that my fantasy, like those of the millions of men hunkered over their computer screens, was just that. Elena's Web persona was a fake. When Elena first posted the site, she had never been to the Zone. She scanned in photos from coffee-table books on the accident, made up a narrative, and published it."
Name of source: Norman Solomon, Media Beat Column
SOURCE: Norman Solomon, Media Beat Column (9-26-05)
Hurricane Rita was clearly a factor. But even without dramatic natural disasters, the news media are ready, willing and able to downplay news about war -- and the antiwar movement -- for any number of reasons. Conventional wisdom on Capitol Hill or in newsrooms can tamp down media coverage of a surging movement. What’s crucial is that the movement not allow its momentum to be interrupted by media treatment.
If “journalism is the first draft of history,” the journalism of corporate media is usually the quickie top-down view of history that’s told from vantage points far removed from progressive movements. Media technologies and styles aside, what we’re experiencing now from major U.S.
news outlets is not very different from the coverage of the Vietnam War.
A persistent myth is that mainstream American news outlets were tough on the war in Vietnam while boosting the antiwar movement. And these days -- after a summer of plunging poll numbers for President Bush along with the profoundly important media presence of Cindy Sheehan -- many people seem to think that the news media have turned against the war makers in Washington.
But overall the media realities are something else. Actual history should make us wary of any assumption that the press is apt to be a counterweight to militarism.
Vietnam “was the first war in which reporters were routinely accredited to accompany military forces yet not subject to censorship,” media scholar Daniel Hallin wrote in his excellent book “The ‘Uncensored War’: The Media and Vietnam.” The authorities in Washington figured they could expect correspondents not to wander too far in terms of content; “the integration of the media into the political establishment was assumed to be secure enough that the last major vestige of direct government control -- military censorship in wartime -- could be lifted.”
Some reporters exercised a significant degree of independence. And, Hallin concluded, “this did matter: in 1963, when American policy in Vietnam began to fall apart, the media began to send back an image that conflicted sharply with the picture of progress officials were trying to paint. It would happen again many times before the war was over. But those reporters also went to Southeast Asia schooled in a set of journalistic practices which, among other things, ensured that the news would reflect, if not always the views of those at the very top of the American political hierarchy, at least the perspectives of American officialdom generally.”
Despite all the changes in news media since then, a systemic filtration process remains crucial. Strong economic pressures are especially significant -- and combine with powerful forces for conformity at times of war. “Even if journalists, editors, and producers are not superpatriots, they know that appearing unpatriotic does not play well with many readers, viewers, and sponsors,” media analyst Michael X. Delli Carpini has commented. “Fear of alienating the public and sponsors, especially in wartime, serves as a real, often unstated tether, keeping the press tied to accepted wisdom.” Journalists in American newsrooms don’t have to worry about being taken out and shot; the constraining fears are apt to revolve around peer approval, financial security and professional advancement.
Interviewed in early November 2003, with the Iraq occupation in the midst of turning into a large-scale war against a growing insurgency, Hallin compared media treatment of the two wars and saw similar patterns. “As you begin to get a breakdown of consensus, especially among political elites in Washington, then the media begin asking more questions,” he said. In the case of the Iraq occupation, “the Democrats were mostly silent for a long time on this war, and when things began to bog down, they started asking questions. There were divisions within the Bush administration, and then the media starts playing a more independent role.”
To a notable degree, reporters seem to await signals from politicians and high-level appointees to widen the range of discourse. “They need confirmation that this issue is part of the mainstream political discussion in the U.S.,” Hallin commented. “Journalists are very keyed into what their sources are talking about. Political reporters define news worthiness in part by what’s going to affect American politics in the sense of who gets elected the next time around. But it isn’t absolutely only elites. I think it also makes a difference that polls show the public divided, and that there are problems of morale among soldiers in Iraq. But the first thing that the journalists look to is: ‘What are the elites debating in Washington?’ That’s what really sets the news agenda.”
So, with the autumn of 2005 underway, what are the elites debating in Washington? With rare exceptions, they’re debating how to continue the U.S.
occupation of Iraq.
High-profile Democrats and even some Republicans like to bemoan “mistakes” and bad planning and the absence of an “exit strategy.” The prevailing version of Washington’s debate over Iraq still amounts to disputes over how to proceed with the U.S. war effort in Iraq. Top officials and politicians in Washington won’t change that. The journalists echoing them won’t change that. The antiwar movement must.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (9-26-05)
Their boss at the auction house, Arlan Ettinger of Guernsey's, is old enough to remember where he was on Nov. 22, 1963, though not old enough to have voted in 1960. Mr. Ettinger obtained the material on consignment from the collection of Robert L. White, a cleaning-supplies salesman who amassed more than 350,000 items of Kennedy memorabilia before his death, at age 54, in 2003.
Mr. Ettinger said it was difficult to put estimates on many of the items being examined in the warehouse. He said bidding on the flags from the limousine - an American flag and a flag bearing the presidential seal - could go "into the six figures."
Mr. Ettinger said the auction might draw other dealers and collectors who might resell what they buy. But they, more than most people, will remember what Mr. White himself said after the Sotheby's auction in 1996: "The value will not last." After bidding on 40 items, Mr. White said he was "appalled" by prices that ranged as high as $2.6 million for a diamond ring.
SOURCE: NYT (9-26-05)
But where other nations, like South Africa, Rwanda, Argentina and even the former Soviet Union, have promoted reconciliation through public debate and public disclosure of past deeds, Algerian officials are offering a different approach: they are essentially asking their people to forget.
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been aggressively campaigning for a month to persuade Algerians to approve his Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation, a document that offers a little for everyone. There is amnesty for Islamists who committed all but the most heinous of crimes, exoneration for military and security forces, and money for the families of victims of the violence and for the families of those who disappeared, often at the hands of security forces and government-armed militias.
"Reconciliation, in my view, must protect us from experiencing once again the two evil phenomena of terrorist violence and extremism, which brought us misfortune and destruction," the president said in a nationally televised address last month.
But what the charter, to be judged Thursday in a referendum, does not offer is answers or accountability. And that has prompted many human rights organizations, opposition political leaders, and families of those who have disappeared, to criticize the referendum as, at best, a half step toward reconciliation.
SOURCE: NYT (9-25-05)
The idea was freedom, embodied in an institution that would transmit its value to future generations. To build it, Mr. Bernstein said in 2004 he expected "years of intense labor, contentious debate and struggle." He is getting them.
