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This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used.
This page features brief excerpts of news stories published by the mainstream media and, less frequently, blogs, alternative media, and even obviously biased sources. The excerpts are taken directly from the websites cited in each source note. Quotation marks are not used. Because most of our readers read the NYT we usually do not include the paper's stories in HIGHLIGHTS.
Name of source: Newsletter of the National Coalition for History
Byrd is the Ranking Minority member of the powerful Senate Appropriations Committee and is widely recognized as a champion of funding for the teaching of American history and the Constitution. His is the master hand behind the Education Department’s “Teaching American History” initiative and, over the years, no member of Congress has done so much to advance the cause of American history education than the senator. Speaking before hundreds of supporters at the West Virginia state capitol building in Charleston, Byrd stated, “I have the best job in America because I represent you, the people of West Virginia. I want to keep this job.”
Hill insiders predict that what undoubtedly will be Byrd’s last campaign may be his toughest. At least four Republicans have announced plans to challenge Byrd though none probably have the political clout to successfully take him on. Most political pundits, however, contend that Representative Shelly More Capito (R-WV), who has yet to announce whether she will run against Byrd, has the name recognition and charm to run a successful campaign to unseat Byrd.
In reaching a decision, Capito rightfully is being cautious. Byrd’s incumbency and seniority in the Senate, the fact that he is so powerful in terms of bringing much needed federal dollars into West Virginia which Capito, as a junior senator would not be able to deliver, and Byrd’s independence, feistiness, and devotion to traditional family values make him a formidable opponent. Capito is expected to announce later this fall whether she will run for Byrd’s seat or for a fourth term in the House. At present she trails Byrd 39% to his commanding 55% lead. If Capito makes an unsuccessful bid for the Senate and loses her House seat it could well swing back to the Democrats, thus returning this fledgling red state to the blues.
The case focuses on a claim for access to 74 pages (9 documents) of presidential-related “confidential” (P-5 exemption) materials dating back to the administration of Ronald Reagan that President George W. Bush claimed a privilege on and refused to release. In her ruling the judge held that the law required that the plaintiffs had to demonstrate a “special need” to overcome the claim of privilege, and that in spite of the passage of time the special need still has to be asserted; since no such claim was made, summary judgment was granted to the government.
Regarding another count still pending in the original suit made by the historical/archival community -- that the Executive Order 13233 signed by President George W. Bush on 1 November 2001 which purports to “further implement” the Presidential Records Act of 1978 contains illegal provisions -- the judge granted the plaintiffs motion to “reconsider” her earlier order from March 2004 in which she dismissed the case on “ripeness” grounds. Judge Kollar-Kotelly now has directed that the plaintiffs and the government prepare a new round of stand-alone briefings. Public Citizen Litigation Group is preparing the brief that will be submitted on behalf of the plaintiff organizations by the 31 October 2006, the court filing deadline.
Among his ideas that purportedly are designed to save the government $2.4 billion is a proposal to sell no fewer than 15 national parks, including a number of historical sites: the Eugene O’Neill National Historical Site in Danville, California; the Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial in Pennsylvania; the Fort Bowie National Historic Site, Arizona; the Mary McLeod Bethune Council House, Washington D.C.; and the Thomas Stone National Historic Site, Maryland, as well as a number of smaller, less visited natural areas most of which are located in Alaska, including the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve; the Lake Clark National Park and Preserve; and the Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve. If all the parks were sold off as Pombo wants, the total land holdings of the NPS would be reduced by 23 percent thus saving the government billions over a period of years.
In addition to the park closures, Pombo also seeks to require that the NPS raise $20 million through commercial sponsorships and by granting naming rights for certain national parks facilities. His plan would permit commercial advertisements on national park vehicles and advertising would be mandated to appear in official park service maps and guidebooks; billboards would be placed on in-park buses, trams, and vans.
While Pombo is silent about the proposals, his House Resources Committee spokesperson states that the Congressman “isn’t seriously thinking” about putting national parks on the auction block, that the list of parks was drawn up for the Congressional Budget Office merely as a hypothetical situation. Nevertheless, NPS watchdog organizations have expressed outrage over the proposals and are taking them (especially the commercialization plans) seriously. Jim DiPreso, communications director for the grassroots organization Republicans for Environmental Protection (http://www.repamerica.org) maintains “Pombo’s extremism, if turned into law, would turn our treasured national park system into a tawdry carnival of advertising and fast-buck commercialism, squandering a priceless inheritance.”
Most likely, the underlying purpose of Pombo’s proposals is something of a political ploy to call attention to budget alternatives that could be implemented to cover the perceived revenue shortfall if Congress fails to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska for oil and gas drilling as Pombo wants. If Pombo is to be taken at his word -- that his legislation is merely a “conversation starter”-- then it certainly has had the desired effect. But if the Congressman is offering legislation as a “joke” (as first claimed by his spokesperson) or merely seeking to taunt environmentalists as others first thought, it would seem to be a new low for a member of Congress, let alone a powerful committee chair.
One final note…former Representative Pete McClosky, a modern day Bullmoose Republican if there was ever one and co-author of the Endangered Species Act that enviros claim Pombo is also “trying to gut,” has announced that he will challenge the sitting Congressman in 2006 if another credible primary challenger does not emerge. According to McClosky, “The Republican values that I grew up with, Pombo is not espousing.” Pombo faces several allegations of ethics violations including accusations that in the last election he spent about a quarter of his campaign funds to pay family members. House Democrats believe Pombo’s seat in California’s 11th District may be up for grabs in the 2006 mid-term elections.
Name of source: Inside Higher Ed
SOURCE: Inside Higher Ed (9-30-05)
In an interview he remarked:"The interrogators’ questioning in the initial few days of my arrest was entirely devoted to my research, my political views and connections with Turkish intelligence and state officials. The concept of 'scholar' is meaningless to them. According to them, as the investigator put it, 'all scholars are spies.'"
(Click on the Source link above to read an interview with Turkyilmaz.)
Name of source: Wa Po
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-30-05)
The White House swearing-in ceremony took place three hours after the Senate voted 78 to 22 to confirm Roberts. All 55 Republicans, half the 44 Democrats and independent Sen. James M. Jeffords (Vt.) voted yes.
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-28-05)
"This reminds me of 1994," said Melanie Sloan, executive director of the Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, a watchdog group. "The House Democrats had been in control for 40 years and were incredibly arrogant and had all kind of ethical scandals ... the House bank scandal, the Rostenkowski scandal. Jim Wright."
Today Rep. Tom Delay (Tex.), Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist (Tenn.) and a top administration official (David Safavian, the White House's top procurement officer) have all been ensnared in highly embarrassing ethics scandals.
SOURCE: Wa Po (9-25-05)
Now three sociologists have found an additional explanation: lynchings.
Steven F. Messner of the State University of New York at Albany and his collaborators Messner and his colleagues produced two maps. One showed homicides: Those counties with the highest rates were colored black; those with lower rates were shaded gray, while those with the lowest rates were white. The second displayed lynchings, using the same shadings. Counties with the most lynchings were colored black, those with a lower rate were gray and those with the lowest rates were white.
A quick glace at the maps revealed a chilling pattern. The dark areas roughly overlapped: the counties with the most lynchings had the highest homicide rates, while counties with fewer lynchings had comparatively fewer murders.
Name of source: Inter Press Service News Agency
SOURCE: Inter Press Service News Agency (9-28-05)
Venezuela's ambassador here, Bernardo Alvarez, accused the George W. Bush administration of using a "double standard" on terrorism. He said the White House and U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which represented the administration before the court, "virtually" collaborated with Posada by failing to contest statements by one defence witness that Posada would be tortured if he were returned to Caracas.
"There isn't a shred of evidence that Posada would be tortured in Venezuela," said Alvarez, adding that "if we examine our respective records on torture, a prisoner is more likely to be tortured in the custody of the U.S. government than in the custody of Venezuelan officials".
Some U.S. officials, who declined to speak on the record, also deplored the decision by immigration judge William Abbott not to extradite Posada on the grounds that he could face torture in Venezuela.
"It's bad enough when the world knows that we're rendering suspected Islamic terrorists to countries that routinely use terror," said one State Department official. "But here we have someone who we know is a terrorist, and it's clear that we're actively protecting him from facing justice. We have zero credibility."
Name of source: Times (UK)
The notorious doctor of the concentration camps, Heim is regarded as one of the second world war’s most sadistic criminals. Now 91, he has reportedly been spotted in South America, Egypt, Spain and Germany. New evidence emerging, such as recent bank records, suggests that he is still alive and living in Spain.
Together with German investigators, Zuroff’s researchers have recently gained access to Heim’s bank accounts in Berlin. These contain €1m (£680,000) and other assets.
They believe the fact that none of Heim’s three children has claimed any of the money suggests that he is probably still alive. Records show that as recently as 2001, Heim asked the German tax authorities to pay back capital gains tax levied on him because he was living abroad.
President Bouteflika, who has spent weeks travelling across Algeria campaigning for the “yes” vote, appeared briefly to cast his ballot in the capital’s El Biar district.
He needs a substantial majority of the country’s 18 million voters to give his controversial charter legitimacy. It would offer an amnesty to all those involved in the conflict unless they were responsible for massacres, rapes or bombings of public places. It would reject any responsibility by the security forces for thousands of disappearances during the civil war and provide compensation for the families of victims.
More than half of those appeals have yet to be allocated to a caseworker. The Times is aware of cases that have been with the commissioner for three months without any action being taken. The soaring number of appeals to the watchdog is due, in part, to the work of a Whitehall unit called the Central Clearing House.
Concern is growing that the unit is bent on blocking as many requests for information as it can. Only this week it told civil servants that they could chose to “neither confirm nor deny” whether their departments even hold information that has been requested by the public.
Name of source: HNN
SOURCE: HNN (9-29-05)
Entitled "Operation Offset," the plan estimates that $8.6 billion could be saved over ten years if it were put into effect. According to the proposal, "Graduate students make an informed decision to invest in their own futures and should bare the costs of schooling, especially since private interest rates are currently low." In the 2003–04 academic year, 40 percent of all graduate and first-professional students received financial aid through the federal Stafford loan program (http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2005/2005158.pdf).
Name of source: Independent (UK)
SOURCE: Independent (UK) (9-30-05)
Robert Bittlestone, backed up by two classical experts, believes the island described in the epic poem is now part of the Ionian tourist destination of Cephalonia.
Using satellite imagery and 3D global visualisation techniques developed by Nasa to look for clues, Mr Bittlestone, the chairman of the UK management consultancy Metapraxis, came up with his theory after undertaking field trips in western Greece and using his computer to analyse literary, geological and archaeological data.
Name of source: Haaretz
SOURCE: Haaretz (9-27-05)
The settlement came in a lawsuit filed by Hungarian Holocaust survivors over the U.S. capture and pilfering in 1945 of a train loaded with gold, jewels, silver, china, 3,000 Oriental rugs and 1,200 paintings that had been stolen from Hungarian Jews by the Nazis.
The settlement came in a lawsuit filed by Hungarian Holocaust survivors over the U.S. capture and pilfering in 1945 of a train loaded with gold, jewels, silver, china, 3,000 Oriental rugs and 1,200 paintings that had been stolen from Hungarian Jews by the Nazis.
Name of source: Guardian
SOURCE: Guardian (9-30-05)
Hitler's nuclear programme has become a subject of intense dispute in recent months, particularly in Germany. An independent historian, Rainer Karlsch, met with a barrage of hostility when he published a study containing evidence that the Nazis had got much further than previously believed.
Mr Romersa, a supporter of Mr Karlsch's thesis, lives today in an elegant flat in the Parioli district of Rome. His study walls are covered with photographs from a career during which he interviewed many of the major figures of the 20th century, from Chiang Kai-shek to Lyndon Johnson. Though he suffers from some ill-health these days, he is still lucid and articulate.
He told the Guardian how, in September 1944, Italy's wartime dictator, Benito Mussolini, had summoned him to the town of Salo to entrust him with a special mission. Mussolini was then leader of the Nazi-installed government of northern Italy and Mr Romersa was a 27 year-old war correspondent for Corriere della Sera.
Mr Romersa said that when Mussolini had met Hitler earlier in the conflict, the Nazi dictator had alluded to Germany's development of weapons capable of reversing the course of the war. "Mussolini said to me: 'I want to know more about these weapons. I asked Hitler but he was unforthcoming'."
Mussolini provided him with letters of introduction to both Josef Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda chief, and Hitler himself. After meeting both men in Germany, he was shown around the Nazis' top-secret weapons plant at Peenemünde and then, on the morning of October 12 1944, taken to what is now the holiday island of Rügen, just off the German coast, where he watched the detonation of what his hosts called a "disintegration bomb".
Name of source: CBS News
SOURCE: CBS News (9-29-05)
In the mountains of debris piling up in Mississippi are some of this state's greatest treasures — literally consigned to the ash heap of history.
All along the Gulf Coast, mansion after glorious mansion lies in ruins — like one home that predates the Civil War. All that's left is the palm tree.
Another antebellum gem sits beneath a casino barge.
"The storm was truly a monster. It just ripped off the front porch and scattered it," says Patrick Hotard, the director of Beauvoir, a museum that was the last home of Confederate president Jefferson Davis.
Beauvoir survived the Civil War, but lost the battle of Katrina.