The institution conceived by Mr. Bernstein and Peter W. Kunhardt has changed names - Museum of Freedom, Freedom Center, International Freedom Center - and it has changed elements.
Exhibits recounting the events of 9/11 were initially integral to its plans, then were removed at the request of state officials and now have been restored.
Mr. Bernstein, who counts President Bush among his friends, has had to defend the center from those who say that it would be jingoistic by depicting an unblemished America as well as from those who complain that it would be un-American by dwelling on failures of social and foreign policy.
Though the center was picked in 2004 to occupy the cultural building in a memorial quadrant - "part of a lasting tribute to freedom," Gov. George E. Pataki said when he unveiled the design - it now faces expulsion by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation unless the agency can be assured of a "suitable and inspiring outcome."
SOURCE: NYT (8-24-05)
At the store, Mr. Moore lamented to a local man that one of the prime suspects in the killings had died, and the listener asked which one. "James Ford Seale," Mr. Moore replied. The newspapers had said so. Mr. Seale's own son had confirmed it.
AT the turn of the last century, Galveston, Tex., was one of the most important cities west of the Mississippi. With a population of 38,000, it had a critical port, a thriving banking sector and more wealth per capita than just about anyplace else in America. Its streets were paved with oyster shells that shined in the moonlight.
Then, on Sept. 8, 1900, Galveston was struck by a hurricane that killed thousands and flattened the city. It never recovered. The merchants, the bankers and all sorts of other service-sector workers fled to Houston, never to return. Businesses died. The port shrank to nothingness. "Galveston was left without a tax base," said Paul Burka, senior executive editor of Texas Monthly (and a Galveston native). Houston went on to become the city that Galveston had once aspired to be.
A court on Thursday blocked Bogazici University in Istanbul from holding the event, a debate and symposium on the killing of Armenians by Ottoman forces in the eastern part of what is now Turkey. In its ruling, the court called into question the credentials of the scholars taking part.
It was the second time the courts blocked the conference at the request of nationalist groups. The event was canceled in May as well, and at that time Justice Minister Cemil Cicek condemned continued attempts to hold the meeting as "treason" and a "stab in the back of the Turkish nation."
But the conference's organizers said it would go ahead on Saturday, after Bilgi University in Istanbul agreed to be the new host. One of the leaders of the conference, Prof. Halil Berktay, said integrity of scholars was "beyond the judiciary" to decide.
The conference is to be the first time in Turkey that the killings have been publicly examined. More than 50 intellectuals, scholars and writers are to analyze the massacres, which took place from 1915 to 1917 and have been recognized as genocide by several European governments. Turkey has long maintained that the deaths were part of a war in which an equal number of Turks died.
SOURCE: NYT (9-22-05)
Mr. Bush's speech, at a luncheon for the Republican Jewish Coalition, appeared to be part of a White House strategy to restore the luster of strong leadership that Mr. Bush enjoyed after the Sept. 11 attacks, and that administration officials fear he has lost in the faltering response to the hurricane.
SOURCE: NYT (9-22-05)
The museum's decision to stand firm would force the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation and Gov. George E. Pataki to make a tough choice. They could either infuriate hundreds of impassioned relatives of those who died, or alienate influential cultural, academic and business figures, as well as family members who support the center.
Today the Freedom Center will submit a 27-page report, which was shown in advance to The New York Times by museum executives.
By turns adamant and conciliatory, the report acknowledges that a crucial part of the center's mission must be to tell the stories of the "heroes of Sept. 11."
Casting itself as a living memorial along the lines of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the planned Gettysburg National Battlefield Museum, the center pledged that its board would ensure that it hew to a mission of including the "heroes of Sept. 11" in its accounts of the history of freedom, sponsoring educational and cultural programs "to advance freedom's cause," and offering visitors opportunities to volunteer "on behalf of freedom within their own communities."
Natan Sharansky, a former dissident and political prisoner in the Soviet Union and a former government minister in Israel, is one of five new board members the Freedom Center will name in the report. The others are Sara J. Bloomfield, the director of the Holocaust Memorial Museum; Anne-Marie Slaughter, dean of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University; Richard Norton Smith, the former director of the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, who is now executive director of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum; and Fareed Zakaria, editor of Newsweek International.
SOURCE: NYT (9-21-05)
The officers and intelligence analysts had been scheduled to testify on Wednesday about the program, known as Able Danger, at a hearing of the Senate Judiciary Committee.
SOURCE: NYT (9-21-05)
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (9-26-05)
The preference of elite institutions to admit graduate students from other elite institutions is, of course, nothing new. But the history report says the discipline — having become more egalitarian — is now shifting back with regard to its mix of public and private graduates.
In 1966, 57 percent of history Ph.D.’s had received their undergraduate degrees from private institutions, 37 from public institutions, and the remainder from international institutions. In the 1980s, public and private graduates had achieved parity. But in the 90s, the gap returned, growing to a 47-42 percent edge for private institutions, even though far more undergraduates attend public institutions.
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (9-22-05)
The panel of five Harvard administrators — including the president, A. Lawrence Lowell — did its work with a kind of vindictive glee. Seven undergraduates were expelled. One instructor had been forced to resign and to end his doctoral work. Another Harvard graduate who worked as a tutor had to sever any ties to the university.
At least one of the men later died in circumstances suggesting suicide, as William Wright recounts in Harvard’s Secret Court: The Savage 1920 Purge of Campus Homosexuals, published next month by St. Martin’s.
Name of source: Deutsche Presse-Agentur
SOURCE: Deutsche Presse-Agentur (9-26-05)
and after the First World War.
Hundreds of police officers were on duty at Bigli University ensuring that only those invited to the conference were allowed onto the campus while protesters shouted pro-Turkish slogans outside. There
were no reports of violence.
Name of source: Haaretz
SOURCE: Haaretz (9-26-05)
"These countries have avoided living up to their promises with a whole range of excuses and some governments have even dismissed our repeated attempts to get them to act," said Dr. Israel Singer, chairman of the World Jewish Congress. According to Singer, the issue has never been more urgent, with the number of Holocaust survivors dwindling by the day. The opening salvo of the new campaign was a series of meetings this week in New York between Jewish leaders and foreign ministers and senior diplomats from the 11 countries on the Jewish organizations' list.
Singer, who was closely involved in negotiations with the German government over compensation for forced laborers and with Swiss banks that held dormant accounts belonging to Jewish families killed in the Holocaust, headed the Jewish team at these meetings.
"We asked the foreign ministers to ensure that the issues of compensation and confiscated property are once again made a priority in their country," said Singer yesterday. "They have a moral and legal obligation to fulfill their promises."
Among the countries appearing on the list are Poland, Romania, Hungary, Ukraine, Slovakia, Lithuania and Belarus.
Name of source: Telegraph (UK)
SOURCE: Telegraph (UK) (9-26-05)
Most women complained that their husbands were terrible in bed. These were the findings of the 1949 Mass Observation Project, Britain's first sex survey, which asked thousands of men and women nationwide at random about their sexual tastes, on condition of anonymity.
Mass Observation worked closely with the fledgling Marriage Guidance Council, formed in 1947, but the results were considered so outrageous that they were not made public, and the survey was buried in an archive at Sussex University.
A BBC4 documentary, Little Kinsey, to be shown on Oct 5, reveals the findings. The programme is so named because the survey was conducted a year after the Kinsey Report in America.
Name of source: Washington Post
SOURCE: Washington Post (8-23-05)
Over the past month, the government of President Bashar Assad has been inquiring about the potential for a deal, roughly equivalent to what Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi did to end tough international sanctions imposed for his country's role in the 1988 midair bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, the officials said. Gaddafi eventually agreed to hand over two intelligence officials linked to the bombing for an international trial, a move that began Libya's political rehabilitation.
SOURCE: Washington Post (9-22-05)
The Republican-led House approved a bill that lets churches and other faith-based preschool centers hire only people who share their religion, yet still receive federal tax dollars. Democrats blasted that idea as discriminatory.
Launched in the 1960s, the nearly $7 billion Head Start program provides comprehensive education to more than 900,000 poor children. Though credited for getting kids ready for school, Head Start has drawn scrutiny as cases of financial waste and questions about academic quality have surfaced nationwide.
SOURCE: Washington Post (9-22-05)
The Defense Department has reported spending $191 billion to fight terrorism from the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks through May 2005, with the annual sum ballooning from $11 billion in fiscal 2002 to a projected $71 billion in fiscal 2005. But the GAO investigation found many inaccuracies totaling billions of dollars.
SOURCE: Washington Post (9-21-05)
Carla Del Ponte of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia told Britain's Daily Telegraph newspaper that she did not know the name of the monastery that she believes is giving refuge to the fugitive, Ante Gotovina. He is accused of overseeing the murders of at least 150 Serbs and the forced expulsion of tens of thousands near the end of the 1991-95 civil war.
SOURCE: Washington Post (9-21-05)
"You are missed here in this town every single day," Wayne LaPierre of the National Rifle Association said at the event in Arlington, Va.
Helms, a Republican from North Carolina who will turn 84 next month, retired from the Senate in 2003 after serving five terms. He released his memoirs, "Here's Where I Stand," earlier this month.
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (9-24-05)
The anonymous diary appeared in the respected Italian political magazine Limes. The magazine said it obtained the diary from a ``trustworthy'' source it had known for years.
In the first round of voting, Benedict, then Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, received 47 votes and Bergoglio, the Jesuit archbishop of Buenos Aires, received 10. Italian cardinals Carlo Maria Martini and Camillo Ruini had nine and six votes, respectively.
Ratzinger also led the second ballot with 65 votes, while Bergoglio received 35. In the third round of voting, Ratzinger got 72 votes and Bergoglio 40.
Ratzinger needed 77 votes in the final round to win the necessary two-thirds majority of the 115 voting cardinals. He got 84, Bergoglio got 26, and three other cardinals also registered one vote apiece in the last round: Austrian Cardinal Christoph Schoenborn, Italian Cardinal Giacomo Biffi and American Cardinal Bernard Law, according to the diary.
SOURCE: Guardian (9-24-05)
President Bush gave the nation's highest military honor to Hungarian-born Tibor Rubin, 76, in the White House East Room. The medal recognizes him for overcoming dangers as an infantryman, trying to save fellow soldiers in battle and as a prisoner of war, even as he faced prejudice because he was Jewish and a foreigner.
Name of source: BBC
SOURCE: BBC (9-23-05)
The Hobbit's discoverers are adamant it is an entirely separate human species, which evolved a small size in isolation on its remote island home of Flores.
The bones were unearthed during a dig at Liang Bua, a limestone cave deep in the Flores jungle. The discovery caused a sensation when it was announced to the world in 2004.
Analysis of the 18,000-year-old remains showed the Hobbit had reached adulthood, despite her diminutive size.
Long arms, a sloping chin, and other primitive features suggested affinities to ancient human species such as Homo erectus.
And Homo floresiensis, as science properly calls the creature, seems to exhibit other oddities, such as lower premolar teeth with twin roots. In most modern humans, the lower premolars have a single root.
SOURCE: BBC (9-21-05)
His curiosity was sparked by unusual shading by his home in Sorbolo, Parma.
He contacted local archaeologists who investigated and confirmed it was once the location of a Roman villa.
"At first I thought it was a stain on the photograph," 47-year-old Mr Mori explained. "But when I zoomed in, I saw that there was something under the earth."
The satellite images threw up a dark oval shape more than 500m (1,640ft) long, as well as shaded rectangular shapes nearby.
Mr Mori decided to alert experts from the National Archaeological Museum in Parma about his find.
After excavating some ceramic pieces from the site - now farmland - they confirmed a Roman villa once stood there.
SOURCE: BBC (9-22-05)
Loach has returned to Ireland to film The Wind that Shakes the Barley, a historical drama set in the Irish War of Independence and Civil War.
The period has filled plenty of history books in the 80 years since, and was given the blockbuster treatment nine years ago in the movie Michael Collins.
But Loach's distinctive style - using reality cinema techniques to tell stories through ordinary people's experiences - is intended to bring a new treatment to momentous events in Irish history.
"I'm not sure it's been told already. I think it's certainly been written about, but it hasn't been told in the cinema in the way we are going to tell it, which is from the point of view of the ordinary volunteer and the ordinary families," he says on location in Coolea, County Cork.
Name of source: American Historical Association's Perspectives
SOURCE: American Historical Association's Perspectives (9-23-05)
Name of source: Armenialibery
SOURCE: Armenialibery (9-21-05)
“We think Turkish state and society can only attain peace within Turkey and abroad by critically confronting its own history,” reads the letter obtained by RFE/RL on Wednesday. “A critical analysis, discussion and debate of the location of minorities in that history is essential for the replacement of violent solutions with peaceful ones.”