"And I was — just literally my mouth was just hanging open, 'cause I just couldn't believe it," Hotard says.
Name of source: NYT
SOURCE: NYT (9-29-05)
"The I.F.C. cannot be located on the memorial quadrant," Mr. Pataki said in a statement. That quadrant, at the southwest corner of the trade center site, contains the footprints of the twin towers.
The Freedom Center, picked for the memorial site by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, was envisioned as a living memorial in which the story of Sept. 11, 2001, would be told in the context of the worldwide struggle for freedom through the ages.
Critics said the sacred precinct of the memorial was no place for a lesson in geopolitics or social history, particularly when a separate memorial museum devoted solely to 9/11 was being planned entirely underground, within the trade center foundations.
SOURCE: NYT (9-28-05)
"I have the best job in America because I represent you, the people of West Virginia. And I want to keep this job," Mr. Byrd, 87, told several hundred supporters who packed the Capitol Rotunda.
Mr. Byrd served three terms in the House before winning his Senate seat in 1958. He will turn 88 in November and will become the longest-serving senator in American history in June.
SOURCE: NYT (9-28-05)
The discovery was made by Father Maximous, a Coptic monk, who for 27 years has made his home inside the walls of St. Anthony's Monastery, a fortress of Christianity 100 miles southeast of Cairo that is generally considered the birthplace of Christian monastic life.
During the third century, there were Christians who sought piety through abstention and self-denial. But St. Anthony is credited with taking those practices a step further when he went to live in a cave in the mountains of the desert, not far from the monastery that bears his name, around the year 270.
The monastery is breathtaking, two tall towers rising up from the sand, each topped with the Coptic cross, dotted with churches and cells for 110 monks. But it is the green that is so striking, the green that historians say drew Anthony, the green palm trees that signal the presence of water. It is easy to feel a divine spirit where water emerges from the desert floor.
"I do not believe that many blacks know this story," he said, adding:"This is not a case of having an elite institution set up an exhibit on slavery without guidance. This exhibit is based on exhaustive research."
Inevitably, the road for both productions led to Rome, where ABC recently completed shooting, and CBS is working through mid-October. And before Rome, while ABC did much of its filming in Vilnius, Lithuania, CBS covered a good part of John Paul's pre-Vatican life in Krakow, Poland, the city where he was archbishop before becoming pope in 1978.
For drama, of course, the films need look no further than John Paul's extraordinary life. The real question is how to shape this material.
Neither network made its script available, but both disclosed that they had opted to tell the story largely as a flashback: ABC opens with John Paul praying at the Western Wall during a visit to Jerusalem in 2000; CBS looks backward and forward from his wounding by a Turkish gunman in St. Peter's Square on May 13, 1981.
Still, while both movies appear to approach John Paul with due reverence, there is one fundamental difference.
"Ours does not avoid controversy," said Lorenzo Minoli, one of the executive producers of ABC's "Have No Fear." "We show the pope's confrontation with Romero over liberation theology. We deal with the sex scandals in the American church. We depict his youthful friendship with several young women and even show an innocent kiss while he is acting in a play. We show 'the human man' behind the pope."
And he added: "We are not making an Opus Dei movie. Others are."
Certainly, Opus Dei, the deeply conservative Catholic order, is deeply involved in the CBS film.
Forty years after its founding at the University of Akron as a national repository for scholars, the archives - psychology's attic - have amassed not only the papers of more than 740 psychologists, but also a dazzling array of their instruments, ephemera, photographs and films. Although it is a beacon to historians from around the world and the source of hundreds of scholarly articles and books, the archives remains virtually unknown to the public at large.
"Never heard of it," said the administrator of an office one floor up in the same building.
No sign on Main Street here indicates the presence of the archives in, unfittingly enough, the basement of the former Polsky department store, now a branch of the University of Akron. Not even the directory next to the elevators on the main floor lists it.
"Isn't it amazing, all this stuff down in a basement in Akron?" asked the archive director, Dr. David B. Baker, who is also a professor of psychology at the university.
"I don't want to prejudge the Congress's discussion on this issue because it may require change of law," Mr. Bush said, apparently referring to the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, written in response to the huge federal military presence in the South during Reconstruction. It prohibits the military from engaging in law enforcement, but many exceptions have been carved out.
Name of source: Times-Picayune
SOURCE: Times-Picayune (9-15-05)
Before the flood, Staples spent his days seeing to the maintenance of the museum he loves. He understands the workings of the building and exhibits as well as anyone, down to the sounds the structure makes as it expands and contracts with the heat of the day. The stocky, bearded Army veteran chose to stay inside the museum during Hurricane Katrina, fearing only "the wind or a funnel cloud or a lightning strike on the roof," he said. Though "slight, slight tremors shook the building" during the worst of the storm, Staples said, he was utterly confident of his safety. "Those walls are 28 inches thick," he said. "I felt very secure. We could have opened Tuesday morning (after the storm) if we had power and water."
Staples sat tight through Tuesday, eating the provisions the museum had stockpiled before the storm and listening apprehensively to radio reports of the floodwaters that crept across the city following Katrina. He knew his situation was changing for the worse. "By Wednesday evening this area was completely void of police protection, EMTs, anything," he said.
From the vantage point of a raised staircase inside the museum's huge, glass-faced atrium, he watched as groups of young people, who seemed to be simply wandering the streets, streamed past the museum. One group caught his attention because even behind the glass wall of the museum he could hear a young woman berating a group of five young men, alternately cursing them and begging them not to abandon her. "Then one of the men stopped and backhanded her," Staples said. Then he witnessed a gang rape. "Afterwards, she got up, pulled her pants up and kept following them. They were her meal ticket, I guess. ... This area was a jungle."
Now acutely aware of the violence outside, Staples was careful to remain unseen behind the museum's transparent walls, watching from vantage points behind the front desk, on the stairs and even surveying the reflection of the atrium in a polished door.
Wednesday at 8 p.m., Staples heard glass breaking as looters smashed through the door to PJ's, the museum's coffee shop at the corner of Magazine Street and Andrew Higgins Drive. Around 2 a.m. Staples heard intruders break the plate glass double doors into the museum gift shop, where they rummaged through the T-shirts, hats and other souvenirs. At sunrise they smashed through the doors into the atrium. Nothing else stood between Staples and them.
By his estimate 30 to 40 looters at a time scurried beneath the bomber and fighter planes. Some tried to access the cash inside an ATM, chipping futilely at the strong box. Staples retreated to the darkened exhibit, often taking refuge in a tiny theater dedicated to the battle of Leyte Gulf, located in what the museum calls the "serpentine wall." Using his flashlight he positioned benches to create stumbling blocks in the deep darkness as a crude early warning system. Occasionally he ventured out to assess the situation. To his horror, he found that looters had begun venturing to the second floor. "Some went to the second floor, but someone down below yelled in really vulgar language to get back down because they might be seen from outside."