The statement was addressed to President Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his top ministers. Its signatories specifically urged the Turkish leaders to ensure that a landmark conference on the 1915-1918 mass killings and deportations of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, which is scheduled to start in Istanbul on Friday, proceeds “without harassment or interference.”
The three-day conference titled "Ottoman Armenians of an Empire in Decline" is organized by the private Bosphorus Univeristy of Istanbul. It will bring together Turkish scholars and intellectuals who question the official line on the Armenian massacres. The conference was originally scheduled for May, but was postponed after Turkey’s Justice Minister Cemil Cicek condemned the initiative as "treason" and a "stab in the back of the Turkish nation".
The comments were denounced by senior officials from the European Union who warned that they could complicate the upcoming start of Turkey’s membership talks with the EU. The Turkish government said subsequently that it does not object to the holding of the forum.
EDITOR'S NOTE In the latest issue of Perspectives, the president of the American Historical Association, James Sheehan, explains why he wrote a letter to the prime minister of Turkey complaining about the cancellation of the Armenian conference. Click here to read Sheehan's article and his letter.
Name of source: WSJ
SOURCE: WSJ (9-2-05)
But Elsie is no favorite among secular or liberal home-schoolers. They, too, have a backward-looking impulse, but they're more interested in the return-to-nature aspects of the olden days than in corseted Victoriana. Pat Farenga, who has written several books on "unschooling," a movement that rejects formal curricula and lets children decide what to study, used to run a home-schoolers' bookstore in Cambridge, Mass. He says that his store's best sellers always included Noah Blake's 1805 book, "The Diary of an Early American Boy"--which described old-fashioned crafts like nail-making and shingle-splitting. A more recent illustrated edition has been popular "because it has all these beautifully drawn pictures of how to do things before technology."
According to recent polls, nonreligious families now make up more than 40% of the home-schooling market. For much of this group, the reading list is determined by the "curriculum in a box" companies. The most famous of these are K12, founded by former Education Secretary William Bennett and popular with parents who want a heavy emphasis on "values," and Calvert, in Baltimore, which created the market in 1906, when it began mailing its lesson plans to the children of missionaries and diplomats.
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (9-23-05)
"The Slovenian government has decided that it will send to the Italian side a request for the return of all artworks that were taken from the (Slovenian part of) Istria," the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.
"The artworks taken from Istria are very valuable as they include some top pieces by masters like Vittore Carpaccio," art historian Salvator Zitko, who is in charge of restitution of the artworks at a regional museum in Istria, told Reuters.
The artworks, mostly paintings, were made between the 14th and 18th century.
They were taken from the Istrian cities of Koper, Piran and Izola, most of them in 1940. The Italian authorities said they wanted to protect them from the war.
After the war, the region became a part of Yugoslavia, which tried for decades to negotiate with Italy the artworks' return. Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 and joined the European Union in 2004.
SOURCE: Reuters (9-22-05)
A stunningly beautiful painting called Mary Magdalene which the world-class art historian suspects may have been painted by Leonardo da Vinci together with one of his pupils will soon go on public view for the first time in more than half a century.
The painting, measuring 58 cm by 45 cm, was believed to have been painted in 1515, four years before the master died.
It goes on display in October in the Adriatic port of Ancona and depicts Magdalene bare breasted, wearing a red robe and holding a transparent veil over her belly.
It has been attributed to Giampietrino, a Leonardo pupil whose work can be found in some of the world's greatest museums, including Leningrad's Hermitage and London's National Gallery.
But Pedretti, director of the Armand Hammer Centre for Leonardo Studies at the University of California at Los Angeles, suspects it may be much more.
"Because of the very high quality, I am inclined to believe that it is much more than a supervision of the student by the master," he told Reuters in a telephone interview from his part-time home in Tuscany.
"I can't say for sure yet, but this is my position and I am prepared to follow up with the whole process of laboratory verification and the rest of it," the 77-year-old professor said, speaking in English.
Pedretti, co-curator of the exhibition of works by Giampietrino and others, said the work "has the character of a Giampietrino painting but is far beyond his qualities".
Name of source: US Newswire
SOURCE: US Newswire (9-23-05)
John R. Miller, a former Congressman (R-Wash.), who is now the U.S. ambassador for combating human trafficking, revealed the episode for the first time in public, in a statement presented to more than 200 participants in a conference at the Fordham University Law School organized by the David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies earlier this week.
Ambassador Miller said that when the Ethiopian Jews became stranded in Sudan in early 1985, he brought a copy of Prof. Wyman's book about America and the Holocaust, "The Abandonment of the Jews," to Vice President Bush. "This is a chance to write a very different history than the history of America's response to the Holocaust," Miller told the vice president. Miller said that in a later conversation with Bush, the vice president confirmed that Wyman's book "was a major influence in his decision to order to the airlift."
Miller's statement was part of a conference session, chaired by former U.S. Congressman Stephen Solarz, marking the twentieth anniversary of the publication of The Abandonment of the Jews. In the same session, noted criminal defense attorney Benjamin Brafman spoke about how the pioneering Soviet Jewry activism of his uncle, the late Morris Brafman, was influenced by the lessons of the Holocaust. Also speaking were Dr. Racelle Weiman of Hebrew Union College's Center for Holocaust and Humanity Education, and Prof Leonard Swidler, editor of the Journal of Ecumenical Studies. The journal's latest issue, coedited by Dr. Weiman and Wyman Institute director Dr. Rafael Medoff, focuses on the impact of The Abandonment of the Jews and the issues it raised.
Name of source: Slate
SOURCE: Slate (9-23-05)
Something is happening here. To be sure, few Dylanologists would deny that, except for Blood on the Tracks (1975), Dylan created his very best music between 1965 (the year of Bringing It All Back Home and Highway 61 Revisited) and 1967 (when he issued John Wesley Harding and recorded The Basement Tapes). Nonetheless, despite subsequent droughts and misfires, Dylan has since turned out some brilliant albums. So, why have we been so quick to ignore the bulk of his career?
One part of the answer is that Dylan shares a problem with the 1960s as a whole: Scholarship and popular commentary alike are shaped by the baby boomers who lived through the period and have never quite transcended their own youthful enthusiasms. As Rick Perlstein noted in Lingua Franca several years ago, the preponderance of boomers in the historical profession—and, he might have added, in the culture overall—has made it hard for younger voices to gain a hearing for ideas that argue with the prevailing, familiar tale of the decade: Rebellious student youth challenges the conformity of establishment liberalism. Although some boomer accounts of the decade, such as Todd Gitlin's The Sixties and James Miller's Democracy Is in the Streets, remain as indispensable to studying the politics of the era as the '60s-centered writings of Christopher Ricks and Greil Marcus are to studying Dylan, they don't tell the full story.
But the problem isn't just that boomers are influential. Even historians of the post-boomer generation (i.e., mine) don't usually assume deeply critical attitudes toward the 1960s. Although a few historians have recently done admirable spadework in such new research areas as how conservatism in these years gained strength (as the news media were looking the other way) and the international dimension of the youth revolt, such efforts are not the norm. Revisionist scholarship about the student left, for example, tends to be minor and esoteric—contesting, say, precisely which social groups or political organizations formed the center of the era's social activism.
Name of source: Newsletter of the National Coalition for History
SOURCE: Newsletter of the National Coalition for History (9-23-05)
In Louisiana and New Orleans in particular there are a variety of things to report: the Jean Lafite collections have been moved out of New Orleans and the University of New Orleans archives appears to be dry. Power has been restored to the Notarial Archives and most of the 19th and 20th century records there have now been removed. Wet books and some records have been sent to Chicago for vacuum freeze-drying and the rest of the records have been placed in climate controlled trucks and are awaiting storage space
In an effort to assist in the hurricane relief effort, the American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) has assembled two teams to visit Louisiana and Mississippi for the purpose of assessing the damage to historical resources and to rescue them. Working in cooperation with the American Institute for Conservation, the Southeast Museums Conference, the Louisiana Museums Association, and the Mississippi Museums Association, the AASLH hopes to be able to send follow-up teams to work with different museums and sites to help preserve the resources. It is important that this endeavor has all the help and financial support it needs to ensure that it is a success. Anyone who is interested in volunteering to be on a team can send their information to email@example.com.
The AASLH is looking for additional help as well. Anyone who has access to conservation supplies is encouraged to contact Richard Waterhouse, the director of the Southeast Museums Conference, at director@SEMCdirect.net. Individuals willing to contribute frequent flyer miles to help the teams get to the sites can e-mail Sharin Barkmeier at firstname.lastname@example.org. Monetary contributions are also greatly appreciated. Donations can be made online at www.aaslh.org or checks can be sent in the mail to 1717 Church Street, Nashville, TN 37203.
Finally, the Society of Southwest Archivists (SSA) and the Society of American Archivists (SAA) have announced the creation of the SSA-SAA Emergency Disaster Assistance Grant Fund -- a fund established to address the stabilization and recovery needs of archival repositories that have been directly affected by Hurricane Katrina. Any repository that holds archival records or special collections and that is located in Hurricane Katrina-affected areas of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, or Mississippi is eligible to apply for a grant. The repository need not be a member of SSA or SAA. Grant monies may be used for the direct recovery of damaged or at-risk archival materials; such services as freeze drying, storage, transportation of materials, and rental facilities; supplies, including acid-free boxes and folders, storage cartons, cleaning materials, plastic milk crates, and protective gear; and to defray the costs for volunteers or other laborers who assist with the recovery.
The SSA/SAA are also inviting colleagues to support the fund; to this end visit http://www.archivists.org/katrina/contribute.asp in order to make a donation; both the SAA and SSA have each contributed $5,000 in seed money to establish the fund. Contributions by fax (using a credit card) maybe made by calling (312) 347-1452 or via snail mail to: Society of American Archivists, Attn: EDA Grant Fund, 527 South Wells Street, Fifth Floor, Chicago, IL 60607.
Organizations in need of assistance may apply for an initial grant of up to $2,000, though additional requests may be considered if funds remain available. Approved grant payments may be made directly to a service provider, upon the grantee's request, if an itemized invoice is presented. Recipients will be asked to provide a financial accounting of expenditures made using the award within six months of receiving the funding. A short application form is available on the SAA website at http://www.archivists.org/katrina/apply.asp. Or, if organizations prefer, a a letter may be submitted containing the information listed below. Ideally, the letter should come from the head of an organization, but it may come from a primary contact. Please include contact information for both the head of the organization and the primary contact if these are different individuals. Send the letter to: SSA President Brenda Gunn, Assistant Director for Research and Collections, Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, D1100, Austin, TX 78712; 512-495-4385; 512-495-4542 (fax); email@example.com. The letter of application should address the following: the mission of the repository; a brief description of archival collection(s); a description of damage to the affected collection(s) (which may include supporting photographs or digital images); how much funding is being requested; a brief description of how the funds will be used; what other sources of funding are available to the repository; and if selected, to whom the check should be made payable.
A review panel comprising four SSA former presidents and the immediate past treasurer, along with one member of the SAA Council, will review applications and select the grant recipients. The committee will score proposals based on the application criteria. The Society of American Archivists is responsible for financial administration of the fund.
Name of source: National Geographic
SOURCE: National Geographic (9-22-05)
Since the invention of the barometer in the 17th century, a hurricane's lowest barometric pressure reading has become a standardized way for meteorologists to measure a storm's intensity. As of 5 a.m. today the hurricane's strongest winds were blowing at 175 miles an hour (280 kilometers an hour) and the barometric pressure at the storm's center had fallen to 26.51 inches, or 897 millibars. The lowest barometric pressure reading recorded in the Atlantic Basin was Hurricane Gilbert in 1988, with a reading of 26.18 inches, or 888 millibars.
Name of source: KTHV Littlerock
SOURCE: KTHV Littlerock (9-23-05)
On Sept. 8, 1900, 6,000 to 12,000 people died as the Category 4 storm ripped through the affluent port city on the Gulf of Mexico. Among those killed was Cline’s pregnant wife.
Earlier that day, Cline had set up his own home as safe shelter for people in his neighborhood whose houses had flooded in the storm surge. By evening, dozens of people were hunkered down with the Cline family.
Then tragedy struck home.
"At 8:30 p.m., my residence went down with about fifty persons who had sought it for safety, and all but 18 were hurled into eternity," Cline later wrote of the storm. "Among the lost was my wife, who never rose above the water after the wreck of the building. I was nearly drowned and became unconscious, but recovered through being crushed by timbers and found myself clinging to my youngest child, who had gone down with myself and wife."