[Eventually, the military showed up and secured the area.]
Name of source: AKI Italy
SOURCE: AKI Italy (9-28-05)
Armenians in 1915 was "a prerequisite for accession". Euro-MPs also postponed a vote on extending Turkey's customs agreement to the ten newest member states, because of Ankara's refusal to recognise
Cyprus. The parliament's decisions do not affect the start of entry talks on 3 October but are seen as a further sign of European reluctance towards Turkey's bid.
The European Commission, the EU's executive arm, described the postponement of an important vote on the trade agreement as 'an own goal'.
The decision was motivated by Turkey's recent declaration that signing the protocol of the Ankara Agreement did not mean any form of
recognition of Cyprus, which became an EU member last May. Euro MPs wanted assurances that this declaration would not be part of Turkey's parliamentary ratification of the protocol. Turkey also refuses to
admit naval vessels and airplanes from Cyprus.
Name of source: Newhouse News Service
SOURCE: Newhouse News Service (9-29-05)
Infused with the civil rights spirit of the day, Hart-Cellar eliminated national origin quotas designed to keep the United States a mostly Northern European nation, ushering in an era of mass immigration, mostly from Latin America and Asia. It would transform America's racial and ethnic makeup more than any legislation in history.
Forty years later, whites are a diminished majority in a far more diverse nation, but still comprise more than two-thirds of its population and a commanding share of its wealth and power.
Blacks, meanwhile, have lost their standing as the dominant minority group, effectively ceding their singular claim on the national conscience, their grievances undermined by the competing demands and relative success of many immigrants of color.
"People are becoming aware that you can't talk about black and white anymore," said Gerald Jaynes, professor of economics and African-American studies at Yale University. In 1989, Jaynes co-edited "A Common Destiny," in its time the definitive study of blacks in American society. By 2000, he was editing another volume, "Immigration and Race."
In 1960, blacks accounted for 69 percent of the U.S. minority population.
By 2004, according to Census Bureau estimates, blacks were only 39 percent of the minority population. Hispanics became the largest minority in 2001.
"What we have is not a black and white situation. It's black and brown, and white and Asian, and black and Asian, and on it goes," said Earl Ofari Hutchinson, a black writer and commentator who presides over the weekly Los Angeles Urban Roundtable.
In Los Angeles, as in California, blacks are now the third-largest minority, behind both Latinos and Asians, their ranks of elected officials thinning year by year. Watts, the definitive black ghetto when it exploded in riots in August 1965, long ago became mostly Latino.
"This is a new world," said Nicolas C. Vaca, a Bay Area lawyer and sociologist, author of last year's "The Presumed Alliance: The Unspoken Conflict Between Latinos and Blacks and What It Means for America."
Name of source: The Australian
SOURCE: The Australian (9-29-05)
The local Glenelg Shire Council and three freehold property owners are now fighting a legal battle for the right to proceed with residential subdivision and commercial development.
They have been taken to the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal by the Victorian Department of Planning and local Aborigines, who claim oral history and colonial records indicate Convincing Ground was the site where whalers massacred the Kilcarer Gundidj clan in a dispute over a beached whale in 1834.
But Mr Windschuttle has joined fellow conservative historian Michael Connor in labelling Convincing Ground as another Hindmarsh Island affair.
The Hindmarsh Island affair was a dispute about Aboriginal secret women's business which halted the construction of a $6million South Australian bridge project.
"In the Convincing Ground case, we are obviously dealing with myth-making," Mr Windschuttle said. "It is very dubious."
One of those he singles out for criticism is Ian Clark, of the University of Ballarat, whose book Scars On The Landscape includes Convincing Ground among the 19th century battlegrounds where Aborigines fought with settlers in western Victoria.
"Ian Clark's claim is one of the most dubious I have heard about," Mr Windschuttle said.
But Dr Clark argued extreme political ideologies, including Mr Windschuttle's, had for decades skewed the truth about the relationship between early settlers and Aborigines.
Name of source: WSJ
SOURCE: WSJ (9-29-05)
Our modest editorial point, we hasten to add, was that Wiesenthal had not accused Mr. Waldheim of war crimes because he only accepted the highest standards of evidence. But this does not mean Mr. Waldheim is entirely innocent of Nazi association. In the first editions of his memoirs, Mr. Waldheim claimed to have spent most of the war as a law student after being wounded in 1941 while serving in the German Army. He denies ever having been a Nazi and insists he merely did his duty as a soldier.
In fact, Mr. Waldheim's involvement with Nazi organizations began in 1938 shortly after the German-Austrian Anschluss, when he enrolled in the Nazi student union of Vienna's Consular Academy. Later that year, Mr. Waldheim enlisted in a mounted unit of the Sturm Abteilung, or SA, the paramilitary brownshirts founded by Adolf Hitler. In 1942, Mr. Waldheim returned to duty as an intelligence officer with the Wehrmacht's Army Group E, which at one point deployed some 400,000 troops throughout the Balkans and in Greece.
After the war, Mr. Waldheim was named a war criminal by the Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal on charges of "murder, slaughter, shooting of hostages and ravaging of property by burning of settlements." In 1947, the United Nations War Crimes Commission listed Mr. Waldheim as a class A suspect because it believed there was clear evidence establishing his guilt. Yugoslavia never pressed its extradition request, and the matter was essentially forgotten until Mr. Waldheim ran for the Austrian presidency in 1986. Since then, Mr. Waldheim's name has been on a U.S. government watch list of suspected war criminals and he is banned from traveling here.
Name of source: Inside Higher Education
SOURCE: Inside Higher Education (9-29-05)
Since the NCAA announced the policy August 5, it has granted appeals filed by three other institutions — Central Michigan and Florida State Universities and the University of Utah — that had also been included on the original list of 18 institutions with mascots, names or other imagery deemed offensive. In all three cases, the universities were able to show that the namesake tribes — the Chippewas (Central Michigan), Seminoles (Florida State) and Utes — supported the institutions’ continued use of the name.
Name of source: Globe and Mail
SOURCE: Globe and Mail (9-29-05)
Name of source: Los Angeles Times
SOURCE: Los Angeles Times (9-27-05)
But an independent international commission and two clergymen certified Monday that the Irish Republican Army had turned over the bullets, guns, blasting caps, bombs and plastic explosives that kept much of Britain on edge for more than 35 years.
It happened in secret, details of what was destroyed have not been made public, and the initial reaction of Protestant unionists showed that huge elements of doubt and distrust remain.
But an independent international commission and two clergymen certified Monday that the Irish Republican Army had turned over the bullets, guns, blasting caps, bombs and plastic explosives that kept much of Britain on edge for more than 35 years.