Cline called the aftermath "the most horrible sights that ever a civilized people looked up."
Galveston, a sparkling city of 38,000 residents, was ruined. Once called the jewel of Texas, half the city’s buildings were washed away and perhaps as many as half its residents--not to mention seaside tourists.
"Where 20,000 people lived on the 8th not a house remained on the 9th, and who occupied the houses may, in many instances, never be known," Cline wrote.
Cline and fellow forecasters had issued warnings starting as early as four days before the storm, but there was no way to predict the hurricane’s ferocity. And there was no way to force people to leave. Instead of evacuating to safety, many stayed to watch the huge waves wash over the beach.
When the city was rebuilt, engineers erected a 17-foot seawall to keep out the waves should another 1900-scale storm occur. Galveston would never again claim its former prestige as a wealthy port and oceanside playground. But the wall still stands. And today, residents hope it protects them from the wrath of Rita.
Name of source: Xinhua (China)
SOURCE: Xinhua (China) (9-23-05)
"We strongly deplore this decision to stop the Turkish people from discussing their history," said a Commission spokeswoman. A ruling by a Turkish court banning a meeting planned for Saturday on the massacre of Armenians in World War One is the second attempt to ban the conference.
The ruling, which drew fire from Brussels as expected, took place just ten days before the October 3 date for the start of Turkey's EU entry talks.
The Commission is warning Turkey that the decision to cancel the conference for a second time would be noted in an annual situation report due out in November.
Name of source: Boston Globe
SOURCE: Boston Globe (9-21-05)
The portfolios contain innuendo and allegations, with the occasional revelation thrown in. The Beach Boys' penchant for psychedelic drugs and Sinatra's alleged sex parties with President John F. Kennedy are old news. But who knew of Liberace's reputed fondness for gambling?
Celebrities and criminals, rock stars and mobsters, athletes and artists -- scores of high-profile Americans have their very own FBI file, a bold-faced universe rife with dirt and scandal. It's no surprise that gossip columnists such as Walter Winchell turn up as sources.
The files chronicle mass marketer Walt Disney and mass murderer Ted Bundy, comic genius Groucho Marx and cosmic genius Albert Einstein. There are reports of canoodling (although the FBI prefers ''extramarital affairs"), heavy boozing, mob ties, drug use, and the rest of the requisite dish.
The sheer volume became clear in response to a Freedom Of Information Act request by the Associated Press for every FBI ''High Visibility Memorandum" filed between 1974 and 2005, allowing a lengthy traipse through the lives of celebrities from A (Louis Armstrong) to Kaye (Danny) to Z (Efrem Zimbalist). The AP's request produced more than 500 redacted memos totaling nearly 1,500 pages -- a stack of documents six inches high.
Tucked inside the pile of paperwork were FBI memos on spouses/stars Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball; football stars Dexter Manley and Walter Payton; mayors Marion Barry and Frank Rizzo; mobsters Carlo Gambino and Mickey Cohen.
The memos even contain information never made public. The February 2001 paperwork on film director Otto Preminger's file mentioned ''all of the information on Preminger's desire to be a source for the FBI is being withheld."
Name of source: LA Times
SOURCE: LA Times (9-23-05)
A court Thursday ordered the cancellation of a conference where Turkish academics were expected to challenge the official version of the events surrounding the mass deaths among this nation's Armenians during and after World War I.
The gathering, which was to be held today in Istanbul, was seen as a first and important step in Turkey's efforts to confront its troubled past as it seeks membership in the European Union.
The case for blocking the conference was brought by the Turkish Lawyers Union and other lawyers. Court officials declined to comment on why the conference was canceled.
[Editor's Note: For a more substantial excerpt on this story, please go to HNN's Roundup section, "Talking About History": http://hnn.us/roundup/11.html]
Name of source: Independent (UK)
SOURCE: Independent (UK) (9-22-05)
But he had survived. And after the death camp in which he was incarcerated was liberated, Wiesenthal - like so many victims of Nazism - dedicated himself to tracking down those responsible. Top of his list was Adolf Eichmann.
The experiences of Simon Wiesenthal and Adolf Eichmann are like mirror images of that terrible time. Eichmann was the "Transportation Administrator" responsible for the logistics of the extermination of millions of people. He had been at the notorious Wannsee Conference in 1942 when the cream of Germany's planners, administrators and logisticians sat around and calmly set up the mechanics of the mass murder of "undesirables" - Jews, gypsies, blacks, homosexuals, communists and the mentally and physically handicapped. Eichmann was the man in charge of the trains to the death camps in Poland.
For the next two years, Eichmann performed his duties with considerable zeal. He is known to have often bragged that he had personally sent more than five million Jews to their deaths on his trains. When in 1945, fearing the war was lost, his bosses ordered Jewish extermination be halted - and all the evidence destroyed - Eichmann blithely ignored his instructions from the SS chief Heinrich Himmler and proudly continued his work in Hungary against official orders.
Name of source: Seattle Times
SOURCE: Seattle Times (9-22-05)
A town that for so long has commemorated its destruction — the local "Great Storm" Theater regularly plays 30 minutes of images, writings and sounds of the 1900 hurricane, its aftermath and rebuilding — was preparing to relive it.
"The images of the devastation of 1900 are always with us. It's engraved in our collective consciousness even more than most communities," said Marsh Davis, executive director of the Galveston Historical Foundation.
"Time has caught up with us, and we are facing the first evacuation here in 20 years."
Recent images of Hurricane Katrina's ruin have been adequate warning for this island's residents, who have grown up with daily reminders of the 1900 hurricane.
Ten miles of sea wall separate residents from the Gulf, and plaques mark homes that survived the storm more than a century ago, more than 2,000 of which were elevated in the 1900s to protect them from future storms.
The local museum features an ongoing storm exhibit, and pictures on the walls of restaurants depict the storm's destruction.
A large, fading granite stone in a cemetery memorializes those who perished in 1900. For the 100th anniversary of that storm, a sculpture was added to the sea wall — of a man holding his wife and child and raising one arm to the sky.
"It's an event that people talk about," Davis said. "It was the defining moment for this community."
Name of source: AP
SOURCE: AP (9-22-05)
The committee, made up of historians, community activists and representatives of congressional leaders, will seek public input for the memorial and select its final design. The project is expected to be completed by July 4, 2007.