The chairman of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, retired Canadian Gen. John de Chastelain, said the eight-year process of putting the last of the IRA's weapons "beyond use" was completed Saturday. "This can be the end of the use of the gun in Irish politics," he said at a news conference in Belfast.
The commission considers the file closed on IRA arms, and gave its report containing that conclusion to the governments of Ireland and Britain.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair, for whom progress in the Northern Ireland peace process has been one of the top achievements of his eight years in office, hailed the development as "a step of unparalleled magnitude."
Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern called it a "landmark development of historical significance."
Gerry Adams, leader of the IRA-linked political party Sinn Fein, who had urged the IRA to abandon its armed struggle, called the announcement an unprecedented step toward building "a new Ireland."
Urging the unionists to re-form a joint government that collapsed in 2002, Adams said the IRA's move was not a tactical maneuver.
"I understand and appreciate that unionists need space to absorb what all this means," Adams said. "I would ask them to reflect upon the potential which is now created, and to see it as an opportunity."
But the Rev. Ian Paisley, leader of the most popular party in the Protestant unionist community, was having none of it.
Paisley, who supports keeping Northern Ireland in a union with Britain, insisted that neither the commission nor the Roman Catholic and Methodist clergymen who participated in the decommissioning had anything more to go on than the IRA's word.
Name of source: Jerusalem Post
SOURCE: Jerusalem Post (9-28-05)
The small - less than 1 cm - seal impression, or bulla, discovered Tuesday by Bar-Ilan University archaeologist Dr. Gabriel Barkay amidst piles of rubble from the Temple Mount would mark the first time that an written artifact was found from the Temple Mount dating back to the First Temple period.
Name of source: CNN
SOURCE: CNN (9-28-05)
In the latest such example, a new commission in New York will examine whether the "physical and psychological terrorism" against Africans in the slave trade is being adequately taught in schools. The commission is named for the slave ship Amistad, which was commandeered by slaves who eventually won their freedom in the U.S. Supreme Court.
The recommendations could mean rewriting textbooks, which may influence educators in other states, according to the National Council for the Social Studies.
A number of other states have enacted similar measures in the last five years, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.
Illinois also created an Amistad commission this year and added lessons on the Holocaust, while New Mexico's legislature required Indian education lessons be bolstered in kindergarten through sixth grade.
SOURCE: CNN (9-26-05)
In Ohio, a stately red brick inn once frequented by presidents hugs the nation's first federally funded interstate highway.
In Pennsylvania, the road passes a battlefield from the French and Indian War. In Indiana, travelers can stop at a cafe known for its pork tenderloin sandwiches.
Authorized by Thomas Jefferson in 1806, the National Road -- also known as America's Main Street -- stretches more than 700 miles through six states, from Maryland through Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio and Indiana to Illinois.
SOURCE: CNN (9-26-05)
EU lawmakers said they wanted the 4,250-mile route to preserve the memory of the continent's division, promote a European identity and celebrate the reunification of Europe.
The trail would start at the Arctic Sea and lead along Finland's border with Russia, through the Baltic States and Poland to Germany, where it would shadow the former border between the eastern and western part of the country. It would continue along the Austrian border with the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, and along the Danube to the Black Sea.
The proposal is partly inspired by the Boston Freedom Trail, which commemorates the Revolutionary War in the United States, and the Berlin Wall Trail, a 100-mile route that shadows the wall that divided the German capital during the Cold War.
Name of source: Secrecy News, the newsletter written by Steven Aftergood and published by the Federation of American Scientists
"The purpose of this legislation is to open the Supreme Court doors so that more Americans can see the process by which the Court reaches critical decisions of law that affect this country and everyday Americans," said Sen. Arlen Specter (R-PA), chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.
"Justice Felix Frankfurter perhaps anticipated the day when Supreme Court arguments would be televised when he said that he longed for a day when the news media would cover the Supreme Court as thoroughly as it did the World Series," Sen. Specter said in his introductory statement.
"Allowing the public greater access to [Supreme Court] proceedings will allow Americans to evaluate for themselves the quality of justice in this country, and deepen their understanding of the work that goes on in the Court," added Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT), who cosponsored the bill along with Senators Cornyn, Allen, Grassley, Schumer and Feingold.
See the introduction of S.1768, a bill to permit televising of Supreme Court proceedings, September 26:
"Justices on the Supreme Court oppose the televising of their proceedings," according to a recent Congressional Research Service report, "in part because the cameras might alter decision making and intrude on the privacy of the justices, making them public celebrities."
Name of source: LAT
SOURCE: LAT (9-25-05)
President Bush has promised that Washington will pick up the greater part of the cost for "one of the largest reconstruction efforts the world has ever seen." To that end, he suspended provisions of the Davis-Bacon Act that would have required government contractors to pay prevailing wages in Louisiana and devastated parts of Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. And the Department of Homeland Security has temporarily suspended sanctioning employers who hire workers who cannot document their citizenship. The idea is to benefit Americans who may have lost everything in the hurricane, but the main effect will be to let contractors hire illegal immigrants.
Reliance on immigrant labor to complete huge projects is part of U.S. history. In the early 19th century, mostly Irish immigrant laborers, who worked for as little as 37 1/2 cents an hour, built the Erie Canal, one of the greatest engineering feats of its day. Later that century, Italian immigrants, sometimes making just $1.50 a day, were the backbone of the workforce that constructed the New York subway system. In 1890, 90% of New York City's public works employees, and 99% of Chicago's street workers, were Italian.
After Congress authorized construction of the transcontinental railroad in 1862, one of the most ambitious projects in U.S. history, Charles Crocker, head of construction for Central Pacific railroad, recognized that the Civil War was creating a labor shortage. So he turned to Chinese immigrants to do the job. By 1867, 12,000 of Central Pacific's 13,500 workers were Chinese immigrants, who were paid between $26 and $35 for a six-day workweek of 12 hours a day. At the turn of the 20th century, Mexican immigrant laborers did most of the railroad construction in Southern California, Arizona, New Mexico and Nevada.
Mexican workers were also essential in turning the Southwest into a fertile region, which by 1929 produced 40% of the United States' fruits and vegetables. They cleared the mesquite brush of south Texas to make room for the expansion of agriculture, then played a primary role in the success of cotton farming in the state. A generation earlier, German immigrants from Russia and Norwegians had busted the prairie sod to turn the grasslands of North Dakota into arable fields.
The major difference between then and now is that neither the American public nor the government will admit their dependence on a labor force that is heavily undocumented. When Mexican President Vicente Fox offered to provide Mexican labor to help rebuild New Orleans — "If there is anything Mexicans are good at, it is construction," he said — the federal government ignored him. At the same time, some of the undocumented Mexicans who have cleaned up and begun to rebuild Biloxi, Miss., are wondering whether they deserve at least a temporary visa so they can live in the U.S. legally.
SOURCE: LAT (9-27-05)
Italian authorities have identified dozens of objects in the Getty collection as looted, including ancient urns, vases and a 5-foot marble statue of Apollo.
The Italians have Polaroid photographs seized from a dealer's warehouse in Switzerland that show Getty artifacts in an unrestored state, some encrusted with dirt — soon after they were dug from the ground, Italians officials say.
In response to the Italian investigation, Getty lawyers combed through the museum's files and questioned staff members over several months in 2001, trying to assess the legal exposure of the world's richest art institution.
Name of source: David McNeill, Tokyo-based journalist,, writing for Japan Focus
SOURCE: David McNeill, Tokyo-based journalist,, writing for Japan Focus (9-24-05)
Nagase Takashi still breaks down when he remembers the young British man he helped torture. “I couldn’t bear his pain,” he says, choking back tears. “He was crying Mother! Mother! And I thought: what she would feel if she could see her son like this. I still dream about it.”
Nagase was a military interpreter for the Kempeitai, th special Japanese police, in the prison camp made famous in the movie, Bridge on the River Kwai, when POW Eric Lomax was caught with a concealed radio and map.
Neither man has ever completely recovered from what took place in the following days as Lomax was relentlessly tortured. For the 22-year-old Signals Corps engineer from Edinburgh, it was the beginning of a nightmare that has taken him 60 years to shake off. “The psychological damage stays with you forever,” he says.
For his 21-year-old tormentor, it was the start of one of war’s most remarkable stories of repentance.
Lomax was beaten relentlessly and dragged broken and weak before Nagase and his commanding officer for interrogation. He remembers the officer’s face ‘full of latent and obvious violence.’ But it was that ‘hateful little’ interpreter, for days intoning in a flat inflectionless voice: ‘Lomax you will be killed,’ who he really despised.
Nagase’s voice droned in his ear as he was repeatedly held down and water was hosed into his nose and mouth, filling his lungs and stomach. Lomax survived – barely – to spend the rest of the war in a brutal military prison, and for half a century nursed his hated against his interrogator. ‘I wished to drown him, cage him and beat him,’ he says.
Today, Nagase is a frail 87-year-old retired English teacher who understands the hate directed at him. “People who have been to hell do not forgive easily,” he says. “And we were in hell. But I wanted to help him in some way. I searched my brain for the right English expression and as he was leaving the camp I said to him quietly, ‘Keep your chin up.’ I still remember his astonished face.”
The Thai-Burma Railway was one of the great evil follies of World War II, a 415-km track hewn mostly by hand through rock and tropical jungle that consumed the lives of up to 100,000 men, including an estimated 16,000 slave labourers conscripted from the ranks of the decimated Allied forces.
By the time what became known as ‘Death Railway’ was completed, it was lined with thousands of flimsy wooden crosses marking the bodies of young men from Glasgow, London and Liverpool, who had succumbed to starvation, disease and beatings; 60 years later some are still held in the jungle’s swampy embrace, lost forever.
Nagase, who was chosen as interpreter because he had been taught by US Methodists in a Tokyo college, remembers entering the stinking, malaria-ridden Kanchanaburi prison camp, on the railway’s route to Burma (now Myanmar) in September 1943. “It was surrounded by brazen vultures attracted by the stench of the corpses. I still shudder when I think of it.”
His halting, imperfect English was often the only conduit between the camp commanders and thousands of prisoners, and he helped interrogate many POWs, but it was the memory of Lomax that lingered. “As I watched him being tortured and heard his cries, I felt I was going to lose my mind. I thought he was going to die and I still remember my relief when I felt his pulse.”
When the war ended, Nagase spent seven weeks locating 13,000 abandoned bodies along the line for the Allied war Graves Commission; many now lie in a cemetery in front of Manchanaburi Station. For most, this gruesome work would be penance enough for sins committed under orders during wartime, but Nagase was only beginning his long journey to redemption.
“The work of searching for bodies changed my whole life,” he says. He began to write and lecture in Japan about the horrors he had seen, harshly criticizing, at some personal risk, the Japanese military, and the Emperor system that survived the war. “It should be completely abolished,” he says today. “The Emperor should apologise for what was done in his name.”
He used much of his own money to build memorials across Thailand, including a Buddhist peace temple near the Tham Kham Bridge over the Kwoi Noi River – the bridge on the River Kwai -- and to fund education programs in the area. Remarkably, he has returned to Thailand 125 times, the last time in June this year, trips he says ‘calm his soul.’
In 1976, he organized the first of a series of reunions between ex-POWs and Japanese soldiers, a tense affair on the famous bridge which was overseen by Thai riot police, ‘just in case.’ Nagase was criticised by the Japanese press for holding the Thai national flag rather than the Rising Sun that had once fluttered over the camp. “Do they know how many Thai people were slaughtered under that flag”, he asks.
But he had to wait until March 1993 before a reunion on the banks of the Kwai with the tall, blue-eyed Scotsman he had helped interrogate. Although not yet ready to forgive, Lomax had been disarmed by an ‘extraordinarily beautiful’ letter from Nagase. He had gone to Thailand not knowing what to expect and ended up comforting a shaking, crying Nagase who simply kept saying: “I am so sorry, so very, very sorry.”
The formal forgiveness that Nagase craved came later. “I knew he had hated me for fifty years and I wanted to ask him if he forgave me, but I couldn’t find a way,” says Nagase today. So I said: ‘Can we be friends,’ and he said ‘yes.’” And the old soldier who will again travel to Berwick-upon-Tweed next month to see the man he now calls ‘my friend’ is again wracked by sobs.
When they meet, the men swap war stories and share their astonishment at the ‘utter futility’ of the project that scarred their lives so profoundly. Lomax wrote in his biography, The Railway Man: “The Pyramids, that other great engineering disaster, are at least a monument to our love of beauty, as well as to slave labour; the railway is a dead end in the jungle…The line has become literally pointless. It now runs for about 60 miles and then stops.”
Nagase has never got over his bitterness at the waste of lives and believes, controversially, that young Japanese today share responsibility for what happened. In July this year, he astonished a group of British high school students on an Imperial War Museum-sponsored trip in Japan by tearfully apologizing to them and demanding that a Japanese student to do the same. “This is not a problem of our generation,” said the bewildered Japanese, a reply that infuriates Nagase.
“It is not a generational issue,” he says. “The shame belongs to the whole Japanese race.” Needless to say, he is disgusted by attempts by some nationalist scholars and politicians in Japan to rewrite history. “The textbooks they have written contain the same things we were taught in school in the textbooks in the led up to the war. It is unforgivable.”