"There is a compelling obligation to illuminate the full history of this place and all its inhabitants - and no better place to do so than on the doorstep of the Liberty Bell," Mayor John F. Street said in a statement Thursday.
Washington and John Adams both lived at the site - now a wide sidewalk along Market Street - during the years that Philadelphia was the nation's capital, from 1790 to 1800. Historians say the site was also home to at least nine of Washington's slaves.
The president's house was torn down in the 1830s, but the new Liberty Bell Center, which opened in 2003, is located a few yards from where it once stood.
The project has been in the works for three years.
In 2002, Congress directed the National Park Service to build a monument commemorating the slaves who lived there. Last year, some black leaders accused the Park Service of dragging its heels; but park officials said the delays were caused by a disagreement among scholars over the exact location where Washington's slaves once lived, and a lack of funding.
Street committed $1.5 million in city funds to the project in 2003; now, the project also has the support of a $3.6 million federal grant, which officials said should cover the rest of the funding needs.
Name of source: zaman.com
SOURCE: zaman.com (9-22-05)
The buildings where the palace artists served during the Ottoman era are said to be about to collapse because of neglect.
Other allegations have surfaced about the Foundation as the buildings, including the transformer stations that provide electricity to museums in Topkapi Palace, are dangerous for both life and property security.
Topkapi Palace Museum Director Professor Ilber Ortayli, who harshly criticizes the History Foundation, says, "This is an occupation," pointing out that the buildings that are being used for weddings and cocktail parties and that no restoration works have been carried out for the past 10 years.
The Istanbul Culture and Tourism Directorate would like the control of the historic buildings to be taken over by the Palace.
Name of source: Campus Watch
SOURCE: Campus Watch (9-22-05)
In its 2004 annual report, the John T. and Catherine D. MacArthur Foundation notes that it has"invested more than $400 million in pursuing a more secure world." After the Cold War, the foundation sought to prevent"nuclear weapons ... from falling into the wrong hands." The"Age of Terror," however, has urgently refocused MacArthur on its"duty" to understand"transnational terrorists," who they are, how they are organized, how they gain"moral, political and economic support"—and what"resentments and frustrations" drive them"to perpetrate terrorist acts." 
From this departure point—the wrongheaded belief that frustrations drive terror—it is a short leap to seeking a scapegoat. It explains the foundation's tendency, where the Middle East is concerned, to shower gifts upon researchers, universities and quasi academic institutions with an anti-American or anti-Israel bent. In doing so its grants cross the line into overt political advocacy.
Favorite Middle East grantees include"human rights" and"law" efforts with anti-American attitudes.  A $250,000 grant in March 2003 to Human Rights Watch"to monitor the human rights impacts of the war in Iraq" focuses primarily on U.S. rather than terrorists'"human rights violations." 
But studies of"Palestine" seem to be a foundation specialty. In October 2000, $51,000 was directed to the Institute for Palestine Studies—hardly a disinterested party—for a nine month study of"Palestinian Refugee Property Losses and Resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict." The grant evidently backed anti-Israel Randolph-Macon College history professor Michael Fischbach, who published a paper on Palestinian refugee compensation in its Journal of Palestine Studies. 
An October 2001 grant of $50,000 to the University of Chicago—to study"The Palestinian Defeat of 1948" and the"Lingering Impact of the Lack of State Structure"— was also typical, as was a $90,000 grant in September 2001 to the International Institute for Strategic Studies.  The latter was funneled to its London Middle East Research Programme, then headed by Cambridge professor and former Palestinian negotiator Yezid Sayigh.
Headed by IISS"research fellow" Nomi Bar-Yaacov, the program established a caucus to lobby for third-party involvement in the Arab-Israeli conflict and hosted the architects of the Geneva Accord. Bar-Yaacov herself received a $75,000 grant in October 2001 for an 18 month study of"New Strategies and Mechanisms for the Protection of Human Rights in the Disputed Areas in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict." 
MacArthur has gifted academics with much larger sums as well. Tel Aviv University professors Nadim N Rouhana and Yoav Peled in October 2002 received $50,000 each to study"Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return." 
Peled has unfortunately had a broad impact in American institutions: In 2003-2004, he was a visiting fellow at the Rutgers University's Center for the Critical Analysis of Contemporary Culture and its Center for Middle Eastern Studies  and a visiting scholar at the Center for Israel and Jewish Studies at Columbia.  He has had frequent speaking engagements and news conferences, in which he espoused a pro-Palestinian view. 
Rouhana, a self-described"strong anti-Zionist" and Palestinian Israeli who supports"a bi-national state in Palestine,"  has likewise left wide anti-Israel tracks in U.S. educational institutions. Currently a professor at George Mason University's Institute of Conflict Analysis and Resolution,  he was in 2004 a visiting associate professor at Tuft's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and previously a senior visiting fellow of Harvard's World Peace Foundation-International Security Program.  He too is on the anti-Israel speakers' circuit. 
MacArthur also granted an award to Sara Roy,  whom scholar Martin Kramer calls a"perennial" senior research scholar at the Harvard University Center for Middle Eastern Studies. Her research purported to demonstrate that Palestinian Islamic movements in the West Bank were"moving toward a more pragmatic and non-confrontational philosophy." 
Roy believes that Israeli soldiers are"equivalent in principle, intent, and impact" to Nazis. She even blames suicide bombings on"the occupation."  But her renown garners her speaking engagements and invitations to symposiums nationwide.  Her work has been noted in advisories to the U.S. armed forces.  And she often writes in the Arab and academic press.  In one recent article she alleged that Israel intentionally wrecked the Palestinian economy. 
When it comes to understanding the Middle East, the MacArthur Foundation seems determined even to misapprehend the past. A five-year $500,000 genius award in 2004 went to Maria Mavroudi, an assistant professor of history at the University of California at Berkeley who insists that the Arabic world enriched Byzantine civilization rather than the other way around.  In fact, as Speros Vryonis Jr. shows conclusively in the encyclopedic Decline of Medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of Islamization from the Eleventh Century through the Fifteenth Century, far from enriching Byzantium, its Islamic conquest, transformation and conversion to Islam raped, pillaged and impoverished an entire civilization. 
The Macarthur Foundation is an unacknowledged NGO with a unacknowledged anti-American and anti-Israeli agenda. Its support for children's TV programming notwithstanding, the Macarthur Foundation's influence on America's understanding of the Middle East has been disastrous.