And he has no tolerance for Prime Minister Koizumi Junichiro’s visits to Yasukuni Shrine, the war memorial that he and Lomax visited together when the Scotsman came to Japan. Lomax was astonished to see a monument in the shrine to the Kempeitai, saying “it is like seeing a memorial to the Gestapo in a German cathedral.” Inside they found an ‘immaculate’ C56 steam locomotive from the Thai-Burma railway, with no mention of those who died constructing it; Lomax calls it a ‘monument to barbarism.’
“Koizumi is a fool,” spits Nagase. “I don’t care who I say this to. And why are the newspapers now writing that the war was good. What do they think the Japanese Imperial Army was doing in East Asia for 15 years? Why don’t they listen to what other Asian people are saying? Sometimes this is an odd country.”
But although he says that some Japanese consider him a ‘traitor’, he also frequently criticizes the US. “What the Americans are doing in Iraq is not good,” he says. “In war people identify exclusively with their country. It makes people crazy. There has to be other ways of solving problems.”
At 87, Nagase knows his time is short and desperately wants the railway declared a UN World Heritage Site before he dies. In November, despite a dangerously weak heart, he will cycle with a group of Japanese peace campaigners along the remains of the railway as part of his campaign. He has cultivated good ties with Thai government officials and won the support of several embassies, but the UN designation is controversial.
There is little official support in Japan for a memorial to one of history’s most barbaric episodes, and some veterans are still reluctant to embrace their former captors in a joint campaign; others believe that the railway should be allowed to sink back into the jungle. A 1987 commercial plan to renovate the line was criticised by the former Allied countries and withdrawn.
British Foreign Office spokesman Dan Chugg said the British government had not been formally approached about the move, but said any response “would depend very much on the views of the veterans about the proposal. If it comes up we would talk to veterans groups and take it from there. Because it is not a site in the UK we are simply an interested observer.”
For his part, Lomax is unequivocal. “He has my complete support. This is very important to him.”
After 60 years of campaigning, to make up for less than two years service in the Thai prison camp, those who know Nagase say his relentless search for redemption is humbling, awe-inspiring. “He is so courageous,” says Tamura Keiko, who runs an organisation that helps locate former allied POWs in Japan. “The people who fought in the war forgot their humanity, so it is a long battle to get them to see each other as human beings again. That’s what he does. He is often asked why he continues, and he says it is so we won’t forget those who died.”
Name of source: Newsletter of the American Revolution Round Table
SOURCE: Newsletter of the American Revolution Round Table (9-27-05)
Secured under glass in a gold locket, the hairs were left to her by her father, a Philadelphia lawyer. Unfortunately, he had no proof that the hairs belonged to the father of the country. A desperate search of their ancestral home in Langhorne, Pa, finally produced documentation of sorts -- a letter typed in 1928 with a handwritten list of the previous owners of the locket in the margin. Christie's and other auction houses dismissed this as hearsay evidence but the dogged Ms Allen, a single mom who needs the money, identified the first name on the list as the undertaker who participated in Washington's ceremonial reburial in 1837. She also found evidence that the coffin had been opened at that time and some locks of hair snipped. She persuaded Ted Sunderhaus, an appraiser at Cowan's Cincinnati auction house to support her claim. He called the evidence "fairly conclusive." He thought she could get $100,000 for it. The feisty Ms Allen rejected this proposal and put the hair on eBay for $750,000, combining it with a Revolutionary War map that her father had given her. Alas, she did not get a single bid. A recent check of eBay revealed five samples of Washington's hair, selling for prices that ranged from $200 to $1.00.
Name of source: Christian Science Monitor
SOURCE: Christian Science Monitor (9-27-05)
When two feet of water flooded the basement of the New Orleans courthouse a month ago, archivist Stephen Bruno faced a huge problem. All the books on the bottom shelves were wet. He knew the soggy volumes, containing important public records, must be put in freezers to halt the growth of mold until they could be dried out.
"I made a public plea for help," says Mr. Bruno, custodian of notarial records for Orleans Parish. "Once they finished saving people, I became deeply concerned that we had to save records."
Books, documents, and photographs in public and private collections remain an invisible part of rescue operations in the aftermath of hurricane Katrina. From courthouses, libraries, and businesses to lawyers' offices and homes, the need is the same: to dry out papers and save as many documents as possible.
Salvage efforts have been hurt by poor access to storm-ravaged areas and by a lack of electricity.
"Without power, there's no way to control relative humidity," says Sharon Bennett, a conservator from Charleston, S.C., who spent last week in New Orleans assessing the damage to cultural collections. "There's a very short amount of time before the damage becomes irreversible. You can't get the stains out."
Name of source: Scotsman
SOURCE: Scotsman (9-27-05)
The site had previously been identified as a settlement for early man. The grave also contained a necklace made with 31 separate pieces of ivory from mammoth tusk.
The Viennese Institute for Natural Sciences will carbon-date the remains of the children to find out their exact age and how they died.
The perfectly preserved skeletons, measuring 15.8in, bore no signs of violence and there was speculation that the children died of a natural disease.
However, the care and attention taken over their burial indicates that they were the offspring of people of stature in their tribe.
Ms Neugebauer-Maresch said: "They may have been twins, but we have not yet been able to establish that. The bodies were buried high on a hillside.
"The site was well chosen and the artefacts interred with them indicate they were possibly the children of a chief or warriors.
"The act of placing a mammoth shoulder bone over them, as if to protect them in the afterlife, denotes great care and attention at their funeral."
The remains have already been classified as homo sapiens fossilis, who came out of Asia during the Ice Age as Neanderthal man was dying out and mastered stone and wood, but did not discover metal.
Name of source: Reuters
SOURCE: Reuters (9-26-05)
Despite growing economic links, Sino-Japanese relations have been frayed in recent years by a host of issues, at the core of which are disputes stemming from what China perceives as Japan's failure to atone for its wartime past.
Wen, however, made no remarks about Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's visits to the Yasukuni shrine for war dead, Kyodo quoted Hiroshi Okuda, chairman of the Japan Business Federation, as telling reporters in Beijing.
Sino-Japanese relations have chilled markedly due to Koizumi's annual visits to Yasukuni shrine where 14 Class-A war criminals, including executed wartime prime minister Hideki Tojo, are enshrined among Japan's 2.5 million war dead.
Koizumi, who last visited the shrine in January 2004, has defended the visits, saying they were meant to pray for peace.
SOURCE: Reuters (9-25-05)
1986 - Chaotic party convention breaks up in fistfights during a power struggle between then-Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir, Sharon and David Levy.
1990 - Leading the Likud hawks, Sharon seizes microphone to shout down Shamir at a rancorous party convention, protesting at a plan to allow Palestinians to hold elections.
1992 - Ferocious power struggle leaves Shamir at the helm after beating back challenges from Sharon and Levy. But turmoil is blamed for weakening Likud, which loses election to Labour.
1993 - Netanyahu topples Shamir after campaign in which Netanyahu goes on television to admit an extramarital affair and accuse rivals of plotting to taint him with scandal.
1998 - Hardline Likud rebels force Netanyahu to call snap election over an interim peace deal to give Palestinians control over more West Bank land. Netanyahu loses the election.
2002 - Sharon defeats leadership challenge from then-foreign minister Netanyahu in primary after calling a snap election following the collapse of a previous ruling coalition.
2004 - Likud delivers embarrassing blows to Sharon by first rejecting his proposal to abandon the occupied Gaza Strip and then pressuring him to hold a national referendum.
He pushes ahead regardless and the withdrawal of troops is completed in September 2005 after the evacuation of settlers.
2005 - Netanyahu and Sharon engage in public name-calling campaign on national television and radio in the run-up to Monday's Likud vote on a bid by Netanyahu to topple Sharon as party leader by advancing a leadership primary to November.
Name of source: Salon
SOURCE: Salon (9-27-05)
Peter Lawford might have belonged to one of the entertainment world's most exclusive clubs, along with Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Sammy Davis Jr. But Patricia Lawford made it brutally clear to her husband, and even to her own children, that they did not have full membership in an even more restricted clan, the Kennedy family. Christopher Lawford writes that on the climactic summer night that John Kennedy was to climb onto the stage at the Los Angeles Sports Arena to accept his party's presidential nomination, flanked by his telegenic family, his mother tried to stop her husband from joining them, telling him, "Peter, you can't come. You're not a Kennedy." A more levelheaded JFK quickly intervened on his brother-in-law's behalf, telling his sister, "Pat, he's your husband. I'd say that qualifies him. Besides, it doesn't hurt having a good-looking movie star around."
Lawford writes that his mother was never happier than she was that night, "standing at the apex between the worlds of politics and Hollywood," where she had the joy, as a California delegate, of voting for her brother as the next president of the United States. And his father, despite his mother's proprietary attitude toward her family, enjoyed an easy and friendly relationship with JFK, with whom he swapped fashion tips and Hollywood dish. Even as his parents' marriage began to hit the rocks and Lawford went to the White House to seek Kennedy's advice, the president reassured him: "Don't worry, Peter. I will always be your friend."
This world ended for young Christopher and the rest of his family on the afternoon of Nov. 22, 1963, when his teacher, Sister Agnes, took him out of class to tell him his uncle had been shot and killed. Jack and Bobby had been the sun and moon of the family, the fulfillment of their father's Olympian ambitions and the celestial lights around whom the others orbited. Now the older brother was gone and everything began spinning off its axis.
"The next morning when I woke up," Lawford writes, "I found my father sitting at the flagpole where I used to raise the presidential flag when Uncle Jack came to visit. He was crying like a baby.
... In public, Bobby Kennedy had stated that he accepted the official version of his brother's public execution in the streets of Dallas. But privately, as I have discovered through research for a book on the Kennedy brothers, RFK nurtured strong suspicions of a high-level plot and recruited several of his closest and most trusted associates to quietly investigate the crime. If he made it back to the White House, RFK confided to these associates, he would reopen his brother's case. However, perhaps out of a desire to protect his family, Bobby did not share his suspicions about Dallas widely among his relatives. Since Bobby publicly accepted the Warren Report, writes Christopher in"Symptoms of Withdrawal," the family was reassured that nothing was rotten in America. After Bobby's murder, this became harder for the family to accept. But the Kennedys chose once more to suffer in silence."I never heard any of the grown-ups vent any anger or hatred toward the murderers," writes Christopher."I never heard anybody question why they did it or how ... We just ate it and tried to be good little Kennedys and demonstrate that stoic grace that everybody seemed to admire so much."
Name of source: USA Today
SOURCE: USA Today (9-27-05)
The 26-acre site is heavily contaminated with petroleum products left behind by Exxon-Mobil, which merged in 1998 but whose predecessor companies operated a shipping terminal in Ogdensburg from the late 1880s until 1984.
Exxon-Mobil joined a consent order with state regulators in October 2003 to clean up the parcel. Company spokesman Brian Dunphy said Exxon-Mobil expects to begin excavating soil at the site this fall, although the technical details still need to be settled. He denied Exxon-Mobil has tried to thwart development of the replica fort.
SOURCE: USA Today (9-27-05)
The trail, to be completed in time for next year's travel season, will include York, Wrightsville and Hanover as well as Harrisburg, Carlisle, Chambersburg and Gettysburg, all affected when the Army of Northern Virginia entered Pennsylvania in the summer of 1863.
Signs and markers are to be erected to draw people to historic sites, and officials are also planning overnight packages for local hotels and a day-trip itinerary to be posted on the state's tourism website.
Similar trails have already been set up in Maryland and Virginia.
Name of source: Richmond Times-Dispatch
SOURCE: Richmond Times-Dispatch (9-26-05)
"You have to face reality," he said. "We either move the White House or consign it to a fate of an alternative use or very few visitors." Look for more on this and other stories in Tuesday's Times-Dispatch.
Name of source: US Department of State
SOURCE: US Department of State (9-26-05)
The stolen antiquities were discovered by ICE agents and BSO officers during the execution of three federal search warrants at various South Florida locations. Among the items recovered were a clay vessel estimated to be 3,500 years old, a clay statue estimated to be 1,800 years old, a burial shroud linked to ancient Peruvian royalty and gold jewelry. ICE reported that its agents arrested one individual in Miami with alleged links to the smuggling of the priceless artifacts.
"These items are just the latest cultural properties that ICE agents have seized and returned to their rightful owners in recent months," said ICE. "According to a memorandum of understanding signed in 1997, the Peruvian government will be able to claim the archeological artifacts seized by ICE and BSO officials."
Name of source: Chicago Tribune
SOURCE: Chicago Tribune (9-25-05)
When Japanese troops stormed into Nanjing in 1937, murdering 300,000 Chinese and raping thousands of women and girls, Vautrin was among a handful of foreigners who stood against the tide.
She hung an American flag outside her missionary college, declared a safe zone and sheltered 10,000 women and children from death by gunfire, sword and bayonet. She held her ground when imperial troops aimed rifles at her, slapped her face, threatened her with death.
Another former Illinois resident is also at the center of the production "Nanjing 1937." The dance, which opened in Beijing this month and is slated to travel elsewhere in China, portrays Vautrin's ghost guiding the research of author Iris Chang, who is revered in China for writing a best-selling account of the atrocity, "The Rape of Nanking," as the city was then known.
Choreographer Tong Ruirui, 28, said she was moved to learn that both women ended up committing suicide--belated victims, she believes, of the massacre. Vautrin suffered a nervous breakdown and killed herself in 1941 at age 53 in Indianapolis. Chang, who was severely depressed, shot herself in California last November. She was 36.