Alyssa A. Lappen is a writer based in New York. She wrote this piece for Campus Watch, a project of the Middle East Forum designed to critique and improve Middle East Studies.
John T. and Catherine D. MacArthur Foundation, 2004 annual report, pp. 6-9.
"Iraq: US checkpoints continue to kill," Human Rights News, May 5, 2005;"Abu Ghraib: only the 'tip of the iceberg'," Human Rights Watch press release, Apr. 25, 2005;"Getting away with torture? Command responsibility for the US abuse of detainees," Human Rights Watch press release, Apr. 23, 2005; Joe Stork,"Give 'Chemical Ali' his due, fairly," The Daily Star, Feb. 26, 2005;
Michael R. Fischbach,"The usefulness of the UNCCP archives for Palestinian refugee compensation/restitution claims," Stocktaking Conference on Palestinian Refugee Research, Ottawa, Canada, June 17-20, 2003.
"Prospects for Peace with Justice: Israeli and Palestinian academics speak their minds," Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts, Oct. 22, 2003;"A road map to where," State University of New York at Stony Brook, Apr. 21, 2004;"Israeli media artist and political scientist discuss conditions of production there," The Thing, New York City, Jul. 21, 2004;"Alternative voices in the Middle East," International Affairs Building, Columbia University, Nov. 20, 2004;"War in the Middle East: the case for a just and realistic peace between the Israelis and Palestinians," Tufts University, Apr. 22, 2002; http://www.levantinecenter.org/pages/calendarOct02.html;"Faculty for peace," Mount Holyoke, Apr. 23, 2002; Jane Adas,"The fate of Jerusalem: 'An inevitable tragedy'?" Washington Report, January/February 2005, pp. 50-51;"No Arab Jews there: Shas and the Palestinians," Transregional Institute, Princeton University, Mar. 5, 2004;"The Or commission and issues of ethnic democracy," Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University, Feb. 3, 2004; http://pioneer.csuhayward.edu/PioneerWeb/PioneerNews4-25-02/PioneerNews4-25-02-Page5.pdf;"Israeli and Palestinian fringe elements have worked to undermine the Oslo process, says Peled," Columbia University, Apr. 25, 2002.
Nadim Rouhana,"Third world views of the Holocaust," Northeastern University Symposium, Apr. 18-20, 2001.
Harriet P. Epstein,"Platform for extremist," Letters, Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, Jun. 3, 2005;"New voices from Palestine," University of Wisconsin at Madison, Nov. 19, 2002;"Israeli views on the refugees problem and the right of return: between denial and guilt," Trans-Arab Research Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dec. 5, 2000; http://web.mit.edu/shass/temp/bustani/bustani_seminar.htm;"Beyond signing of peace agreements: social-psychological perspectives on reconciliation and peace building," International Society of Political Psychology, Seattle, Washington, Jul 1, 2000;
Sara Roy,"The transformation of Islamic NGOs in Palestine," Middle East Report, #214,m Spring 2000.
Sara Roy,"How to stop Hamas: first end the occupation," The Daily Star, Jun. 20, 2003.
"On Dignity and Dissent: Reflections of a Child of Holocaust Survivors," Monmouth University 3rd Annual Global Understanding Convention, Mar. 24, 2004;"The Palestinian-Israeli conflict and its impact on Palestinian society," Congregation Eitz Chaim, Jan. 9, 2005;"Palestinian-Israel Crisis: An Analysis," University of Delaware, Feb. 21, 2001;"From Oslo to the Road Map: Explaining the Failure of Peace in the Middle East," DePaul University, Mar. 6, 2004;"Is there a new blacklist," Apr. 13, 2005, see also http://www.columbia.edu/~lnp3/mydocs/jewish/AcademicFreedom.htm; Martin Kramer,"Professors of Palestine," Middle East Quarterly, Winter 2002; Seth Wikas,"Both sides of the story," Daily Princetonian, Apr. 23, 2001; Friends of Sabeel North America, Apr. 12-13, 2002;
Stephen Pelletiere,"Hamas and Hezbollah: the radical challenge to Israel in the occupied territories," Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, Nov. 10, 1994.
Sara Roy,"Palestinian society: the continued denial of possibility," Journal of Palestine Studies, Summer 2001, Vol. 30, No. 4, Issue 120; Sara Roy,"Using war to swallow Palestinian land," The Daily Star, Sept. 23, 2003, see also http://www.lebanonwire.com/0309/03092318DS.asp; Roy,"The Palestinian state: division and despair," Current History, Jan. 2004; Roy,"A Nightmare Peace Destroying the Basis of a Palestinian State" Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture, Vol.11 No.1 2004 .
The MacArthur Fellows Program, Maria Mavroudi, 2004.
Speros Vryonis Jr., Decline of Medieval Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of Islamization from the Eleventh Century through the Fifteenth Century, (1971, 1986), pp. 69-142, 143-288, 351-402.
Name of source: Baltimore Sun
SOURCE: Baltimore Sun (9-22-05)
His conclusions, contained in Equiano, the African: Biography of a Self-Made Man scheduled to be published next month by the University of Georgia Press, have sparked a fierce debate among scholars.
"I think 'devastating' is not underestimating some people's reaction to this notion," said Philip Morgan, a Princeton University history professor who has written about 18th-century slavery.
Some experts disagree with Carretta's conclusions, saying Equiano's account is too detailed and accurate to be a work of fiction. But others back Carretta's scholarship.
Carretta, a former fellow at the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research at Harvard University, draws upon recently discovered documents, such as British baptismal and naval records that indicate a birth in the Carolina colony. Other documents show that Equiano was a Royal Navy officer's slave for 10 years before winning his freedom and becoming a free sailor based in England - never taking part in the Middle Passage.
Name of source: USA Today
SOURCE: USA Today (9-21-05)
The debate is set for Oct. 1 to mark the opening of a graduate studies program in governance at the University of Maastricht, organizers said Wednesday.
At the Yalta Conference, held in the resort town of then-Soviet Ukraine in February 1945, the three leaders carved up Europe into its postwar spheres of influence for the western powers and the communist bloc.
The discussion in Maastricht, a southern Dutch city on the German and Belgian borders will focus on "global politics and the state of Europe six decades later," said event spokesman Stephan Glerum.
Curtis Roosevelt, Winston S. Churchill and Yevgeny Dzhugashvili have not met before, Glerum said.